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Journal Articles

Development plan for coupling technology between high temperature gas-cooled reactor HTTR and Hydrogen Production Facility, 2; Development plan for coupling equipment between HTTR and Hydrogen Production Facility

Mizuta, Naoki; Morita, Keisuke; Aoki, Takeshi; Okita, Shoichiro; Ishii, Katsunori; Kurahayashi, Kaoru; Yasuda, Takanori; Tanaka, Masato; Isaka, Kazuyoshi; Noguchi, Hiroki; et al.

Proceedings of 30th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE30) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2023/05

JAEA Reports

Document collection of the Special Committee on HTTR Heat Application Test

Aoki, Takeshi; Shimizu, Atsushi; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Okita, Shoichiro; Hasegawa, Takeshi; Mizuta, Naoki; Sato, Hiroyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

JAEA-Review 2022-016, 193 Pages, 2022/08

JAEA-Review-2022-016.pdf:42.06MB

Aiming to realize a massive, cost-effective and carbon-free hydrogen production technology utilizing a high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is planning a HTTR heat application test producing hydrogen with High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) achieved 950$$^{circ}$$C of the highest reactor outlet coolant temperature in the world. In the HTTR heat application test, it is required to establish its safety design realizing highly safe connection of a HTGR and a hydrogen production plant by the Nuclear Regulation Authority to obtain the permission of changes to reactor installation. However, installation of a system connecting the hydrogen production plant and a nuclear reactor, and its safety design has not been conducted so far in conventional nuclear power plant including HTTR in the world. A special committee on the HTTR heat application test, established under the HTGR Research and Development Center, considered a safety design philosophy for the HTTR heat application test based on an authorized safety design of HTTR in terms of conformity to the New Regulatory Requirements taking into account new considerable events as a result of the plant modification and connection of the hydrogen production plant. This report provides materials of the special committee such as technical reports, comments provided from committee members, response from JAEA for the comments and minutes of the committee.

JAEA Reports

Safety design philosophy of HTTR Heat Application Test Facility

Aoki, Takeshi; Shimizu, Atsushi; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Okita, Shoichiro; Hasegawa, Takeshi; Mizuta, Naoki; Sato, Hiroyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

JAEA-Technology 2022-011, 60 Pages, 2022/07

JAEA-Technology-2022-011.pdf:2.08MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency is planning a High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) heat application test producing hydrogen with the HTTR which achieved the highest reactor outlet coolant temperature of 950$$^{circ}$$C in the world to realize a massive, cost-effective and carbon-free hydrogen production technology utilizing a high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR). In the HTTR heat application test, it is required to establish its safety design for coupling a hydrogen production plant to HTGR through the licensing by the Nuclear Regulation Authority (NRA). A draft of a safety design philosophy for the HTTR heat application test facility was considered taking into account postulated events due to the plant modification and coupling of the hydrogen production plant based on the HTTR safety design which was authorized through the safety review of the NRA against New Regulatory Requirements. The safety design philosophy was examined to apply proven conventional chemical plant standards to the hydrogen production plant for ensuring public safety against disasters caused by high pressure gases. This report presents a result of a consideration on safety design philosophies regarding the reasonability and condition to apply the High Pressure Gas Safety Act for the hydrogen production plant, safety classifications, seismic design classification, identification of important safety system.

JAEA Reports

Study on the evaluation method to determine the radioactivity concentration in radioactive waste on Oarai Research and Development Institute (FY2020)

Asakura, Kazuki; Shimomura, Yusuke; Donomae, Yasushi; Abe, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Ryoichi; Miyakoshi, Hiroyuki; Takamatsu, Misao; Sakamoto, Naoki; Isozaki, Ryosuke; Onishi, Takashi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2021-020, 42 Pages, 2021/10

JAEA-Review-2021-020.pdf:2.95MB

The disposal of radioactive waste from the research facility need to calculate from the radioactivity concentration that based on variously nuclear fuels and materials. In Japan Atomic Energy Agency Oarai Research and Development Institute, the study on considering disposal is being advanced among the facilities which generate radioactive waste as well as the facilities which process radioactive waste. This report summarizes a study result in FY2020 about the evaluation method to determine the radioactivity concentration in radioactive waste on Oarai Research and Development Institute.

Journal Articles

High temperature gas-cooled reactors

Takeda, Tetsuaki*; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Aihara, Jun; Aoki, Takeshi; Fujiwara, Yusuke; Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Ho, H. Q.; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Imai, Yoshiyuki; et al.

High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors; JSME Series in Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation, Vol.5, 464 Pages, 2021/02

As a general overview of the research and development of a High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) in JAEA, this book describes the achievements by the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) on the designs, key component technologies such as fuel, reactor internals, high temperature components, etc., and operational experience such as rise-to-power tests, high temperature operation at 950$$^{circ}$$C, safety demonstration tests, etc. In addition, based on the knowledge of the HTTR, the development of designs and component technologies such as high performance fuel, helium gas turbine and hydrogen production by IS process for commercial HTGRs are described. These results are very useful for the future development of HTGRs. This book is published as one of a series of technical books on fossil fuel and nuclear energy systems by the Power Energy Systems Division of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Journal Articles

Study of SiC-matrix fuel element for HTGR

Mizuta, Naoki; Aoki, Takeshi; Ueta, Shohei; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Yan, X.

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2019/05

Enhancement of safety and cooling performance of fuel elements are desired for a commercial High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR). Applying sleeveless fuel elements and dual side directly cooling structures with oxidation resistant SiC-matrix fuel compact has a possibility of improving safety and cooling performance at the pin-in-block type HTGR. The irradiated effective thermal conductivity of a fuel compact is an important physical property for core thermal design of the pin-in-block type HTGR. In order to discuss the irradiated effective thermal conductivity of the SiC-matrix fuel compact which could improve the cooling performance of the reactor, the maximum fuel temperature during normal operation of the pin-in-block type HTGR with dual side directly cooling structures are analytically evaluated. From these results, the desired irradiated thermal conductivity of SiC matrix are discussed. In addition, the suitable fabrication method of SiC-matrix fuel compact is examined from viewpoints of the sintering temperature, the purity and the mass productivity.

Journal Articles

Droplet generation during liquid jet impingement onto a horizontal plate

Zhan, Y.*; Oya, Naoki*; Enoki, Koji*; Okawa, Tomio*; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Takata, Takashi

Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 98, p.86 - 94, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:65.34(Thermodynamics)

Journal Articles

Conceptual plant system design study of an experimental HTGR upgraded from HTTR

Ohashi, Hirofumi; Goto, Minoru; Ueta, Shohei; Sato, Hiroyuki; Fukaya, Yuji; Kasahara, Seiji; Sasaki, Koei; Mizuta, Naoki; Yan, X.; Aoki, Takeshi*

Proceedings of 9th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2018/10

Conceptual design study of an experimental HTGR is performed to upgrade the plant system from Japanese High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) to a commercial HTGR. Safety systems of HTTR are upgraded to demonstrate the commercial HTGR concept, such as a passive reactor cavity cooling system, a confinement, etc. An intermediate heat exchanger (IHX) is replaced by a steam generator (SG) for a process heat supply to demonstrate the technology for a commercial use. This paper describes the conceptual design study results of the plant system of the experimental HTGR.

Journal Articles

Splash during liquid jet impingement onto a horizontal plate

Zhan, Y.*; Oya, Naoki*; Enoki, Koji*; Okawa, Tomio*; Ohno, Shuji; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Takata, Takashi

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/07

It is important to set the amount of sodium droplet mechanistically for appropriate numerical evaluations of sodium leak and fire behavior in a sodium-cooled fast reactor plant. In the present work, fundamental experiments are performed to measure the splash ratio during the vertical water jet impact onto a horizontal wall. It is shown that the splash ratio can be correlated well as a function of the impact Weber number and dimensionless impact frequency.

Journal Articles

Production of droplets during liquid jet impingement onto a flat plate

Yi, Z.*; Oya, Naoki*; Enoki, Koji*; Okawa, Tomio*; Ohno, Shuji; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro; Takata, Takashi

Proceedings of 10th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 7 Pages, 2016/11

It is important to set the amount of sodium droplet mechanistically for appropriate numerical evaluations of sodium leak and fire behavior in a sodium-cooled fast reactor plant. In the present work, fundamental experiments were performed to measure the splash ratio during the vertical water jet impact onto a horizontal wall. It was shown that the splash ratio can be correlated well as a function of the impact Weber number, the Strouhal number and the Ohnesorge number of the droplets impinging the liquid film.

Journal Articles

Development of a method of periodic safety review to cope with the aging degradation of hot laboratories

Tamaoki, Yuichi; Omori, Tsuyoshi; Fujishima, Tadatsune; Mizukoshi, Yasutaka; Sakamoto, Naoki

Proceedings of 53rd Annual Meeting of Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling Working Group (HOTLAB 2016) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2016/11

Post irradiation examinations are conducted in hot laboratories in Oarai Research and Development Center of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency in order to develop fuels and materials for fast reactors. These facilities, the majority of which were constructed in the 1970s, have accumulated operating experience over a period of more than 40 years. Continuous operational safety requires the maintenance of important equipment such as electronic devices, manipulators, in-cell cranes, as well as air conditioning and ventilation systems. A method for the periodic safety review for hot laboratories based on the periodic safety review method employed for preventive maintenance at commercialized power reactors in Japan has been developed. In this paper, the status of implementation of the periodic safety review for hot laboratories using the safety review method are introduced.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on splashing during liquid jet impingement onto a liquid film

Yi, Z.*; Oya, Naoki*; Enoki, Koji*; Okawa, Tomio*; Ohno, Shuji; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2016/06

It is important to set the amount of sodium droplet mechanistically for appropriate numerical evaluations of sodium leak and fire behavior in a sodium-cooled fast reactor plant. In the present work, fundamental experiments were performed to measure the splash ratio during the vertical water jet impact onto a horizontal wall. It was shown that the splash ratio can be correlated well as a function of the impact Weber number and the Strouhal number of the droplets impinging the liquid film.

JAEA Reports

Enhancement of the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment for preliminary investigation stage; Progress report on NUMO-JAEA collaborative research in FY2011 (Joint research)

Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Makino, Hitoshi; Hayano, Akira; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Taniguchi, Naoki; Oda, Chie; Kitamura, Akira; Osawa, Hideaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2012-032, 298 Pages, 2012/09

JAEA-Research-2012-032.pdf:33.68MB

JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and performance assessment in preliminary investigation phase. The topics and the conducted research are follows; (1) Study on selection of host rock: in terms of hydraulic properties, items for assessing rock property, and assessment methodology of groundwater travel time has been organized with interaction from site investigation. (2) Study on development of scenario: the existing approach has been embodied, in addition, the phenomenological understanding regarding dissolution of and nuclide release from vitrified waste, corrosion of the overpack, long-term performance of the buffer are summarized. (3) Study on setting nuclide migration parameters: the approach for parameter setting has been improved for sorption and diffusion coefficient of buffer/rock, and applied and tested for parameter setting of key radionuclides. (4) Study on ensuring quality of knowledge: framework for ensuring quality of knowledge has been studied and examined aimed at the likely disposal facility condition.

Journal Articles

Beam position monitor system of J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Kawase, Masato; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hiroki, Seiji; Saeki, Riuji; Takahashi, Hiroki; Teruyama, Yuzo*; Toyokawa, Ryoji*; Arakawa, Dai*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 677, p.94 - 106, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:66.72(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A beam position monitor (BPM) system at J-PARC RCS is described. The J-PARC RCS is a rapid-cycling proton synchrotron and its designed beam power is 1 MW. A diameter of the BPM detector is larger than 250 mm, however the system has to measure the beam position very accurately. The system should work not only for the high intensity but also for lower intensity. There are 54 BPM around the ring and most of them are placed inside steering magnets because of quite limited space. The BPM detector is an electro static type and it has four electrodes, and a pair of electrode gives a good linear response with diagonal cut shape to detect the charge center precisely. The signal processing unit, which is equipped with 14-bit 40 MSPS ADC and 600 MHz DSP, has been developed. They are controlled via shared memory space and EPICS. It is capable to record full 25 Hz pulse data for averaged mode and it could also store whole waveform data for further analysis, like turn-by-turn position calculation.

Journal Articles

Magnetic correlations and the influence of atomic disorder in frustrated isosceles triangular lattice antiferromagnet CuMnO$$_2$$

Terada, Noriki*; Tsuchiya, Yoshinori*; Kitazawa, Hideaki*; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Metoki, Naoto; Igawa, Naoki; Oyama, Kenji*

Physical Review B, 84(6), p.064432_1 - 064432_8, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:57.76(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have studied the magnetic correlations of the isosceles triangular lattice antiferromagnet CuMnO$$_2$$. Above $$T$$$$_{rm N}$$, the magnetic correlations are characterized by a two-dimensional (2D) short-range correlation. Below $$T$$$$_{rm N}$$, the magnetic structures have been identified to be collinear with the magnetic moments almost parallel to the $$d_{z^2}$$ orbitals. The stacking sequence along the $$c$$ direction is changed from antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic by atomic disorder. We find that the second-nearest-neighbor interlayer interaction plays an important role for the magnetic stacking along the $$c$$ axis. The magnetic excitation below $$T$$$$_{rm N}$$ is characterized by collective spin-wave excitation with an energy gap of 6 meV from the three-dimensional long-range magnetic order and by spin-liquid-like 2D excitation, indicated by specific heat.

Journal Articles

Multi-wire profile monitor for J-PARC 3GeV RCS

Hiroki, Seiji; Hayashi, Naoki; Kawase, Masato; Noda, Fumiaki; Saha, P. K.; Sako, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Hiroki; Ueno, Akira; Arakida, Yoshio*; Lee, S.*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.1131 - 1133, 2008/06

A set of six multi-wire profile monitors (MWPMs) has been installed in the injection area of the RCS (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron), and contributed to the initial commissioning for establishing an optimum injection orbit. The Au coated W wires (0.1 mm dia.) for the H$$^{-}$$ beam are fixed to a ceramic wind frame for two directions (horizontal and vertical with 17.7 deg. tilt, typically 51 wires with 2.9 mm or 9.5 mm distance), and the frame can be scanned for horizontal or vertical direction by using a stepping-motor driven actuator. A combination of the 17.7 deg. tilt wires and the precise scan function provides two step measurements, i.e. a rough profile is obtained only at one shot, and a detailed profile is measured for typically 101 shots (10 mm scan at 0.1 mm interval) thereafter. The beam induced charge signals are amplified, integrated and held by using a signal processing circuit. The signals are sequentially retrieved through multiplexers and digitized for obtaining a beam profile.

Journal Articles

Beam instrumentations for the J-PARC RCS commissioning

Hayashi, Naoki; Hiroki, Seiji; Saeki, Riuji; Toyokawa, Ryoji; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Arakawa, Dai*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Lee, S.*; Sato, Kenichiro*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.1125 - 1127, 2008/06

A 3-GeV Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has been commissioned recently. During its beam commissioning, various beam diagnostic instrumentation has been used. The multi-wire profile monitor (MWPM) is used to establish injection and H0 dump line. The electron catcher confirms that the beam hits a charge exchange carbon foil and the specified current monitor limits the beam current to the H0 dump. Single pass BPMs and ionization profile monitors (IPM) help to check the one pass orbit without circulation of the beam. The beam position monitor (BPM) can measure both COD and turn-by-turn position. Tune monitor system consists of exciter and its own BPM. The exciter shakes the beam and coherent oscillation. Dedicated BPMs, Fast CT (FCT) and Wall Current Monitor (WCM) are used for RF feedback or feedfoward control. It will describe the performance of each instruments and how they are contributed to the successful beam commissioning.

Journal Articles

The Beam position monitor system for the J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Hiroki, Seiji; Saeki, Riuji; Toyokawa, Ryoji*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Arakawa, Dai*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Lee, S.*; Sato, Kenichiro*; Tejima, Masaki*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.1128 - 1130, 2008/06

The Beam Position Monitor (BPM) system of the J-PARC RCS has been fabricated, installed and operated successfully during the beam commissioning. There are 54 BPMs around the ring and most of them are placed inside steering magnets. The BPM is electro static type and it has four electrodes. A pair of electrode gives a linear response with diagonal cut shape and they were calibrated before their installation. The signal processing unit, which is equipped with 14-bit 14MSPS ADC and 600MHz DSP, has been developed for the system. In order to measure small signal, especially during the initial phase of the commissioning, careful design also done for cabling. The paper presents the current performance of the system.

Journal Articles

Radiation level in the J-PARC Rapid Cycling Synchrotron after first study

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hayashi, Naoki; Hiroki, Seiji; Saeki, Riuji; Toyama, Takeshi*; Teshima, Masaki*; Sato, Kenichiro*

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.382 - 384, 2008/06

Journal Articles

The Status of the J-PARC RCS beam monitor system

Hayashi, Naoki; Hiroki, Seiji; Saha, P. K.; Saeki, Riuji; Toyokawa, Ryoji*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Arakawa, Dai*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Lee, S.*; et al.

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.243 - 245, 2008/00

The J-PARC RCS has been beam commissioned since fall 2007. During such a short period, the following items have been established. Establishment of the injection orbit, beam circulation, acceleration up to 3GeV, optics parameters measurements and it achieved 50 kW beam power (4$$times$$10$$^{12}$$ ppb). The beam monitor system has an important role for smooth beam commissioning. This paper describes the status of the beam monitor system, BPM, Injection monitors, IPM, current monitor, tune meter and BLM of the RCS.

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