Watanabe, Yusuke; Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro; Kubota, Mitsuru; Aosai, Daisuke*; Kumamoto, Yoshiharu*; Iwatsuki, Teruki
JAEA-Data/Code 2018-002, 108 Pages, 2018/03
Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the effect of excavation and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry and microbiology obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2016 and 2014 to 2016, respectively. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method and analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.
Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro*; Kubota, Mitsuru*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Iwatsuki, Teruki
Chikyu Kagaku, 52(1), p.55 - 71, 2018/03
In this study, the simulated experimental drift was constructed in the granite of 500 m depth at Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory, and the hydrochemical process after the drift closure was observed. The groundwater chemistry around the drift changed with the change of the groundwater flow in the fractures when the gallery was constructed. The redox potential increased due to the infiltration of oxygen from the drift into the rock. After closing the drift, the redox potential of the groundwater plunged due to microbial activity, while the groundwater became alkalized conditon due to the influence of cement material such as shotcrete. The amount of cement material consumed for this alkalization was small, and it was considered that its influence would last long in accordance with the amount of cement used.
Kato, Toshihiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Nishio, Tomohiro*
JAEA-Technology 2017-009, 30 Pages, 2017/06
Groundwater age is an important information to infer the groundwater flow. The radiocarbon (C) dating of the groundwater is primary method for the evaluation of groundwater flow. The carbon in the groundwater generally exist as a dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC). Though DIC in groundwater samples is usually collected by chemical precipitation method, the method requires lots of preparation to sample the carbon. Furthermore there are problems with the reproducibility on precipitation and measurement value. This study newly examined the application of gas-strip method to collect DIC in groundwater sample by using JAEA-made gas-strip system. The performance of the CO gas-stripping from groundwater and the influence of sulfide are investigated. Based on these results, the operation procedures of gas-strip system and preparation method for the groundwater samples were summarized in this report.
Iwatsuki, Teruki; Munemoto, Takashi*; Kubota, Mitsuru*; Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro*
Applied Geochemistry, 82, p.134 - 145, 2017/05
This study investigated the behavior of rare earth elements (REEs) associated with suspended particles in deep granitic groundwater and in a sealed drift at a depth of 500 m in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (URL) in Japan. Approximately 10%60% of REEs in groundwater are associated with suspended particles. Carbonate particles in groundwater are most likely derived from in situ precipitation of supersaturated carbonate minerals such as calcite. Thermodynamic calculations show that the dissolved REE carbonate complexes in the closed drift decreased in the drift closure period. These complexes may have been absorbed or co-precipitated within the shotcrete on the drift wall. The usage of cement based materials would generate environmental conditions in which REEs are fundamentally immobile in and around the underground facilities.
Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro; Munemoto, Takashi; Aosai, Daisuke*; Inui, Michiharu*; Kubota, Mitsuru; Iwatsuki, Teruki
JAEA-Data/Code 2017-008, 52 Pages, 2017/03
Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the effect on excavating and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2015. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method, analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.
Nakata, Kotaro*; Hasegawa, Takuma*; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Kato, Toshihiro
Radiocarbon, 58(3), p.491 - 503, 2016/09
Dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) for C analysis of groundwater is usually extracted by a gas-strip or precipitation method. In this study, the certainty of the two methods for C dating were confirmed. DIC and C concentrations obtained by the gas-strip method were close to the theoretically predicted C value. Conversely, the C value obtained by the precipitation method always showed higher values than the predicted values. The difference in C value between gas-strip and precipitation methods was assumed to arise owing to contamination of modern carbon used in the precipitation method. The applicability of the precipitation method for groundwater should be considered carefully according to the DIC, C concentration of groundwater and purpose of the study being conducted.
Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Kuwabara, Kazumichi; Ueno, Tetsuro; Onuki, Kenji*; Beppu, Shinji; Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji; et al.
JAEA-Review 2015-024, 122 Pages, 2015/11
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technical basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase III, as the Phase II was concluded for a moment with the completion of the excavation of horizontal tunnels at GL-500m level in February 2014. This report presents the results of the investigations, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2014.
Okazaki, Nobuo; Tamada, Taro; Feese, M. D.*; Kato, Masaru*; Miura, Yutaka*; Komeda, Toshihiro*; Kobayashi, Kazuo*; Kondo, Keiji*; Blaber, M.*; Kuroki, Ryota
Protein Science, 21(4), p.539 - 552, 2012/04
Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.
Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05
Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.
Sakanaka, Shogo*; Ago, Tomonori*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; Harada, Kentaro*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Honda, Toru*; et al.
Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.205 - 207, 2008/06
Future synchrotron light sources based on the energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) are expected to be capable of producing super-brilliant and/or ultra-short pulses of synchrotron radiation. Our Japanese collaboration team is making efforts for realizing an ERL-based hard X-ray source. We report recent progress in our R&D efforts.
Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kawano, Yasunori; Kusama, Yoshinori; Mase, Atsushi*; Sasao, Mamiko*; Ide, Shunsuke; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Suzuki, Takahiro; Takase, Yuichi*; Nakamura, Yukio*; et al.
Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 84(5), p.297 - 298, 2008/05
no abstracts in English
Sasao, Mamiko*; Kusama, Yoshinori; Kawano, Yasunori; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Mase, Atsushi*; Sugie, Tatsuo; Fujita, Takaaki; Fukuda, Takeshi*; Fukuyama, Atsushi*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; et al.
Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 83(9), p.779 - 782, 2007/09
This is a report of highlights from 2007 spring meetings of seven Topical Groups (TG) of International Tokamak Physics Activity (ITPA). In each meeting, high priority issues in physics of International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) and other burning plasma experiments have been discussed and investigated. Twenty-seven scientists from Japan have participated in those meetings. Dates and places of the meetings are shown below. (1) Diagnostics TG: 26-30 March, Princeton (USA), (2) Transport Physics TG: 7-10 May, Lausanne (Switzerland), (3) Confinement Database and Modeling TG: 7-10 May, Lausanne (Switzerland), (4) Edge Pedestal Physics TG: 7-10 May, Garching (Germany) (5) Steady State Operation TG: 9-11 May, Daejeon (South Korea), (6)MHD TG: 21-24 May, San Diego (USA), (7) Scrape-off-layer and Divertor Physics TG: 7-10 May, Garching (Germany).
Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kawano, Yasunori; Kusama, Yoshinori; Mase, Atsushi*; Sasao, Mamiko*; Sugie, Tatsuo; Fujita, Takaaki; Fukuda, Takeshi*; Fukuyama, Atsushi*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; et al.
Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 83(2), p.195 - 198, 2007/02
no abstracts in English
Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kato, Takako*; Nakano, Tomohide; Takamura, Shuichi*; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Iio, Shunji*; Nakajima, Noriyoshi*; Ono, Yasushi*; Ozeki, Takahisa; Takechi, Manabu; et al.
Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 82(7), p.448 - 450, 2006/07
no abstracts in English
Nishitani, Tomohiro; Nakanishi, Tsutomu*; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Okumi, Shoji*; Furuta, Fumio*; Miyamoto, Masaharu*; Kuwahara, Makoto*; Yamamoto, Naoto*; Naniwa, Kenichi*; Watanabe, Osamu*; et al.
Journal of Applied Physics, 97(9), p.094907_1 - 094907_6, 2005/05
no abstracts in English
Kawano, Yasunori; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kusama, Yoshinori; Sasao, Mamiko*; Sugie, Tatsuo; Mase, Atsushi*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kato, Takako*; Takamura, Shuichi*; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; et al.
Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 81(2), p.128 - 130, 2005/02
no abstracts in English
Takeuchi, Masayuki; Hanada, Keiji; Aose, Shinichi; Koizumi, Tsutomu; Kato, Toshihiro*
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 66(2-4), p.521 - 525, 2005/00
Takeuchi, Masayuki; Kato, Toshihiro*; Washiya, Tadahiro; Takashi, Suganuma,; Aose, Shinichi
Saikuru Kiko Giho, (23), p.31 - 40, 2004/00
The corrosion resistance of ceramic materials was discussed through thermodynamic calculation and corrosion test. The corrosion test was basically carried out in alkari molten salt under chlorine gas. In addition, the effects of oxygen, carbon and simulated fission products on ceramics corrosion were evaluated in molten salt under chlorine gas. As results, silicon nitrides, mullite and cordierite had a good corrosion resistance in above conditions.
Oba, Toshihiro; Suetsugu, Hidehiko*; Yano, Masaya*; Kato, Chiaki; Yanagihara, Takao
JAERI-Tech 2002-082, 47 Pages, 2003/01
The demonstration test for evaluating reliability of the acid recovery evaporator at Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant has been carried out at JAERI. For the nondestructive measurement of the thickness of heat transfer tubes of the acid recovery evaporator in corrosion test, we have developed thickness measurement apparatus for heat transfer tubes by ultrasonic immersion method with high resolution. The ultrasonic prove in a heat transfer tube can be moved vertically and radially. The results obtained by this apparatus coincident well with those obtained by a destructive method using an optical microscope.
Takeuchi, Masayuki; Koizumi, Tsutomu; Kato, Toshihiro*
Zairyo To Kankyo, 52(6), p.299 - 307, 2003/00