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Quasielastic neutron scattering probing H$$^{-}$$ dynamics in the H$$^{-}$$ conductors LaH$$_{3-2x}$$O$$_{x}$$

玉造 博夢; 福井 慧賀*; 飯村 壮史*; 本田 孝志*; 多田 朋史*; 村上 洋一*; 山浦 淳一*; 倉本 義夫*; 佐賀山 基*; 山田 武*; et al.

Physical Review B, 107(18), p.184114_1 - 184114_8, 2023/05

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Using an incoherent quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) technique, we investigate H$$^{-}$$ dynamics in a series of oxyhydrides LaH$$_{3-2x}$$O$$_{x}$$ that exhibit characteristic high H$$^{-}$$ conductivity. In the end member LaH$$_{3}$$ ($$x$$ = 0), two kinds of H$$^{-}$$ dynamics are identified: the jump diffusion and the localized motion. The jump length in the jump diffusion mode increases with increasing $$T$$. The localized motion is identified as a jump between the two inequivalent sites. These dynamics are corroborated by our molecular dynamical simulations. Our QENS data suggest that similar H$$^{-}$$ dynamics occurs also in oxyhydrides LaH$$_{3-2x}$$O$$_{x}$$ ($$x$$ $$neq$$ 0), whose H$$^{-}$$ concentration dependence is consistent with the previous measurement of ionic conductivity. We also discuss the possibility that LaH$$_{3-2x}$$O$$_{x}$$ is an example of H$$^{-}$$ ion conductors governed by the concerted migration mechanism. The identified H$$^{-}$$ dynamics is a key to understanding the anomalous hydrogen concentration dependence of the diffusion coefficient in lanthanum hydrides, which has been a longstanding mystery in this compound.


Investigation of the phonon dispersion associated with superlattice reflections in the BiS$$_{2}$$-based superconductor LaBiS$$_{2}$$O$$_{0.5}$$F$$_{0.5}$$

玉造 博夢; 長谷川 巧*; 佐賀山 基*; 水牧 仁一朗*; 村上 洋一*; 梶谷 丈*; 東中 隆二*; 松田 達磨*; 青木 勇二*; 筒井 智嗣*

Physical Review B, 107(2), p.024303_1 - 024303_8, 2023/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The phonon dispersion of a BiS$$_{2}$$-based superconductor LaBiS$$_{2}$$O$$_{0.5}$$F$$_{0.5}$$ is investigated by first-principles calculations and inelastic X-ray scattering experiments. The origin of superlattice (SL) reflections arising from transverse-type lattice modulation, which were recently reported in [J. Kajitani $textit{et al}$., J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. ${bf 90}$, 103601 (2021)], is discussed in terms of lattice dynamics. Our first-principles calculations of phonon dispersion and the Fermi surfaces (FSs) demonstrate that the phonon mode corresponding to the transverse-type lattice modulation is unstable, and the propagation vector corresponding to the SL reflections is close to the FS nesting vector, which suggests that the phonon softening originates from the FS nesting. Against these calculated expectations, measured phonon dispersion in LaBiS$$_{2}$$O$$_{0.5}$$F$$_{0.5}$$ along the Z-A direction, where the SL point is located, shows no remarkable temperature dependence, and there are no steeply declining branches accompanied with a softening around the SL point. Based on these results, we discuss the two possibilities for the transverse lattice modulation in LaBiS$$_{2}$$O$$_{0.5}$$F$$_{0.5}$$: the order-disorder type structural transition and the displacive structural transition with an overdamped mode, for both of which the local structure distortion or the short range correlation within the BiS$$_{2}$$ plane would be essential.


Crystallographical and morphological changes in charge-ordering transition of RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (R: Y, Lu) investigated by transmission electron microscopy

堀部 陽一*; 森 茂生*; 池田 直*; 吉井 賢資; 前野 宏志*; 村上 恭和*

Ferroelectrics, 584(1), p.20 - 30, 2021/00

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:8.34(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

鉄3d電子の電荷秩序により強誘電性を示すRFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$につき(R: Y, Lu)、希土類イオン半径の異なる2つの系の結晶構造と電荷秩序構造の温度変化を透過電子顕微鏡観測により調べた。この系はFe-Oの三角格子が積み重なった2次元性の強い構造を持つが、YFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$およびLuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$の両者とも、電子線回折像は室温以上において3次元的な電荷秩序構造の存在を示した。また、実空間像の観測からは、YFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$の電荷秩序のほうが、LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$のそれよりも3次元性が強いことが判明した。この実験事実を結晶構造と関連付けて説明した。Fe-O面内方向の格子定数を基準とした場合、面間方向の格子定数は、Y系のほうがLu系のほうが短くなる。すなわち、面間方向のFe電子の相互作用はY系のほうが強いと推測される。よって、YFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$はFe-O面内の2次元的な電荷秩序に加え、面間方向の電荷秩序も発達しやすい系であり、結果として3次元的な等方向的な秩序相が出現しやすいと結論した。


Magnetism induced by interlayer electrons in the quasi-two-dimensional electride Y$$_{2}$$C; Inelastic neutron scattering study

玉造 博夢; 村上 洋一*; 倉本 義夫*; 佐賀山 基*; 松浦 直人*; 川北 至信; 松石 聡*; 鷲尾 康仁*; 井下 猛*; 浜田 典昭*; et al.

Physical Review B, 102(22), p.224406_1 - 224406_5, 2020/12

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:49.94(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Magnetic excitations in layered electride Y$$_{2}$$C have been found by inelastic neutron scattering. We have observed weak but clear magnetic scattering around the wave number $$Q = 0$$, but no magnetic order down to the lowest temperature measured (7 K). The imaginary part of the dynamical susceptibility deduced is well described by the Lorentz function of energy $$E$$ for each momentum $$Q$$. The width $$mathit{Gamma}(Q)$$ of the Lorentzian is proportional to $$Q(Q^2+kappa^{2})$$ with $$kappa^{-1} sim 4{rm AA}$$ at $$T=7$$ K. We have also found that with increasing $$Q$$ the magnetic form factor decays faster than that of a $$4d$$ electron in a single Y atom, which indicates a more extended magnetic moment in Y$$_{2}$$C. These results provide experimental evidence that the itinerant magnetism in Y$$_{2}$$C originates from the anionic electrons that reside in the interlayers. The Curie-Weiss-like behavior of the magnetic susceptibility reported in Y$$_{2}$$C is ascribed to the mode coupling effects of spin fluctuations.


Quantum dynamics of hydrogen in the iron-based superconductor LaFeAsO$$_{0.9}$$D$$_{0.1}$$ measured with inelastic neutron spectroscopy

山浦 淳一*; 平賀 晴弘*; 飯村 壮史*; 村場 善行*; Bang, J.*; 池内 和彦*; 中村 充孝; 稲村 泰弘; 本田 孝志*; 平石 雅俊*; et al.

Physical Review B, 99(22), p.220505_1 - 220505_6, 2019/06


 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:10.78(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Gapless magnetic excitation in a heavily electron-doped antiferromagnetic phase of LaFeAsO$$_{0.5}$$D$$_{0.5}$$

玉造 博夢*; 平賀 晴弘*; 池内 和彦*; 飯村 壮史*; 村場 善行*; 中村 充孝; 佐賀山 基*; 山浦 淳一*; 村上 洋一*; 倉本 義夫*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(17), p.174415_1 - 174415_6, 2018/11


 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:15.79(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Observation of momentum-resolved charge fluctuations proximate to the charge-order phase using resonant inelastic X-ray scattering

吉田 雅洋*; 石井 賢司; 中 惇*; 石原 純夫*; Jarrige, I.*; 池内 和彦*; 村上 洋一*; 工藤 一貴*; 小池 洋二*; 永田 知子*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.23611_1 - 23611_8, 2016/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:11.55(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

In strongly correlated electron systems, enhanced fluctuations in the proximity of the ordered states of electronic degrees of freedom often induce anomalous electronic properties such as unconventional superconductivity. While spin fluctuations in the energy-momentum space have been studied widely using inelastic neutron scattering, other degrees of freedom, i.e., charge and orbital, have hardly been explored thus far. Here, we use resonant inelastic X-ray scattering to observe charge fluctuations proximate to the charge-order phase in transition metal oxides. In the two-leg ladder of Sr$$_{14-x}$$Ca$$_x$$Cu$$_{24}$$O$$_{41}$$, charge fluctuations are enhanced at the propagation vector of the charge order ($$mathbf{q}_mathrm{CO}$$) when the order is melted by raising the temperature or by doping holes. In contrast, charge fluctuations are observed not only at $$mathbf{q}_mathrm{CO}$$ but also at other momenta in a geometrically frustrated triangular bilayer lattice of LuFe$$_2$$O$$_4$$. The observed charge fluctuations have a high energy ($$sim$$ 1 eV), suggesting that the Coulomb repulsion between electrons plays an important role in the formation of the charge order.


Magnetic and electronic properties of (LaMnO$$_3$$)$$_5$$(SrMnO$$_3$$)$$_5$$ superlattice revealed by resonant soft X-ray scattering

久保田 正人; 山田 浩之*; 中尾 裕則*; 岡本 淳*; 山崎 裕一*; 澤 彰仁*; 村上 洋一*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(5S1), p.05FH07_1 - 05FH07_5, 2014/05

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:8.89(Physics, Applied)

We have investigated the magnetic and electronic properties of (LaMnO$$_3$$)$$_5$$(SrMnO$$_3$$)$$_5$$ superlattice fabricated on a lattice-matched La$$_{0.3}$$Sr$$_{0.7}$$Al$$_{0.65}$$Ta$$_{0.35}$$O$$_{3}$$ substrate by resonant soft X-ray scattering. The temperature- and $mbox{boldmath $Q$}$-dependences of the energy spectra were measured around the Mn $$L_{2,3}$$-absorption edges. We successfully observed not only a signal that reflects the valence modulation of Mn ion, but also a magnetic signal reflecting ferromagnetism. Compared with the calculated models, we concluded that the ferromagnetism mainly originates from the magnetic moments at the Mn sites sandwiched by LaO layers.


Antiferromagnetic order of the Co$$^{2+}$$ high-spin state with a large orbital angular momentum in La$$_{1.5}$$Ca$$_{0.5}$$CoO$$_{4}$$

岡本 淳*; 中尾 裕則*; 山崎 裕一*; 和達 大樹*; 田中 新*; 久保田 正人; 堀金 和正*; 村上 洋一*; 山田 和芳*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(4), p.044705_1 - 044705_6, 2014/04

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:55.49(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The antiferromagnetic insulator La$$_{1.5}$$Ca$$_{0.5}$$CoO$$_{4}$$ has been investigated by Co L$$_{2,3}$$-edge and O K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements and Co L$$_{2,3}$$-edge resonant soft X-ray magnetic scattering (RXMS)measurement to determine the Co electronic structures associated with magnetic ordering. Co L$$_{2,3}$$-edge linear-dichroic XAS shows that Co$$^{2+}$$ takes a high-spin (HS) state and Co$$^{3+}$$ takes a low-spin (LS) state. Using Co L$$_{2,3}$$-edge RXMS, we directly determined that an antiferromagnetic order is formed with a HS state of Co$$^{2+}$$ ions. Moreover, the spin and orbital angular momenta of the Co$$^{2+}$$ HS state are quantitatively estimated to be 1.1$$pm$$0.1 and 1.0$$pm$$0.1, respectively, and to align parallel in the ab plane by utilizing the cluster model calculation. The large orbital angular momentum of the Co$$^{2+}$$ HS state originates from the small $$D_{4h}$$-symmetry crystal field splitting of $$t_{2g}$$ levels, which is comparable with the spin-orbit coupling constant of the Co 3$$d$$ orbital.


Bipartite magnetic parent phases in the iron oxypnictide superconductor

平石 雅俊*; 飯村 壮史*; 小嶋 健児*; 山浦 淳一*; 平賀 晴弘*; 池田 一貴*; Miao, P.*; 石川 喜久*; 鳥居 周輝*; 宮崎 正範*; et al.

Nature Physics, 10(4), p.300 - 303, 2014/04

 被引用回数:101 パーセンタイル:95.53(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

High-temperature (high-$$T_{rm c}$$) superconductivity appears as a consequence of the carrier-doping of an undoped parent compound exhibiting antiferromagnetic order; thereby, ground-state properties of the parent compound are closely relevant to the superconducting state. On the basis of the concept, a spin-fluctuation has been addressed as an origin of pairing of the superconducting electrons in cuprates. Whereas, there is growing interest in the pairing mechanism such as an unconventional spin-fluctuation or an advanced orbital-fluctuation due to the characteristic multi-orbital system in iron-pnictides. Here, we report the discovery of an antiferromagnetic order as well as a unique structural transition in electron-overdoped LaFeAsO$$_{1-x}$$H$$_x$$ ($$x sim 0.5$$), whereby another parent phase was uncovered, albeit heavily doped. The unprecedented two-dome superconducting phases observed in this material can be interpreted as a consequence of the carrier-doping starting from the original at $$x sim 0$$ and advanced at $$x sim 0.5$$ parent phases toward the intermediate region. The bipartite parent phases with distinct physical properties in the second magnetic phase provide us with an interesting example to illustrate the intimate interplay among the magnetic interaction, structural change and orbital degree of freedom in iron-pnictides.


Spin state of Co$$^{3+} $$ in LaCo$$_{1-x}$$ Rh$$_{x}$$O$$_{3}$$ investigated by structural phenomena

浅井 晋一郎*; 岡崎 竜二*; 寺崎 一郎*; 安井 幸夫*; 小林 航*; 中尾 朗子*; 小林 賢介*; 熊井 玲児*; 中尾 裕則*; 村上 洋一*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(11), p.114606_1 - 114606_6, 2013/11

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:43.6(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

LaCo$$_{1-x}$$ Rh$$_{x}$$O$$_{3}$$について中性子および放射光X線回折実験を行い、Co$$^{3+}$$イオンのスピン状態と結晶構造との関連を調べた。10KにおけるLaCo$$_{0.8}$$Rh$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{3}$$では、Co(Rh)O$$_{6}$$八面体のCo(Rh)-O間距離は理論値と一致し、格子体積は温度低下によって減少した。また、この格子体積の減少に伴って高スピン状態の比率は減少した。これらの結果から、Co$$^{3+}$$イオンのスピン状態は高スピン状態と低スピン状態が混在したものであり、高スピン状態は、Rh$$^{3+}$$イオンの置換によって生じたピン止め効果に加え熱励起によって発現することがわかった。


Visualization of $$gamma$$H2AX foci caused by heavy ion particle traversal; Distribution between core track versus non-track damage

中島 菜花子*; Brunton, H.*; 渡辺 立子; Shrikhande, A.*; 平山 亮一*; 松藤 成弘*; 藤森 亮*; 村上 健*; 岡安 隆一*; Jeggo, P.*; et al.

PLOS ONE (Internet), 8(8), p.e70107_1 - e70107_14, 2013/08

 被引用回数:62 パーセンタイル:91.13(Multidisciplinary Sciences)



Instrumental upgrades of the RIXS spectrometer at BL11XU at SPring-8

石井 賢司; Jarrige, I.*; 吉田 雅洋*; 池内 和彦*; 稲見 俊哉; 村上 洋一*; 水木 純一郎

Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 188, p.127 - 132, 2013/06

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:59.69(Spectroscopy)

Two recent instrumental upgrades of the inelastic X-ray scattering spectrometer installed at BL11XU at SPring-8 are reported. The first one is a multianalyzer system, where we can simultaneously use three crystal analyzers aligned perpendicularly to the scattering plane. In a test measurement of polycrystalline $$alpha$$-PtO$$_2$$, the inelastic spectra obtained with each respective analyzer showed a completely identical lineshape, and a slight difference ($$le$$ 10%) in intensity. The system enhances the experimental efficiency, and allows for simultaneous scan at three momenta for a single-crystal sample. The second development is a polarization analyzer for the scattered photons. A pyrolytic graphite (PG) crystal is placed in front of the detector and serves as a polarization-analyzer crystal, using the (006) reflection for the Cu $$K$$-edge. We succeeded to observe clear polarization dependence in the $$d$$-$$d$$ excitations of KCuF$$_3$$.


国際原子力機関原子力エネルギーマネジメントスクールの開催; 2012年

大釜 和也; 安藤 葉子; 山口 美佳; 生田 優子; 篠原 伸夫; 村上 博幸; 山下 清信; 上坂 充*; 出町 和之*; 小宮山 涼一*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-004, 76 Pages, 2013/05




幌延深地層研究計画; 平成23年度調査研究成果報告

中山 雅; 天野 健治; 常盤 哲也; 山本 陽一; 大山 卓也; 天野 由記; 村上 裕晃; 稲垣 大介; 津坂 仁和; 近藤 桂二; et al.

JAEA-Review 2012-035, 63 Pages, 2012/09




Emergent phenomena in perovskite-type manganites

田口 康二郎*; 酒井 英明*; 奥山 大輔*; 石渡 晋太郎*; 藤岡 淳*; 福田 竜生; 橋爪 大輔*; 賀川 史敬*; 高橋 陽太郎*; 島野 亮*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 407(11), p.1685 - 1688, 2012/06

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:24.08(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Perovskite-type manganites exhibit various interesting phenomena arising from complex interplay among spin, charge, orbital, and lattice degrees of freedom. As the respective examples, perovskite-type YMnO$$_3$$ and Sr$$_{1-x}$$Ba$$_x$$MnO$$_3$$ are discussed. In the YMnO$$_3$$, the ferroelectric lattice distortion associated with the $$E$$-type spin order is observed for the first time. Displacement-type ferroelectricity with off-center magnetic ions is discovered for Sr$$_{0.5}$$Ba$$_{0.5}$$MnO$$_3$$, which shows both large polarization value and strong coupling between ferroelectricity and magnetism.


幌延深地層研究計画における地下水,河川水及び降水の水質データ; 2001$$sim$$2010年度

天野 由記; 山本 陽一; 南條 功; 村上 裕晃; 横田 秀晴; 山崎 雅則; 國丸 貴紀; 大山 隆弘*; 岩月 輝希

JAEA-Data/Code 2011-023, 312 Pages, 2012/02




Magnetic phase diagrams of YVO$$_{3}$$ and TbVO$$_{3}$$ under high pressure

備前 大輔*; 中尾 裕則*; 岩佐 和晃*; 村上 洋一*; 長壁 豊隆; 藤岡 淳*; 安江 俊夫*; 宮坂 茂樹*; 十倉 好紀*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(2), p.024715_1 - 024715_6, 2012/02

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:42.91(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

低温高圧力下の中性子回折実験により、RVO$$_{3}$$(R=Y, Tb)の磁気相図を明らかにした。TbVO$$_{3}$$では、その基底状態が加圧によって${it C}$-タイプのスピン秩序(${it C}$-SO)から${it G}$-タイプのスピン秩序(${it G}$-SO)へと変化することが明らかとなった。これまでに基底状態の軌道秩序は、加圧により${it G}$-タイプの軌道秩序(${it G}$-OO)から${it C}$-タイプの軌道秩序(${it C}$-OO)へと変化することが明らかになっていたが、これと完全に対応している。一方、YVO$$_{3}$$の基底状態は、常圧から今回の最高圧力値6.2GPaまで、${it G}$-SOと${it C}$-OOが同時に存在し、非秩序相-[${it G}$-SO, ${it C}$-OO]相間の相転移が、ペロブスカイト型の遷移元素酸化物RMO$$_{3}$$において初めて観測された。両物質において[${it G}$-SO, ${it C}$-OO]相が加圧とともに安定化していくが、これは共有結合効果と超交換相互作用が重要な役割を果たしていると考えられる。


Polarization-analyzed resonant inelastic X-ray scattering of the orbital excitations in KCuF$$_3$$

石井 賢司; 石原 純夫*; 村上 洋一*; 池内 和彦*; 葛下 かおり*; 稲見 俊哉; 大和田 謙二; 吉田 雅洋; Jarrige, I.; 多々見 央*; et al.

Physical Review B, 83(24), p.241101_1 - 241101_4, 2011/06

 被引用回数:21 パーセンタイル:64.51(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report a Cu $$K$$-edge resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) study of orbital excitations in KCuF$$_3$$. By performing the polarization analysis of the scattered photons, we disclose that the excitation between the $$e_g$$ orbitals and the excitations from $$t_{2g}$$ to $$e_g$$ exhibit distinct polarization dependence. The polarization dependence of the respective excitations is interpreted based on a phenomenological consideration of the symmetry of the RIXS process that yields a necessary condition for observing the excitations. In addition, we show that the orbital excitations are dispersionless within our experimental resolution.


Temperature dependence of the electronic structure of Sr$$_{14}$$Cu$$_{24}$$O$$_{41}$$ studied by resonant inelastic X-ray scattering

吉田 雅洋; 石井 賢司; 池内 和彦*; Jarrige, I.; 村上 洋一*; 水木 純一郎; 筒井 健二; 遠山 貴己*; 前川 禎通*; 工藤 一貴*; et al.

Physica C, 470(Suppl.1), p.S145 - S146, 2010/12

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:22.02(Physics, Applied)

Sr$$_{14-x}$$Ca$$_x$$Cu$$_{24}$$O$$_{41}$$ (SCCO), which is composed of two-leg ladders and edge-sharing chains, is the first superconducting cuprate without CuO$$_2$$ planes. By substituting Ca for Sr, holes are transferred from the chains to the ladders. It was recently shown that charge ordering (CO) along the leg direction in the ladder occurs at $$x=0$$ and the periodicity is five times the unit length along the c axis. In order to investigate the electronic excitations associated with the CO, we carried out resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) experiments for SCCO ($$x=0,6$$). Cu-$$K$$ RIXS can directly probe the momentum-dependent electronic excitations related to the Cu site, which are resonantly enhanced by tuning the incident photon energy to the Cu $$K$$-edge. We measured the q dependence of the intraband excitations, which is associated with the dynamics of doped holes in the Zhang-Rice singlet band. The intensity is enhanced at the momentum $${bf q}=(q_{rm rung},q_{rm leg})=(0,2pi/5)$$ corresponding to the periodicity of the CO in $$x=0$$, while the temperature dependence of the enhancement is different for $$x=0$$ and $$x=6$$. We discuss the relationship between our experimental results and the occurrence of the CO.

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