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JAEA Reports

Status of study of long-term assessment of transport of radioactive contaminants in the environment of Fukushima (FY2018) (Translated document)

Nagao, Fumiya; Niizato, Tadafumi; Sasaki, Yoshito; Ito, Satomi; Watanabe, Takayoshi; Dohi, Terumi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Hagiwara, Hiroki; Funaki, Hironori; et al.

JAEA-Research 2020-007, 249 Pages, 2020/10

JAEA-Research-2020-007.pdf:15.83MB

The accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. occurred due to the Great East Japan Earthquake, Sanriku offshore earthquake, of 9.0 magnitude and the accompanying tsunami. As a result, large amount of radioactive materials was released into the environment. Under these circumstances, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting "Long-term Assessment of Transport of Radioactive Contaminants in the Environment of Fukushima" concerning radioactive materials released in environment, especially migration behavior of radioactive cesium since November 2012. This report is a summary of the research results that have been obtained in environmental dynamics research conducted by JAEA in Fukushima Prefecture.

JAEA Reports

Status of study of long-term assessment of transport of radioactive contaminants in the environment of Fukushima (FY2018)

Nagao, Fumiya; Niizato, Tadafumi; Sasaki, Yoshito; Ito, Satomi; Watanabe, Takayoshi; Dohi, Terumi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Hagiwara, Hiroki; Funaki, Hironori; et al.

JAEA-Research 2019-002, 235 Pages, 2019/08

JAEA-Research-2019-002.pdf:21.04MB

The accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (hereinafter referred to 1F), Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. occurred due to the Great East Japan Earthquake, Sanriku offshore earthquake, of 9.0 magnitude and the accompanying tsunami. As a result, large amount of radioactive materials was released into the environment. Under these circumstances, JAEA has been conducting Long-term Environmental Dynamics Research concerning radioactive materials released in environment, especially migration behavior of radioactive cesium since November 2012. This report is a summary of the research results that have been obtained in environmental dynamics research conducted by JAEA in Fukushima Prefecture.

Journal Articles

Cosmic-ray muon radiography for reactor core observation

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Takegami, Hiroaki; Ito, Chikara; Suzuki, Keiichi*; Onuma, Hiroshi*; Hino, Ryutaro; Okumura, Tadahiko*

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 78, p.166 - 175, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:60.95(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In our study, we focused on a nondestructive inspection method by which cosmic-ray muons could be used to observe the internal reactor from outside the RPV and the CV. We conducted an observation test on the HTTR to evaluate the applicability of the method to the internal visualization of a reactor. We also analytically evaluated the resolution of existing muon telescopes to assess their suitability for the HTTR observation, and were able to detect the major structures of the HTTR based on the distribution of the surface densities calculated from the coincidences measured by the telescopes. Our findings suggested that existing muon telescopes could be used for muon observation of the internal reactor from outside the RPV and CV.

Journal Articles

Preliminary experiment for internal structure visualization of HTTR using cosmic ray muons

Takegami, Hiroaki; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Ito, Chikara; Hino, Ryutaro; Suzuki, Keiichi*; Onuma, Hiroshi*; Okumura, Tadahiko*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 13(1), p.7 - 16, 2014/03

One of the important problems for controlling of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant is removing of fuel debris. As this preparation, the nondestructive inspection method for grasping the position of fuel debris is required. Therefore, we focused on a nondestructive inspection method using cosmic-ray muons. In this study, the applicability of this method for internal visualization of reactor was confirmed by preliminary test of internal visualization of High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR). By using cosmic-ray muons, major components in the HTTR, such as concrete wall and reactor core, can be observed from the outside of a containment vessel. From the results, it appears that the inspection method with muons is a candidate method for searching the fuel debris in a reactor. Based on the results, we also proposed some improvements of this system for inspection at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station.

JAEA Reports

Development of non-destructive inspection method for on-site observation; Preliminary examination for internal visualization of HTTR

Takegami, Hiroaki; Terada, Atsuhiko; Noguchi, Hiroki; Kamiji, Yu; Ono, Masato; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Ito, Chikara; Hino, Ryutaro; Suzuki, Keiichi*; Onuma, Hiroshi*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2013-032, 25 Pages, 2013/12

JAEA-Research-2013-032.pdf:3.56MB

We focused on a non-destructive inspection method using cosmic-ray muons as a candidate method for observation of internal the reactor from the outside of a reactor building. In this study, the applicability of this method for the reactor investigation was confirmed by a preliminary examination with High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR). From the results of this examination, it appears that high density structures, such as the core and concrete walls, were able to observe by using muon telescope with coincidence method from the outside of the pressure vessel. Furthermore, we proposed some improvements of this muon inspection system for on-site investigation at the Fukushima Daiichi NPS.

Journal Articles

Visualization experiment for internal structure estimation of reactor using cosmic ray muons

Suzuki, Keiichi*; Onuma, Hiroshi*; Takegami, Hiroaki; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Hino, Ryutaro; Okumura, Tadahiko*

Shadan Hojin Butsuri Tansa Gakkai Dai-129-Kai (Heisei-25-Nendo Shuki) Gakujutsu Koenkai Koen Rombunshu, p.131 - 134, 2013/10

In the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, the nuclear fuel had melted down due to loss of coolant and had already become debris. The debris would fall to the bottom of the CV. To remove the debris for future decommission is necessary; however the area and the size are unclear. On the other hand, cosmic ray muons are absorbed extremely in the debris because of the high density of uranium and plutonium. The inner structure of the nuclear reactor may be visualized with muons penetrating easily throught such the high-density material, as a non-contact or -destructive inspection. In this study, the muons through the HTTR were measured and visualizing the internal structure was attempted. As a result, high density areas were recognized at the same position as that of the reactor pressure vessel (RPV); therefore, the technical possibility with muons could be demonstrated. In the near future, new R&Ds will be promoted toward the practical use.

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