前川 禎通; 吉川 貴史*; 中堂 博之; 家田 淳一; 齊藤 英治
Journal of Applied Physics, 133(2), p.020902_1 - 020902_24, 2023/01
Along with the progress of spin science and spintronics research, the flow of electron spins, i.e., spin current, has attracted interest. New phenomena and electronic states were explained in succession using the concept of spin current. Moreover, as many of the conventionally known spintronics phenomena became well organized based on spin current, it has rapidly been recognized as an essential concept in a wide range of condensed matter physics. In this article, we focus on recent developments in the physics of spin, spin current, and their related phenomena, where the conversion between spin angular momentum and different forms of angular momentum plays an essential role. Starting with an introduction to spin current, we first discuss the recent progress in spintronic phenomena driven by spin-exchange coupling: spin pumping, topological Hall torque, and emergent inductor. We, then, extend our discussion to the interaction/interconversion of spins with heat, lattice vibrations, and charge current and address recent progress and perspectives on the spin Seebeck and Peltier effects. Next, we review the interaction between mechanical motion and electron/nuclear spins and argue the difference between the Barnett field and rotational Doppler effect. We show that the Barnett effect reveals the angular momentum compensation temperature, at which the net angular momentum is quenched in ferrimagnets.
Lee, O.*; 山本 慧; 埋田 真樹; Zollitsch, C. W.*; Elyasi, M.*; 吉川 貴史*; 齊藤 英治; Bauer, G. E. W.*; 紅林 秀和*
Physical Review Letters, 130(4), p.046703_1 - 046703_6, 2023/01
We experimentally and theoretically demonstrate that nonlinear spin-wave interactions suppress the hybrid magnon-photon quasiparticle or "magnon polariton" in microwave spectra of an yttrium iron garnet film detected by an on-chip split-ring resonator. We observe a strong coupling between the Kittel and microwave cavity modes in terms of an avoided crossing as a function of magnetic fields at low microwave input powers, but a complete closing of the gap at high powers. The experimental results are well explained by a theoretical model including the three-magnon decay of the Kittel magnon into spin waves. The gap closure originates from the saturation of the ferromagnetic resonance above the Suhl instability threshold by a coherent back reaction from the spin waves.
大柳 洸一*; Gomez-Perez, J. M.*; Zhang, X.-P.*; 吉川 貴史*; Chen, Y.*; Sagasta, E.*; Chuvilin, A.*; Hueso, L. E.*; Golovach, V. N.*; Sebastian Bergeret, F.*; et al.
Physical Review B, 104(13), p.134428_1 - 134428_14, 2021/10
We report the observation of the spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) in a paramagnetic insulator. By measuring the transverse resistance in a Pt/GdGaO (GGG) system at low temperatures, paramagnetic SMR is found to appear with an intensity that increases with the magnetic field aligning GGG's spins. The observed effect is well supported by a microscopic SMR theory, which provides the parameters governing the spin transport at the interface. Our findings clarify the mechanism of spin exchange at a Pt/GGG interface, and demonstrate tunable spin-transfer torque through the field-induced magnetization of GGG. In this regard, paramagnetic insulators offer a key property for future spintronic devices.
西村 昇一郎*; 鳥居 寛之*; 深尾 祥紀*; 伊藤 孝; 岩崎 雅彦*; 神田 聡太郎*; 川越 清以*; Kawall, D.*; 河村 成肇*; 黒澤 宣之*; et al.
Physical Review A, 104(2), p.L020801_1 - L020801_6, 2021/08
As a method to determine the resonance frequency, Rabi-oscillation spectroscopy has been developed. In contrast to conventional spectroscopy which draws the resonance curve, Rabi-oscillation spectroscopy fits the time evolution of the Rabi oscillation. By selecting the optimized frequency, it is shown that the precision is twice as good as conventional spectroscopy with a frequency sweep. Furthermore, the data under different conditions can be treated in a unified manner, allowing more efficient measurements for systems consisting of a limited number of short-lived particles produced by accelerators such as muons. We have developed a fitting function that takes into account the spatial distribution of muonium and the spatial distribution of the microwave intensity to apply this method to ground-state muonium hyperfine structure measurements at zero field. It was applied to the actual measurement data, and the resonance frequencies were determined under various conditions. The result of our analysis gives = 4 463 301.61 0.71 kHz.
齋藤 雅史*; 金子 暁子*; 阿部 豊*; 内堀 昭寛; 栗原 成計; 高田 孝*; 大島 宏之
Proceedings of 28th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 28) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2021/08
吉川 貴史*; Reitz, D.*; 伊藤 宏陽*; 巻内 崇彦*; 杉本 宜陽*; 恒川 翔*; 大門 俊介*; 大柳 洸一*; Ramos, R.*; 高橋 三郎*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 12, p.4356_1 - 4356_7, 2021/07
Thermoelectric effects have been applied to power generators and temperature sensors that convert waste heat into electricity. The effects, however, have been limited to electrons to occur, and inevitably disappear at low temperatures due to electronic entropy quenching. Here, we report thermoelectric generation caused by nuclear spins in a solid: nuclear-spin Seebeck effect. The sample is a magnetically ordered material MnCO having a large nuclear spin of Mn nuclei and strong hyperfine coupling, with a Pt contact. In the system, we observe low-temperature thermoelectric signals down to 100 mK due to nuclear-spin excitation. Our theoretical calculation in which interfacial Korringa process is taken into consideration quantitatively reproduces the results. The nuclear thermoelectric effect demonstrated here offers a way for exploring thermoelectric science and technologies at ultralow temperatures.
柴山 由樹; 北條 智彦*; 小山 元道*; 齋藤 寛之*; 城 鮎美*; 安田 良*; 菖蒲 敬久; 松野 崇*; 秋山 英二*
ISIJ International, 61(4), p.1322 - 1329, 2021/04
The effects of stress and plastic strain distributions on the hydrogen embrittlement fracture of the U-bent martensitic steel sheet specimen were investigated. The hydrogen embrittlement testing of the U-bent specimen was performed. Fracture morphology mainly consisting of intergranular fracture was found inside the hydrogen charged U-bent specimen, which indicated that the crack initiation took place in the interior, and shear lips were found near both surfaces of the U-bent sheet. The synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurement and the finite element simulation were utilized to analyze the stress and plastic strain distributions in the thickness direction of the U-bent specimen. The elastic strain distributions obtained by the measurement showed a good agreement with the simulation. The crack initiation site of the hydrogen-charged U-bent specimen was considered to be correspondent with the region where the tensile stress was the highest, suggesting that the maximum tensile stress predominantly determine the crack initiation.
Yang, Z. H.*; 久保田 悠樹*; Corsi, A.*; 吉田 数貴; Sun, X.-X.*; Li, J. G.*; 木村 真明*; Michel, N.*; 緒方 一介*; Yuan, C. X.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 126(8), p.082501_1 - 082501_8, 2021/02
ボロミアン核であり中性子ハロー構造が期待されるBに対する(,)反応実験を行った。断面積の運動量分布を分析することで、と軌道の分光学的因子を決定した。驚くべきことに、の分光学的因子は9(2)%と小さいことが明らかになった。この結果は、連続状態を含むdeformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov理論によってよく説明された。本研究の結果によると、現在知られているハロー構造を持つとされる原子核の中でBはおよび軌道の成分が最も小さく、または軌道成分が支配的であることが必ずしもハロー構造の前提条件ではない可能性を示唆している。
Ramos, R.*; 巻内 崇彦*; 吉川 貴史*; 大門 俊介*; 大柳 洸一*; 齊藤 英治
Applied Physics Letters, 117(24), p.242402_1 - 242402_5, 2020/12
We investigated the magnetotransport properties of mesoscopic platinum nanostructures (wires and rings) with sub-100 nm lateral dimensions at very low temperatures. Despite the strong spin-orbit interaction in platinum, oscillation of the conductance as a function of the external magnetic field due to quantum interference effects was found to appear. The oscillation was decomposed into Aharonov-Bohm periodic oscillations and aperiodic fluctuations of the conductance due to a magnetic flux piercing the loop of the ring and the metal wires forming the nanostructures, respectively. We also investigated the magnetotransport under different bias currents to explore the interplay between electron phase coherence and spin accumulation effects in strong spin-orbit conductors.
吉川 智己*; Antonov, V. N.*; 河野 嵩*; 鹿子木 将明*; 角田 一樹; 宮本 幸治*; 竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; 後藤 一希*; 桜庭 裕弥*; et al.
Physical Review B, 102(6), p.064428_1 - 064428_7, 2020/08
X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectroscopy were applied at the Ge (Ga) edge to unravel the spin-resolved unoccupied electronic states of CoMnGe (Ga). Complicated spectral features were observed in both XAS and XMCD spectra. For their interpretation, we compared the experimental XAS and XMCD spectra with the calculated Ge (Ga) 4 and 4 orbital partial density of states. The comparison enabled a qualitative explanation of the XMCD spectra as the difference between the majority and minority-spin unoccupied density of states summed over the 4 and 4 orbitals. Our finding provides a new approach to uncover the spin-split partial density of states above the Fermi level.
加藤 剛臣*; 菅原 克明*; 伊東 直洋*; 山内 邦彦*; 佐藤 匠*; 小口 多美夫*; 高橋 隆*; 塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治; 佐藤 宇史*
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 4(8), p.084202_1 - 084202_6, 2020/08
We investigated the Dirac-cone state and its modulation when an ultrathin film of topological insulator BiSe was epitaxially grown on a van der Waals ferromagnet CrSiTe (CST) by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We observed a gapless Dirac-cone surface state in six quintuple-layer (6QL) BiSe on CST, whereas the Dirac cone exhibits a gap of 0.37 eV in its 2QL counterpart. Intriguingly, this gap is much larger than those for BiSe films on Si(111). We also revealed no discernible change in the gap magnitude across the ferromagnetic transition of CST, suggesting the very small characteristic length and energy scale of the magnetic proximity effect. The present results suggest a crucial role of interfacial coupling for modulating Dirac electrons in topological-insulator hybrids.
南部 雄亮*; Barker, J.*; 沖野 夕貴*; 吉川 貴史*; 塩見 雄毅*; Enderle, M.*; Weber, T.*; Winn, B.*; Graves-Brook, M.*; Tranquada, J. M.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 125(2), p.027201_1 - 027201_6, 2020/07
We measure the mode-resolved direction of the precessional motion of the magnetic order, i.e., magnon polarization, via the chiral term of inelastic polarized neutron scattering spectra. The magnon polarization is a unique and unambiguous signature of magnets and is important in spintronics, affecting thermodynamic properties such as the magnitude and sign of the spin Seebeck effect. However, it has never been directly measured in any material until this work. The observation of both signs of magnon polarization in YFeO also gives direct proof of its ferrimagnetic nature. The experiments agree very well with atomistic simulations of the scattering cross section.
小畠 雅明; 吉井 賢資; 福田 竜生; 川崎 郁斗; 岡根 哲夫; 山上 浩志; 矢板 毅; 針井 一哉; 家田 淳一; 岡安 悟; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011192_1 - 011192_6, 2020/03
スピンゼーベック効果を示す系として注目されているPt/YFeO(YIG)系に対し、放射光を用いた硬X線光電子分光(HAXPES)により表面及び界面の電子状態測定を行った。本系ではスピンゼーベック効果のほかに特異な性質を示すことが報告されている。例えば、外部磁場が存在しない状況でもホール効果を発現する。この起源として、YIG中のFeイオンがPt膜に染み出し、磁性を持つ金属間化合物を生成している可能性が提案されている。そこでHAXPESの分析深さを利用し、界面近傍の鉄イオン等の電子状態を測定した。Ptの厚みが2nm, 5nm, 8nm, 10nmの試料を測定したところ、2nmと5nmの試料において鉄イオンの分析を行うことができた。Fe 1s光電子スペクトルからは、鉄イオンが3+のものと金属的な0価に近い2つの状態が存在することが判明し、上記の可能性を支持する結果が得られた。Pt 4fやO 1sスペクトルなども測定しており、詳しい結果は当日報告する。
伊藤 啓太*; 安富 陽子*; Zhu, S.*; Nurmamat, M.*; 田原 昌樹*; 都甲 薫*; 秋山 了太*; 竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; 小口 多美夫*; et al.
Physical Review B, 101(10), p.104401_1 - 104401_8, 2020/03
Spintronics devices utilizing a magnetic domain wall motion have attracted increasing attention, and ferrimagentic materials with almost compensated magnetic moments are highly required to realize the fast magnetic domain wall motion. Here, we report a key function for this purpose in anti-perovskite CoMnN films. Perpendicular magnetization emerges for , and the saturation magnetization reaches a minimum value at .
大柳 洸一*; 吉川 貴史*; 齊藤 英治
AIP Advances (Internet), 10(1), p.015031_1 - 015031_5, 2020/01
We report the nonlocal spin Seebeck effect (nlSSE) in a lateral configuration of Pt/YFeO(YIG)/Pt systems as a function of the magnetic field (up to 10 T) at various temperatures (3 K 300 K). The nlSSE voltage decreases with increasing B in a linear regime with respect to the input power (the applied charge-current squared ). The reduction of the nlSSE becomes substantial when the Zeeman energy exceeds thermal energy at low temperatures, which can be interpreted as freeze-out of magnons relevant for the nlSSE. Furthermore, we found the nonlinear power dependence of the nlSSE with increasing at low temperatures ( 20 K), at which the B-induced signal reduction became less visible. Our experimental results suggest that in the nonlinear regime, high-energy magnons are overpopulated compared to those expected from the thermal energy. We also estimate the magnon spin diffusion length as functions of and .
八尋 黎明*; 吉川 貴史*; Ramos, R.*; 大柳 洸一*; 日置 友智*; 大門 俊介*; 齊藤 英治
Physical Review B, 101(2), p.024407_1 - 024407_7, 2020/01
We report the observation of anomalous peak structures induced by hybridized magnon-phonon excitation (magnon polarons) in the magnetic field dependence of the spin Peltier effect (SPE) in a LuBiFeGaO (BiGa:LuIG) with Pt contact. The SPE peaks coincide with magnetic fields tuned to the threshold of magnonpolaron formation, consistent with the previous observation in the spin Seebeck effect. The enhancement of SPE is attributed to the lifetime increase in spin current caused by magnon-phonon hybridization in BiGa:LuIG.
大谷 将士*; 二ツ川 健太*; 三部 勉*; 内藤 富士雄*; 長谷川 和男; 伊藤 崇; 北村 遼; 近藤 恭弘; 森下 卓俊; 飯沼 裕美*; et al.
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012097_1 - 012097_7, 2019/12
ミューオン異常磁気モーメント測定および電気双極子モーメント探索実験用ミューオンリニアックの中エネルギー部用ディスクアンドワッシャ型(DAW)結合空洞リニアック(CCL)を開発している。このリニアックは、ミューオンを=0.3から0.7まで、加速周波数1.3Hzで加速する。本論文では、DAW CCLの空洞設計, ビーム力学設計、および空洞低電力モデルの測定結果について述べる。ビーム力学設計においては透過率100%で加速できる設計を行うことができ、問題となるようなエミッタンス増大もシミュレーションでは見られなかった。空洞設計においては、=0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6用のセル設計を行った。コールドモデルの測定では、0.1%の精度で設計値の1.3GHzと一致していることが確認できた。
Ramos, R.*; 日置 友智*; 橋本 佑介*; 吉川 貴史*; Frey, P.*; Kreil, A. J. E.*; Vasyuchka, V. I.*; Serga, A. A.*; Hillebrands, B.*; 齊藤 英治
Nature Communications (Internet), 10, p.5162_1 - 5162_8, 2019/11
Resonant enhancement of spin Seebeck effect (SSE) due to phonons was recently discovered in YFeO (YIG). This effect is explained by hybridization between the magnon and phonon dispersions. However, this effect was observed at low temperatures and high magnetic fields, limiting the scope for applications. Here we report observation of phonon-resonant enhancement of SSE at room temperature and low magnetic field. We observe in LuBiFeGaO an enhancement 700% greater than that in a YIG film and at very low magnetic fields around 10 T, almost one order of magnitude lower than that of YIG. The result can be explained by the change in the magnon dispersion induced by magnetic compensation due to the presence of non-magnetic ion substitutions. Our study provides a way to tune the magnon response in a crystal by chemical doping, with potential applications for spintronic devices.
吉川 貴史*; 鈴木 基寛*; Ramos, R.*; Aguirre, M. H.*; 岡林 潤*; 内田 健一*; Lucas, I.*; Anadn, A.*; 菊池 大介*; Algarabel, P. A.*; et al.
Journal of Applied Physics, 126(14), p.143903_1 - 143903_11, 2019/10
Induced Pt ferromagnetism in FeO/Pt/FeO epitaxial trilayer films has been investigated by means of X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the Pt -edges at various temperatures from 300 K to 12 K, including the metal-insulator transition temperature of FeO ( K). At all the temperatures, we observed clear XMCD signals due to Pt ferromagnetism, the amplitude of which was determined to be 0.39 at 300K and 0.52 at 12 K for the sample with the Pt thickness of nm. Interestingly, these values are comparable to or even greater than those in Pt/3-ferromagnetic-metal (Fe, Ni, Co, and NiFe) junction systems. The results can be interpreted in terms of a possible Fe interdiffusion into the Pt layer and also possible Fe-Pt alloying due to its high-temperature deposition.
大柳 洸一*; 高橋 三郎*; Cornelissen, L. J.*; Shan, J.*; 大門 俊介*; 吉川 貴史*; Bauer, G. E. W.*; Van Wees, B. J.*; 齊藤 英治
Nature Communications (Internet), 10, p.4740_1 - 4740_6, 2019/10
The discovery of new materials that efficiently transmit spin currents has been important for spintronics and material science. The electric insulator GdGaO (GGG), a standard substrate for growing magnetic films, can be a spin current generator, but has never been considered as a superior conduit for spin currents. Here we report spin current propagation in paramagnetic GGG over several microns. Surprisingly, spin transport persists up to temperatures of 100 K T=180 mK, the magnetic glass-like transition temperature of GGG. At 5 K and 3.5 T, we find a spin diffusion length m and a spin conductivity Sm that is larger than that of the record quality magnet YFeO (YIG). We conclude that exchange stiffness is not required for efficient spin transport, which challenges conventional models and provides new material-design strategies for spintronic devices.