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Journal Articles

Development of semiconductor clover switch for short-circuit protection of Klystron for J-PARC accelerator

Ono, Ayato; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.831 - 834, 2021/10

The Ignitron is used in the clover device of the klystron power supply for RF acceleration in the J-PARC LINAC. However, this ignitron uses mercury, the use of which is restricted worldwide, and its production is expected to be discontinued in the future. Therefore, we designed a semiconductor clover switch for short-circuit protection of klystron using a MOS gate thyristor. We have manufactured an oval-type board module that realizes an operating output of 3 kV, 40 kA, and 50 $$mu$$s per board. For the control power supply to each board module assuming a high voltage of 120 kV, we adopted a self-power supply method that creates a control power supply with a high-voltage DCDC converter from the voltage shared and charged by each board module. It was possible to confirm the operating performance on a 1/4 scale (30 kV, 40 kA) against the voltage of the existing equipment (120 kV, 40 kA) by connecting ten oval board modules in series. The output test result will be reported.

JAEA Reports

Proposal of safe and secure maintenance method to realize long-term stable operation of electromagnet power supply

Ono, Ayato; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

JAEA-Technology 2021-005, 40 Pages, 2021/05

JAEA-Technology-2021-005.pdf:4.27MB

The 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) uses a large number of electromagnet power supplies in order to manipulate a high-intensity beam of 1 MW. These devices have been specially developed to meet the requirement to achieve acceleration of the 1-MW proton beams. State-of-the-art technologies are used to these devices. To achieve stable operation with few failures, and to prevent major troubles in the event of a failure, it is necessary to maintain the performance of the devices under the appropriate and accurate management strategy with an enough understanding of its characteristics. However, since the specification and function of each device is different respectively, and it is also produced by different manufacturer, we have to maintain adequately according to the structure, configuration and features of the apparatus. There are typically three major stages in the maintenance works. First, "Daily inspection" is constantly performed to monitor the status of the equipment during operation and check for any errors or abnormalities. Second, "Routine maintenance" is carried out weekly, monthly, or yearly to fix the errors, or to replace the parts that are deteriorated. Third, "Troubleshooting" is conducted to recover from sudden failures. In this report, we will introduce the specific contents of "Routine maintenance", "Daily inspection", and "trouble case" based on the experiences of the electromagnet power supply group. In particular, we will report the work management methods, including ideas for facilitating recovery work. We will also summarize the important points of a matter that does not depend on the configuration, structure, and characteristics of the equipment.

Journal Articles

High-intensity beam profile measurement using a gas sheet monitor by beam induced fluorescence detection

Yamada, Ippei; Wada, Motoi*; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Kinsho, Michikazu

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 24(4), p.042801_1 - 042801_13, 2021/04

A transverse beam profile monitor that visualizes a two-dimensional beam-induced fluorescent image was developed. The monitor employs a sheet-shaped gas flow formed by a technique of rarefied gas dynamics. A simplified analysis method was developed to reconstruct the beam intensity profile from the obtained image. The developed profile monitor and the analysis method were applied to measure the J-PARC 3 MeV H$$^-$$ beam profile. The root mean square values of the profiles were consistent with the ones obtained by a wire-scanning-type beam profile monitor. The beam loss due to the gas sheet injection was measured as a beam-current reduction. The amount of the beam current decreased in proportion to the gas sheet flux and the reduction ranged from 0.004 to 2.5%. The assembled system was capable of reconstructing a beam profile from a single shot beam pulse (1.7$$times$$10$$^{13}$$ protons in 50 $$mu$$s).

Journal Articles

Reliability of J-PARC accelerator system over the past decade

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kinsho, Michikazu; Oguri, Hidetomo; Hayashi, Naoki; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Naito, Fujio*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Toyama, Takeshi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011016_1 - 011016_7, 2021/03

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is a multipurpose facility for scientific experiments. The accelerator complex consists of a 400-MeV Linac, a 3-GeV Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) and a 30-GeV Main Ring synchrotron (MR). The RCS delivers a proton beam to the neutron target and MR, and the MR delivers the beams to the neutrino target and the Hadron Experimental Facility. The first operation of the neutron experiments began in December 2008. Following this, the user operation has been continued with some accidental suspensions. These suspensions include the recovery work due to the Great East Japan Earthquake in March 2011 and the radiation leak incident at the Hadron Experimental Facility. In this report, we summarize the major causes of suspension, and the statistics of the reliability of J-PARC accelerator system is analyzed. Owing to our efforts to achieve higher reliability, the Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) has been improved.

Journal Articles

Recent status & improvements of the RCS vacuum system

Kamiya, Junichiro; Kotoku, Hirofumi; Hikichi, Yusuke*; Takahashi, Hiroki; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Wada, Kaoru*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011023_1 - 011023_6, 2021/03

The vacuum system is the key for the stable high power beam operation in J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS), because the gas molecules in the beam line make the beam loss due to the scattering. The more than 10 years operation of the RCS vacuum system showed that the ultra-high vacuum (UHV) has been stably maintained by the several developments. The challenges for lower beam line pressure will exist in a future operation with higher beam power. For such challenge, a TMP with a rotor of titanium alloy, which have much higher mechanical strength than aluminum allow for the normal rotter, has been developed. Overcoming the difficulties of the machining performance of the titanium alloy rotor was successfully manufactured. We will report the summary of the 10 years operation of the RCS vacuum system and the incoming developments towards the XHV.

Journal Articles

Simulation study of heavy ion acceleration in J-PARC

Harada, Hiroyuki; Saha, P. K.; Kinsho, Michikazu

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011028_1 - 011028_6, 2021/03

Recently, humankind had big discovery about neutron star, which is great big nuclear in the space. They are discovery of neutron star with twice mass of solar in 2010 and detection of gravity wave when two neutron stars incorporate in 2017. In order to understand the high dense matter like the neutron star, project of experimental researches by using accelerated heavy ion beams are planed in the world. The J-PARC facility consists of three accelerators, which are 400 MeV linac, 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron and Main Ring synchrotron. The accelerated MW class high intensity proton beams are used in many experiments. We have simulation study of the heavy ion beam in J-PARC to fully utilize high intensity ability of J-PARC. We propose the accelerator scheme of the beam in J-PARC and the intensity will reach to the world record. In my talk, I will introduce the accelerator scheme for the high-intensity heavy ion beam in J-PARC.

Journal Articles

Development of laser system for laser stripping injection

Harada, Hiroyuki; Saha, P. K.; Yoneda, Hitoki*; Michine, Yurina*; Fuchi, Aoi*; Sato, Atsushi*; Kinsho, Michikazu

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011026_1 - 011026_6, 2021/03

The charge-exchange multi-turn injection by using a carbon stripper foil is adopted in high-intensity proton ring accelerators worldwide. It is a beneficial method to compress the pulsed proton beam with high intensity but there are serious issues for high intensity. First issue is a short lifetime of the foil by deformation or breaking itself. Another issue is high radiation dose corresponding to the scattered particles on the foil. Therefore, a non-destructive stripping injection method is required for higher intensity proton beam. We newly propose a non-destructive method of H$$^{-}$$ stripping by using only laser. The new method is called "laser stripping injection". To establish our method, we are preparing for a POP (Proof-of-Principle) experiment of 400 MeV H- stripping to proton at J-PARC. In our presentation we will present the current status of laser system development for laser stripping injection at J-PARC.

Journal Articles

1.2-MW-equivalent high-intensity beam tests in J-PARC RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011018_1 - 011018_6, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Studies of laser power reduction for the laser stripping of 400 MeV $$H^{-}$$ beam at J-PARC RCS

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Yoneda, Hitoki*; Michine, Yurina*; Fuchi, Aoi*; Sato, Atsushi*; Liu, Y.*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011025_1 - 011025_7, 2021/03

Journal Articles

Kicker power supply for J-PARC 3-GeV RCS with SiC-MOSFET

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ono, Ayato; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Togashi, Tomohito; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Koizumi, Isao*; Kawamata, Shunsuke*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011020_1 - 011020_6, 2021/03

We are developing a new kicker power supply for J-PARC 3-GeV RCS (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron) using the next generation power semiconductor SiC-MOSFET with high withstand voltage, low loss, and superior high frequency characteristics. The three major circuits adopted for the RCS kicker power supply, the thyratron switch, the PFN circuit of coaxial cable type, and the end clipper for reflection wave absorption, has been realized with a single modular circuit board based on the LTD circuit. The new kicker power supply realizes stable operation, miniaturization and energy saving by using power semiconductors. The required high voltage can be output by stacking the 800V/2kA modular circuit board in series. The details of circuit design and the results of achieving an output of half 20kV/2kA against the target specification of 40kV/2kA are presented here.

Journal Articles

Analysis of J-HBC stripper foil for the J-PARC RCS

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Saha, P. K.; Kinsho, Michikazu; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Okazaki, Hiroyuki*; Taguchi, Tomitsugu*; Yamada, Naoto*; Yamagata, Ryohei*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011019_1 - 011019_7, 2021/03

The multi-turn charge-exchange H$$^{-}$$ beam injection scheme with stripper foils is one of the key techniques to achieve a MW-class high power proton beam. The J-PARC RCS adopts Hybrid type Boron-doped Carbon (HBC) stripper foil, which was developed in KEK to improve the lifetime. Indeed, the RCS user operation confirmed that HBC foil has the great advantage of a longer lifetime against high beam irradiation. To examine characteristics of the HBC foils, various beam studies were performed, such as the stripping efficiency measurement and long-term observation with an H$$^{-}$$ beam in the J-PARC RCS, foil analysis using RBS, EDR and PIXE methods, and SEM and TEM observation after the ion beam irradiation in Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA) on National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST). Recently, the deposition apparatus for the HBC foils from the KEK Tsukuba-site was relocated to the JAEA Tokai-site, and we started fabrication of new HBC foil in 2017. (The new one fabricated in JAEA we call J-HBC foil.) And, we continue investigations in TIARA with the J-HBC foils. Furthermore, in-depth researches by changing the process parameters of the foil deposition are carried on. Recent results suggest that the amount of the boron doped in the foil is more important parameter than the ratio of the discharge amount of carbon from cathode and anode electrodes. In this presentation, we will report the details of recent analysis of the J-HBC foil.

JAEA Reports

Construction of a design model for an electromagnet power supply with safety and reliability in the accelerator

Ono, Ayato; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

JAEA-Technology 2020-023, 40 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Technology-2020-023.pdf:2.98MB

The 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) uses a large number of electromagnet power supplies in order to generate a high-intensity beam of 1 MW. These devices have been specially developed to meet the required specifications of the proton beams. Ten years have passed since the 3 GeV synchrotron had started operation, and we need to replace and update of the components due to failures caused by the aging deterioration. Since the J-PARC is used by many users, it is quite important to recover as soon as possible when a trouble occurs. However, we often spend lots of time to investigate the status and cause of the problem, then it results in the delay of recovery work. One of the major reasons is due to the differences in the manufacturers of sensors and monitors. Therefore, we have to create a manual for each power supply and prepare some exclusive tools. However, troubles rarely occur in the same state and situation, so we have to rely on the experience and knowledge. Even for power supplies with different purposes and specifications, some components, such as sensors, can be shared in many cases. In addition, if the concept of the interlock system, for monitoring the status of the power supply and detecting malfunctions, is shared between the different power supplies, the method and response for failure investigation can be standardized. By using a device with good maintainability, the accelerator operation will be more stable and reliable. In this report, we introduce the necessity of sharing the design concept and common parts. We also explain the basic design model for safety and reliability, using an example of manufacturing an electromagnet power supply for the 3 GeV synchrotron.

Journal Articles

Status of laser development for laser stripping experiment at J-PARC

Harada, Hiroyuki; Saha, P. K.; Yoneda, Hitoki*; Michine, Yurina*; Fuchi, Aoi*; Sato, Atsushi*; Shibata, Takanori*; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.441 - 445, 2020/09

The high-intensity proton accelerator adopts a charge exchange injection scheme, which injects with exchanging from negative Hydrogen ion to proton by using carbon foil. This scheme is destructive-type method by using the foil and can accumulate high intensity proton beam. However, the uncontrolled beam losses by scattering at the foil and the foil breaking by the beam collision are a key issue of high-intensity proton accelerator. In order to realize higher intensity, new injection scheme of non-destructive type is needed instead of the foil. We newly propose laser stripping injection scheme by using laser pulse. We plan proof of principle experiment at J-PARC and are developing the laser system. In my presentation, we introduce the overview of laser stripping injection scheme and report the status of laser development.

Journal Articles

Results of 1-MW operation in J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Nomura, Masahiro; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Fujirai, Kosuke; Kamiya, Junichiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; et al.

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.209 - 213, 2020/09

The J-PARC 3GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is aiming to provide the proton beam of very high power for neutron experiments and the main ring synchrotron. We have continued the beam commissioning and the output power from RCS have been increasing. In recent years, just before the summer shutdown period, we have been trying continuous supply of 1-MW high-intensity beam, which is the design value, to a neutron target. First trial was 1-hour continuous operation in July 2018, and second trial was 10-hours continuous in July 2019. In both cases, we achieved almost stable operation. Furthermore, in June 2020, we tried to operate continuously for over 40 hours. But in this case, some trouble occurred and the operation was frequently suspended. Through these continuous operation trials, we have identified issues for stable operation of 1 MW. In this presentation, we will report the results of 1-MW continuous operation and issues obtained from these results.

Journal Articles

Semiconductor switch power supply for RCS kicker

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ono, Ayato; Horino, Koki*; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Togashi, Tomohito; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.25 - 28, 2020/09

We have been developing a semiconductor switch power supply to replace the RCS kicker power supply in J-PARC. A SiC MOSFET is used as a power semiconductor element, and a radially symmetric LTD circuit is used for the circuit board. The power supply consists of a combination of two types of circuit boards: a main circuit board, which includes the circuits of the thyratron, PFN and end clipper provided in RCS kicker power supplies, on a single module board, and a correction board, which compensates for flat-top droop. A single main circuit board can provide 800V/2kA output, and 52 main circuit boards and 20 correction boards have been used to successfully achieve the high voltage of 40kV and flat-top flatness of less than $$pm$$0.2%. Furthermore, a preliminary test of the dual-parallel circuit was conducted for a twin kicker power supply configuration, which is required for the RCS kicker power supply. The evaluation results and prospects are presented.

Journal Articles

Development of ignitron alternative semiconductor switch for J-PARC accelerator

Ono, Ayato; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.590 - 593, 2020/09

At J-PARC, an ignitron is used for the clover device of the klystron power supply for high-frequency acceleration of a linear accelerator. Ignitron uses mercury, which is of limited use worldwide, and is expected to be discontinued in the future. Therefore, a semiconductor switch for ignitron substitution using a MOS gate thyristor is designed. In order to be used as a crowbar device, a switch capable of resisting an operating output of 120 kV, 40 kA, 50 us is required. We have realized an oval type substrate module that achieves an operating output of 3 kV, 40 kA, 50 us per substrate. It was possible to confirm the operating performance on a 1/10 scale (12 kV, 40 kA) against the voltage of the existing equipment (120 kV, 40 kA) by connecting four oval board modules in series. The output test result will be reported.

Journal Articles

First measurement and online monitoring of the stripper foil thinning and pinhole formation to achieve a longer foil lifetime in high-intensity accelerators

Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Kinsho, Michikazu; Irie, Yoshiro*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 23(8), p.082801_1 - 082801_13, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:35.83(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

J-PARC 3-GeV RCS; 1-MW beam operation and beyond

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 15(7), p.P07022_1 - P07022_16, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:27.17(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Comparative studies of three-dimensional analysis and measurement for establishing pulse electromagnet design

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Horino, Koki*; Ono, Ayato; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 30(4), p.4901605_1 - 4901605_5, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Journal Articles

Progress status in fabrication of HBC stripper foil for 3-GeV RCS at J-PARC in Tokai site

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Saha, P. K.; Kinsho, Michikazu

EPJ Web of Conferences, 229, p.01001_1 - 01001_7, 2020/02

In the 3-GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), we adopted thick Hybrid type Boron-doped Carbon (HBC) stripper foil for the multi-turn H$$^{-}$$ charge-exchange injection. The HBC stripper foil developed at KEK has been successfully demonstrated to improve the foil lifetime significantly. Early manufacturing process of the stripper foil in the J-PARC had been carried out in following two steps: foil fabrication in KEK Tsukuba-site and foil preparation in JAEA Tokai-site. However, to proceed with the foil manufacturing in a same place efficiently, the carbon discharge arc-evaporation system for HBC stripper foil was removed from the Tsukuba-site and relocated in the Tokai-site. After reassembling of the carbon discharge arc-evaporation system, performance evaluation tests of new HBC foil which are produced at the JAEA Tokai site (J-HBC) are implemented at the TIARA facility of QST-Takasaki. As results of argon beam irradiation for lifetime evaluation, components analysis with RBS method, and impurity evaluation with micro-PIXE method, we can verify that the J-HBC foil performs pretty much equally to the original HBC foil. After the irradiation test by using 400MeV H$$^{-}$$ beam in the J-PARC RCS, user operation by using the J-HBC foil was successfully demonstrated for 10 days.

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