※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
検索結果: 173 件中 1件目~20件目を表示


Initialising ...



Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...



Strong lattice anharmonicity exhibited by the high-energy optical phonons in thermoelectric material

Wu, P.*; Fan, F.-R.*; 萩原 雅人*; 古府 麻衣子; Peng, K.*; 石川 喜久*; Lee, S.*; 本田 孝志*; 米村 雅雄*; 池田 一貴*; et al.

New Journal of Physics (Internet), 22, p.083083_1 - 083083_9, 2020/08




The Energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN

篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 及川 健一; 中谷 健; 瀬川 麻里子; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y.; 大井 元貴; 原田 正英; 飯倉 寛; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(4), p.043302_1 - 043302_20, 2020/04

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:25.12(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, has been installed at the pulsed neutron source in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. In addition to conventional neutron radiography and tomography, RADEN, the world's first imaging beam-line at a pulsed neutron source, provides three main options for new, quantitative neutron imaging techniques: Bragg-edge imaging to visualize the spatial distribution of crystallographic information, resonance absorption imaging for elemental composition and temperature information, and polarized neutron imaging for magnetic field information. This paper describes the results of characterization studies of the neutronic performance and installed devices at RADEN and shows the results of several demonstration studies for pulsed neutron imaging.


Crystal structures of highly hole-doped layered perovskite nickelate Pr$$_{2-x}$$Sr$$_{x}$$NiO$$_{4}$$ studied by neutron diffraction

梶本 亮一; 中島 健次; 藤田 全基*; 石角 元志*; 鳥居 周輝*; 石川 喜久*; Miao, P.*; 神山 崇*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(11), p.114602_1 - 114602_6, 2019/11

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A high-resolution time-of-flight powder neutron diffraction study of the layered nickel oxide Pr$$_{2-x}$$Sr$$_{x}$$NiO$$_{4}$$ with $$x = 0.7$$ and $$0.9$$ was performed to characterize the crystal structures of these highly hole-doped nickelates. For the sample with $$x = 0.7$$, the Ni-O bond lengths decrease uniformly with decreasing temperature, and the atomic displacement parameters are similar to those for $$x = 1/3$$. In contrast, for the sample with $$x = 0.9$$, the out-of-plane Ni-O bond length shows a sharp thermal contraction in the high-temperature region, which is suggestive of changes in the orbital occupation accompanied by the development of checkerboard-type charge correlations. Furthermore, the $$x = 0.9$$ sample is characterized by a large atomic displacement parameter for the apical O atoms along the out-of-plane direction, which is interpreted as the existence of two types of Ni$$^{3+}$$ sites with different orbital occupancies. The distinct difference between the $$x = 0.9$$ sample and the lower-concentration compounds should be related to the development of checkerboard-type charge ordering in the metallic matrix and possible orbital ordering at the Ni$$^{3+}$$ sites at $$x sim 1$$ in the hole-doped layered nickel oxides.


Quantum paramagnet near spin-state transition

富安 啓輔*; 伊藤 菜緒子*; 岡崎 竜二*; 高橋 佑生*; 小野寺 貢*; 岩佐 和晃*; 野島 勉*; 青山 拓也*; 大串 研也*; 石川 喜久*; et al.

Advanced Quantum Technologies (Internet), 1(3), p.1800057_1 - 1800057_7, 2018/12



Investigation of the electronic structure and lattice dynamics of the thermoelectric material Na-doped SnSe

Wu, P.*; Zhang, B.*; Peng, K. L.*; 萩原 雅之*; 石川 喜久*; 古府 麻衣子; Lee, S. H.*; 組頭 広志*; Hu, C. S.*; Qi, Z. M.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(9), p.094305_1 - 094305_7, 2018/09

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:61.62(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

熱電材料であるNaドープしたSnSeについて、ARPES, 中性子回折, 中性子非弾性散乱でその電子構造と格子ダイナミクスを測定した結果を報告する。


Measurements of neutronic characteristics of rectangular and cylindrical coupled hydrogen moderators

甲斐 哲也; 加美山 隆*; 平賀 富士夫*; 大井 元貴; 広田 克也*; 鬼柳 善明*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(3), p.283 - 289, 2018/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Extensive simulation calculations were performed in the design studies of the coupled hydrogen moderator for the pulsed spallation neutron source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Facility (J-PARC). It was indicated that a para-hydrogen moderator had an intensity-enhanced region at the fringe part, and that pulse shapes emitted from a cylindrical para-hydrogen moderator gave higher pulse-peak intensities with narrower pulse widths than those from a rectangular one without penalizing the time-integrated intensities. To validate the peculiar distribution and advantages in pulse shapes experimentally, some measurements were performed at the neutron source of the Hokkaido University electron linear accelerator facility. It was observed that the neutron intensity was enhanced at edges of the para-hydrogen moderators, whereas it decreased at the same part of the ortho-rich-hydrogen moderator, where the dimension of those moderators was 50 mm in thickness and 120 mm in width and height. The spatial distribution and pulse shapes were also measured for a cylindrical coupled para-hydrogen moderator that has the same dimensions as for the coupled moderator employed for J-PARC. The measured results from the cylindrical moderator were consistent with the results obtained in the design studies for the moderator for J-PARC.


Inverse pole figure mapping of bulk crystalline grains in a polycrystalline steel plate by pulsed neutron Bragg-dip transmission imaging

佐藤 博隆*; 塩田 佳徳*; 諸岡 聡; 戸高 義一*; 足立 望*; 定松 直*; 及川 健一; 原田 正英; Zhang, S.*; Su, Y.; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(6), p.1601 - 1610, 2017/12

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:27.08(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

A new mapping procedure for polycrystals using neutron Bragg-dip transmission is presented. This is expected to be useful as a new materials characterization tool which can simultaneously map the crystallographic direction of grains parallel to the incident beam. The method potentially has a higher spatial resolution than neutron diffraction imaging. As a demonstration, a Bragg-dip neutron transmission experiment was conducted at J-PARC on beamline MLF BL10 NOBORU. A large-grained Si-steel plate was used. Since this specimen included multiple grains along the neutron beam transmission path, it was a challenging task for existing methods to analyze the direction of the crystal lattice of each grain. A new data-analysis method for Bragg-dip transmission measurements was developed based on database matching. As a result, the number of grains and their crystallographic direction along the neutron transmission path have been determined.


Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

中島 健次; 川北 至信; 伊藤 晋一*; 阿部 淳*; 相澤 一也; 青木 裕之; 遠藤 仁*; 藤田 全基*; 舟越 賢一*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12



Colossal negative thermal expansion induced by magnetic phase competition on frustrated lattices in Laves phase compound (Hf,Ta)Fe$$_2$$

Li, B.; Luo, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Ren, W. J.*; Yano, S.*; Wang, C.-W.*; Gardner, J. S.*; Liss, K.-D.*; Miao, P.*; Lee, S.-H.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 93(22), p.224405_1 - 224405_6, 2016/06

 被引用回数:19 パーセンタイル:22.94(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Competition between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases on frustrated lattices in hexagonal Laves phase compound Hf$$_{0.86}$$Ta$$_{0.14}$$Fe$$_2$$ is investigated by using neutron diffraction as a function of temperature and magnetic fields and density-functional-theory calculations. At 325 K, the compound orders into the 120$$^{circ}$$ frustrated antiferromagnetic state with well-reduced magnetic moment and an in-plane lattice contraction simultaneously sets in. With further cooling down, however, the accumulated distortion in turn destabilizes this susceptible frustrated structure. The frustration is completely relieved at 255 K when the first-order transition to the ferromagnetic state takes place, where a colossal negative volumetric thermal expansion, $$-123 times 10^{-6}$$/K, is obtained. Meanwhile, the antiferromagnetic state can be suppressed by few Tesla magnetic fields, which results in a colossal positive magnetostriction. Such delicate competition is attributed to the giant magnetic fluctuation inherent in the frustrated antiferromagnetic state. Therefore, the magnetoelastic instability is approached even under a small perturbation.


Design and performance of high-pressure PLANET beamline at pulsed neutron source at J-PARC

服部 高典; 佐野 亜沙美; 有馬 寛*; 小松 一生*; 山田 明寛*; 稲村 泰弘; 中谷 健; 瀬戸 雄介*; 永井 隆哉*; 内海 渉; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 780, p.55 - 67, 2015/04

 被引用回数:39 パーセンタイル:1.1(Instruments & Instrumentation)



Misassigned neutron resonances of $$^{142}$$Nd and stellar neutron capture cross sections

片渕 竜也*; 松橋 泰平*; 寺田 和司; 井頭 政之*; 水本 元治*; 廣瀬 健太郎; 木村 敦; 岩本 信之; 原 かおる*; 原田 秀郎; et al.

Physical Review C, 91(3), p.037603_1 - 037603_5, 2015/03

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:67.37(Physics, Nuclear)

Time-of-flight spectra of the neutron capture events of $$^{142}$$Nd were measured using a spallation neutron source at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. The first six resonances of $$^{142}$$Nd reported in a previous work were not observed. The experimental results and cross-search of resonance energies in nuclear data libraries suggested that resonances of impurity nuclide $$^{141}$$Pr have been mistakenly assigned as $$^{142}$$Nd in the previous experiment. To investigate the impact of non-existence of the resonances to the s-process nucleosynthesis model, the Maxwellian averaged neutron capture cross sections with and without the misassigned resonances were compared.


Measurements of neutron capture cross sections of $$^{112}$$Sn and $$^{118}$$Sn with J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

木村 敦; 廣瀬 健太郎; 中村 詔司; 原田 秀郎; 原 かおる; 堀 順一*; 井頭 政之*; 加美山 隆*; 片渕 竜也*; 木野 幸一*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.150 - 153, 2014/05

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:60.37(Physics, Nuclear)

The neutron-capture cross sections of $$^{112}$$Sn and $$^{118}$$Sn were measured by the time-of-flight method in the energy range from 10 meV to 2 keV with an array of germanium detectors in ANNRI at J-PARC. The preliminary results of the neutron-capture cross sections for $$^{112}$$Sn and $$^{118}$$Sn were obtained by normalizing the relative cross sections to the thermal cross section measured by Krane and to the evaluated value of JENDL-4.0 at the 47.05-eV resonance, respectively. Twelve new resonances for $$^{112}$$Sn were observed, whereas the 21.02-, 40.38- and 166-eV resonances for $$^{112}$$Sn and the 289-eV resonance for $$^{118}$$Sn which are listed on JENDL-4.0 and/or ENDF/B VII.1 were not observed. The prompt $$gamma$$-ray distributions gated at the $$^{112}$$Sn and $$^{118}$$Sn resonances were obtained. Twenty-three new prompt $$gamma$$-ray emissions were observed in the $$^{112}$$Sn (n,$$gamma$$) reactions.


Cross section measurements of the radioactive $$^{107}$$Pd and stable $$^{105,108}$$Pd nuclei at J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

中村 詔司; 木村 敦; 北谷 文人; 太田 雅之; 古高 和禎; 後神 進史*; 原 かおる; 原田 秀郎; 廣瀬 健太郎; 金 政浩*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.143 - 146, 2014/05

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:44.28(Physics, Nuclear)



Measurements of capture $$gamma$$ rays from the neutron resonances of $$^{74}$$Se and $$^{77}$$Se at the J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

堀 順一*; 八島 浩*; 中村 詔司; 古高 和禎; 原 かおる; 原田 秀郎; 廣瀬 健太郎; 木村 敦; 北谷 文人; 小泉 光生; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.128 - 131, 2014/05

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:67.53(Physics, Nuclear)

本研究では、$$^{74}$$Seと$$^{77}$$Seの中性子共鳴からの捕獲$$gamma$$線を測定した。$$^{74}$$Seは、簡単な殻模型から2p$$_{1/2}$$軌道まで中性子が占有されている偶-偶核であるので、プライマリ$$gamma$$線遷移の始状態と終状態間の強い相関が予想される。$$^{74}$$Seは、安定Se同位体の中で唯一の奇数核であるので、同じ奇数核である$$^{79}$$Seの評価に資する情報を含んでいると期待される。J-PARC、物質・生命科学実験施設(MLF)の中性子核反応実験装置(ANNRI)に整備した4$$pi$$ Geスペクトロメータを用いて、飛行時間法により測定を行った。$$^{74}$$Seの27eV共鳴、及び$$^{77}$$Seの113eV, 212eV, 291eV, 342eV, 690eV及び864eV共鳴に対応する$$gamma$$線波高スペクトルを得た。これらのプライマリ遷移$$gamma$$線の相対強度を求め、報告されている実験データと比較を行った。$$^{74}$$Seの27eV共鳴について、293keV準位への強いプライマリ遷移が観測された。$$^{77}$$Seについては、共鳴ごとに全く異なる崩壊パターンを見いだした。


Cross section measurement of $$^{237}$$Np$$(n,gamma)$$ at J-PARC/MLF/ANNRI

廣瀬 健太郎; 古高 和禎; 原 かおる; 原田 秀郎; 堀 順一*; 井頭 政之*; 加美山 隆*; 片渕 竜也*; 木村 敦; 金 政浩*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 119, p.48 - 51, 2014/05

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:87.14(Physics, Nuclear)

The cross section of the $$^{237}$$Np$$(n,gamma)$$ reaction has been measured in an energy range from 10 meV to 1 keV at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The NaI(Tl) spectrometer installed in the accurate neutron-nucleus reaction measurement instrument (ANNRI) was used for the measurement. The relative cross section was obtained using the neutron spectrum measured by the $$^{10}$$B$$(n,alpha_1)$$ reaction. The absolute value of the cross section was deduced by normalizing the relative cross section to the evaluated value in JENDL-4.0 at the first resonance. In this presentation, the obtained results for the cross section, the Westcott factor and the resonance analysis are reported. This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 22226016.


Bipartite magnetic parent phases in the iron oxypnictide superconductor

平石 雅俊*; 飯村 壮史*; 小嶋 健児*; 山浦 淳一*; 平賀 晴弘*; 池田 一貴*; Miao, P.*; 石川 喜久*; 鳥居 周輝*; 宮崎 正範*; et al.

Nature Physics, 10(4), p.300 - 303, 2014/04

 被引用回数:78 パーセンタイル:3.63(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

High-temperature (high-$$T_{rm c}$$) superconductivity appears as a consequence of the carrier-doping of an undoped parent compound exhibiting antiferromagnetic order; thereby, ground-state properties of the parent compound are closely relevant to the superconducting state. On the basis of the concept, a spin-fluctuation has been addressed as an origin of pairing of the superconducting electrons in cuprates. Whereas, there is growing interest in the pairing mechanism such as an unconventional spin-fluctuation or an advanced orbital-fluctuation due to the characteristic multi-orbital system in iron-pnictides. Here, we report the discovery of an antiferromagnetic order as well as a unique structural transition in electron-overdoped LaFeAsO$$_{1-x}$$H$$_x$$ ($$x sim 0.5$$), whereby another parent phase was uncovered, albeit heavily doped. The unprecedented two-dome superconducting phases observed in this material can be interpreted as a consequence of the carrier-doping starting from the original at $$x sim 0$$ and advanced at $$x sim 0.5$$ parent phases toward the intermediate region. The bipartite parent phases with distinct physical properties in the second magnetic phase provide us with an interesting example to illustrate the intimate interplay among the magnetic interaction, structural change and orbital degree of freedom in iron-pnictides.


Mutation analysis of high ethyl caproate producing sake yeasts generated by ion beam breeding

増淵 隆*; 上田 涼史郎; 上山 修*; 池永 裕*; 佐藤 勝也; 鳴海 一成*

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 117, 2014/03

We have previously obtained high ethyl caproate producing Sake yeasts "No.227" and "No.1333" by ion beam breeding. The fatty acid synthase genes (${it FAS1}$ and ${it FAS2}$) and the fatty acid esterase genes (${it EHT1}$ and ${it EEB1}$) might be involved in the higher production of ethyl caproate in the mutant strains. In this study, to identify the mutation sites of the mutant strains, each gene locus was sequenced. For the ${it EHT1}$, ${it EEB1}$ and ${it FAS1}$ loci, all the mutations found in mutant strains are nonsense mutations, suggesting that these mutations did not involved in the higher production of ethyl caproate. On the other hand, strains No.227 and No.1333 carried G/A and A/A mutations in ${it FAS2}$ gene at nucleotide position 3,748 as heterozygous and homozygous states, respectively. This result strongly suggested that the higher production of ethyl caproate in strains No.227 and No.1333 is attributed to a dominant mutation in ${it FAS2}$ gene.


Energy resolution of pulsed neutron beam provided by the ANNRI beamline at the J-PARC/MLF

木野 幸一*; 古坂 道弘*; 平賀 富士夫*; 加美山 隆*; 鬼柳 善明*; 古高 和禎; 後神 進史*; 原 かおる; 原田 秀郎; 原田 正英; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 736, p.66 - 74, 2014/02

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:14.2(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We studied the energy resolution of the pulsed neutron-beam of Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument (ANNRI) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex/Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (J-PARC/MLF). A simulation in the energy region from 0.7 meV to 1 MeV has been performed. Moreover, measurements have been done in the thermal and epithermal energies. The neutron energy resolution at ANNRI, which is determined by the time-of-flight technique, depends on the time structure of the neutron pulse. We obtained the neutron energy resolution as a function of the neutron energy by the simulation in the two operation modes of the neutron source: double and single bunch modes. In the double bunch mode, the resolution deteriorates above about 10 eV because the time structure of the neutron pulse splits into two peaks. The time structures at 13 energy points by measurements in the thermal energy region are in agreement with those of the simulation. In the epithermal energy region, the time structures at 17 energy points were obtained by measurements. The FWHM values of the time structures by the simulation and measurements are almost consistent. In the single bunch mode, the energy resolution is better than about 1% between 1 meV and 10 keV at the neutron source operation of 17.5 kW.


Cross section measurement of $$^{117}$$Sn$$(n,gamma)$$ using ANNRI-NaI(Tl) spectrometer at J-PARC

廣瀬 健太郎; 古高 和禎; 原 かおる; 原田 秀郎; 木村 敦; 北谷 文人; 小泉 光生; 中村 詔司; 大島 真澄; 藤 暢輔; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2013-002, p.173 - 178, 2013/10

The cross section for $$^{117}$$Sn$$(n,gamma)$$ reaction has been measured in the neutron energy from 1eV to 1keV using the ANNRI-NaI(Tl) spectrometer at J-PARC/MLF. The sample used in the present experiment was metal tin enriched in $$^{117}$$Sn by 87%. The impurities of $$^{116}$$Sn and $$^{118}$$Sn were 9.3% and 3%, respectively. In the data analysis, the background of the frame-overlap neutrons and the scattered neutrons were subtracted. Comparison with the evaluation of JENDL-4.0 and ENDF/B-VII.1 will be presented in the poster session.


Transformation strain and texture evolution during diffusional phase transformation of low alloy steels studied by neutron diffraction

徐 平光; 友田 陽*; Vogel, S. C.*; 鈴木 徹也*; 米村 雅雄*; 神山 崇*

Reviews on Advanced Materials Science, 33(5), p.389 - 395, 2013/08

The ferrite-to-austenite transformation during heating and the austenite-to-ferrite transformation during cooling were ${it in situ}$ investigated by KEK/SIRIUS and LANSCE/HIPPO neutron diffractometers under the stress-free condition. The deviation of ferrite lattice parameter from the linear thermal expansion and contraction during heating and cooling suggested the compressive strain occurred in ferrite phase. The texture memory effect between the cold compression texture of initial martensite and the final texture of ferrite after $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$-$$alpha$$ phase transformation was interrupted by the static recrystallization of martensite during step-by-step heating, revealing that the occurrence of texture memory effect was not directly related to the deformation stored energy but related to the transformation strain and the strong variant selection for nucleation.

173 件中 1件目~20件目を表示