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Journal Articles

An Examination of rapid analysis of $$^{226}$$Ra in natural water samples by ICP-MS

Tomita, Jumpei; Ozawa, Mayumi; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Miyamoto, Yutaka

KEK Proceedings 2021-2, p.130 - 134, 2021/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fe, Mn and $$^{238}$$U accumulations in ${it Phragmites australis}$ naturally growing at the mill tailings pond; Iron plaque formation possibly related to root-endophytic bacteria producing siderophores

Nakamoto, Yukihiro*; Doyama, Kohei*; Haruma, Toshikatsu*; Lu, X.*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Fukuyama, Kenjin; Fukushima, Shigeru; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Yamaji, Keiko*

Minerals (Internet), 11(12), p.1337_1 - 1337_17, 2021/12

Mine drainage is a vital water problem in the mining industry worldwide because of the heavy metal elements and low pH. Rhizofiltration using wetland plants is an appropriate method to remove heavy metals from the water via accumulation in the rhizosphere. ${it Phragmites australis}$ is one of the candidate plants for this method because of metal accumulation, forming iron plaque around the roots. At the study site, which was the mill tailings pond in the Ningyo-toge uranium mine, ${it P. australis}$ has been naturally growing since 1998. The results showed that ${it P. australis}$ accumulated Fe, Mn, and $$^{238}$$U in the nodal roots without/with iron plaque compared with other plant tissues. Among the 837 bacterial colonies isolated from nodal roots, 88.6% showed siderophore production activities. Considering iron plaque formation around ${it P. australis}$ roots, we hypothesized that microbial siderophores might influence iron plaque formation because bacterial siderophores have catechol-like functional groups. The complex of catechol or other phenolics with Fe was precipitated due to the networks between Fe and phenolic derivatives. The experiment using bacterial products of root endophytes, such as ${it Pseudomonas}$ spp. and ${it Rhizobium}$ spp., showed precipitation with Fe ions, and we confirmed that several ${it Ps.}$ spp. and ${it R.}$ spp. produced unidentified phenolic compounds. In conclusion, root-endophytic bacteria such as ${it Pseudomonas}$ spp. and ${it R.}$ spp., isolated from metal-accumulating roots of ${it P. australis}$, might influence iron plaque formation as the metal accumulation site. Iron plaque formation is related to tolerance in ${it P. australis}$, and ${it Ps.}$ spp. and ${it R.}$ spp. might indirectly contribute to tolerance.

Journal Articles

Development of spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry for extracting the structure factor of hydrogen atoms

Miura, Daisuke*; Kumada, Takayuki; Sekine, Yurina; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Oba, Yojiro; Ohara, Takashi; Takata, Shinichi; Hiroi, Kosuke; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.454 - 460, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We developed a spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry technique that extracts the structure factor of hydrogen atoms, namely, the contribution of hydrogen atoms to a crystal structure factor. Crystals of L-glutamic acid were dispersed in a dpolystyrene matrix containing 4-methacryloyloxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO methacrylate) to polarize their proton spins dynamically. The intensities of the diffraction peaks of the sample changed according to the proton polarization, and the structure factor of the hydrogen atoms was extracted from the proton-polarization dependent intensities. This technique is expected to enable analyses of the structures of hydrogen-containing materials that are difficult to determine with conventional powder diffractometry.

Journal Articles

Groundwater flow analysis and material transport analysis in Covered open pit site

Fukushima, Shigeru; Sakao, Ryota; Nagayasu, Takaaki; Ohara, Yoshiyuki

Heisei-29-Nendo Zenkoku Kozan, Seirenjo Gemba Tantosha Kaigi Shigen/Shinzozai Koenshu, p.61 - 66, 2017/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Changes in groundwater flow after remediation with capping for the Upstream of Mill Tailings Pond at Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center

Nishida, Nobuho; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Kawamoto, Tsutomu

Heisei-28-Nendo Zenkoku Kozan, Seirenjo Gemba Tantosha Kaigi Shigen/Shinzozai Koenshu, p.69 - 74, 2016/06

Japan Atomic Energy Agency Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center, has been conducting environmental remediation of the Ningyo-toge mine and Togo mine, after decades of mine-related activities including uranium exploration, mining and test milling were terminated, with doing safety measure, under Mining Safety law. As the one, culvert installation and multi-layered capping were performed at Upstream of Yotsugi Mill Tailings Pond to inspect about stability of multi-layered capping with checking rainwater infiltration restraint and radon dissipation inhibiting effect, from FY 2011 to FY 2012. And it was presumed possibility of amount of underground water is increased, as result of fluctuation numerical analysis for Upstream of Yotsugi Mill Tailings Pond before and after the multi-layered capping, and the water level of bowling holes around the Pond and spring water which flows from lower place of the Pond. But a culvert possesses enough drainage function and groundwater does not rise to the multi-layered capping part. Therefore, it is considered that there isn't problem to the stability of the current state of the multi-layered capping, but we will continue the monitoring of the water level of the bowling hole around the Pond, and the spring water which flows from lower place of the Pond.

Journal Articles

Verification of a quantitative method of uranium 238 in the radioactive waste using photon occurred by Compton effect

Yokoyama, Kaoru; Hata, Haruhi; Naganuma, Masaki; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Ishimori, Yuu

Radioisotopes, 64(11), p.687 - 696, 2015/11

Authors developed the new analysis technique (hereinafter referred to as the equivalent model) which calculates the amount of uranium by correcting the influence of uneven distribution of the uranium. Two $$gamma$$ rays different in the shelter effect are used in the equivalent model. The $$gamma$$ rays (766 keV, 1001 keV ) released from $$^{rm 234m}$$Pa are used for uranium quantitative determination. The quantity error is decided by the $$gamma$$ ray with the small calculation rate. The way to get the high calculation rate is considered to reduce the quantity error. Many $$gamma$$ rays are scattered by the Compton effect in radioactive waste, and scattered photons occur. We applied the scattered photon with the big count rate to equivalent model. It was effective to apply the count rate of the scattered photon by the Compton effect to equivalent model.

Journal Articles

Application of support vector machine to rapid classification of uranium waste drums using low-resolution $$gamma$$-ray spectra

Hata, Haruhi; Yokoyama, Kaoru; Ishimori, Yuu; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Tanaka, Yoshio; Sugitsue, Noritake

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 104, p.143 - 146, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:40.75(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

We investigated the feasibility of using support vector machine (SVM), a computer learning method, to classify uranium waste drums as natural uranium or reprocessed uranium based on their origins. The method was trained using 12 training datasets were used and tested on 955 datasets of $$gamma$$-ray spectra obtained with NaI(Tl) scintillation detectors. The results showed that only 4 out of 955 test datasets were different from the original labels-one of them was mislabeled and the other three were misclassified by SVM. These findings suggest that SVM is an effective method to classify a large quantity of data within a short period of time. Consequently, SVM is a feasible method for supporting the scaling factor method and as a supplemental tool to check original labels.

Journal Articles

Water treatment of Ningyo-toge mine

Nagayasu, Takaaki; Torikai, Kazuyoshi; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Uechi, Yasufumi

Journal of MMIJ, 131(6), p.357 - 358, 2015/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Verification of uranium 238 quantity calculated using waste assay systems

Yokoyama, Kaoru; Hata, Haruhi; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Naganuma, Masaki; Sugitsue, Noritake

Radioisotopes, 63(12), p.559 - 566, 2014/12

The amount of $$^{238}$$U in uranium-contaminated waste drums generated in the decommissioning of nuclear facilities is evaluated using $$gamma$$ ray measurement. We used the $$gamma$$-ray measurement system made from CANBERRA: Qualitative and Quantitative (Q$$^{2}$$) Low Level Waste Assay Systems and measured the waste drum. This equipment assumes uniform distribution of the uranium radiation source. But, homogeneity is not checked with a real waste drum. Authors developed the new analysis technique which calculates the amount of uranium by correcting the influence of uneven distribution of the uranium radiation source. As a result of evaluating using the new analysis technique, the error which the radiation source uneven distribution in a drum gives to $$^{238}$$U quantitative value of this equipment has been evaluated.

Journal Articles

The Burning process simulation of incineration ashes

Yokoyama, Kaoru; Rong, D.*; Ohara, Yoshiyuki

Kagaku Kogaku, 78(11), p.818 - 821, 2014/11

By the thermal disposal of the city garbage polluted with radioactive cesium, Cs adheres to incineration ashes and remains in municipal waste incineration facility. In order to acquire the distribution information in the waste incineration plant of the incineration ashes to which Cs adhered from viewpoints of radiation protection, burning analysis is conducted with the existing incinerator and the action of incineration ashes is evaluated. This approach is introduced by this report.

JAEA Reports

Further study of measurement of performance of the NDA using Q2 system for uranium waste drum

Naganuma, Masaki; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Miyamoto, Yasunori*; Murashita, Tatsuya*; Makita, Akinori*; Nohiro, Tetsuya*

JAEA-Technology 2014-012, 11 Pages, 2014/06

JAEA-Technology-2014-012.pdf:1.06MB

In Japan Atomic Energy Agency Ningyo-toge environmental engineering center, exploration for uranium and technical development of uranium refining, conversion and enrichment which are the front end of a nuclear fuel cycle have been performed since 1955. In 2002, we introduced Q2 low-level-waste drum measuring system which is a bulk measuring method of the passive $$gamma$$ ray. In 2007, OS2 analyzing operation system which was used in Q2, was replaced with windows system. This replacement improved the performance of the analysis of Q2. But quantified values of uranium obtained from win system did not correspond exactly to OS2 system. We considered whether the drum which was measured by OS2 system, was measured again by windows system. But it was difficult to measure these drum by win system. So in this study, we studied a calculation method for adjusting quantified values of uranium obtained by each system.

Journal Articles

Quantitative test for radioactivity of uranium filled in waste drums using Q$$^{2}$$ low level waste assay systems

Yokoyama, Kaoru; Hata, Haruhi; Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Sugitsue, Noritake

Radioisotopes, 62(11), p.833 - 840, 2013/11

We have proposed a new theory on passive $$gamma$$ assay for $$^{238}$$U determination of uranium-contaminated waste drums. According to this theory, regardless of the inhomogeneity of waste matrix density or uranium source distribution, we can accurately determine the amount of $$^{238}$$U contained in drums nondestructively using count rates of rays of two energies (1001 keV and 766 keV) emitted from $$^{238}$$U progeny nuclide $$^{rm 234m}$$Pa. This technique is aimed final at introducing into the existing $$gamma$$ ray measuring device. In this paper, we have verified the theory using the existing $$gamma$$ ray measuring device by tests under various simulated waste drums conditions. We used the $$gamma$$-ray measurement system made from CANBERRA: Qualitative and Quantitative (Q$$^{2}$$) Low Level Waste Assay Systems. The application validity of this evaluation technique was shown.

JAEA Reports

Measurement performance of the NDA using Q2 system for uranium waste drum

Ohara, Yoshiyuki; Naganuma, Masaki; Nohiro, Tetsuya*; Yoshida, Kimikazu*; Makita, Akinori*; Sakate, Mitsuo*; Irisawa, Takumi*; Murashita, Tatsuya*

JAEA-Technology 2012-048, 39 Pages, 2013/03

JAEA-Technology-2012-048.pdf:5.1MB

In Japan Atomic Energy Agency Ningyo-Toge Environmental Engineering Center, exploration for uranium and technical development of uranium refining, conversion and enrichment which are the front end of a nuclear fuel cycle have been performed since 1955. By these research and development, about 15000 radioactive waste (200 liter drum) has occurred by now. The analytical and measurement technique of the amount of uranium which are included in radioactive waste drum were very an inexperienced in those days. Therefore, measurement strict till 2002 was not able to be started. Such a situation as this, we introduced "Q2 low-level-waste drum measuring system" which is a bulk measuring method of the passive $$gamma$$ ray using a NaI scintillation detector in 2002. As a result, the total amount of uranium in a waste drum was estimated as about 20 tons.

Journal Articles

Radiation-induced ICAM-1 expression via TGF-$$beta$$1 pathway on human umbilical vein endothelial cells; Comparison between X-ray and carbon-ion beam irradiation

Kiyohara, Hiroki*; Ishizaki, Yasuki*; Suzuki, Yoshiyuki*; Kato, Hiroyuki*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Ono, Tatsuya*; Takahashi, Takeo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Nakano, Takashi*

Journal of Radiation Research, 52(3), p.287 - 292, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:52.22(Biology)

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:74.53(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of solid breeder blanket system cooled by supercritical water

Enoeda, Mikio; Ohara, Yoshihiro; Akiba, Masato; Sato, Satoshi; Hatano, Toshihisa; Kosaku, Yasuo; Kuroda, Toshimasa*; Kikuchi, Shigeto*; Yanagi, Yoshihiko*; Konishi, Satoshi; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2001-078, 120 Pages, 2001/12

JAERI-Tech-2001-078.pdf:8.3MB

This report is a summary of the design works, which was discussed in the design workshop held in 2000 for the demonstration (DEMO) blanket aimed to strengthen the commercial competitiveness and technical feasibility simultaneously. The DEMO blanket must supply the feasibility and experience of the total design of the power plant and the materials. This conceptual design study was performed to determine the updated strategy and goal of the R&D of the DEMO blanket which applies the supercritical water cooling proposed in A-SSTR, taking into account the recent progress of the plasma research and reactor engineering technology.

JAEA Reports

None

; ; Ohara, Yoshiyuki;

PNC TN6700 98-004, 23 Pages, 1998/01

PNC-TN6700-98-004.pdf:0.56MB

None

Oral presentation

Effects of X-ray and carbon ion beam on the postnatal cerebellum in organotypic slice cultures

Suzuki, Yoshiyuki*; Shirai, Katsuyuki*; Yoshida, Yukari*; Mizui, Toshiyuki*; Kiyohara, Hiroki*; Noda, Shinei*; Ishizaki, Yasuki*; Ozawa, Seiji*; Nakano, Takashi*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Effects of irradiation with the heavy ion beam on the expression of ICAM-1 and TGF$$beta$$1 on HUVEC

Kiyohara, Hiroki*; Ishizaki, Yasuki*; Suzuki, Yoshiyuki*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Funayama, Tomoo; Wada, Seiichi*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Nakano, Takashi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Effects of the heavy ion beam irradiation on the expression of ICAM-1 and TGF-b1 on HUVEC

Kiyohara, Hiroki*; Ishizaki, Yasuki*; Kato, Hiroyuki*; Suzuki, Yoshiyuki*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Funayama, Tomoo; Wada, Seiichi*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Nakano, Takashi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

87 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)