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Journal Articles

Simulation code for estimating external gamma-ray doses from a radioactive plume and contaminated ground using a local-scale atmospheric dispersion model

Satoh, Daiki; Nakayama, Hiromasa; Furuta, Takuya; Yoshihiro, Tamotsu*; Sakamoto, Kensaku

PLOS ONE (Internet), 16(1), p.e0245932_1 - e0245932_26, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:81.22(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

In this study, we developed a simulation code named SIBYL, which estimates external gamma-ray doses at ground level from radionuclides distributed nonuniformly in atmosphere and on ground. SIBYL can combine with the local-scale atmospheric dispersion model LOHDIM-LES, and calculate the dose distributions according to the map of the activity concentrations simulated by LOHDIM-LES. To apply the SIBYL code to emergency responses of nuclear accidents, the time-consuming three-dimensional radiation transport simulations were performed in advance using the general-purpose Monte Carlo code PHITS, and then the results were compiled to the database for the SIBYL's dose calculations. Moreover, SIBYL can consider the dose attenuation by obstacles and the changes of terrain elevations. To examine the accuracy of SIBYL, typical five cases including $$^{85}$$Kr emission from a ventilation shaft and $$^{137}$$Cs dispersion inside urban area were investigated. The results of SIBYL agreed within 10% with those of PHITS at the most of target locations. Furthermore, the calculation speed was approximately 100 times faster than that of PHITS.

Journal Articles

Examination of evaluation method for fault activity based on morphological observation of fault planes

Tanaka, Yoshihiro*; Kametaka, Masao*; Okazaki, Kazuhiko*; Suzuki, Kazushige*; Seshimo, Kazuyoshi; Aoki, Kazuhiro; Shimada, Koji; Watanabe, Takahiro; Nakayama, Kazuhiko

Oyo Chishitsu, 59(1), p.13 - 27, 2018/04

This paper aims to develop a methodology for understanding the fault activity by observing exposed fault planes without covering younger strata. Based on purpose, faults developed in relatively homogeneous rocks such granitic types are investigated as follows; Gosuke Dam upstream outcrop of Gosukebashi Fault and Funasaka-nishi outcrop of Rokkou Fault were selected for the study of an active fault; and K-3 outcrop of Rokkou Houraikyo Fault was chosen for a non-active fault.

JAEA Reports

User's guide of cement solidification test for incinerated ash

Nakayama, Takuya; Kawato, Yoshimi; Osugi, Takeshi; Shimazaki, Takejiro; Hanada, Keiji; Suzuki, Shinji; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Nakazawa, Osamu; Meguro, Yoshihiro

JAEA-Technology 2014-046, 56 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Technology-2014-046.pdf:7.61MB

The combustible and flame-retardant radioactive wastes generated as a result of the research activities in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) are incinerating to reduce their volume. The incinerated ash is planned to be solidified using cement for disposal. Since the properties of ashes generated in each institute of JAEA are varied with the type of incinerator and the wastes to be incinerated, it is necessary to do fundamental solidification tests in each institute to decide operating conditions of the planning cement solidification facility. It is important to standardize evaluating methods of cement and solidified waste because some characters depend on measuring method. This user's guide have been prepared how to decide the cement solidifying conditions of ash to design the cement solidification facility in JAEA. Requirements on the regulations of solidified radioactive waste have been examined and seven technical criteria, e.g. compressive strength, fluidity, have been selected as characters to be evaluated. Some empirical notes about selection of cement, admixtures, procedure on making a test piece, evaluation of expanding, compressive strength, solubility have been described. The strategy of tests and tips for finding optimized solidification condition has been summarized. Finally the example of optimized conditions satisfied the requirements and some problems to be solved have been described.

Journal Articles

Expansion control for cementation of incinerated ash

Nakayama, Takuya; Suzuki, Shinji; Hanada, Keiji; Tomioka, Osamu; Sato, Junya; Irisawa, Keita; Kato, Jun; Kawato, Yoshimi; Meguro, Yoshihiro

Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Cement-based Materials for Nuclear Wastes (NUWCEM 2014) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2014/06

Journal Articles

A Sampling method of oriented small sample from fault cores for SEM observation

Shimada, Koji; Kametaka, Masao*; Nakayama, Kazuhiko; Seshimo, Kazuyoshi; Tanaka, Yoshihiro; Hayashi, Toshio*; Tanaka, Yukumo; Shimogama, Kota*; Okazaki, Kazuhiko*

Chishitsugaku Zasshi, 119(11), p.727 - 731, 2013/11

Staples for a stapler can be used as a frame of a small oriented sample taken from fragile and scarce fault gouge. The fault gouge was slotted for staples of an insert. Staples are a group of about ten or less ones holding right-angled three small surfaces. Pre-oriented staples set the slot would remove then presented for the SEM observation. Only a knife, some glues and simple equipment are needed for the method in the field or laboratories.

Journal Articles

Crossbreeding of a metallic color carnation and diversification of the peculiar coloration by ion-beam irradiation

Okamura, Masachika*; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Umemoto, Naoyuki*; Cano, E. A.*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Nishizaki, Yuzo*; Sasaki, Nobuhiro*; Ozeki, Yoshihiro*

Euphytica, 191(1), p.45 - 56, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:73.52(Agronomy)

A few carnation cultivars are known to display a peculiar dusky color supposedly caused by anthocyanic vacuolar inclusions (AVIs). The hereditary pattern suggests that the peculiar color is controlled by a single recessive factor tightly linked with existence of AVIs containing non-acylated anthocyanins. To diversify the peculiar color carnation, we produced a bluish purple line displaying a highly novel metallic appearance by crossbreeding. By subjecting the line to ion-beam irradiation, we generated metallic reddish purple, metallic crimson and metallic red lines. All four metallic lines did not have transcripts for anthocyanin malyltransferase. In contrast to the dusky color types, metallic lines have highly condensed AVIs and water-clear vacuolar sap in the petal adaxial epidermal cells. We demonstrated that (1) a factor generating the AVIs is inactivated anthocyanin malyltransferase gene, (2) AVIs in water-clear vacuolar sap in the adaxial epidermal cells generate the novel metallic appearance, and (3) ion beam breeding is a useful tool for increasing metallic colors by changing anthocyanin structure and the level of AVIs.

Journal Articles

Isolation and characterization of the fragrant cyclamen ${it O}$-methyltransferase involved in flower coloration

Akita, Yusuke; Kitamura, Satoshi; Hase, Yoshihiro; Narumi, Issei; Ishizaka, Hiroshi*; Kondo, Emiko*; Kameari, Naoko*; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Tanikawa, Natsu*; Morita, Yasumasa*; et al.

Planta, 234(6), p.1127 - 1136, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:62.41(Plant Sciences)

Journal Articles

Red-purple flower due to delphinidin 3,5-diglucoside, a novel pigment for ${it Cyclamen}$ spp., generated by ion-beam irraidation

Kondo, Emiko*; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Kameari, Naoko*; Tanikawa, Natsu*; Morita, Yasumasa*; Akita, Yusuke; Hase, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Atsushi; Ishizaka, Hiroshi*

JAEA-Review 2010-065, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2009, P. 65, 2011/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Comparative analysis of floral pigmentation between wild-type and white-flowered varieties of ${it Cyclamen graecum}$

Akita, Yusuke; Ishizaka, Hiroshi*; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Shimada, Akihiko; Kitamura, Satoshi; Hase, Yoshihiro; Narumi, Issei; Tanaka, Atsushi

Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology, 85(5), p.437 - 443, 2010/09

The flower colour of ${it Cyclamen graecum}$ gra6 (wild-type) is pink-purple in the flower. On the other hand, flowers of ${it C. graecum}$ gra50 (white-flowered variant) exhibit a white colour in its flower. In this study, the relationship between floral pigmentation and expression of several anthocyanin biosynthesis genes was investigated in ${it C. graecum}$ gra6 and gra50. The pigments in the flower consist mainly of malvidin 3,5-diglucoside in gra6. White-flowered ${it C. graecum}$ gra50 possessed lower amounts of anthocyanins, but higher amounts of flavonols compared to gra6. Gene expression analysis demonstrated that expression of the dihydroflavonol 4-reductase gene 2 (${it CgraDFR2}$) was lower in gra50 compared with gra6, whereas the expression of other key genes did not differ greatly. These results suggest that the white-flowered variant of gra50 may result from a defect in expression of the ${it CgraDFR2}$ gene.

Journal Articles

Red-purple flower due to delphinidin 3,5-diglucosides, a novel pigment for ${it Cyclamen}$ spp., generated by ion-beam irradiation

Kondo, Emiko*; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Kameari, Naoko*; Tanikawa, Natsu*; Morita, Yasumasa*; Akita, Yusuke; Hase, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Atsushi; Ishizaka, Hiroshi*

Plant Biotechnology, 26(5), p.565 - 569, 2009/01

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:65.26(Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology)

Fragrant cyclamen cultivar (${it C. persicum}$ $$times$$ ${it C. purpurascens}$), that bloomed purple flower containing malvidin 3,5-diglucoside as the major anthocyanin, was irradiated with a 320-MeV carbon-ion beam at 0-16 Gy to increase flower color variation by mutation. Some of the M2 plants derived from self-pollination of M1 plants irradiated at 2 Gy were flower-color mutants that retained desirable flower shape, flower size, and leaf color. One of the mutants bloomed novel red-purple flowers, the major anthocyanin of which was delphinidin 3,5-diglucoside. Because the major anthocyanins in flowers of ${it Cyclamen}$ spp. were previously restricted to malvidin, peonidin, and cyanidin types, the generation of a cyclamen containing mostly the delphinidin-type anthocyanin is an important breakthrough in cyclamen breeding. We expect this mutant to become not only a commercial cultivar itself, but also a valuable genetic resource for cyclamen breeding.

JAEA Reports

Cause finding experiments and environmental analysis on the accident of the fire and explosion in TRP bituminization facility

Fujine, Sachio; Murata, Mikio; Abe, Hitoshi; Takada, Junichi; Tsukamoto, Michio; Miyata, Teijiro*; Ida, Masaaki*; Watanabe, Makio; Uchiyama, Gunzo; Asakura, Toshihide; et al.

JAERI-Research 99-056, p.278 - 0, 1999/09

JAERI-Research-99-056.pdf:22.73MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Performance study of the cryogenic system for ITER CS model coil

Kato, Takashi; Hamada, Kazuya; Kawano, Katsumi; Matsui, Kunihiro; Hiyama, Tadao; Nishida, Kazuhiko*; Honda, Tadaaki*; Taneda, Masanobu*; Sekiguchi, Shuichi*; Otsu, Kiichi*; et al.

ICEC16/ICMC Proceedings, p.127 - 130, 1996/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Comparative analysis of floral pigmentation between Cyclamen graecum and its colorless mutant

Akita, Yusuke; Ishizaka, Hiroshi*; Shimada, Akihiko; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Kitamura, Satoshi; Hase, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Atsushi; Narumi, Issei

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Mutation induction in fragrance cyclamen (${it Cyclamen persicum}$ x ${it C. purpurascens}$) by ion beam re-irradiation

Kondo, Emiko*; Kameari, Naoko*; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Akita, Yusuke; Hase, Yoshihiro; Tanikawa, Natsu*; Morita, Yasumasa*; Ishizaka, Hiroshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Comparative analysis of flavonoid biosynthesis genes between ${it Cyclamen graecum}$ and its white-flowered mutant

Akita, Yusuke; Ishizaka, Hiroshi*; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Shimada, Akihiko; Kitamura, Satoshi; Hase, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Atsushi; Narumi, Issei

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Analysis of flower pigmentation genes in cyclamen

Akita, Yusuke; Ishizaka, Hiroshi*; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Kitamura, Satoshi; Hase, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Atsushi; Narumi, Issei

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Induction of flower color mutation in fragrance cyclamen, "Kaori-no-mai" by ion beam irradiation

Kondo, Emiko*; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Kameari, Naoko*; Tanikawa, Natsu*; Morita, Yasumasa*; Akita, Yusuke; Hase, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Atsushi; Ishizaka, Hiroshi*

no journal, , 

One of the fragrant cyclamens, Kaori-no-mai, blooms purple flowers containing malvidin 3,5-diglucoside as the major anthocyanin. Here, we irradiated etiolated petioles of Kaori-no-mai with a 320-MeV carbon-ion beam to increase flower color variation by mutation. Some of the M2 plants derived from self-pollination of M1 plants were flower-color mutan. One of the mutants bloomed novel red-purple flowers, the major anthocyanin of which was delphinidin 3,5-diglucoside. The major anthocyanins in flowers of ${it Cyclamen }$ spp. were previously restricted to malvidin, peonidin, and cyanidin types, therefore, the generation of a cyclamen containing mostly the delphinidin-type anthocyanin is an important breakthrough in cyclamen breeding. We expect this mutant to become not only a commercial cultivar itself, but also a valuable genetic resource for cyclamen breeding.

Oral presentation

Mutation induction in fragrance cyclamen "Uruwashi-no-kaori" by ion beam irradiation

Kondo, Emiko*; Kameari, Naoko*; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Kurihara, Yasushi*; Akita, Yusuke; Tanikawa, Natsu*; Morita, Yasumasa*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Atsushi; Ishizaka, Hiroshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of eficient method for induction of flower color mutants

Okamura, Masachika*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Umemoto, Naoyuki*; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Tanikawa, Natsu*; Narumi, Issei; Tanaka, Atsushi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Analyses of flower pigments and volatile compounds of red-purple mutant generated by ion beam irradiation from haploid of fragrant purple cyclamen "Kaori-no-mai"(${it Cyclamen persicum}$ $$times$$ ${it C. purpurascens}$)

Kameari, Naoko*; Nakayama, Masayoshi*; Kondo, Emiko*; Kurihara, Yasushi*; Akita, Yusuke; Hase, Yoshihiro; Tanikawa, Natsu*; Morita, Yasumasa*; Tanaka, Atsushi; Ishizaka, Hiroshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

55 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)