Knafo, W.*; Knebel, G.*; Steffens, P.*; 金子 耕士; Rosuel, A.*; Brison, J.-P.*; Flouquet, J.*; 青木 大*; Lapertot, G.*; Raymond, S.*
Physical Review B, 104(10), p.L100409_1 - L100409_6, 2021/09
Inelastic-neutron-scattering measurements were performed on a single crystal of the heavy-fermion paramagnet UTe above its superconducting temperature. We confirm the presence of antiferromagnetic fluctuations with the incommensurate wave-vector = (0, 0.57, 0). A quasielastic signal is found, whose momentum-transfer dependence is compatible with fluctuations of magnetic moments , with a sine-wave modulation of wave-vector and in-phase moments on the nearest U atoms. Low dimensionality of the magnetic fluctuations, consequence of the ladder structure, is indicated by weak correlations along the direction . These results constitute constraints for models of magnetically-mediated superconductivity in UTe.
金子 耕士; 川崎 卓郎; 仲村 愛*; 宗像 孝司*; 中尾 朗子*; 花島 隆泰*; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 大原 高志; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(6), p.064704_1 - 064704_6, 2021/06
Multiple transition phenomena in divalent Eu compound EuAl with the tetragonal structure were investigated via single crystal time-of-flight neutron Laue technique. At 30 K below a charge-density-wave (CDW) transition, superlattice peaks emerge near nuclear Bragg peaks described by an ordering vector = (0 0 ). In contrast, magnetic peaks appear at with = 0.09 below = 15.4 K, and moves to with = 0.19 below =12.2 K, whereas no distinct change in the magnetic Bragg peak was detected at and . The structural modification with is characterized by an absence of the superlattice peak in (0 0 ). Considering an absence of splitting in magnetic peaks along , the structural transition is mainly ascribed to a displacement of Al ions within the tetragonal -plane. Complex incommensurate magnetic transitions are in stark contrast to a simple collinear commensurate structure in isovalent EuGa. This could stem from incompatible electronic structures with the CDW transition between two compounds.
金子 耕士; 垣花 将司*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*
波紋, 30(3), p.160 - 165, 2020/08
金子 耕士; Cheung, Y. W.*; Hu, Y.*; 今井 正樹*; 谷奥 泰明*; 金川 響*; 村川 譲一*; 森山 広大*; Zhang, W.*; Lai, K. T.*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011032_1 - 011032_6, 2020/03
A quantum critical point appears as a second-order phase transition which takes place at zero temperature. In contrast to heavy-fermion systems in which magnetism often plays a vital role, recent studies revealed that structural instabilities can drive a system to a quantum critical point as well. In quasi-skutterudite (Ca,Sr)Sn (=Rh, Ir), SrIrSn exhibits superconductivity around 5 K and a structural transition at 147 K. Applying physical or chemical pressure on SrIrSn suppresses rapidly, and a quasi-linear dependence of electrical resistivity, signature of non-Fermi liquid behavior, was observed where extrapolates to 0 K. The isomorphs (CaSr)RhSn exhibits similar behavior, where the criticality can be reached by 0.9 without external pressure. Neutron scattering experiments in SrIrSn evidences the second order nature of the structural transition at by the observation of a continuous evolution of superlattice peak below and a gradual increase of critical scattering upon approaching to by cooling. Increase of in (CaSr)RhSn toward the quantum critical point leads to the systematic variation of the critical exponents of the order parameter. In addition, this substitution induces the phonon softening around the M point towards zero energy revealed by inelastic X-ray scattering experiment. We will present systematic variations in both elastic and inelastic channels upon approaching to the quantum critical point.
池田 修悟*; 金子 耕士; 田中 佑季*; 川崎 卓郎; 花島 隆泰*; 宗像 孝司*; 中尾 朗子*; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 大原 高志; 望月 健生*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(1), p.014707_1 - 014707_7, 2020/01
Magnetism in EuNiIn has been studied by specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, magnetization, Eu Mssbauer spectroscopy, and neutron diffraction experiments. The specific heat shows two magnetic transitions at and at zero magnetic field. An antiferromagnetic ground state of EuNiIn has a uniaxial magnetic anisotropy along the b-axis, revealed by the magnetic susceptibility and the Mssbauer spectroscopy. Single crystal neutron diffraction experiments clarify that this antiferromagnetic structure in the ground state is characterized by the commensurate propagation vector = (1/2, 1/2, 1/2) which reveals no distinct anomaly at . The magnetization curve along the b-axis at 2 K shows four successive magnetic field-induced transitions up to 50 kOe and, reaches 7 /f.u. above 190 kOe, The magnetic phase diagram in EuNiIn has unique characteristics with five magnetic states in low magnetic field.
金子 耕士; 垣花 将司*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*
固体物理, 54(12), p.757 - 766, 2019/12
日本結晶学会誌, 61(4), p.237 - 242, 2019/12
Neutron and X-ray are complementary probes for structural study. Whereas X-ray is superior in terms of brilliance and resolution in general, neutron diffraction has better spatial resolution reflecting the difference in scattering medium; electron and nuclei for X-ray and neutron, respectively. This difference results in the fact that neutron diffraction has higher sensitivity to probe thermal vibration and off-center potential in a crystal. Here, as an example, we will show single crystal neutron diffraction study on "rattling" in rare-earth based filled skutterudite compounds.
田端 千紘*; 松村 武*; 中尾 裕則*; 道村 真司*; 垣花 将司*; 稲見 俊哉*; 金子 耕士; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(9), p.093704_1 - 093704_5, 2019/09
The magnetic order in the magnetic-fild-induced so-called A phase of cubic chiral antiferromagnet EuPtSi was investigated by resonant X-ray scattering (RXS) near the Eu edge. The high flux RXS signal under the magnetic field applied along  revealed the first and second order satellite magnetic reflections, indicating that the A phase is a triple- magnetic ordered state that is described by three propagation vectors lying in the plane normal to the magnetic field direction; , , and . With the high resolution in the reciprocal space achieved in the RXS measurement, it is suggested that the triple- order strongly couples with the underlying crystal lattice. The triple- magnetic order is discussed in the context of a magnetic skyrmion lattice on which the geometrical frustration may play a crucial role.
梶本 亮一; 石角 元志*; 吉良 弘*; 金子 耕士; 中村 充孝; 蒲沢 和也*; 稲村 泰弘; 池内 和彦*; 飯田 一樹*; 村井 直樹; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 556, p.26 - 30, 2019/03
Magnets are important for studying magnetism and are commonly used as sample environment devices of neutron scattering instruments. However, the use of magnets was prevented at the time-of-flight direct-geometry neutron spectrometer 4SEASONS in Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC, because the instrument is surrounded by iron components, and it is equipped with a piece of equipment operated with magnetic bearings. In the present work, we investigate the influence of stray magnetic fields from a superconducting magnet which is shared among neutron scattering instruments in MLF. Based on the investigation, we modified 4SEASONS such that it can be used with the magnet. Finally, we successfully performed the first inelastic neutron scattering experiments with applied magnetic fields using this sample environment.
金子 耕士; Frontzek, M. D.*; 松田 雅昌*; 中尾 朗子*; 宗像 孝司*; 大原 高志; 垣花 将司*; 芳賀 芳範; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88, p.013702_1 - 013702_5, 2019/01
Magnetic transitions in chiral antiferromagnet EuPtSi were investigated by means of single crystal neutron diffraction. In the ground state, magnetic peaks emerge at positions represented by =. Upon heating, an additional magnetic peak splitting around 2.5 K was uncovered, indicating a presence of a first-order transition with =. An half-polarized neutron scattering for polarization parallel to Q reveled that polarization antiparallel to Q has stronger intensity in both magnetic phases. This feature clarifies single chiral character of helical structure with moments normal to the ordering vector in both ordered states. Under vertical magnetic field along [1,1,1] in the phase, magnetic peaks form hexagonal patterns in the equatorial scattering plane around nuclear. An ordering vector of the -phase has the similar size in the periodicity to , and could be a hallmark of a formation of skyrmion lattice in EuPtSi.
Cheung, Y. W.*; Hu, Y. J.*; 今井 正樹*; 谷奥 泰明*; 金川 響*; 村川 譲一*; 森山 広大*; Zhang, W.*; Lai, K. T.*; 吉村 一良*; et al.
Physical Review B, 98(16), p.161103_1 - 161103_5, 2018/10
Approaching a quantum critical point has been an effective route to stabilize superconductivity. While the role of magnetic QCPs has been extensively discussed, similar exploration of a structural QCP is scarce. Using inelastic X-ray scattering, we examine the phonon spectrum of the nonmagnetic quasi-skutterudite (CaSr)RhSn, which represents a precious system to explore the interplay between structural instabilities and superconductivity by tuning the Ca concentration x. We unambiguously detect the softening of phonon modes around the M point on cooling towards the structural transition. Intriguingly, at x = 0:85, the soft mode energy squared at the M point extrapolates to zero at -5.7 K, providing the first compelling microscopic evidence of a structural QCP in (CaSr)RhSn. The enhanced phonon density-of-states at low energy provides the essential ingredient for realizing strong-coupling superconductivity near the structural QCP.
筒井 智嗣*; 金子 耕士; Pospisil, J.; 芳賀 芳範
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 536, p.24 - 27, 2018/05
Inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) experiments of RTAl ( = La Ce, = Cu, Au) were carried out at 300 and 5.5 K. The spectra between LaCuAl and CeCuAl (LaAuAl and CeAuAl) are nearly identical at both temperatures except for temperature factors such as temperature dependence of Bose factor in IXS spectra and effect on thermal expansion. This means that no evident temperature dependence of IXS spectra was observed in CeTAl ( = Cu, Au).
末國 晃一郎*; Lee, C. H.*; 田中 博己*; 西堀 英治*; 中村 篤*; 笠井 秀隆*; 森 仁志*; 臼井 秀知*; 越智 正之*; 長谷川 巧*; et al.
Advanced Materials, 30(13), p.1706230_1 - 1706230_6, 2018/03
中島 健次; 川北 至信; 伊藤 晋一*; 阿部 淳*; 相澤 一也; 青木 裕之; 遠藤 仁*; 藤田 全基*; 舟越 賢一*; Gong, W.*; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12
Cheung, Y. W.*; Hu, Y. J.*; Goh, S. K.*; 金子 耕士; 筒井 智嗣; Logg, P. W.*; Grosche, F. M.*; 金川 響*; 谷奥 泰明*; 今井 正樹*; et al.
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 807(3), p.032002_1 - 032002_4, 2017/04
(CaSr)RhSn is a member of the substitution series (CaSr)RhSn which has recently been argued to feature a structural quantum critical point at = 0.9. In the stoichiometric compound SrRhSn, the structural transition at 138 K has been shown to be a second-order phase transition. Moving towards xc, we examine the character of the structural transition in (CaSr)RhSn (i.e. = 0.5, 55 K) using electrical resistivity, heat capacity and X-ray scattering. The absence of the thermal hysteresis in specific heat around , and the continuous evolution of the superlattice reflection detected by X-ray diffraction are consistent with the scenario that the structural transition associated with a modulation vector = (0.5, 0.5, 0) in (CaSr)RhSn remains second-order on approaching the quantum critical point.
川崎 卓郎; 金子 耕士; 仲村 愛*; 阿曽 尚文*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大原 高志; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 及川 健一; 田村 格良; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(11), p.114711_1 - 114711_5, 2016/11
The magnetic structure of the intermetallic compound EuGa was investigated using single-crystal neutron diffraction with TOF Laue technique on the new diffractometer SENJU at MLF of J-PARC. Despite of the high neutron absorption of Eu, a vast number of diffraction spots were observed without isotope enrichment. The magnetic reflections appeared at 2 below 16 K, indicating that the ordering vector is = (0, 0, 0). The continuous evolution of the magnetic reflection intensity below T follows a squared Brillouin function for = 7/2. By adopting a wavelength-dependent absorption collection, the magnetic structure of EuGa revealed that a nearly full magnetic moment of 6.4 B of Eu lies within the basal plane of the lattice.
Mufti, N.*; 金子 耕士; Hoser, A.*; Gutmann, M.*; Geibel, C.*; Krellner, C.*; Stockert, O.*
Physical Review B, 94(4), p.045116_1 - 045116_8, 2016/07
We report on the results of powder and single crystal neutron diffraction to investigate the magnetic order in YbCoSi below the Nel temperature ,K in detail. Two different magnetically ordered phases can clearly be distinguished. At lowest temperatures a commensurate magnetic structure with a propagation vector is found, while the intermediate phase (,K) is characterized by an incommensurate magnetic structure with . The magnetic structure in YbCoSi is in marked contrast to all other known CoSi compounds ( = rare earth element) likely due to some itineracy of the Yb 4f states being responsible for the magnetism.
Cheung, Y. W.*; Zhang, J. Z.*; Zhu, J. Y.*; Yu, W. C.*; Hu, Y. J.*; Wang, D. G.*; 大友 優香*; 岩佐 和晃*; 金子 耕士; 今井 正樹*; et al.
Physical Review B, 93(24), p.241112_1 - 241112_5, 2016/06
The quasi-skutterudite superconductor LaCoSn undergoes a phase transition at = 152 K. By measuring the temperature dependence of heat capacity, electrical resistivity, and the superlattice reflection intensity using X-ray, we explore the character of the phase transition at . Our lattice dynamic calculations found imaginary phonon frequencies around the point, when the high temperature structure is used in the calculations, indicating that the structure is unstable at the zero temperature limit. The combined experimental and computational results establish that is associated with a second-order structural transition with = (0.5, 0.5, 0) (or the point). Further electronic band structure calculations reveal Fermi surface sheets with low-curvature segments, which allow us to draw qualitative comparison with both SrIrSn and SrRhSn in which similar physics has been discussed recently.
大原 高志; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 及川 健一; 金子 耕士; 川崎 卓郎; 田村 格良; 中尾 朗子*; 花島 隆泰*; 宗像 孝司*; 茂吉 武人*; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(1), p.120 - 127, 2016/02
SENJU, a time-of-flight Laue-type single-crystal neutron diffractometer, was developed at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of the Japan Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Molecular structure analysis of a sub-millimeter taurine crystal and magnetic structure analysis of a MnF crystal were performed to evaluate its performance.
三田村 裕之*; 綿貫 竜太*; 金子 耕士; 榊原 俊郎*
固体物理, 50(12), p.821 - 832, 2015/12