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Observation of adsorbed hydrogen species on supported metal catalysts by inelastic neutron scattering

吉田 寿雄*; 山本 旭*; 細川 三郎*; 山添 誠司*; 吉川 聡一*; 原 賢二*; 中村 充孝; 蒲沢 和也*; 田中 庸裕*

Topics in Catalysis, 64(9-12), p.660 - 671, 2021/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Chemistry, Applied)

Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) enables direct and selective observation of H species due to the extremely large incoherent neutron scattering cross section of a hydrogen atom. In the present study, the adsorbed H species on some heterogeneous precious metal catalysts supported by alumina and carbon black were investigated by in situ INS spectroscopy with a newly designed sample cell. Three alumina-supported metal catalysts having Pt, Pd, and Rh metal nanoparticles with different particle sizes exhibited different INS spectra in intensities and band distribution. Observation of the H species on the metal nanoparticles and the alumina surface revealed their properties. In addition, the H atoms stored in Pd nanoparticles were observed as palladium hydride. In contrast, the H species on a Pt catalyst supported by carbon black were found to be strongly adsorbed on the carbon support.



中西 利典*; 奥野 充*; 山崎 圭二*; Hong, W.*; 藤田 奈津子; 中村 俊夫*; 堀川 義之*; 佐藤 鋭一*; 木村 治夫*; 堤 浩之*

名古屋大学年代測定研究,5, p.38 - 43, 2021/03



High-spin states in $$^{35}$$S

郷 慎太郎*; 井手口 栄治*; 横山 輪*; 青井 考*; Azaiez, F.*; 古高 和禎; 初川 雄一; 木村 敦; 木佐森 慶一*; 小林 幹*; et al.

Physical Review C, 103(3), p.034327_1 - 034327_8, 2021/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.03(Physics, Nuclear)

Excited states in $$^{35}$$S were investigated by in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy using the $$^{26}$$Mg($$^{18}$$O, 2$$alpha$$1$$n$$) fusion-evaporation reaction. The de-exciting $$gamma$$-rays were measured with germanium detector arrays along with the measurement of evaporated charged particles in a $$4pi$$ segmented Si detector array. The level scheme was extended up to 12470 keV. The obtained level structure is compared with the large-scale shell-model calculations. The possibility of isoscalar-pair excited states is discussed for $$J=(17/2)$$ states with comparison between the experimental and theoretical results.


Identification of hydrogen species on Pt/Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ by ${it in situ}$ inelastic neutron scattering and their reactivity with ethylene

山添 誠司*; 山本 旭*; 細川 三郎*; 福田 良一*; 原 賢二*; 中村 充孝; 蒲沢 和也*; 佃 達哉*; 吉田 寿雄*; 田中 庸裕*

Catalysis Science & Technology, 11(1), p.116 - 123, 2021/01

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:81.22(Chemistry, Physical)

Hydrogen (H) species adsorbed on catalyst surfaces are key intermediates in catalytic hydrogenation reactions over supported metal catalysts. However, individual identification of H species on the metal catalysts has not been established to date. Here, we elucidated the H species on Pt/Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ by the combination of ${it in situ}$ inelastic neutron scattering (INS) and density functional theory (DFT). Several H species in the presence of H$$_{2}$$ were successfully identified at different sites on the Pt surface and Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ support. The ${it in situ}$ INS and FT-IR measurements revealed that the hydride/atop Pt-H, bridged perimeter/terrace Pt-H-Pt, and threefold Pt$$_{3}$$-H are active intermediates in the C$$_{2}$$H$$_{4}$$ hydrogenation reaction, whereas the edge Pt-H-Pt is a rather inert species. In addition, the ${it in situ}$ measurements indicate that the Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ itself acts as hydrogen storage material by mediating AlO-H and Al-H-Al species, which serve H species in the C$$_{2}$$H$$_{4}$$ hydrogenation reaction.


Quantitative estimation of exposure inhomogeneity in terms of eye lens and extremity monitoring for radiation workers in the nuclear industry

吉富 寛; 古渡 意彦; 萩原 雅之*; 長畔 誠司*; 中村 一*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 184(2), p.179 - 188, 2019/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:23.13(Environmental Sciences)

To manage the equivalent doses for radiation workers, exposure inhomogeneity is an important factor in the decision-making process related to protection measures and additional monitoring. Our previous study proposed the methodology to evaluate the inhomogeneity of exposure quantitatively. In this study, we applied proposed method to five different types of actual exposure situations in the nuclear industry. Two of them were conventionally characterized as homogeneous exposure, but the other three as inhomogeneous exposure. The evaluation of homogeneity exposure was conducted using Monte Carlo calculations with two simplified models, which were then verified with phantom experiments. Consequently, all of the evaluations reproduced the experimental results, implying that our proposed method would be applicable for actual work conditions in the nuclear industry. Furthermore, the two presumed homogeneous exposure situations were found to be rather inhomogeneous because of the contribution of positrons and the limited source region. The investigation also implies that obtaining the information on the most probable posture of the exposed worker, as well as the existence of the weekly penetrating radiation such as $${beta}^{pm}$$ ray as a main source of exposure would be the key for more precise estimation.


The Surface composition of asteroid 162173 Ryugu from Hayabusa2 near-infrared spectroscopy

北里 宏平*; Milliken, R. E.*; 岩田 隆浩*; 安部 正真*; 大竹 真紀子*; 松浦 周二*; 荒井 武彦*; 仲内 悠祐*; 中村 智樹*; 松岡 萌*; et al.

Science, 364(6437), p.272 - 275, 2019/04

 被引用回数:140 パーセンタイル:99.81(Multidisciplinary Sciences)



Retreat from stress; Rattling in a planar coordination

末國 晃一郎*; Lee, C. H.*; 田中 博己*; 西堀 英治*; 中村 篤*; 笠井 秀隆*; 森 仁志*; 臼井 秀知*; 越智 正之*; 長谷川 巧*; et al.

Advanced Materials, 30(13), p.1706230_1 - 1706230_6, 2018/03

 被引用回数:35 パーセンタイル:90.91(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)



Electronic structure of Pt and Pt-Co nanoparticles with O$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$/H$$_{2}$$O adsorption revealed by in situ XAFS and hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Cui, Y.*; 原田 慈久*; 畑中 達也*; 中村 直樹*; 安藤 雅樹*; 吉田 稔彦*; 池永 英司*; 石井 賢司*; 松村 大樹; Li, R.*; et al.

ECS Transactions, 72(8), p.131 - 136, 2016/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:54.63

The electronic structures of Pt and Pt-Co nanoparticles with O$$_{2}$$ adsorption and O$$_{2}$$/H$$_{2}$$O co-adsorption were investigated by in situ hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) and in situ high resolution fluorescence detection X-ray absorption spectroscopy (HERFD-XAS) to clarify the effects of water adsorption on fuel cell cathode catalysis surface. The experimental results suggest that under the pressure of 1 mbar, the adsorption of H$$_{2}$$O hinders the successive O$$_{2}$$ adsorption on Pt surface, while under the pressure of 1 bar, the adsorption of H$$_{2}$$O enhances the adsorption of O$$_{2}$$ on Pt surface. This water effect is found to be more significant on Pt surface than on Pt-Co surface. These results would be helpful to understand how the water affects the fuel cell performance and why Pt-Co nanoparticles show higher oxygen reduce reaction (ORR) activity than Pt nanoparticles.


Superdeformation in $$^{35}$$S

郷 慎太郎*; 井手口 栄治*; 横山 輪*; 小林 幹*; 木佐森 慶一*; 高木 基伸*; 宮 裕之*; 大田 晋輔*; 道正 新一郎*; 下浦 享*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.030005_1 - 030005_4, 2015/06

The high-spin states in $$^{35}$$S were investigated at Tandem-ALTO facility in Institut de Physique Nucl$'e$aire d'Orsay The $$^{26}$$Mg($$^{18}$$O, 2$$alpha$$1n)$$^{35}$$S fusion evaporation reaction was used to populate high-spin states in $$^{35}$$S. The germanium $$gamma$$-ray detector array ORGAM was employed to measure $$gamma$$ rays from high-spin states and charged particles evaporated from the compound nuclei were detected by a segmented silicon detector, Si-Ball. A level scheme for $$^{35}$$S was deduced based on the gamma-gamma-coincidence analysis and $$gamma$$-ray angular correlation analysis. The half-life of the transition in the superdeformed band was estimated by measuring the residual Doppler shift. The deduced half-life shows the large collectivity of the band.


Analysis on effects of transverse electric field in an injector cavity of compact-ERL at KEK

Hwang, J.-G.*; Kim, E.-S.*; 宮島 司*; 本田 洋介*; 原田 健太郎*; 島田 美帆*; 高井 良太*; 久米 達哉*; 長橋 進也*; 帯名 崇*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 753, p.97 - 104, 2014/07

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:50.1(Instruments & Instrumentation)

For a future synchrotron light source based on a linac, e.g. an X-ray free electron laser and an energy recovery linac (ERL), an injector is a key component to generate a high brightness electron beam. For the acceleration and transportation of the electron beam in the injector, the adjustment of beam orbit inside the cavity is important to avoid the deterioration of the beam quality due to the transverse electric field of it, which causes the transverse emittance growth. To adjust the beam orbit, an investigation of the electromagnetic center of the cavity is required in the beam operation. This paper shows a new method for measuring the electromagnetic center of the cavity, and describes an analytical model of emittance growth due to a combination of transverse electric field and orbit offset. The validation of the method was confirmed by the emittance measurement in the compact ERL (cERL) injector at KEK.


Simulation of VDE under intervention of vertical stability control and vertical electromagnetic force on the ITER vacuum vessel

宮本 斉児; 杉原 正芳*; 新谷 吉郎*; 中村 幸治*; 利光 晋一*; Lukash, V. E.*; Khayrutdinov, R. R.*; 杉江 達夫; 草間 義紀; 芳野 隆治*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(11), p.1816 - 1827, 2012/11

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:69.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Vertical displacement events (VDEs) and disruptions usually take place under intervention of vertical stability (VS) control and the vertical electromagnetic force induced on vacuum vessels is potentially influenced. This paper presents assessment of the force that arises from the VS control in ITER VDEs using a numerical simulation code DINA. The focus is on a possible malfunctioning of the VS control circuit: radial magnetic field is unintentionally applied to the direction of enhancing the vertical displacement further. Since this type of failure usually causes the largest forces (or halo currents) observed in the present experiments, this situation must be properly accommodated in the design of the ITER vacuum vessel. DINA analysis shows that although the VS control modifies radial field, it does not affect plasma motion and current quench behavior including halo current generation because the vacuum vessel shields the field created by the VS control coils. Nevertheless, the VS control modifies the force on the vessel by directly acting on the eddy current carried by the conducting structures of the vessel. Although the worst case was explored in a range of plasma inductance and pattern of VS control, the result confirmed that the force is still within the design margin.


Superdeformed band in asymmetric N $$>$$ Z nucleus, $$^{40}$$Ar and high-spin states in A = 30 $$sim$$ 40 nuclei

井手口 栄治*; 大田 晋輔*; 森川 恒安*; 大島 真澄; 小泉 光生; 藤 暢輔; 木村 敦; 原田 秀郎; 古高 和禎; 中村 詔司; et al.

Progress of Theoretical Physics Supplement, (196), p.427 - 432, 2012/10

A rotational band with five cascade $$gamma$$-ray transitions was newly found in $$^{40}$$Ar. The deduced transition quadrupole moment of $$1.45^{+0.49}_{-0.31}$$ eb has demonstrated this band as having a superdeformed shape of $$beta_2 sim$$ 0.5. The structure of the band was discussed in the framework of cranked Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov calculations and the assignment of multiparticle-multihole configuration has been made.


Spin-current-driven thermoelectric coating

桐原 明宏*; 内田 健一*; 梶原 瑛祐*; 石田 真彦*; 中村 泰信*; 眞子 隆志*; 齊藤 英治; 萬 伸一*

Nature Materials, 11(8), p.686 - 689, 2012/08

 被引用回数:202 パーセンタイル:98.62(Chemistry, Physical)

Energy harvesting technologies, which generate electricity from environmental energy, have been attracting great interest because of their potential to power ubiquitously deployed sensor networks and mobile electronics. Of these technologies, thermoelectric (TE) conversion is a particularly promising candidate, because it can directly generate electricity from the thermal energy that is available in various places. Here we show a novel TE concept based on the spin Seebeck effect, called "spin-thermoelectric (STE) coating", which is characterized by a simple film structure, convenient scaling capability, and easy fabrication. The STE coating, with a 60-nm-thick bismuth-substituted yttrium iron garnet (Bi:YIG) film, is applied by means of a highly efficient process on a non-magnetic substrate. Notably, spin-current-driven TE conversion is successfully demonstrated under a temperature gradient perpendicular to such an ultrathin STE-coating layer (amounting to only 0.01% of the total sample thickness). We also show that the STE coating is applicable even on glass surfaces with amorphous structures. Such a versatile implementation of the TE function may pave the way for novel applications making full use of omnipresent heat.


Engineering design of contact-type liquid level sensor for measuring thickness validation of liquid lithium jet in IFMIF/EVEDA lithium test loop

金村 卓治; 近藤 浩夫; 鈴木 幸子*; 帆足 英二*; 山岡 信夫*; 堀池 寛*; 古川 智弘; 井田 瑞穂; 中村 和幸; 松下 出*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 62(1), p.258 - 264, 2012/07

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:36.4(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Gate stack technologies for silicon carbide power MOS devices

細井 卓治*; 桐野 嵩史*; 上西 悠介*; 池口 大輔*; Chanthaphan, A.*; 吉越 章隆; 寺岡 有殿; 箕谷 周平*; 中野 佑紀*; 中村 孝*; et al.

Workshop digest of 2012 Asia-Pacific Workshop on Fundamentals and Applications of Advanced Semiconductor Devices (AWAD 2012), p.22 - 25, 2012/06

SiC is a promising material for high-power electronic devices. Although SiO$$_{2}$$ film can be grown on SiC by thermal oxidation, low channel mobility and poor gate oxide reliability are the critical issues for SiC power MOSFETs. In this work, we investigated the fundamental aspects of thermally-grown SiO$$_{2}$$/4H-SiC structures such as an energy band alighnment and flatband voltage instability. Both electrical characterization and XPS study revealed that a conduction band offset between SiO$$_{2}$$ and SiC is extrinsically increased. High temperature annealing in H$$_{2}$$ could passivate mobile ions existing in as-oxidized SiO$$_{2}$$/SiC structures. Post-oxidation annealing in Ar eliminates the mobile ions, but they are generated again by subsequent high-temperature hydrogen annealing. These features were not observed for SiO$$_{2}$$/Si structures, and thus considered to be inherent to thermally grown SiO$$_{2}$$/SiC structures.


Synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy study of thermally grown oxides on 4H-SiC(0001) Si-face and (000-1) C-face substrates

渡部 平司*; 細井 卓治*; 桐野 嵩史*; 上西 悠介*; Chanthaphan, A.*; 吉越 章隆; 寺岡 有殿; 箕谷 周平*; 中野 佑紀*; 中村 孝*; et al.

Materials Science Forum, 717-720, p.697 - 702, 2012/05

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:79.2

We investigated the interface between oxide and 4H-SiC(0001) Si-face or (000-1) C-face by synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy. The Si 2p$$_{3/2}$$ spectra were fitted with bulk SiC and SiO$$_{2}$$ together with intermediate oxides (Si$$^{1+}$$, Si$$^{2+}$$, Si$$^{3+}$$). The total amount of intermediate states was sufficiently small compared with that of the remaining oxides. This implies that the transition layer in the oxide is as thin as a few atomic layers. Moreover, the chemical composition in the bulk region was found to be almost identical to that of the initial SiC surface. These results indicate formation of a near-perfect SiO$$_{2}$$/SiC interface.


Impact of interface defect passivation on conduction band offset at SiO$$_{2}$$/4H-SiC interface

細井 卓治*; 桐野 嵩史*; Chanthaphan, A.*; 上西 悠介*; 池口 大輔*; 吉越 章隆; 寺岡 有殿; 箕谷 周平*; 中野 佑紀*; 中村 孝*; et al.

Materials Science Forum, 717-720, p.721 - 724, 2012/05

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:91.47

The energy band alignments of thermally grown SiO$$_{2}$$/SiC structures were investigated by means of synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy (SR-PES) and electrical characterization of SiC-MOS capacitors. In order to determine the energy band alignments of SiO$$_{2}$$/SiC, band gaps of the thermal oxides and valence band offsets at the interface were examined by SR-PES. SiC-MOS capacitors with Al electrodes were also fabricated to evaluate interface state density and conduction band offset. Experimental results indicate that hydrogen atoms are effective to terminate carbon-related defects. It can be concluded that interface quality degradation due to hydrogen desorption by vacuum annealing causes reduction of conduction band offset for thermally grown SiO$$_{2}$$/SiC structure.


An in situ M$"{o}$ssbauer study using synchrotron radiation

増田 亮; 三井 隆也; 伊藤 恵司*; 榊 浩司*; 榎 浩利*; 中村 優美子*; 瀬戸 誠

Hyperfine Interactions, 204(1-3), p.139 - 142, 2012/03

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:79.02



Present status of Japanese tasks for lithium target facility under IFMIF/EVEDA

中村 和幸; 古川 智弘; 平川 康; 金村 卓治; 近藤 浩夫; 井田 瑞穂; 新妻 重人; 大高 雅彦; 渡辺 一慶; 堀池 寛*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(9-11), p.2491 - 2494, 2011/10

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:65.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Current ramps in tokamaks; From present experiments to ITER scenarios

Imbeaux, F.*; Citrin, J.*; Hobirk, J.*; Hogeweij, G. M. D.*; K$"o$chl, F.*; Leonov, V. M.*; 宮本 斉児; 中村 幸治*; Parail, V.*; Pereverzev, G. V.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 51(8), p.083026_1 - 083026_11, 2011/08

 被引用回数:35 パーセンタイル:84.28(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

In order to prepare adequate current ramp-up and ramp-down scenarios for ITER, present experiments from various tokamaks have been analysed by means of integrated modelling in view of determining relevant heat transport models for these operation phases. A set of empirical heat transport models for L-mode has been validated on a multi-machine experimental dataset for predicting the $$l_i$$ dynamics within $$pm$$0.15 accuracy during current ramp-up and ramp-down phases. The most accurate heat transport models are then applied to projections to ITER current ramp-up, focusing on the baseline inductive scenario (main heating plateau current of $$I_p = 15$$ MA). These projections include a sensitivity study to various assumptions of the simulation. While the heat transport model is at the heart of such simulations, more comprehensive simulations are required to test all operational aspects of the current ramp-up and ramp-down phases of ITER scenarios. Recent examples of such simulations, involving coupled core transport codes, free-boundary equilibrium solvers and a poloidal field (PF) systems controller are also described, focusing on ITER current ramp-down.

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