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論文

Half-integer Shapiro-steps in superconducting qubit with a $$pi$$-Josephson junction

森 道康; 前川 禎通

Applied Physics Express, 14(10), p.103001_1 - 103001_4, 2021/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Applied)

A superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) comprising 0- and $$pi$$-Josephson junctions (JJs), called $$pi$$-SQUID, is studied by the resistively shunted junction model. The $$pi$$-SQUID shows half-integer Shapiro-steps (SS) under microwave irradiation at the voltage $$V$$ = $$(hbar/2e)Omega (n/2)$$, with angular frequency $$Omega$$ and half-integer $$n$$/2 in addition to integer $$n$$. We show that the $$pi$$-SQUID can be a $$pi$$-qubit with spontaneous loop currents by which the half-integer SS are induced. Making the 0- and $$pi$$-JJs equivalent is a key for the half-integer SS and realizing the $$pi$$-qubit.

論文

Half-integer Shapiro steps in strong ferromagnetic Josephson junctions

Yao, Y.*; Cai, R.*; Yang, S.-H.*; Xing, W.*; Ma, Y.*; 森 道康; Ji, Y.*; 前川 禎通; Xie, X.-C.*; Han, W.*

Physical Review B, 104(10), p.104414_1 - 104414_6, 2021/09

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report the experimental observation of half-integer Shapiro steps in the strong ferromagnetic Josephson junction (Nb-NiFe-Nb) by investigating the current-phase relation under radio-frequency microwave excitation. The half-integer Shapiro steps are robust in a wide temperature range from T = 4 to 7 K. The half-integer Shapiro steps could be attributed to co-existence of 0- and $$pi$$-states in the strong ferromagnetic NiFe Josephson junctions with the spatial variation of the NiFe thickness. This scenario is also supported by the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy characterization of the Nb/NiFe/Nb junction.

論文

Spin excitations of the $$S$$=1/2 one-dimensional Ising-like antiferromagnet BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ in transverse magnetic fields

奥谷 顕*; 大西 弘明; 木村 尚次郎*; 竹内 徹也*; 木田 孝則*; 森 道康; 三宅 厚志*; 徳永 将史*; 金道 浩一*; 萩原 政幸*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(4), p.044704_1 - 044704_9, 2021/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The high-field multifrequency electron spin resonance (ESR), the magnetization, and the specific heat of single crystals of BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ (a quasi-one-dimensional Ising-like antiferromagnet with $$S=1/2$$) were measured in two different transverse magnetic fields: $$H parallel [100]$$ and $$H parallel [110]$$. A softening of the lowest ESR mode was observed near the saturation field of the magnetization around 40 T in $$H parallel [110]$$, whereas it occurs around 10 T in $$H parallel [100]$$, far below the saturation field. These observations were reproduced by numerical calculations using the density-matrix renormalization group methods, including the staggered magnetic fields induced by a uniform external magnetic field and the interchain magnetic exchange interaction. We found that the directional dependence of the lowest mode originates mainly from the remarkable angular dependence of the induced magnetic field. The interchain interaction is also quantitatively important for reproducing the experimental results. The directional dependence of the lowest mode is demonstrated by the particle-hole excitation of spinons using the Jordan-Wigner transformation.

論文

Nuclear magnetic relaxation time near the compensation temperature in a ferrimagnetic insulator

森 道康

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(11), p.114705_1 - 114705_7, 2020/11

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:32.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The nuclear magnetic relaxation time $$T_1$$ in a ferrimagnetic insulators is calculated within the mean-field approximation for the magnetic exchange interactions and the Raman process involving the hyperfine interaction. We find that the value of 1/$$T_1$$ on one type of site increases rapidly near the compensation temperature $$T_0$$, whereas that on the other type of site does not increase up to Curie temperature $$T_c$$. This is due to the fact that the soft-magnon bandwidth becomes comparable to $$T_0$$. An increase in 1/$$T_1$$ below $$T_c$$ is found also in another type ferrimagnet, which shows a hump structure in the temperature dependence of magnetization instead of compensation. Also in that case, we find the rapid increase in 1/$$T_1$$ below $$T_c$$, even though the magnetization does not show compensation. The coexistence of soft and hard magnons leads to these remarkable properties of ferrimagnets.

論文

Dynamical density matrix renormalization group study of spin and charge excitations in the four-leg $$t$$-$$t'$$-$$J$$

遠山 貴己; 森 道康; 曽田 繁利*

Physical Review B, 97(23), p.235137_1 - 235137_7, 2018/06

AA2018-0171.pdf:1.43MB

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:50.91(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We investigate the dynamical spin and charge structure factors of the $$t$$-$$t'$$-$$J$$ four-leg ladder by using dynamical density-matrix renormalization group. The dynamical charge structure factor along the momentum direction from $$q=(0,0)$$ to $$(pi,0)$$ clearly shows low-energy excitations corresponding to the stripe order in hole doping. On the other hand, the stripe order weakens in electron doping, resulting in less low-energy excitations in the charge channel. In spin channel, we find incommensurate spin excitations near $$q=(pi,pi)$$ forming a hour-glass behavior in hole doping, while in electron doping we find clearly spin-wave-like dispersions starting from $$q=(pi,pi)$$. Along the $$(0,0)$$-$$(pi,0)$$ direction, the spin excitations are strongly influenced by the stripes in hole doping, resulting in two branches that form a discontinuous behavior in the dispersion. In contrast, the electron-doped systems show a downward shift in energy toward $$(pi,0)$$.

論文

Magnetic phase diagram of a frustrated spin ladder

杉本 貴則*; 森 道康; 遠山 貴己; 前川 禎通

Physical Review B, 97(14), p.144424_1 - 144424_10, 2018/04

AA2018-0074.pdf:1.54MB

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:16.65(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Frustrated spin ladders show magnetization plateaux depending on the rung-exchange interaction and frustration defined by the ratio of first and second neighbor exchange interactions in each chain. This paper reports on its magnetic phase diagram. Using the variational matrix-product state method, we accurately determine phase boundaries. Several kinds of magnetization plateaux are induced by the frustration and the strong correlation among quasiparticles on a lattice. The appropriate description of quasiparticles and their relevant interactions are changed by a magnetic field. We find that the frustration differentiates the triplet quasiparticle from the single tone in kinetic energy.

論文

Broad linewidth of antiferromagnetic spin wave due to electron correlation

森 道康

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(12), p.124705_1 - 124705_7, 2017/12

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:15.72(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We study magnetic excitations in a bilayer of antiferromagnetic (AF) insulator and correlated metal, in which the double occupancy is forbidden. Effective action of AF spinwave in the AF insulator is derived by using the path integral formula within the second order of an inter-plane coupling. The electrons correlation in the metallic plane is treated by the Gutzwiller approximation, which renormalizes the hopping integrals as proportional to hole density. Remarkable is that the AF magnons are broaden at low energies, only when the metallic planes includes correlation effect. The present results will be useful also to another bilayer of metal and ferrimagnet.

論文

Magnetic structure and dispersion relation of the $$S$$=1/2 quasi-one-dimensional Ising-like antiferromagnet BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ in a transverse magnetic field

松田 雅昌*; 大西 弘明; 奥谷 顕*; Ma, J.*; Agrawal, H.*; Hong, T.*; Pajerowski, D. M.*; Copley, J. R. D.*; 奥西 巧一*; 森 道康; et al.

Physical Review B, 96(2), p.024439_1 - 024439_8, 2017/07

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:50.2(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ consists of Co chains, in which Co$$^{2+}$$ ion carries a fictitious spin $$frac{1}{2}$$ with Ising anisotropy. We performed elastic and inelastic neutron scattering experiments in BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ in magnetic field perpendicular to the $$c$$ axis which is the chain direction. With applying magnetic field along the $$a$$ axis at 3.5 K, the antiferromagnetic order with the easy axis along the $$c$$ axis, observed in zero magnetic field, is completely suppressed at 8 T, while the magnetic field gradually induces an antiferromagnetic order with the spin component along the $$b$$ axis. We also studied magnetic excitations as a function of transverse magnetic field. The lower boundary of the spinon excitations splits gradually with increasing magnetic field. The overall feature of the magnetic excitation spectra in magnetic field is reproduced by the theoretical calculation based on the spin $$frac{1}{2}$$ $$XXZ$$ antiferromagnetic chain model, which predicts that the dynamic magnetic structure factor of the spin component along the chain direction is enhanced and that along the field direction has clear incommensurate correlations.

論文

Magnetization dynamics and its scattering mechanism in thin CoFeB films with interfacial anisotropy

岡田 篤*; He, S.*; Gu, B.; 金井 駿*; Soumyanarayanan, A.*; Lim, S. T.*; Tran, M.*; 森 道康; 前川 禎通; 松倉 文礼*; et al.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 144(15), p.3815 - 3820, 2017/04

Studies of magnetization dynamics have incessantly facilitated the discovery of fundamentally novel physical phenomena, making steady headway in the development of magnetic and spintronics devices. The dynamics can be induced and detected electrically, offering new functionalities in advanced electronics at the nanoscale. However, its scattering mechanism is still disputed. Understanding the mechanism in thin films is especially important, because most spintronics devices are made from stacks of multilayers with nanometer thickness. The stacks are known to possess interfacial magnetic anisotropy, a central property for applications, whose influence on the dynamics remains unknown. Here, we investigate the impact of interfacial anisotropy by adopting CoFeB/MgO as a model system. Through systematic and complementary measurements of ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) on a series of thin films, we identify narrower FMR linewidths at higher temperatures. We explicitly rule out the temperature dependence of intrinsic damping as a possible cause, and it is also not expected from existing extrinsic scattering mechanisms for ferromagnets. We ascribe this observation to motional narrowing, an old concept so far neglected in the analyses of FMR spectra. The effect is confirmed to originate from interfacial anisotropy, impacting the practical technology of spin-based nanodevices up to room temperature.

論文

What determines the sign of the spin Hall effects in Cu alloys doped with 5d elements?

Xu, Z.; Gu, B.; 森 道康; Ziman, T.*; 前川 禎通

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 400, p.184 - 187, 2016/02

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:20.49(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We perform a systematical analysis of the spin Hall effect (SHE) in the Cu alloys doped with a series of 5d elements, by the combined approach of density functional theory and Hartree-Fock approximation. We find that not only the spin orbit interactions (SOI) in both the 5d and 6p orbitals, but also the local correlations in the 5d orbitals of the impurities, are decisive on the sign of the spin Hall angle (SHA). Including all of these three factors properly, we predict the SHA for each alloy in the series. The signs of CuIr and CuPt are sensitive to perturbation of the local correlations. This observation is favorable for controlling the sign of the transverse spin Hall voltage.

論文

Quasi-spin correlations in a frustrated quantum spin ladder

杉本 貴則*; 森 道康; 遠山 貴巳*; 前川 禎通

Physics Procedia, 75, p.861 - 867, 2015/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.04

The quasi-spin correlations in a frustrated quantum spin ladder with one-half magnetization are theoretically studied by using the density-matrix renormalization-group method and the quasi- spin transformation. In this model, the frustration induces a gapless-to-gapful phase transition with a strong rung coupling. The gapful state is observed as the one-half magnetization plateau in the magnetization curve. In the magnetization-plateau state, we find that the quasi-spin dimer has a large expectation value with long-ranged correlations. This result does not only comes in useful to clarify the magnetization-plateau state, but gives a crucial information to understand the magnetization curve of the real compound BiCu$$_{2}$$PO$$_{6}$$, whose effective spin model corresponds to ours.

論文

Lifshitz transition induced by magnetic field in frustrated two-leg spin-ladder systems

杉本 貴則*; 森 道康; 遠山 貴巳*; 前川 禎通

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.034005_1 - 034005_6, 2015/09

The magnetization curve in a frustrated two-leg spin-ladder system is theoretically studied using both analytical and numerical methods. This spin system is mapped onto a hard-core boson system, which is composed of bond-operators describing the triplon excitation. By the analytical method using the mean-field theory on the bond-operators, we show that cusp singularities emerge in the magnetization curve as a function of a magnetic field due to the strong frustration. This originates from a change of number of Fermi points in the bosonic dispersion relation with the applied field. It is analogous to Lifshitz transition. This singularity is clarified by numerical calculation with the density-matrix renormalization-group method. Our results will be useful to understand the magnetization process observed in the frustrated two-leg spin-ladder compound BiCuH$$_{2}$$OPOH$$_{6}$$O.

論文

Magnetization plateaus by reconstructed quasispinons in a frustrated two-leg spin ladder under a magnetic field

杉本 貴則*; 森 道康; 遠山 貴巳*; 前川 禎通

Physical Review B, 92(12), p.125114_1 - 125114_6, 2015/09

AA2015-0451.pdf:0.43MB

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:37.86(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The quantum phase transitions induced by a magnetic field are theoretically studied in a frustrated two-leg spin ladder. Using the density-matrix renormalization-group method, we find some magnetic phase transitions and plateaux in two different cases of strong and weak rung couplings. With the strong rung coupling, the three magnetization plateaux are found at 1/3, 1/2, and 2/3 due to the frustration. Those can be understood in terms of a quasi-spinon reconstructed from the singlet and the triplets of spins on a rung. The plateau at 1/2 corresponds to the valence bond solid of the quasispinons, while the plateaux at 1/3 and 2/3 can be associated with the array of quasi-spinons such as soliton lattice. This is different from the usual Bose-Einstein-condensation picture of triplons. Our results will be useful to understand magnetization curves in BiCu$$_{2}$$PO$$_{6}$$.

論文

Enhanced charge excitations in electron-doped cuprates by resonant inelastic X-ray scattering

遠山 貴巳*; 筒井 健二; 森 道康; 曽田 繁利*; 柚木 清司*

Physical Review B, 92(1), p.014515_1 - 014515_8, 2015/07

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:54.76(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

銅L吸収端共鳴非弾性X線散乱は銅酸化物高温超伝導物質の電荷励起を調べる強力な手法である。この散乱手法による電荷の集団励起の観測可能性を理論的に調べる。散乱プロセスにおける中間状態を経ることで必然的に電子ドープ系の電荷集団励起モードの強度がホールドープ系よりも強くなる。この電子・ホール非対称性は動的電荷構造因子にも現れる。特に電子ドープ系において低運動量変化の低エネルギー領域に新たな増強された励起モードとして現れる。これらの結果は電子ドープ系の新しい電荷励起モードの共鳴非弾性X線散乱による観測可能性を示している。

論文

Enhanced spin Hall effect by electron correlations in CuBi alloys

Gu, B.; Xu, Z.; 森 道康; Ziman, T.*; 前川 禎通

Journal of Applied Physics, 117(17), p.17D503_1 - 17D503_4, 2015/05

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:32.7(Physics, Applied)

We find that the SHA can be dramatically enhanced by Bi impurities close to the Cu surface. The mechanisms of this enhancement are two-fold. One is that the localized impurity state on surface has a decreased hybridization and combined with Coulomb correlation effect. The other comes from the low-dimensional state of conduction electrons on surface, which results in a further enhancement of skew scattering by impurities. Furthermore, we note that a discrepancy in sign of SHA between the experiment and previous theories is simply caused by different definitions of SHA. This re-establishes skew scattering as the essential mechanism underlying the spin Hall effect in CuBi alloys.

論文

Analysis of the spin Hall effect in CuIr alloys; Combined approach of density functional theory and Hartree-Fock approximation

Xu, Z.; Gu, B.; 森 道康; Ziman, T.*; 前川 禎通

Journal of Applied Physics, 117(17), p.17D510_1 - 17D510_4, 2015/05

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:22.79(Physics, Applied)

We analyze the spin Hall effect in CuIr alloys in theory by the combined approach of the density functional theory (DFT) and Hartree-Fock (HF) approximation. The spin Hall angle (SHA) is obtained to be negative without the local correlation effects. After including the local correlation effects of the 5$$d$$ orbitals of Ir impurities, the SHA becomes positive with realistic correlation parameters and consistent with experiment. Moreover, our analysis shows that the DFT + HF approach is a convenient and general method to study the influence of local correlation effects on the spin Hall effect.

論文

Sign change of the spin Hall effect due to electron correlation in nonmagnetic CuIr alloys

Xu, Z.; Gu, B.; 森 道康; Ziman, T.*; 前川 禎通

Physical Review Letters, 114(1), p.017202_1 - 017202_5, 2015/01

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:73.28(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Recently a positive spin Hall angle (SHA) of 0.021, was observed experimentally in nonmagnetic CuIr alloys and attributed predominantly to an extrinsic skew scattering mechanism, while a negative SHA was obtained from ab initio calculations, using consistent definitions of the SHA. We reconsider the SHA in CuIr alloys, with the effects of the local electron correlation U in 5d orbitals of Ir impurities, included by the quantum Monte Carlo method. We found that the SHA is negative if we ignore such local electron correlation, but becomes positive once U approaches a realistic value. This may open up a way to control the sign of the SHA by manipulating the occupation number of impurities.

論文

Origin of the phonon Hall effect in rare-earth garnets

森 道康; Spencer-Smith, A.*; Sushkov, O. P.*; 前川 禎通

Physical Review Letters, 113(26), p.265901_1 - 265901_7, 2014/12

 被引用回数:28 パーセンタイル:83.36(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The phonon Hall effect has been observed in the paramagnetic insulator, Tb$$_{3}$$Gd$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$. A magnetic field applied perpendicularly to a heat current induces a temperature gradient that is perpendicular to both the field and the current. We show that this effect is due to resonant skew scattering of phonons from the crystal field states of superstoichiometric Tb$$^{3+}$$ ions. This scattering originates from the coupling between the quadrupole moment of Tb$$^{3+}$$ ions and the lattice strain. The estimated magnitude of the effect is consistent with experimental observations at T=5 K, and can be significantly enhanced by increasing temperature.

論文

Zero-field Fiske resonance coupled with spin-waves in ferromagnetic Josephson junctions

挽野 真一*; 森 道康; 前川 禎通

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(7), p.074704_1 - 074704_5, 2014/07

AA2014-0153.pdf:0.44MB

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:23.05(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

AC Josephson current in a Josephson junction with voltage bias is spatially modulated by an external magnetic field, and induces an electromagnetic (EM) field inside the junction. The current-voltage (I-V) curve exhibits peaks due to the resonance between the EM field and the spatially modulated AC Josephson current. This is called ${it Fiske resonance}$. Such a spatially modulated Josephson current can be also induced by a non-uniform insulating barrier and the Fiske resonance appears without external magnetic field. This is called zero-field Fiske resonance (ZFFR). In this paper, we theoretically study the ZFFR coupled with spin-waves in a superconductor/ferromagnetic insulator/superconductor junction (ferromagnetic Josephson junction) with a non-uniform ferromagnetic insulating barrier. The resonant mode coupled with spin-waves can be induced without external magnetic field. We find that the I-V curve shows resonant peaks associated with composite excitations of spin-waves and the EM field in the junction. The voltage at the resonance is obtained as a function of the normal modes of EM field. We show several current-density dependences of the ZFFRs coupled with spin-waves.

論文

Temperature dependence of thermopower in strongly correlated multiorbital systems

関野 まり*; 岡本 聡*; 小椎八重 航*; 森 道康; 前川 禎通

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.017014_1 - 017014_5, 2014/06

Temperature dependence of thermopower in the multiorbital Hubbard model is studied by using the dynamical mean-field theory with the non-crossing approximation impurity solver. It is found that the Coulomb interaction, the Hund coupling, and the crystal filed splitting bring about non-monotonic temperature dependence of the thermopower, including its sign reversal. The implication of our theoretical results to some materials is discussed.

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