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Journal Articles

Measurements of the $$^{243}$$Am neutron capture and total cross sections with ANNRI at J-PARC

Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Terada, Kazushi*; Nakao, Taro*; Mizuyama, Kazuhito*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Igashira, Masayuki*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(6), p.479 - 492, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:75.46(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Measurements of neutron total and capture cross sections of $$^{241}$$Am with ANNRI at J-PARC

Terada, Kazushi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakao, Taro*; Nakamura, Shoji; Mizuyama, Kazuhito*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Harada, Hideo; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Igashira, Masayuki*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(10), p.1198 - 1211, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:87.34(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Research and development for accuracy improvement of neutron nuclear data on minor actinides

Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kimura, Atsushi; Terada, Kazushi; Nakao, Taro; Nakamura, Shoji; Mizuyama, Kazuhito; Igashira, Masayuki*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.11001_1 - 11001_6, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:85.61

Journal Articles

Analysis on ex-vessel loss of coolant accident for a water-cooled fusion DEMO reactor

Watanabe, Kazuhito; Nakamura, Makoto; Tobita, Kenji; Someya, Yoji; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Uto, Hiroyasu; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Araki, Takao*; Asano, Shiro*; Asano, Kazuhito*

Proceedings of 26th IEEE Symposium on Fusion Engineering (SOFE 2015), 6 Pages, 2016/06

Safety studies of a water-cooled fusion DEMO reactor have been performed. In the event of the blanket cooling pipe break outside the vacuum vessel, i.e. ex-vacuum vessel loss of coolant accident (ex-VV LOCA), the pressurized steam and air may lead to damage reactor building walls which have confinement function, and to release the radioactive materials to the environment. In response to this accident, we proposed three cases of confinement strategies. In each case, the pressure and thermal loads to the confinement boundaries and total mass of tritium released to outside the boundaries were analyzed by accident analysis code MELCOR modified for fusion reactor. These analyses developed design parameters to maintain the integrity of the confinement boundaries.

Journal Articles

Purification of uranium products in crystallization system for nuclear fuel reprocessing

Takeuchi, Masayuki; Yano, Kimihiko; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Sambommatsu, Yuji*; Nakamura, Kazuhito*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Hirasawa, Izumi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(4), p.521 - 528, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:25.63(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Accuracy improvement of neutron nuclear data on minor actinides

Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kimura, Atsushi; Terada, Kazushi; Nakao, Taro; Nakamura, Shoji; Mizuyama, Kazuhito; Igashira, Masayuki*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 93, p.06001_1 - 06001_5, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:87.32

Improvement of accuracy of neutron nuclear data for minor actinides (MAs) and long-lived fission products (LLFPs) is required for developing innovative nuclear system transmuting these nuclei. In order to meet the requirement, the project entitled as "Research and development for Accuracy Improvement of neutron nuclear data on Minor ACtinides (AIMAC)" has been started as one of the "Innovative Nuclear Research and Development Program" at October 2013. The AIMAC project team is composed of researchers in four different fields: differential nuclear data measurement, integral nuclear data measurement, nuclear chemistry, and nuclear data evaluation. By integrating all of the forefront knowledge and techniques in these fields, the team aims at improving the accuracy of the data. The background, overall plan, and recent progress of the AIMAC project will be reviewed.

Journal Articles

Study of safety features and accident scenarios in a fusion DEMO reactor

Nakamura, Makoto; Tobita, Kenji; Gulden, W.*; Watanabe, Kazuhito*; Someya, Yoji; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Araki, Takao*; Matsumiya, Hisato*; Ishii, Kyoko*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(9-10), p.2028 - 2032, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:68.92(Nuclear Science & Technology)

After the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident, a social need for assuring safety of fusion energy has grown gradually in the Japanese (JA) fusion research community. DEMO safety research has been launched as a part of BA DEMO Design Activities (BA-DDA). This paper reports progress in the fusion DEMO safety research conducted under BA-DDA. Safety requirements and evaluation guidelines have been, first of all, established based on those established in the Japanese ITER site invitation activities. The amounts of radioactive source terms and energies that can mobilize such source terms have been assessed for a reference DEMO, in which the blanket technology is based on the Japanese fusion technology R&D programme. Reference event sequences expected in DEMO have been analyzed based on the master logic diagram and functional FMEA techniques. Accident initiators of particular importance in DEMO have been selected based on the event sequence analysis.

Journal Articles

Key aspects of the safety study of a water-cooled fusion DEMO reactor

Nakamura, Makoto; Tobita, Kenji; Someya, Yoji; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Gulden, W.*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Araki, Takao*; Watanabe, Kazuhito*; Matsumiya, Hisato*; Ishii, Kyoko*; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 9, p.1405139_1 - 1405139_11, 2014/10

Key aspects of the safety study of a water-cooled fusion DEMO reactor is reported. Safety requirements, dose target, DEMO plant model and confinement strategy of the safety study are briefly introduced. The internal hazard of a water-cooled DEMO, i.e. radioactive inventories, stored energies that can mobilize these inventories and accident initiators and scenarios, are evaluated. It is pointed out that the enthalpy in the first wall/blanket cooling loops, the decay heat and the energy potentially released by the Be-steam chemical reaction are of special concern for the water-cooled DEMO. An ex-vessel loss-of-coolant of the first wall/blanket cooling loop is also quantitatively analyzed. The integrity of the building against the ex-VV LOCA is discussed.

Journal Articles

Continuous operation test at engineering scale uranium crystallizer

Washiya, Tadahiro; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Nakamura, Kazuhito*; Yano, Kimihiko; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Nagata, Masanobu*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Journal of Power and Energy Systems (Internet), 4(1), p.191 - 201, 2010/02

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and Mitsubishi Materials Corporation (MMC) are developing the crystallization process for elemental technology of FBR fuel reprocessing. The uranium (U) crystallization process is a key technology for New Extraction System for TRU Recovery (NEXT) process that was evaluated as the most promising process for future FBR reprocessing. We had developed an innovative crystallizer and fabricated an engineering-scale crystallizer and have carried out continuous operation test to investigate the stability of the equipment at steady and non-steady state conditions by using depleted uranium. As for simulating typical failure events in the crystallizer, crystal accumulation and crystal blockage were occurred intentionally, and monitoring method and resume procedure were tried and selected in this work.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on behavior of Cs in uranium crystallization of advanced aqueous reprocessing system with simulated dissolver solution

Shibata, Atsuhiro; Yano, Kimihiko; Kamiya, Masayoshi; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Washiya, Tadahiro; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 8(3), p.245 - 253, 2009/09

Behavior of Cs in U crystallization process of advanced aqueous reprocessing system was investigated with simulated dissolver solution. Beaker-scale U crystallization experiments were carried out with some simulated dissolver solutions. The results show that possibility of generation of CsNO$$_{3}$$,Cs$$_{2}$$UO$$_{2}$$ (NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{4}$$ or Cs-FP complex salt is small. Precipitation experiments of Cs-U(IV) complex salts were also carried out with nitrate solution of U(IV) and Cs. It was found that Cs-U(IV) complex salt was precipitated in higher acidity than 5 mol/dm$$^{-3}$$. It is suggested that Cs-Pu(IV) precipitates can be generated in the U crystallization process, under specific solution condition.

Journal Articles

Research and development of crystal purification for product of uranium crystallization process

Yano, Kimihiko; Nakahara, Masaumi; Nakamura, Masahiro; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Nakamura, Kazuhito*; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Washiya, Tadahiro; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle; Sustainable Options & Industrial Perspectives (Global 2009) (CD-ROM), p.143 - 150, 2009/09

Journal Articles

Current status on research and development of uranium crystallization system in advanced aqueous reprocessing of FaCT project

Shibata, Atsuhiro; Kaji, Naoya; Nakahara, Masaumi; Yano, Kimihiko; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Washiya, Tadahiro; Myochin, Munetaka; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycle; Sustainable Options & Industrial Perspectives (Global 2009) (CD-ROM), p.151 - 157, 2009/09

As a part of FaCT project, Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been developing a U crystallization process for advanced aqueous reprocessing technology in collaboration with Mitsubishi Materials Corporation. We have carried out experimental studies and obtained fundamental data. Continuous operation tests were also carried out by an engineering-scale crystallizer to confirm productivity of the equipment and to investigate non-steady state conditions. The requirements for the U crystallization process in the FaCT project could be achieved except DF of Cs. More detail investigation is under way to settle the process condition without Pu-Cs double salt formation.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on U-Pu cocrystallization reprocessing process

Shibata, Atsuhiro; Oyama, Koichi; Yano, Kimihiko; Nomura, Kazunori; Koyama, Tomozo; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Homma, Shunji*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 46(2), p.204 - 209, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:43.89(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new reprocessing system with 2-stage crystallization process has been developed. In the first stage of the system, U and Pu are recovered from dissolver solution by U-Pu co-crystallization. Laboratory scale experiments were carried out with U and Pu mixed solution and irradiated fuel dissolver solution to obtain fundamental data on U-Pu co-crystallization process. Pu co-crystallized with U, but crystallization yields of Pu were lower than those of U. FPs were separated from U and Pu by co-crystallization, and decontamination factors of Cs and Eu to U in crystal were over 100.

Oral presentation

Development on the purification technology in crystallization process, 5; Basic sweating test with UNH crystal

Nakamura, Masahiro; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Koizumi, Kenji; Higuchi, Hidetoshi; Koizumi, Tsutomu; Washiya, Tadahiro

no journal, , 

A basic purification test was performed using uranium-simulated fission product elements solution in order to develop the purification technology for uranil nitrate crystal in crystallization of NEXT process. A decontamination factor with sweating, which is a release phenomenon of capsulated mother liquor from a crystal with high temperature, was estimated.

Oral presentation

Research and development on crystal purification in crystallization process, 1; Research and development plan and summary of 2006JFY results

Washiya, Tadahiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Hirasawa, Izumi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Crystallization system development for advanced aqueous reprocessing process

Washiya, Tadahiro; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Yano, Kimihiko; Kamiya, Masayoshi; Komaki, Jun; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Homma, Shunji*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Fundamental test of crystallization process; Evaluation of U solubility in solution of irradiated fuel

Kaji, Naoya; Nakahara, Masaumi; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Tomita, Yutaka; Washiya, Tadahiro; Kitajima, Takafumi; Koizumi, Tsutomu

no journal, , 

Solubility obtained from the latest crystallization tests using irradiated fuel and the tests implemented before using U or Pu/U are compared with the data showed by Hart. Based on the result, availability of the data to estimate crystallization ratio is considered.

Oral presentation

Development of engineering scale uranium crystallizer, 1; Confirmation test of the stability on an engineering scale crystallizer

Shibata, Atsuhiro; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Washiya, Tadahiro; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

no journal, , 

Uranium crystallization tests using a rotary kiln type crystallizer were carried out in an engineering scale in NEXT process condition. First, a steady state operation test was performed to confirm a stable crystallizer operation. Next, non-steady state simulation test was performed to understand non-steady state phenomena on the crystallizer and to design the measurement system of crystallizer.

Oral presentation

Research and development on crystal purification in crystallization process, 9; Fundamental experiment of melting and filtration with uranyl nitrate hexahydrate

Yano, Kimihiko; Nakamura, Masahiro; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Washiya, Tadahiro; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Hirasawa, Izumi*

no journal, , 

In order to develop purification of uranyl nitrate Hexahydrate (UNH) produced from crystallization process in new extraction system for TRU recovery, fundamental test of purification with uranium and surrogate impurities. Decontamination factors (DFs) were obtained by the test focused "Melting and filtration", which means melting filtration over the melting point of UNH crystals.

Oral presentation

Research and development on crystal purification in crystallization process, 6; Summary of development in 2007 JPY

Washiya, Tadahiro; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Nakamura, Kazuhito; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Hirasawa, Izumi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

38 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)