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Journal Articles

Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 32 Pages, 2022/02

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.

Journal Articles

Soft X-ray irradiation induced metallization of layered TiNCl

Kataoka, Noriyuki*; Tanaka, Masashi*; Hosoda, Wataru*; Taniguchi, Takumi*; Fujimori, Shinichi; Wakita, Takanori*; Muraoka, Yuji*; Yokoya, Takashi*

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 33(3), p.035501_1 - 035501_6, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Reactivity of an antioxidant, edaravone, with reactive oxygen species and its chemical repair properties against oxidative damage on DNA

Hata, Kuniki; Lin, M.*; Yokoya, Akinari*; Fujii, Kentaro*; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Muroya, Yusa*; Katsumura, Yosuke*

Hoshasen Kagaku (Internet), (103), p.29 - 34, 2017/04

Reactivity of edaravone (3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one), which is known to show high antioxidative properties, with oxidative species, such as hydroxyl radical ($${}^{bullet}$$OH) and azide radical (N$$^{bullet}$$$$_{3}$$), was investigated by a pulse radiolysis experiment, and generation behavior of edaravone radicals produced through these reactions were observed. It was shown that OH-adducts are produced by the reaction with $${}^{bullet}$$OH in contrast to the other oxidative radicals, which react with edaravone by an electron transfer reaction. Chemical repair properties of edaravone against DNA lesions produced by reactions of DNA with oxidative species were also investigated by a pulse radiolysis experiment with deoxyguanosine monophosphate (dGMP) and a $$gamma$$-radiolysis experiment with plasmid DNA solutions. It was observed that edaravone reduced dGMP radicals just after produced in a dilute aqueous solution and inhibited some base lesions on plasmid DNA more effectively than single strand breaks. These results show that edaravone may protect living system from oxidative stress, such as radiation, by not only scavenging oxidative species but also reducing precursors of DNA leisons.

JAEA Reports

Data acquisition of mass transport parameters

Iwasaki, Riyo*; Hama, Katsuhiro; Morikawa, Keita*; Hosoya, Shinichi*

JAEA-Technology 2016-037, 62 Pages, 2017/02

JAEA-Technology-2016-037.pdf:8.69MB

Mass transport study is mainly performed as part of Phase III in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project. In Phase III, the goal of mass transport study is to obtain a better understanding of mass transport phenomena in the geological environment as well as to develop technologies for measurement of the mass transport parameters, model construction, numerical analysis and validation of those technologies. This study was planned to understand the influence of the geological characteristics of fracture on the mass transport parameters.

Journal Articles

Origin of robust nanoscale ferromagnetism in Fe-doped Ge revealed by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and first-principles calculation

Sakamoto, Shoya*; Wakabayashi, Yuki*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Fujimori, Shinichi; Suzuki, Hakuto*; Ban, Yoshisuke*; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Masaaki*; Oya, Shinobu*; Fujimori, Atsushi*

Physical Review B, 95(7), p.075203_1 - 075203_5, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:50.2(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Quick measurement of continuous absorption spectrum in ion beam pulse radiolysis; Application of optical multi-channel detector into transient species observation

Iwamatsu, Kazuhiro*; Muroya, Yusa*; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Kimura, Atsushi; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Katsumura, Yosuke*

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 119, p.213 - 217, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.27(Chemistry, Physical)

A quick measurement system of a continuous absorption spectrum covering a wide range from 200 to 950 nm was constructed by employing an optical multi-channel detector. Ion beam pulse radiolysis with 12.5 MeV/u He, 18.3 MeV/u C and 17.5 MeV/u Ne ions were performed with the measurement system. Transient absorption spectrum of (SCN)$$_{2}$$$$^{-}$$ was clearly observed in KSCN aqueous solutions within a few minutes in spite of their very small absorbance, demonstrating high sensitivity of 0.001-0.003 in absorbance in the range from 260 to 660 nm as well as short measurement time of a few minutes. Two different absorption peaks attributed to Br$$_{2}$$$$^{-}$$ and Br$$_{3}$$$$^{-}$$ were observed simultaneously in NaBr aqueous solutions, showing powerfulness of the measurement system in overviewing chemical kinetics under ion beam irradiation especially in not well investigated chemical systems.

JAEA Reports

Information collection regarding geoscientific monitoring techniques during closure of underground facility in crystalline rock

Hosoya, Shinichi*; Yamashita, Tadashi*; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Onoe, Hironori; Ishibashi, Masayuki

JAEA-Technology 2015-027, 128 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Technology-2015-027.pdf:33.66MB

The study for development of drift backfilling technologies is one of the critical issues in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project, and its purposes are to develop closure methodology and technology, and long-term monitoring technology, and to evaluate resilience of geological environment. To achieve the purposes, previous information from the case example of underground facility constructed in crystalline rock in Europe has been collected. In particular, the boundary conditions for the closure, geological characteristics, technical specifications, and method of monitoring have been focused. The information on the international project regarding drift closure test and development of monitoring technologies has also been collected. In addition, interviews were conducted to specialists who have experiences involving planning, construction management, monitoring, and safety assessment for the closure. Based on the collected information, concept and point of attention, which are regarding drift closure testing, and planning, execution management and monitoring on the closure of MIU, have been specified.

Journal Articles

Present status of JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator and booster

Matsuda, Makoto; Osa, Akihiko; Abe, Shinichi; Ishizaki, Nobuhiro; Tayama, Hidekazu; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Masahiko; Kutsukake, Kenichi; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.357 - 360, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Failure example of the Tokai tandem accelerator

Matsuda, Makoto; Abe, Shinichi; Ishizaki, Nobuhiro; Tayama, Hidekazu; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Masahiko; Kutsukake, Kenichi; Otokawa, Yoshinori; Asozu, Takuhiro; et al.

Dai-27-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.142 - 145, 2015/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Internal stress distribution for generating closure domains in laser-irradiated Fe-3%Si(110) steels

Iwata, Keiji*; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Suzuki, Kanki*; Shobu, Takahisa; Orihara, Hideto*; Sakai, Yusuke*; Akita, Koichi; Oya, Shinichi*; Ishiyama, Kazushi*

Journal of Applied Physics, 117(17), p.17A910_1 - 17A910_4, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:27.89(Physics, Applied)

Internal stress distribution for generating closure domains occurring in laser-irradiated Fe-3%Si(110) steels was investigated using high-energy X-ray analysis and domain theory based on the variational principle. The measured triaxial stresses inside the specimen were compressive and the stress in the rolling direction became more dominant than stresses in the other directions. The calculations based on the variational principle of magnetic energy for closure domains showed that the measured triaxial stresses made the closure domains more stable than the basic domain without closure domains. The experimental and calculation results reveal that the laser-introduced internal stresses result in the occurrence of the closure domains.

Journal Articles

Sequential radiation chemical reactions in aqueous bromide solutions; Pulse radiolysis experiment and spur model simulation

Yamashita, Shinichi*; Iwamatsu, Kazuhiro; Maehashi, Yuki*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Hata, Kuniki; Muroya, Yusa*; Katsumura, Yosuke*

RSC Advances (Internet), 5(33), p.25877 - 25886, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:42.31(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Pulse radiolysis experiments were carried out to observe transient absorptions of reaction intermediates produced in N$$_{2}$$O$$^{-}$$ and Ar-saturated aqueous solutions containing 0.9-900 mM NaBr. The most important species among the reaction intermediates are BrOH $$^{cdot -}$$ and Br$$_{2}$$ $$^{cdot -}$$, which commonly have absorption peaks around 360 nm. The experimental results were compared with the results of simulation based on a spur diffusion model. Each of several complicated sequential radiation-induced chemical reactions was carefully considered, optimizing its rate constant within a range of reported values. All the experimental results were able to be universally reproduced by the simulation, assuming a reaction not yet reported, 2BrOH$$^{cdot -}$$ $$rightarrow$$ Br$$_{2}$$ + 2OH$$^{-}$$, with a rate constant of 3.8 $$times$$ 10$$^{9}$$ M$$^{-1}$$ s$$^{-1}$$, which is significant only within 10 micro-s for rather high bromide concentrations ($$>$$ 10 mM). Primary $$G$$ values, which are yields after sufficient diffusion from the spur to the perimeter region during 100 ns, of major water decomposition products, as well as of the reaction intermediates, were calculated for N$$_{2}$$O$$^{-}$$ and Ar-saturated conditions as a function of NaBr concentration.

Journal Articles

Chemical repair activity of free radical scavenger edaravone; Reduction reactions with dGMP hydroxyl radical adducts and suppression of base lesions and AP sites on irradiated plasmid DNA

Hata, Kuniki; Urushibara, Ayumi*; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Lin, M.*; Muroya, Yusa*; Shikazono, Naoya; Yokoya, Akinari; Fu, H.*; Katsumura, Yosuke*

Journal of Radiation Research, 56(1), p.59 - 66, 2015/01

AA2014-0383.pdf:0.93MB

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:36.21(Biology)

Journal Articles

Present status of JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator and booster

Matsuda, Makoto; Osa, Akihiko; Abe, Shinichi; Ishizaki, Nobuhiro; Tayama, Hidekazu; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Masahiko; Kutsukake, Kenichi; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.410 - 413, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Improvement of the environment for the diffusion experiment using granite samples and results of pore physicality measurement and mineralogical test

Yamashita, Riyo; Hama, Katsuhiro; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Morikawa, Keita*; Hosoya, Shinichi*; Nakamura, Toshiaki*; Tanaka, Yumiko*

JAEA-Technology 2014-029, 118 Pages, 2014/09

JAEA-Technology-2014-029.pdf:25.16MB

This study is to gain a better understanding of mass transfer phenomena in the geological environment as well as to develop technologies for: measurement of the solute transport parameters, model construction, numerical analysis and validation of all those technologies based on the existing information. As part of solute transport study, laboratory experiments were planned to understand the influence of the geological characteristics of fracture on the solute transport parameters, also understand the differences in test results by the different sizes of the samples used for an experiment, and moreover to validate the parameters obtained by numerical analysis.

Journal Articles

X-ray line profile study on shot/laser-peened stainless steel

Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Akita, Koichi; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Oya, Shinichi*

Advanced Materials Research, 996, p.39 - 44, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:92.01

The microstructural features of shot and laser peened austenitic stainless steels were studied using line profile analysis with X-rays. Although both specimens had similar residual stress profiles toward the depth direction, the microstructural features were different not only on the original surfaces of the specimens but also to several micrometers in depth. The dislocation densities of the SP specimen were greater than that of the LP specimen. And the crystallite sizes of the SP specimen were smaller than that of the LP specimen.

Journal Articles

Relaxation behavior of laser-peening residual stress under tensile loading investigated by X-ray and neutron diffraction

Akita, Koichi; Hayashi, Kengo*; Takeda, Kazuya*; Sano, Yuji*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Moriai, Atsushi; Oya, Shinichi*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 1(4), p.SMM0029_1 - SMM0029_8, 2014/08

Compressive residual stresses induced by peening techniques improve the strength properties of steels, such as fatigue and stress corrosion cracking. However, the compressive residual stress might be reduced owing to thermal and mechanical loading in-service. In this study, the behavior of surface and internal residual stresses of a laser-peened ferritic steel under quasi-static tensile loading was investigated by X-ray and neutron diffraction. The complementary use of these diffraction techniques provided decisive experimental evidence for elucidating the relaxation process. The critical applied stress of peened samples subjected to a tensile loading can be estimated from the von Misses yield criterion with the maximum tensile residual stress inside the sample.

Journal Articles

Workhardening and the microstructural characteristics of shot- and laser-peened austenitic stainless steel

Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Akita, Koichi; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Oya, Shinichi*

Materials Science & Engineering A, 608, p.21 - 24, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:46.14(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

The mechanical properties of shot- and laser-peened austenitic stainless steels, AISI316, were evaluated via Vickers hardness tests, and the correlation between workhardening and microstructural characteristics were discussed. Dislocation density, which is a microstructural feature, was determined via X-ray line profile analysis. Martensite was generated only by the shot-peening process. A linear relationship is observed between the hardness and the square root of the dislocation density in spite of the martensite formation on the shot-peened specimen. Therefore, the hardness is increased only by workhardening and is not affected by the martensite. We also clarified that a compressive residual stress greater than the original yield strength of the bare material can be induced because of the increase in yield strength caused by workhardening due to dislocation density increase with the peening process.

Journal Articles

Present status of JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator and booster

Matsuda, Makoto; Osa, Akihiko; Abe, Shinichi; Ishizaki, Nobuhiro; Tayama, Hidekazu; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Masahiko; Kutsukake, Kenichi; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.

Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.307 - 309, 2014/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Discrete fracture network modeling based on in-situ data at underground gallery, 1

Ishibashi, Masayuki; Onoe, Hironori; Sawada, Atsushi; Atsumi, Hiroyuki*; Masumoto, Kazuhiko*; Hosoya, Shinichi*

Dai-42-Kai Gamban Rikigaku Ni Kansuru Shimpojiumu Koenshu (CD-ROM), p.101 - 106, 2014/01

Japan Atomic Energy Agency is proceeding with the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project in order to establish comprehensive techniques for the investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment in fractured crystalline rock for geological disposal of high level radioactive wastes. We have carried out discrete fracture network modeling, groundwater flow and particle tracking simulation in order to understand the important factors for the solute transport characterizations. In this paper, a method of discrete fracture network modeling based on in-situ data at underground gallery and the influences of different data interpretation are described.

Journal Articles

X-ray diffraction study on microstructures of shot/laser-peened AISI316 stainless steel

Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Akita, Koichi; Itano, Yuta*; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Oya, Shinichi*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 443(1-3), p.107 - 111, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:89.1(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Microstructural features of AISI316 stainless steels processed by shot peening (SP) and laser peening (LP) were studied using X-ray diffraction line profile analyses. Both specimens exhibited similar compressive residual stress profiles. Although the number of dislocations was increased and the crystallites were refined with both processes, the dislocation density in the SP specimen was significantly greater than that in the LP specimen. The crystallite size in the SP specimen was one-third that in the LP specimen. The SP process induced martensite transformation. The variations in the microstructural features differed between samples subjected to the two processes. The SP process resulted in a greater variation in the microstructural features in a sample in which residual stresses similar to that induced by the LP process were induced. Thus, the variations in the microstructural features differed depending on the deformation process.

193 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)