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JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2016

Ishibashi, Masayuki; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsui, Hiroya; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Nohara, Tsuyoshi; Onoe, Hironori; Ikeda, Koki; Mikake, Shinichiro; Iyatomi, Yosuke; et al.

JAEA-Review 2017-026, 72 Pages, 2018/01

JAEA-Review-2017-026.pdf:18.23MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock (granite) at Mizunami, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. On the occasion of the research program and management system revision of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified three important issues on the geoscientific research program: "Development of countermeasure technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", "Development of modeling technologies for mass transport" and "Development of drift backfilling technologies", based on the latest results of the synthesizing research and development (R&D). The R&D on three important issues have been carrying out on the MIU project. In this report, the current status of R&D activities and construction in 2016 is summarized.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2017

Ishibashi, Masayuki; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsui, Hiroya; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Ikeda, Koki; Mikake, Shinichiro; Iyatomi, Yosuke; Sasao, Eiji; Koide, Kaoru

JAEA-Review 2017-019, 29 Pages, 2017/10

JAEA-Review-2017-019.pdf:3.21MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock (granite) at Mizunami City in Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. On the occasion of the reform of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified three important issues on the geoscientific research program: "Development of countermeasure technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", "Development of modelling technologies for mass transport" and "Development of drift backfilling technology", based on the latest results of the synthesizing research and development (R&D). These R&D on three remaining important issues have been carrying out on the MIU project. This report summarizes the R&D activities planned for fiscal year 2017 based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2015 and so on.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2015

Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsui, Hiroya; Mikake, Shinichiro; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Nohara, Tsuyoshi; Sasao, Eiji; Ikeda, Koki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2016-023, 65 Pages, 2016/12

JAEA-Review-2016-023.pdf:47.32MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock (granite) at Mizunami City in Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. On the occasion of the reform of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified three important issues on the geoscientific research program: "Development of countermeasure technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", "Development of modelling technologies for mass transport" and "Development of drift backfilling technologies", based on the latest results of the synthesizing research and development (R&D). These R&D on three important issues have been carrying out on the MIU project. In this report, the current status of R&D activities and construction in 2015 is summarized.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2014

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Kuwabara, Kazumichi; Ueno, Tetsuro; Onuki, Kenji*; Beppu, Shinji; Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji; et al.

JAEA-Review 2015-024, 122 Pages, 2015/11

JAEA-Review-2015-024.pdf:80.64MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technical basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase III, as the Phase II was concluded for a moment with the completion of the excavation of horizontal tunnels at GL-500m level in February 2014. This report presents the results of the investigations, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2014.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2015

Hama, Katsuhiro; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Sasao, Eiji; Mikake, Shinichiro; Ikeda, Koki; Sato, Toshinori; Osawa, Hideaki; Koide, Kaoru

JAEA-Review 2015-021, 27 Pages, 2015/10

JAEA-Review-2015-021.pdf:4.35MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock (granite rock) at Mizunami City in Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. This report summarizes the research and development activities planned for fiscal year 2015 based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2015 and so on. On the occasion of the reform of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified the critical issues on the geoscientific research program: "Development of modelling technologies for mass transport", "Development of drift backfilling technologies" and "Development of technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", based on the latest results of the synthesizing R&D. Investigations on those critical issues will be performed at the MIU in fiscal year 2015.

JAEA Reports

Synthesized research report in the second mid-term research phase; Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project and Geo-stability Project

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mizuno, Takashi; Sasao, Eiji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Sato, Toshinori; Fujita, Tomo; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Yokota, Hideharu; et al.

JAEA-Research 2015-007, 269 Pages, 2015/08

JAEA-Research-2015-007.pdf:68.65MB
JAEA-Research-2015-007(errata).pdf:0.07MB

We have synthesised the research results from Mizunami/Horonobe URLs and geo-stability projects in the second mid-term research phase. It could be used as technical bases for NUMO/Regulator in each decision point from sitting to beginning of disposal (Principal Investigation to Detailed Investigation Phase). High quality construction techniques and field investigation methods have been developed and implemented and these will be directly applicable to the National Disposal Program (along with general assessments of hazardous natural events and processes). It will be crucial to acquire technical knowledge on decisions of partial backfilling and final closure by actual field experiments in Mizunami/Horonobe URLs as main themes for the next phases.

Journal Articles

Current status of R&D activities and future plan of Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory

Osawa, Hideaki; Koide, Kaoru; Sasao, Eiji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Hama, Katsuhiro; Sato, Toshinori

Proceedings of 2015 International High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference (IHLRWM 2015) (CD-ROM), p.371 - 378, 2015/04

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project, launched as a generic underground research laboratory for crystalline rock in 1996, has proceeded in three overlapping phases, "Phase I: Surface-based investigation", "Phase II: Construction" and "Phase III: Operation". Currently, Phase II construction of research drifts in the MIU has been completed to the -500 m level. Phase III research activities have been conducted underground since 2010. The scientific and technical knowledge and know-how acquired in Phases I and II have been released via a web-based report "CoolRep H26". JAEA will continue to promote R&D activities in Phase III at the MIU to build technical confidence.

Journal Articles

Current status of R&D activities and future plan and role of JAEA's two generic URLs

Koide, Kaoru; Osawa, Hideaki; Ito, Hiroaki; Tanai, Kenji; Semba, Takeshi; Naito, Morimasa; Sugihara, Kozo; Miyamoto, Yoichi

Annual Waste Management Symposium (WM 2015), Vol.5, p.3631 - 3645, 2015/00

JAEA has promoted R&D on HLW geological disposal technology. JAEA launched the Mizunami and the Horonobe URL Projects to cover the diversity of geological environments in Japan. The Mizunami URL Project is a geoscientific research project in the crystalline rock environment. The Horonobe URL Project consists of geoscientific studies and R&D on geological disposal technology in the sedimentary rock environment. Both URL projects have been planned to proceed in three overlapping phases, Surface-based investigation Phase, Construction Phase and Operation Phase. Currently, the construction of research galleries in both of the Mizunami and the Horonobe URLs has been completed to 500 m and 350 m depths, respectively. JAEA will promote R&D activities in Phase III including study of the long-term evolution of the geological environment, and contribute to international cooperation, development of human resources and communication amongst stakeholders through both URL projects.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2013

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Kawamoto, Koji; Yamada, Nobuto; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Murakami, Hiroaki; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Sasao, Eiji; Sanada, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-038, 137 Pages, 2014/12

JAEA-Review-2014-038.pdf:162.61MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II and the Phase III in fiscal year 2013. This report presents the results of the investigations, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2013, as a part of the Phase II and Phase III based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2014

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Sasao, Eiji; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Ikeda, Koki; Sato, Toshinori; Osawa, Hideaki; Koide, Kaoru

JAEA-Review 2014-035, 34 Pages, 2014/10

JAEA-Review-2014-035.pdf:44.83MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host crystalline rock at Mizunami City in Gifu, central Japan. The project proceeds in three overlapping phases, "Phase I: Surface-based investigation Phase", "Phase II: Construction Phase" and "Phase III: Operation Phase". The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase III, as the Phase II was concluded for a moment with the completion of the excavation of horizontal tunnels at GL-500m level in February 2014. The present report summarizes the research and development activities planned for fiscal year 2014 based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

JAEA Reports

Overall report of ground geophysical survey using electromagnetic method

Hasegawa, Ken; Yamada, Nobuto; Koide, Kaoru

JAEA-Research 2014-004, 177 Pages, 2014/06

JAEA-Research-2014-004.pdf:36.19MB

Tono Geoscience Center conducted CSMT and MT surveys in the region of the Toki granite from 1997 to 1999, as a part of the Regional Hydrogeological Study. After these surveys were performed, applicability of MT method to prospecting of the deeper part of the granite was evaluated. As a result, several problems of CSMT and MT surveys were pointed out. Accordingly, we checked the quality of data obtained through the surveys and found out that the interpretation results of the underground resistivity distribution are deficient in reliability because almost all data contain large artificial electromagnetic noise. Major reason behind its poor results is adoption of the high-frequency tensor CSMT system. Because of its ease of data acquisition, it was adopted without investigation of electromagnetic noises around the survey area. This fact indicated that we must investigate details of the noise around survey area in advance and select optimum equipment and survey specifications, which can distinguish a signal from data containing such large noise.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2012

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Hikima, Ryoichi*; Tanno, Takeo*; Sanada, Hiroyuki; Onoe, Hironori; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-050, 114 Pages, 2014/02

JAEA-Review-2013-050.pdf:19.95MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II and the Phase III in fiscal year 2012. This report presents the results of the investigations, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2012, as a part of the Phase II and Phase III based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2013

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Sasao, Eiji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Tanno, Takeo*; Onoe, Hironori; Ogata, Nobuhisa; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-044, 37 Pages, 2014/01

JAEA-Review-2013-044.pdf:6.36MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host crystalline rock at Mizunami City in Gifu, central Japan. The project consists of major research areas, "Geoscientific Research", and proceeds in three overlapping phases, "Phase I: Surface-based investigation Phase", "Phase II: Construction Phase" and "Phase III: Operation Phase". The present report summarizes the research and development activities planned for fiscal year 2013 based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

JAEA Reports

Re-interpretation of data obtained by airborne geophysical survey using helicopter

Hasegawa, Ken; Yamada, Nobuto; Endo, Yoshinobu*; Koide, Kaoru

JAEA-Research 2013-028, 83 Pages, 2013/12

JAEA-Research-2013-028.pdf:18.29MB

To evaluate the applicability of the airborne geophysical methods to granitic area, Tono Geoscience Center conducted the airborne geophysical survey using helicopter in the region of the Toki granite from 1997 to 1999. Data of electromagnetic survey, magnetic survey and radiometric survey were collected. This time, we re-interpreted these data. The following is the summary of the results obtained. (1) Electromagnetic survey; We developed the new calculation method and the data was reprocessed. As a result, it made us possible to obtain the apparent resistivity value corresponding to the rock resistivity. And the new apparent resistivity contour map clearly shows the depth changes of the granitic rock. (2) Magnetic survey; Magnetic susceptibility of the target granite is not uniform. From the viewpoint of magnetic susceptibility, the granite is divided into about five parts using a color shaded relief map. This map is a very useful tool for a qualitative interpretation of magnetic data. (3) Radiometric Survey; Some local anomalies were obtained. It is inferred that they correspond with the autocrops of the granitic rocks or the uranium deposits, not with the open fractures. These results indicate that an airborne geophysical survey using helicopter provides the useful information for planning of the geological and geophysical ground surveys.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2011

Kunimaru, Takanori; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Hikima, Ryoichi; Tanno, Takeo; Sanada, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-018, 169 Pages, 2013/09

JAEA-Review-2013-018.pdf:15.71MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II and the Phase III in 2011 fiscal year. This report shows the results of the investigation, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2011, as a part of the Phase II and Phase III based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

Journal Articles

Applying vegetation indices to detect high water table zones in humid warm-temperate regions using satellite remote sensing

Koide, Kaoru; Koike, Katsuaki*

International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 19, p.88 - 103, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:27.04(Remote Sensing)

This paper presents a method for detecting high water-table areas based on vegetation information in a humid warm-temperate forest area using remotely sensed data (SPOT). The purpose is to develop methodologies for characterizing hydrogeological structures at a regional scale. To detect differences in vegetation conditions due to groundwater supply, a new vegetation index (AgbNDVI) and a segmentation analysis based on geographical characteristics were proposed. A study area was selected in the Tono region of central Japan. As a result, most of the high-VI points are located on the concave/convex slopes, in the vicinity of geologic boundaries, around groundwater seeps and in high water-table areas. Therefore, high-VI points can be a crucial marker for estimating hydraulic properties of geologic structures and groundwater flow regime. Consequently, the proposed method can be an useful tool to detect high water-table areas in humid warm-temperate forest areas.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2012

Kunimaru, Takanori; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Kuboshima, Koji; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Mizuno, Takashi; Sato, Toshinori; et al.

JAEA-Review 2012-028, 31 Pages, 2012/08

JAEA-Review-2012-028.pdf:3.86MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU project is planned in three overlapping phases; Surface-based Investigation Phase (Phase I), Construction Phase (Phase II) and Operation Phase (Phase III). Currently, the project is under the Construction Phase and the Operation Phase. This document introduces the research and development activities planned for 2012 fiscal year based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010, construction plan and research collaboration plan, etc.

Journal Articles

Detecting distribution pattern of latent hydrothermally altered zones by geobotanic remote sensing

Koike, Katsuaki*; Uchiyama, Kyosuke*; Koide, Kaoru

Joho Chishitsu, 23(2), p.68 - 69, 2012/06

Hydrothermally-altered zones frequently collapse in intense rain and are intimately related to genesis of heavy metal mineralization. Therefore it is very important to investigate their distributions from the viewpoints of disaster prevention and mineral resource exploration. This study developed a new vegetation index (VIGS) for detecting abnormalities of vegetation induced by differences in soil chemistry and soil moisture related to hydrothermally-altered zones. The VIGS includes the green and mid-infrared bands, which are highly sensitive to vegetation water stress. To validate its availability, this VI was applied in a landslide prone area (Hachimantai) and a gold deposit area (Hishikari Mine) using Landsat TM data. As a result, it was found that the VIGS is very useful to detect abnormalities of vegetation related with hydrothermally-altered zones because abnormalities of vegetation coincide with landslides and hydrothermally-altered zones associated with gold mineralization.

Journal Articles

Identifying groundwater- and slope movement-induced vegetation conditions in a landslide prone area using remotely sensed data

Koide, Kaoru; Koike, Katsuaki*

Proceedings of International Symposium on Earth Science and Technology 2010, p.123 - 128, 2010/12

This paper presents a method for detecting differences in vegetation conditions caused by groundwater seepages and slope movements in a landslide prone area using remotely sensed satellite data. To detect differences in vegetation conditions caused by landslides, a new vegetation index (AgNDVI) and a segmentation analysis based on geographic characteristics was proposed. The study area is located in the northern part of the Hachimantai plateau. The result shows that the high-VI points detected are mainly distributed in the head of the main body below the main scarp and in the outer rim of the landslide toe, and the low-VI points are distributed in the fringe of the main scarp, in the foot of the landslide and along the side boundaries of the main body. Consequently, the high- and low-VI points should be strongly linked to groundwater seepage and slope movement, respectively.

Journal Articles

Improvement of accuracy of forest type classification and estimation of states of forest floor using multi-temporal satellite data based on phenological variation

Koide, Kaoru

Shashin Sokuryo To Rimoto Senshingu, 47(6), p.4 - 12, 2009/01

This study is aimed at improving the accuracy of forest type classification by using remote sensing data as part of evaluating hydrological characteristics of the ground surface and subsurface for modelling regional groundwater flow. The study area is 5 km $$times$$ 5 km located at the Tono region, Gifu, central Japan. The forest in the study area is composed of three forest types; evergreen coniferous forest, deciduous broad-leaved forest and mixed forest consist of them. The author has attempted a forest type classification based on seasonal variation of NDVI calculated using multi-temporal SPOT data observed in summer, autumn and winter. The results of analysis realize that the distributions of residual NDVI between summer and autumn of coniferous forest and broad-leaved forest have good selectivity, the degree in separation of residual NDVI distributions between summer and winter is less than that between summer and autumn by influence of the forest floor evergreen plants, and the residual NDVI distribution between summer and winter is useful for classification between forest and grass field.

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