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Journal Articles

Recent statistical topics of nuclear material inventory verification

Kikuchi, Masahiro*; Suzuki, Mitsutoshi

Wiley StatsRef; Statistics Reference Online (Internet), 7 Pages, 2018/03

A near-real-time accountancy (NRTA) as a timely statistical test method for nuclear material inventory verification in international safeguards has a unique feature and development history, and it has been maintained and updated in large nuclear facilities in Japan. A recent discussion on approaches of measurement uncertainty may have impacted on the decision criteria of NRTA because its development origin dates back to the 1970's and derived from the conventional random and systematic error model. In this article, we will show the overview associated with this issue.

Journal Articles

Relaxation time of radiation-induced radicals in $$gamma$$-ray irradiated amino acids

Nagata, Natsuki*; Komoda, Seiichi*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Nakamura, Hideo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*

JAEA-Review 2015-022, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2014, P. 103, 2016/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on detection method for 8-hydroxyguanine induced in bovine livers by $$gamma$$-irradiation

Kikuchi, Masahiro; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

Shokuhin Shosha, 50(1), p.3 - 8, 2015/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

ESR signal changes recorded in $$gamma$$-irradiated bovine livers

Kikuchi, Masahiro; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

Shokuhin Shosha, 50(1), p.9 - 12, 2015/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Peak-fitting analysis with Gaussian line shapes against experimental ESR spectrum consisting of multiple peak

Kikuchi, Masahiro; Nagata, Natsuki*; Komoda, Seiichi*; Kameya, Hiromi*; Ukai, Mitsuko*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

Shokuhin Shosha, 50(1), p.13 - 19, 2015/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Numerical analysis of flow field around simulated wire-wrapped fuel pins of fast reactor

Kikuchi, Norihiro; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Imai, Yasutomo*; Hiyama, Tomoyuki; Nishimura, Masahiro; Tanaka, Masaaki

Nippon Kikai Gakkai Kanto Shibu Ibaraki Koenkai 2015 Koen Rombunshu, p.179 - 180, 2015/08

In an economically improved sodium-cooled fast reactor, a narrower gap is considered among the fuel pins so as to achieve a high burn-up. Therefore, it is needed to evaluate thermal-hydraulic characteristics in case of a change of the gap geometry due to deformation of fuel pin caused by such as a swelling and a thermal bowing. For this purpose, a FEM analysis code, SPIRAL has been being developed in JAEA and the code validations using water or sodium experimental results have also being performed. In this study, a numerical analysis of a flow field around wire-wrapped fuel pins based on a 3-pin bundle water experiment was carried out as a validation study of SPIRAL. As a result, it was demonstrated that the hybrid-type turbulent model incorporated in SPIRAL has a high applicability to investigate the flow structure of the narrow gap in the fuel assembly.

Journal Articles

Dose responses of irradiated fresh papaya recorded on ESR at different temperature

Kikuchi, Masahiro; Ukai, Mitsuko*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 89, 2015/03

Journal Articles

Analysis of radicals induced in irradiated amino acid using Pulse-ESR

Kishida, Keigo*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Nakamura, Hideo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 90, 2015/03

JAEA Reports

Disassembly of the NBI system on JT-60U for JT-60 SA

Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; Hanada, Masaya; Kawai, Mikito*; Kazawa, Minoru; Kikuchi, Katsumi*; Kojima, Atsushi; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Nemoto, Shuji; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2014-042, 73 Pages, 2015/02

JAEA-Technology-2014-042.pdf:15.1MB

According to the project plan of JT-60 Super Advanced that is implemented as an international project between Japan and Europe, the neutral beam (NB) injectors have been disassembled. The disassembly of the NB injectors started in November, 2009 and finished in January, 2012 without any serious problems as scheduled. This reports the disassembly activities of the NB injectors.

JAEA Reports

Annual report of Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center; April 1, 2013 - March 31, 2014

Sato, Takeshi; Muto, Shigeo; Akiyama, Kiyomitsu; Aoki, Kazufumi; Okamoto, Akiko; Kawakami, Takeshi; Kume, Nobuhide; Nakanishi, Chika; Koie, Masahiro; Kawamata, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-048, 69 Pages, 2015/02

JAEA-Review-2014-048.pdf:13.91MB

JAEA was assigned as a designated public institution under the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act and under the Armed Attack Situations Response Act. Based on these Acts, the JAEA has the responsibility of providing technical support to the national government and/or local governments in case of disaster responses or response in the event of a military attack, etc. In order to fulfill the tasks, the JAEA has established the Emergency Action Plan and the Civil Protection Action Plan. In case of a nuclear emergency, NEAT dispatches specialists of JAEA, supplies the national government and local governments with emergency equipment and materials, and gives technical advice and information. In normal time, NEAT provides various exercises and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention to those personnel taking an active part in emergency response institutions of the national and local governments, police, fire fighters, self-defense forces, etc. in addition to the JAEA itself. The NEAT also researches nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and cooperates with international organizations. In the FY2013, the NEAT accomplished the following tasks: (1) Technical support activities as a designated public institution in cooperation with the national and local governments, etc. (2) Human resource development, exercise and training of nuclear emergency response personnel for the national and local governments, etc. (3) Researches on nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and sending useful information (4) International contributions to Asian countries on nuclear disaster preparedness and response in collaboration with the international organizations

Journal Articles

Void reactivity evaluation by modified conversion ratio measurements in LWR critical experiments

Yoshioka, Kenichi*; Kikuchi, Tsukasa*; Gunji, Satoshi*; Kumanomido, Hironori*; Mitsuhashi, Ishi*; Umano, Takuya*; Yamaoka, Mitsuaki*; Okajima, Shigeaki; Fukushima, Masahiro; Nagaya, Yasunobu; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(2), p.282 - 293, 2015/02

 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We have developed a void reactivity evaluation method by using modified conversion ratio measurements in a light water reactor (LWR) critical lattice. Assembly-wise void reactivity is evaluated from the "finite neutron multiplication factor", $$k^ast$$, deduced from the modified conversion ratio of each fuel rod. The distributions of modified conversion ratio and $$k^ast$$ on a reduced-moderation LWR lattice, for which the improvement of negative void reactivity is a serious issue, were measured. Measured values were analyzed with a continuous-energy Monte Carlo method. The measurements and analyses agreed within the measurement uncertainty. The developed method is useful for validating the nuclear design methodology concerning void reactivity.

Journal Articles

Foods being better or worse after $$gamma$$-irradiation

Chiba, Etsuko*; Iizuka, Tomoko*; Ichikawa, Mariko*; Ukai, Mitsuko*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

Hoshasen To Sangyo, (137), p.29 - 32, 2014/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Performance evaluation of the European Committee Standardization Method EN1785 for the detection of irradiated processed food

Tsutsumi, Tomoaki*; Adachi, Rika*; Takatsuki, Satoshi*; Nei, Daisuke*; Kameya, Hiromi*; Todoriki, Setsuko*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Matsuda, Rieko*; Teshima, Reiko*

Shokuhin Shosha, 49(1), p.9 - 15, 2014/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Status quo of the injector for the IFMIF/EVEDA prototype accelerator

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Ichikawa, Masahiro; Takahashi, Yasuyuki*; Kubo, Takashi*; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi; Kikuchi, Takayuki; Kasugai, Atsushi; Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Gobin, R.*; Girardot, P.*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1009 - 1012, 2014/10

The prototype accelerator is being developed as an engineering validation for the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) equipped with an accelerator-driven-type neutron source for developing fusion reactor materials. This prototype accelerator is a deuteron linear accelerator consisting of an injector, an RFQ, a superconducting linac and their auxiliaries. It aims to produce a CW D$$^+$$ beam with the energy and current of 9 MeV/125 mA. The injector test was completed at CEA/Saclay in 2012 for producing a CW H$$^+$$ beam and a CW D$$^+$$ beam with the energy and current of 100 keV/140 mA. After the beam test at CEA/Saclay, the injector was transported to the International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) located in Rokkasho, Aomori, Japan. In the end of 2013, installation of the injector was started at IFERC for the injector beam test beginning from summer 2014 in order to obtain better beam qualities to be satisfied with the injection and acceleration of the following accelerators. In this paper, some results of the injector beam test performed at CEA/Saclay and the status quo of the installation of the injector at IFERC are presented.

Journal Articles

Electron-spin relaxation times of irradiated fructose measured with pulsed ESR

Kikuchi, Masahiro; Kameya, Hiromi*; Shimoyama, Yuhei; Ukai, Mitsuko*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 85, 2014/03

Journal Articles

Relaxation times of radicals induced in irradiated foods using pulse-ESR and CW-ESR

Kishida, Keigo*; Kawamura, Shoei*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Nakamura, Hideo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 86, 2014/03

Journal Articles

Measurement of radical scavenging activity of irradiated Kampo extracts using ESR spin-trap method

Ota, Yui*; Kawamura, Shoei*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*; Nakamura, Hideo*

Radioisotopes, 63(3), p.119 - 129, 2014/03

The radical scavenging activity (RSA) of 13 kinds of $$gamma$$-ray irradiated Kampo extracts were studied by ESR spin-trap method. The RSA against alkoxy radical and hydroxyl radical were measured using new spin trapping reagent CYPMPO. The RSA against these two radicals were evaluated using GSH for alkoxy RSA and L-ascorbic acid for hydroxy RSA as a standard antioxidant reagent. We revealed that a few Kampo extracts showed high RSA against alkoxy radical and hydroxy radical. This RSA of Kampo extracts was changed by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation treatment. Using ESR spin-trap method, it is concluded that the effect of radiation treatment on RSA of Kampo extracts were able to detect.

Journal Articles

Studies on the relaxation time of radicals in irradiated foods using pulse-ESR and CW-ESR

Kishida, Keigo*; Kawamura, Shoei*; Kameya, Hiromi*; Nakamura, Hideo*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*

Radioisotopes, 63(3), p.131 - 137, 2014/03

Using Pulse-Electron Spin Resonance (Pulse-ESR) spectroscopy and Continuous Wave-Electron Spin Resonance (CW-ESR) spectroscopy, we revealed the relaxation time (T$$_{1}$$, T$$_{2}$$) of radicals induced in irradiated foods. The relaxation time was directly analyzed by Pulse-ESR. Using CW-ESR, the relaxation time was calculated by the measured spectrum parameter indirectly. We succeeded in the detection of Pulse-ESR signal of irradiated hard wheat flour and irradiated black pepper. It was suggested that using CW-ESR T$$_{1}$$ and T$$_{2}$$ can be calculated effectively, but the value was tend to slightly lower due to the parameters for calculation are affected by the contents of food especially protein.

JAEA Reports

Annual report of Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center; April 1, 2012 - March 31, 2013

Sato, Takeshi; Muto, Shigeo; Okuno, Hiroshi; Katagiri, Hiromi; Akiyama, Kiyomitsu; Okamoto, Akiko; Koie, Masahiro; Ikeda, Takeshi; Nemotochi, Toshimasa; Saito, Toru; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-046, 65 Pages, 2014/02

JAEA-Review-2013-046.pdf:11.18MB

When a nuclear emergency occurs in Japan, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has the responsibility of providing technical support to the National government, local governments, police, fire stations and nuclear operators etc., because the JAEA has been designated as the Designated Public Institution under the Basic Act on Disaster Control Measures and the Act on Response to Armed Attack Situations, etc.. The Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (NEAT) of JAEA provides a comprehensive range of technical support activities to an Off-Site Center in case of a nuclear emergency. Specifically, NEAT gives technical advice and information, dispatches specialists as required, and supplies the National Government and local governments with emergency equipments and materials. NEAT provides various exercise and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention to those personnel taking an active part in emergency response organizations at normal times. The tasks of NEAT, with its past experiences as a designated public institution including the responses to TEPCO's Fukushima Accident, have been shifted to technical supports to the national government for strengthening its abilities to emergency responses; the NEAT therefore focused on maintenance and operation of its functions, and strengthening its response abilities in cooperation with the national government. This annual report summarized these activities of JAEA/NEAT in the fiscal year 2012.

Journal Articles

Analysis of radicals induced in irradiated cereal flour using ESR

Kawamura, Shoei*; Kishida, Keigo*; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Ukai, Mitsuko*

Shokuhin Shosha, 48(1), p.3 - 10, 2013/09

no abstracts in English

196 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)