堀 智*; 菅野 了次*; Kwon, O.*; 加藤 祐樹*; 山田 武*; 松浦 直人*; 米村 雅雄*; 神山 崇*; 柴田 薫; 川北 至信
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 126(22), p.9518 - 9527, 2022/06
Understanding Li-ion conduction in superionic conductors accelerates the development of new solid electrolytes to enhance the charge-discharge performances of all-solid-state batteries. We performed a quasi-elastic neutron scattering study on a model superionic conductor (LiGePS, LGPS), to reveal its ion dynamics on an angstrom-scale spatial range and a pico-to-nanosecond temporal range. The observation of spectra at 298 K confirmed the high lithium diffusivity. The obtained diffusion coefficient was in the order of 10 cms at temperatures 338 K and was higher than the reported diffusion coefficient over a longer time scale, as determined by the pulse-field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance method. This difference indicates that there are impediments to ionic motion over a longer time scale. The dynamic behavior of the Li ions was compared with that observed for the LiPSO phase, which possesses the same crystal structure type, but a lower ionic conductivity. The LGPS phase possessed a high lithium mobility over a distance of 10 , as well as a larger fraction of mobile Li ions, thereby indicating that these features enhance lithium conduction over a longer spatial scale, which is important in all-solidstate batteries.
柿本 和勇*; 高田 早紀*; 太田 寛人*; 原口 祐哉*; 萩原 雅人; 鳥居 周輝*; 神山 崇*; 三田村 裕幸*; 徳永 将史*; 畠山 温*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(5), p.054704_1 - 054704_7, 2022/05
The magnetism of AlFeGeO from to with the andalusite structure was examined. AlFeGeO at low temperatures was found to show a weak ferromagnet-like behavior for and a spin glass behavior for . The small spontaneous magnetization observed in the weak ferromagnet-like samples may be caused by the existence of Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction and the difference in the magnitude of the magnetic moments of Fe in the octahedral and trigonal bipyramidal sites. The appearance of the spin glass behavior implies that the dilution of Fe ions by Al ions in AlFeGeO causes the competition between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions. The dependence of the site occupancy of Fe ions suggests that FeGeO with the andalusite structure cannot be synthesized.
柿本 和勇*; 太田 寛人*; 原口 祐哉*; 萩原 雅人; 鳥居 周輝*; 神山 崇*; 香取 浩子*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(5), p.054707_1 - 054707_9, 2022/05
Neutron diffraction experiments on polycrystalline andalusite-type AlFeGeO with to were performed. The magnetic Bragg peaks with the propagation vector of = (0, 0.150(1), 0) for the sample with and = (0, 0.141(1), 0) for the sample with were observed, which means that an incommensurate magnetic order was realized for each sample. The calculation of the magnetic structure factors by the Pawley method and the analysis of the irreducible representations revealed that both samples have a magnetic structure in which the magnetic moments rotate in the crystallographic -plane with sinusoidal modulation along the -axis. By the Luttinger Tisza method, we determined the sign of the nearest-neighbor exchange interaction consists that reproduce the magnetic structure obtained by the irreducible representation analysis.
下野 聖矢*; 石橋 広記*; 永吉 祐輔*; 池野 豪一*; 河口 彰吾*; 萩原 雅人; 鳥居 周輝*; 神山 崇*; 市橋 克哉*; 西原 禎文*; et al.
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 163, p.110568_1 - 110568_7, 2022/04
The structural phase transition from cubic () to a tetragonal () at 180 K was found in non-centrosymmetric oxyfluoride CoSbOF by high-resolution neutron and synchrotron powder diffraction. To investigate this phase transition, specific heat, magnetization, and dielectric measurements were performed. Although the specific heat and dielectric constant showed anomalies at , a phase transition to ferroelectricity was not observed in the polarization hysteresis loop down to 30 K. The rotation of the CoOF octahedron was observed at from the structural analysis using synchrotron and neutron powder diffraction data. It was found that the magnetic phase transition from paramagnetic to G-type antiferromagnetic occurred at 67 K, at which a peak was observed in the specific heat measurements, via magnetic structure analysis using neutron powder diffraction data. The magnetic moments of Co were aligned along the tetragonal -axis direction with a Co moment of 2.80(1) at 13 K.
新井 正敏*; Andersen, K. H.*; Argyriou, D. N.*; Schweika, W.*; Zanini, L.*; Harjo, S.; 神山 崇*; 原田 正英
Journal of Neutron Research, 23(4), p.215 - 232, 2021/12
The general performance of diffractometers at the first long pulse spallation source ESS, is compared with their counterparts at J-PARC, a short pulse spallation source. The difference in the inherent pulse structure of these neutron sources presents opportunities for new concepts for instrumentation, where performance does not scale simply with source power. The article describes advantages and disadvantages of those diffractometers, adapting to the very different source characteristics. We find that the two sources offer comparable performance in flux and resolution when operating in high-resolution mode. ESS offers significant advantages in tunability and flexibility, notably in the ability to relax resolution in order to increase flux for a given experiment. On the other hand, J-PARC instruments perform very well in spite of the lower source power and allow better access to epithermal neutrons, of particular interest for PDF analysis of diffraction data.
櫻井 洋亮*; 佐藤 博隆*; 足立 望*; 諸岡 聡; 戸高 義一*; 加美山 隆*
Applied Sciences (Internet), 11(11), p.5219_1 - 5219_17, 2021/06
As a new method for evaluating single crystal and oligocrystal, pulsed neutron Bragg-dip transmission analysis/imaging method is being developed. In this study, a single Bragg-dip profile fitting analysis method was newly developed, and applied for analyzing detailed inner information in a crystalline grain position-dependently. In the method, the spectrum profile of a single Bragg-dip is analyzed at each position over a grain. As a result, it is expected that changes of crystal orientation, mosaic spread angle and thickness of a perfect crystal can be evaluated from the wavelength, the width and the integrated intensity of the Bragg-dip, respectively. For confirming this effectiveness, the method was applied to experimental data of position-dependent Bragg-dip transmission spectra of a Si-steel plate consisting of oligocrystals. As a result, inner information of multiple crystalline grains could be visualized and evaluated. The small change of crystal orientation in a grain, about 0.4, could be observed by imaging the Bragg-dip wavelengths. By imaging the Bragg-dip widths, both another grain and mosaic block in a grain were detected. Furthermore, imaging results of the integrated intensities of Bragg-dips were consistent with the results of Bragg-dip width imaging. These small crystallographic changes have not been observed and visualized by previous Bragg-dip analysis methods.
森 一広*; 奥村 良*; 吉野 泰史*; 金山 雅哉*; 佐藤 節夫*; 大場 洋次郎; 岩瀬 謙二*; 平賀 晴弘*; 日野 正裕*; 佐野 忠史*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011093_1 - 011093_6, 2021/03
阿部 雄太; 土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 大石 佑治*; 加美山 隆*; 永江 勇二; 佐藤 一憲
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011075_1 - 011075_6, 2021/03
Since the hardness of fuel debris containing boride from BC pellet in control rod is estimated to be two times higher as that of oxide, such as UO and ZrO, distribution of such boride in the fuel debris formed in the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants may affect the process of debris cutting and removal. The high neutron absorption of boron may affect the possibility of re-criticality during the process of debris removal. Therefore, boride distribution in fuel debris is regarded as an important issue to be addressed. However, boron tends to have difficult in quantification with conventionally applied methods like EPMA and XPS. In this study, accelerator-driven neutron-imaging system was applied. Since boron is the material for neutron absorption, its sensitivity in terms of neutron penetration through specimens is concerned. To adjust neutron attenuation of a specimen to suit a particular measurement by selecting the neutron energy range, we focused on the energy resolved neutron imaging system RADEN, which utilizes wide energy range from meV to keV. Development of a method to visualize boron distribution using energy-resolved neutrons has been started. In this presentation the authors show the status of the development of a method utilizing energy-resolved neutrons and provide some outcome from its application to the Core Material Melting and Relocation (CMMR)-0 and -2 specimens.
Miao, P.*; Tan, Z.*; Lee, S. H.*; 石川 喜久*; 鳥居 周輝*; 米村 雅雄*; 幸田 章宏*; 小松 一生*; 町田 真一*; 佐野 亜沙美; et al.
Physical Review B, 103(9), p.094302_1 - 094302_18, 2021/03
Wu, P.*; Fan, F.-R.*; 萩原 雅人*; 古府 麻衣子; Peng, K.*; 石川 喜久*; Lee, S.*; 本田 孝志*; 米村 雅雄*; 池田 一貴*; et al.
New Journal of Physics (Internet), 22(8), p.083083_1 - 083083_9, 2020/08
阿部 雄太; 土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 大石 佑治*; 加美山 隆*; 永江 勇二; 佐藤 一憲
Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/08
Boron carbide is used as a neutron-absorbing material in Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F), producing borides that are twice as hard as oxides (such as UO and ZrO). The high neutron absorption of boron affects the evaluation of re-criticality during the process of debris retrieval. Therefore, it is important not only to determine the presence of boron but also to investigate the distribution of boron inside the material in a non-destructive manner during decommissioning. To address the uncertainties in the core material relocation behavior of boiling water reactor (BWR) during a severe accident (SA), solidified melt specimens of a simulated fuel assembly were prepared by plasma heating. If core material melting and relocation (CMMR) specimens can be used to estimate the B distribution in 1F Unit-3, that will provide valuable information in the decommissioning of 1F. To address this, the authors focused on the energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, which utilizes a wide energy range, from meV to keV. This is an innovative three-dimensional analysis technology for boride distribution that affects the evaluation of hardness and re-criticality. In the calibration standard samples (ZrB and FeB), there was a good correlation between boron concentration and the energy-dependence of the cross sections of cold and epi-thermal neutrons. In the CMMR specimens, boron distribution was confirmed from the contrast difference between cold and epi-thermal neutrons. In the future, the results of calibration standard samples will be applied to the results of CMMR specimens. With this method, three-dimensional boron distribution will be measured, and the understanding of boride distribution 1F Unit-3 will be improved, which may be reflected in an improved SA code.
篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 及川 健一; 中谷 健; 瀬川 麻里子; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y. H.; 大井 元貴; 原田 正英; 飯倉 寛; et al.
Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(4), p.043302_1 - 043302_20, 2020/04
The energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, has been installed at the pulsed neutron source in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. In addition to conventional neutron radiography and tomography, RADEN, the world's first imaging beam-line at a pulsed neutron source, provides three main options for new, quantitative neutron imaging techniques: Bragg-edge imaging to visualize the spatial distribution of crystallographic information, resonance absorption imaging for elemental composition and temperature information, and polarized neutron imaging for magnetic field information. This paper describes the results of characterization studies of the neutronic performance and installed devices at RADEN and shows the results of several demonstration studies for pulsed neutron imaging.
梶本 亮一; 中島 健次; 藤田 全基*; 石角 元志*; 鳥居 周輝*; 石川 喜久*; Miao, P.*; 神山 崇*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(11), p.114602_1 - 114602_6, 2019/11
A high-resolution time-of-flight powder neutron diffraction study of the layered nickel oxide PrSrNiO with and was performed to characterize the crystal structures of these highly hole-doped nickelates. For the sample with , the Ni-O bond lengths decrease uniformly with decreasing temperature, and the atomic displacement parameters are similar to those for . In contrast, for the sample with , the out-of-plane Ni-O bond length shows a sharp thermal contraction in the high-temperature region, which is suggestive of changes in the orbital occupation accompanied by the development of checkerboard-type charge correlations. Furthermore, the sample is characterized by a large atomic displacement parameter for the apical O atoms along the out-of-plane direction, which is interpreted as the existence of two types of Ni sites with different orbital occupancies. The distinct difference between the sample and the lower-concentration compounds should be related to the development of checkerboard-type charge ordering in the metallic matrix and possible orbital ordering at the Ni sites at in the hole-doped layered nickel oxides.
石川 裕卓*; 甲斐 哲也; 佐藤 博隆*; 加美山 隆*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(2), p.221 - 227, 2019/02
We simultaneously measured neutron spectra and the temperature of a polyethylene moderator at the Hokkaido University Neutron Source (HUNS) driven by a compact electron accelerator to observe the effect of any temperature change on the reliability of spectroscopic transmission measurement. The ratio of the neutron effective temperature and the moderator temperature was constant in HUNS case, although both increased by 4-5 K within one hour after the start of accelerator-operation. This indicated that the neutron effective temperature was well estimated by the moderator temperature. The effect of the temperature change can be easily avoided by excluding data collection before the moderator warms up. These results suggested that the monitoring of moderator temperature is recommended in such neutron sources with a thermal neutron moderator to guarantee reliability of spectroscopic transmission measurement without sacrifices of cost, simplicity and maintainability.
富安 啓輔*; 伊藤 菜緒子*; 岡崎 竜二*; 高橋 佑生*; 小野寺 貢*; 岩佐 和晃*; 野島 勉*; 青山 拓也*; 大串 研也*; 石川 喜久*; et al.
Advanced Quantum Technologies (Internet), 1(3), p.1800057_1 - 1800057_7, 2018/12
Wu, P.*; Zhang, B.*; Peng, K. L.*; 萩原 雅之*; 石川 喜久*; 古府 麻衣子; Lee, S. H.*; 組頭 広志*; Hu, C. S.*; Qi, Z. M.*; et al.
Physical Review B, 98(9), p.094305_1 - 094305_7, 2018/09
熱電材料であるNaドープしたSnSeについて、ARPES, 中性子回折, 中性子非弾性散乱でその電子構造と格子ダイナミクスを測定した結果を報告する。
甲斐 哲也; 加美山 隆*; 平賀 富士夫*; 大井 元貴; 広田 克也*; 鬼柳 善明*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(3), p.283 - 289, 2018/03
Extensive simulation calculations were performed in the design studies of the coupled hydrogen moderator for the pulsed spallation neutron source of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Facility (J-PARC). It was indicated that a para-hydrogen moderator had an intensity-enhanced region at the fringe part, and that pulse shapes emitted from a cylindrical para-hydrogen moderator gave higher pulse-peak intensities with narrower pulse widths than those from a rectangular one without penalizing the time-integrated intensities. To validate the peculiar distribution and advantages in pulse shapes experimentally, some measurements were performed at the neutron source of the Hokkaido University electron linear accelerator facility. It was observed that the neutron intensity was enhanced at edges of the para-hydrogen moderators, whereas it decreased at the same part of the ortho-rich-hydrogen moderator, where the dimension of those moderators was 50 mm in thickness and 120 mm in width and height. The spatial distribution and pulse shapes were also measured for a cylindrical coupled para-hydrogen moderator that has the same dimensions as for the coupled moderator employed for J-PARC. The measured results from the cylindrical moderator were consistent with the results obtained in the design studies for the moderator for J-PARC.
佐藤 博隆*; 塩田 佳徳*; 諸岡 聡; 戸高 義一*; 足立 望*; 定松 直*; 及川 健一; 原田 正英; Zhang, S.*; Su, Y.; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(6), p.1601 - 1610, 2017/12
A new mapping procedure for polycrystals using neutron Bragg-dip transmission is presented. This is expected to be useful as a new materials characterization tool which can simultaneously map the crystallographic direction of grains parallel to the incident beam. The method potentially has a higher spatial resolution than neutron diffraction imaging. As a demonstration, a Bragg-dip neutron transmission experiment was conducted at J-PARC on beamline MLF BL10 NOBORU. A large-grained Si-steel plate was used. Since this specimen included multiple grains along the neutron beam transmission path, it was a challenging task for existing methods to analyze the direction of the crystal lattice of each grain. A new data-analysis method for Bragg-dip transmission measurements was developed based on database matching. As a result, the number of grains and their crystallographic direction along the neutron transmission path have been determined.
中島 健次; 川北 至信; 伊藤 晋一*; 阿部 淳*; 相澤 一也; 青木 裕之; 遠藤 仁*; 藤田 全基*; 舟越 賢一*; Gong, W.*; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12
Li, B.; Luo, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Ren, W. J.*; Yano, S.*; Wang, C.-W.*; Gardner, J. S.*; Liss, K.-D.*; Miao, P.*; Lee, S.-H.*; et al.
Physical Review B, 93(22), p.224405_1 - 224405_6, 2016/06
Competition between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases on frustrated lattices in hexagonal Laves phase compound HfTaFe is investigated by using neutron diffraction as a function of temperature and magnetic fields and density-functional-theory calculations. At 325 K, the compound orders into the 120 frustrated antiferromagnetic state with well-reduced magnetic moment and an in-plane lattice contraction simultaneously sets in. With further cooling down, however, the accumulated distortion in turn destabilizes this susceptible frustrated structure. The frustration is completely relieved at 255 K when the first-order transition to the ferromagnetic state takes place, where a colossal negative volumetric thermal expansion, /K, is obtained. Meanwhile, the antiferromagnetic state can be suppressed by few Tesla magnetic fields, which results in a colossal positive magnetostriction. Such delicate competition is attributed to the giant magnetic fluctuation inherent in the frustrated antiferromagnetic state. Therefore, the magnetoelastic instability is approached even under a small perturbation.