Orlandi, R.; 牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; 浅井 雅人; 塚田 和明; 佐藤 哲也; 伊藤 由太; 洲嵜 ふみ; 永目 諭一郎*; et al.
Physical Review C, 106(6), p.064301_1 - 064301_11, 2022/12
The nuclear structure of Cf produced by the O+Cf multinucleon transfer reaction was investigated using -ray spectroscopy. Analysis of the -ray spectrum of Cf revealed the presence of multiple long-lived (isomeric) excited states at low excitation energies. The energies and half-lives of the isomers contain information on the proton and neutron orbits in the heavy-element region and the deformation of atomic nuclei, and are important data to predict the properties of nuclei in the "island of stability".
岩元 大樹; 中野 敬太; 明午 伸一郎; 佐藤 大樹; 岩元 洋介; 石 禎浩*; 上杉 智教*; 栗山 靖敏*; 八島 浩*; 西尾 勝久; et al.
JAEA-Conf 2022-001, p.129 - 133, 2022/11
田中 翔也*; 廣瀬 健太郎; 西尾 勝久; Kean, K. R.*; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; 有友 嘉浩*
Physical Review C, 105(2), p.L021602_1 - L021602_5, 2022/02
The angular momentum of a primary excited compound nucleus produced in multinucleon transfer reaction is an important quantity to evaluate cross sections to synthesize neutron-rich heavy element nuclei as well as for surrogate reaction studies. The mechanism is, however, not enough understood due to the lack of detailed experimental data. In the present study, we determined the angular momentum of primary excited nuclei, Np, Pu, and Am, produced in the multi-nucleon transfer channels of the O + Np reaction. With this aim, angular distributions of fission fragments with respect to the axis perpendicular to the reaction plane were measured for each compound nucleus. The distributions show an anisotropy exhibiting an enhanced yield on the reaction plane. They are well reproduced by a saddle point model, from which the average angular momentum is derived in the model framework. The angular momentum increases with the compound-nucleus mass, thus the number of nucleons exchanged, but shows a saturating trend toward heavier compound nuclei. These results are the first ones to point to the dependence of the angular momentum on the transfer channels.
Gerst, R.-B.*; Blazhev, A.*; Moschner, K.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Orlandi, R.; 他62名*
Physical Review C, 105(2), p.024302_1 - 024302_11, 2022/02
The neutron rich krypton isotopes Kr (=36, =58,59,60 respectively) were investigated at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Facility Facility (RIBF) at RIKEN. The nuclei of interest were produced in nuclear reactions induced by radioactive Kr and Rb beams, prduced via in-flight fission of U, impinging onto the liquid hydrogen target MINOS. The main reactions occurring were (p,pn), (p,p') and (p,2p). The isotopes of interest were separated in the fragment separator BigRIPS, and their rays detected using the DALI2 -ray spectrometer. The Kr provide insights onto the sudden onset of deformation occurring in Zr and Mo isotopes at =60, which is also associated with shape coexistence. In this experiment the level scheme of these isotopes could be extended, and new yrast and non-yrast states were identified. The results were compared with predictions of the "beyond-mean-field" model and the IBM model, and indications of prolate-oblate shape coexistence at =60 in the Kr isotopes was found.
岩元 大樹; 中野 敬太; 明午 伸一郎; 佐藤 大樹; 岩元 洋介; 杉原 健太; 西尾 勝久; 石 禎浩*; 上杉 智教*; 栗山 靖敏*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 15 Pages, 2022/00
加速器駆動核変換システム(ADS)の研究開発及び京都大学臨界実験装置(KUCA)におけるADS未臨界炉物理の基礎研究を目的として、固定磁場強収束(FFAG)加速器を用いて107MeV陽子による鉄、鉛及びビスマス標的に対する二重微分中性子収量(TTNY)を測定した。TTNYは8個の中性子検出器(各検出器は小型のNE213液体有機シンチレータと光電子増倍管より構成される)からなる中性子検出器システムを用いて飛行時間法により得られたものである。測定で得られたTTNYを、粒子・重イオン輸送コードシステム(PHITS)に組み込まれたモンテカルロ法に基づく核破砕反応モデル(INCL4.6/GEM, Bertini/GEM, JQMD/GEM, JQMD/SMM/GEM)及び評価済み高エネルギー核データライブラリ(JENDL-4.0/HE)による計算結果と比較した。JENDL-4.0/HEを含む比較対象のモデルは、検出器角度5度における高エネルギーピークを再現しないなどの特徴的な不一致が見られた。測定で得られたTTNYとPHITSによって評価した20MeV以下のエネルギー及び角度積分中性子収率を比較した結果、INCL4.6/GEMがKUCAにおけるADS炉物理実験のモンテカルロ輸送シミュレーションに適していることが示された。
Yan, S. Q.*; Li, X. Y.*; 西尾 勝久; Lugaro, M.*; Li, Z. H.*; 牧井 宏之; Pignatari, M.*; Wang, Y. B.*; Orlandi, R.; 廣瀬 健太郎; et al.
Astrophysical Journal, 919(2), p.84_1 - 84_7, 2021/10
The long-lived Fe (with a half-life of 2.62 Myr) is a crucial diagnostic of active nucleosynthesis in the Milky Way galaxy and in supernovae near the solar system. The neutron-capture reaction Fe(n,)Fe on Fe (half-life=44.5 days) is the key reaction for the production of Fe in massive stars. This reaction cross section has been previously constrained by the Coulomb dissociation experiment, which offered partial constraint on the E1 -ray strength function but a negligible constraint on the M1 and E2 components. In this work, for the first time, we use the surrogate ratio method to experimentally determine the Fe(n,)Fe cross sections in which all the components are included. We derived a Maxwellian-averaged cross section of 27.53.5 mb at = 30 keV and 13.41.7 mb at = 90 keV, roughly 10%-20% higher than previous estimates. We analyzed the impact of our new reaction rates in nucleosynthesis models of massive stars and found that uncertainties in the production of Fe from the Fe(n,)Fe rate are at most 25. We conclude that stellar physics uncertainties now play a major role in the accurate evaluation of the stellar production of Fe.
Tonev, D.*; De Angelis, G.*; Deloncle, I.*; Orlandi, R.; 他27名*
Physics Letters B, 821, p.136603_1 - 136603_6, 2021/10
The mirror nuclei P and S, produced via the Ne+C reaction at 33 MeV, were studied at Legnaro Laboratory using the EUCLIDES Si array coupled with the GASP Ge array. The observed B(E1) strengths of mirror E1 transitions, provide strong evidence for breaking of isospin symmetry in the A=31 mass region. The new finding are supported and explained by state-of-the-art beyond-mean-field calculations including 2- and 3-body forces. According to these findings, the breaking of isospin symmetry originate from violation of charge symmetry in the 2- and 3-body parts of the Coulomb potential.
Moon, B.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Nadja, H.*; Gargano, A.*; Lozeva, R.*; Moon, C.-B.*; Orlandi, R.; 他66名*
Physical Review C, 103(3), p.034320_1 - 034320_15, 2021/03
At RIKEN RIBF facility, the beta decay of Sb and Sb were studied and several new excited states were assigned to the level schemes of Te and Te. The structure of these Te isotopes deduced from the level scheme is compared with state-of-the-art shell-model calculations using different effective interactions. The comparison with calculations permits to determine the spectroscopic factors and deformation of these isotopes close to doubly magic Sn.
岩佐 直仁*; 石川 竣喜*; 久保野 茂*; 榊原 昂浩*; 小湊 和也*; 西尾 勝久; 松田 誠; 廣瀬 健太郎; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; et al.
Physical Review C, 103(1), p.015801_1 - 015801_5, 2021/01
The Be(He,)Be()Li reaction was studied at (He)=30 MeV to deduce the branching ratios of of resonant state at 18.91 - 20.1 MeV in Be, which are necessary to extract the Be(, )Li reaction rate relevant to the Be destruction in the big bang nucleosynthesis, from the Li(,)Be reaction cross section. The decay protons from Be to the ground and first excited states in Li were well-separately measured. The ratio of the 19.235-MeV state was deduced to be 3.41.9%. The 19.86- and 20.1-MeV states were found to decay dominantly into the first excited and ground states of Li, respectively.
Vermeulen, M. J.; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Kean, K. R.; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Tsekhanovich, I.*; Andreyev, A. N.; 石崎 翔馬*; et al.
Physical Review C, 102(5), p.054610_1 - 054610_11, 2020/11
Fission fragment mass distributions for 23 nuclei (U, Np, Pu, Am, Cm, and Bk) were measured using the multi-nucleon transfer approach in the reaction of O+Np, and their excitation-energy dependence was obtained up to a maximum of 70 MeV. Among them, the low energy fission of Np, Pu, and Cm is reported for the first time. The experimental data for all the studied nuclei were compared to the Langevin calculations. The calculation which takes into account the effects of multi-chance fission well reproduced the peak-to-valley ratio and mass-asymmetric peak positions of the distributions. The angular momenta given to the fissioning nucleus is also discussed.
Jungclaus, A.*; Keatings, J. M.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Orlandi, R.; 他47名*
Physical Review C, 102(3), p.034324_1 - 034324_11, 2020/09
The decay of Sn was investigated at RIBF, RIKEN. For Sb the first information on excited states was obtained. In the case of Sb and Sb, new gamma-rays were observed. The new experimental results, in combination with state-of-the-art shell-model calculations, provide the first information on the evolution of the 0gand 1d proton single-particle states with increasing neutron number beyond =84.
Bello Garrote, F. L.*; Sahin, E.*; 角田 佑介*; 大塚 孝治*; Grgen, A.*; Orlandi, R.; 他61名*
Physical Review C, 102(3), p.034314_1 - 034314_13, 2020/09
Detailed spectroscopy of neutron-rich odd- Cu isotopes is of great importance for studying the shell evolution in the region of Ni. Excited states in Cu were populated in the decay of Ni isotopes, which were produced by the in-flight fission at RIBF, RIKEN. The Ni isotopes were separated, identified, and implanted in a highly segmented Si detector array for the detection of the -decay electrons, while the delayed rays were detected by an array of HPGe cluster detectors. A level scheme of Cu was built up to 4 MeV, from which the location of the two previously known low-lying isomeric states was clarified. The level structure below 2 MeV was interpreted based on the results of the shell-model calculations and the systematics of odd- Cu isotopes, revealing the evolution of single-particle states in this region.
Gottardo, A.*; De Angelis, G.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Coraggio, L.*; Gargano, A.*; Itaco, N.*; Orlandi, R.; 他52名*
Physical Review C, 102(1), p.014323_1 - 014323_8, 2020/07
Reduced transition probabilities have been measured for the neutron-rich Ni nuclei with relativistic Coulomb excitation performed at the RIKEN Nishina Center. Excitation energies compare well with the result of large-scale shell-model calculations, while values are larger than predicted. This could indicate an increasing contribution of proton excitations across the shell closure when approaching Ni.
Frotscher, A.*; Gmez-Ramos, M.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Authelet, G.*; 馬場 秀忠*; Orlandi, R.; 他86名*
Physical Review Letters, 125(1), p.012501_1 - 012501_7, 2020/07
Twenty-one two-proton () knock-out cross sections of neutron-rich radioactive isotopes were measured in inverse kinematics using the MINOS time-projection chamber at RIBF, RIKEN. The proton angular distributions, measured for the first time, reveal that the reaction kinematics of the () reaction is consistent with sequential proton collisions within the projectile nucleus.
Orlandi, R.; 廣瀬 健太郎; 矢板 毅; 山上 浩志; 家田 淳一; 神戸 振作; 石川 法人
日本原子力学会誌ATOMO, 62(5), p.280 - 284, 2020/05
Dupont, E.*; Astier, A.*; Petrache, C. M.*; Lv, B. F.*; Deloncle, I.*; Kiener, J.*; Orlandi, R.; 牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; et al.
Physical Review C, 101(1), p.014309_1 - 014309_6, 2020/01
Five new 2 levels and one new 3 level were established in Po. The states were populated via the Pb(C, Be) two-proton reaction experiment, performed at the JAEA Tandem in Tokai. A setup combining Ge, LaBr, and Si telescopes was used to detect in-beam -rays and ejectile residues. Two-proton configurations were assigned to all new states. All assignments are strongly supported by shell-model calculations.
牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Orlandi, R.; Lguillon, R.; 小川 達彦; Soldner, T.*; Kster, U.*; Pollitt, A.*; Hambsch, F.-J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 100(4), p.044610_1 - 044610_7, 2019/10
The prompt fission -ray energy spectrum for cold-neutron induced fission of U was measured in the energy range = 0.8 - 20,MeV, by gaining a factor of about 10 in statistics compared to the measurements performed so far. The spectrum exhibits local bump structures at 4,MeV and 6,MeV, and also a broad one at 15,MeV. In order to understand the origins of these bumps, the -ray spectra were calculated using a statistical Hauser-Feshbach model, taking into account the de-excitation of all the possible primary fission fragments. It is shown that the bump at 4,MeV is created by the transitions between the discrete levels in the fragments around Sn, and the bump at 6,MeV mostly comes from the complementary light fragments. It is also indicated that a limited number of nuclides, which have high-spin states at low excitation energies, can contribute to the bump structure around 15,MeV, induced by the transition feeding into the low-lying high-spin states.
Torres, D. A.*; Chapman, R.*; Kumar, V.*; Hadinia, B.*; Hodsdon, A.*; Labiche, M.*; Liang, X.*; O'Donnell, D.*; Ollier, J.*; Orlandi, R.; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 55(9), p.158_1 - 158_21, 2019/09
Excited states of the rubidium isotopes Rb were studied at the INFN Legnaro National Laboratory. Measurements of the -ray of nuclei produced in binary reactions from the interaction of a beam of 530 MeV Zr ions with a Sn target were complemented by studies of the -rays from nuclei produced in the interaction of a beam of 230 MeV S ions with a thick Yb target. The structure of the yrast states of Rb is discussed within the context of spherical shell-model and cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations.
Xiao, Y.*; Go, S.*; Grzywacz, R.*; Orlandi, R.; Andreyev, A. N.; 浅井 雅人; Bentley, M. A.*; de Angelis, G.*; Gross, C. J.*; Hausladen, P.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 100(3), p.034315_1 - 034315_8, 2019/09
A search for super-allowed decay of N=Z nuclei Te and Xe was carried out using a novel recoil-decay scintillator detector at the tandem accelerator facility at Japan Atomic Energy Agency. Inorganic crystal scintillation material of YAP:Ce (Yttrium Aluminium Perovskite) coupled to position-sensitive photo-multiplier tube (PSPMT) was implemented for the first time in a radioactive decay experiment. Residues from the fusion-evaporation reaction Ni+Fe Xe were separated by the JAEA Recoil Mass Separator (RMS) and implanted into the YAP:Ce crystal. decays of neutron-deficient tellurium isotopes were identified and proton-emission of I was observed. No conclusive evidence was found for the decay chain XeTe Sn within 3 days experiment. The cross section limit of 130 pb was obtained for production of two events of Xe, about an order of magnitude below the expectation based on earlier cross section measurements and HIVAP calculations.
Wrzosek-Lipska, K.*; Rezynkina, K.*; Bree, N.*; Zieliska, M.*; Gaffney, L. P.*; Petts, A.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Bastin, B.*; Bender, M.*; Blazhev, A.*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 55(8), p.130_1 - 130_23, 2019/08
The neutron-deficient mercury isotopes serve as a classical example of shape coexistence, whereby at low energy near-degenerate nuclear states characterized by different shapes appear. The electromagnetic structure of even-mass Hg isotopes was studied using safe-energy Coulomb excitation of neutron-deficient mercury beams delivered by the REX-ISOLDE facility at CERN. The population of 0, 2, and 4 states was observed in all nuclei under study. Reduced matrix elements coupling populated yrast and non-yrast states were extracted, including their relative signs. These are a sensitive probe of shape coexistence and may be used to validate nuclear models. The experimental results are discussed in terms of mixing of two different configurations and are compared with three different model calculations: the Beyond Mean Field model, the Interacting Boson Model with configuration mixing and the General Bohr Hamiltonian. Partial agreement with experiment was observed, hinting to missing ingredients in the theoretical descriptions.