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Journal Articles

${it In situ}$ WB-STEM observation of dislocation loop behavior in reactor pressure vessel steel during post-irradiation annealing

Du, Y.*; Yoshida, Kenta*; Shimada, Yusuke*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Inoue, Koji*; Arakawa, Kazuto*; Suzudo, Tomoaki; Milan, K. J.*; Gerard, R.*; Onuki, Somei*; et al.

Materialia, 12, p.100778_1 - 100778_10, 2020/08

In order to ensure the integrity of the reactor pressure vessel in the long term, it is necessary to understand the effects of irradiation on the materials. In this study, irradiation-induced dislocation loops were observed in neutron-irradiated reactor pressure vessel specimens during annealing using our newly developed WB-STEM. It was confirmed that the proportion of $$<100>$$ loops increased with increasing annealing temperature. We also succeeded in observing the phenomenon that two $$frac{1}{2}$$$$<111>$$ loops collide into a $$<100>$$ loop. Moreover, a phenomenon in which dislocation loops decorate dislocations was also observed, and the mechanism was successfully explained by molecular dynamics simulation.

JAEA Reports

Research plan on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste (Scientific program for fiscal year 2020)

Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Ogata, Nobuhisa; Shimada, Koji; Kokubu, Yoko; Niwa, Masakazu; Asamori, Koichi; Watanabe, Takahiro; Sueoka, Shigeru; Komatsu, Tetsuya; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; et al.

JAEA-Review 2020-010, 46 Pages, 2020/07

JAEA-Review-2020-010.pdf:1.89MB

This report is a plan of research and development (R&D) on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), in fiscal year 2020. The objectives and contents in fiscal year 2020 are described in detail based on the JAEA 3rd Medium- and Long-term Plan (fiscal years 2015-2021). In addition, the background of this research is described from the necessity and the significance for site investigation and safety assessment, and the past progress. The plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.

JAEA Reports

Fabrication of rock thin section in the Tono Geoscience Center

Yonaga, Yusuke; Yoshikawa, Kiyotaka*; Shimada, Koji

JAEA-Testing 2020-002, 19 Pages, 2020/05

JAEA-Testing-2020-002.pdf:2.85MB

Rock thin sections are used for instrument analyses such as EPMA, LA-ICP-MS as well as microstructural observations by optical microscope. Fabrication of thin section, reported here, is one of the fundamental techniques in classical and state-of-the-art geological research. This report provides not only general procedure but also some ingenuity, precautions and equipment maintenance with visual exemplification for first-time or inexperienced users in the Tono Geoscience Center.

JAEA Reports

Annual report for research on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste in fiscal year 2018

Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Ogata, Nobuhisa; Hanamuro, Takahiro; Shimada, Akiomi; Kokubu, Yoko; Asamori, Koichi; Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Watanabe, Takahiro; Saiga, Atsushi; et al.

JAEA-Research 2019-006, 66 Pages, 2019/11

JAEA-Research-2019-006.pdf:4.39MB

This annual report documents the progress of research and development (R&D) in the 4th fiscal year during the JAEA 3rd Mid- and Long-term Plan (fiscal years 2015-2021) to provide the scientific base for assessing geosphere stability for long-term isolation of the high-level radioactive waste. The planned framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques. In this report, the current status of R&D activities with previous scientific and technological progress is summarized.

Journal Articles

Identification of capable faults using fault rock geochemical signatures; A Case study from offset granitic bedrock on the Tsuruga Peninsula, central Japan

Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Tanaka, Yoshihiro*

Engineering Geology, 260, p.105235_1 - 105235_15, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:61.93(Engineering, Geological)

In order to identify specific chemical changes induced by recent, near-surface faulting, we compared two faults of different size and evolutionary history, the active Shiraki-Nyu Fault and a nearby minor, inactive fault in central Japan, in terms of their mineralogical and geochemical features. Our analyses suggest that (1) chemical changes such as depletion of Na$$_{2}$$O and CaO derived from smectite and illite formation, and that changes such as increase of U, Y and REEs derived from absorption to these clay minerals, occurred during the fault initiation and subsequent retrograde alteration and are identical in the two faults, and that (2) MnO increase accompanied by FeO depletion and a positive Ce anomaly can be a key to identify specific chemical changes due to recent, near-surface faulting, because this could be related to upward migration and oxidation of fault-driven reduced fluids from deep underground to the near-surface environment.

JAEA Reports

Research plan on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste (Scientific program for fiscal year 2019)

Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Ogata, Nobuhisa; Hanamuro, Takahiro; Shimada, Akiomi; Kokubu, Yoko; Asamori, Koichi; Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Watanabe, Takahiro; Sueoka, Shigeru; et al.

JAEA-Review 2019-010, 46 Pages, 2019/09

JAEA-Review-2019-010.pdf:2.45MB

This report is a plan of research and development (R&D) on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency, in fiscal year 2019. The objectives and contents in fiscal year 2019 are described in detail based on the outline of 7 years plan (fiscal years 2015-2021). Background of this research is clarified with the necessity and the significance for site investigation and safety assessment, and the past progress in this report. In addition, the plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.

Journal Articles

Diagrams for finite strain equations and rough estimation of shear strain

Shimada, Koji

Chishitsu Gijutsu, (9), p.25 - 40, 2019/09

Today many collaborations are there in Earth-scientific research and development. Structural geology can serve crucial information on tectonic strain at sampling point in Japan, belonging to the circum-Pacific orogenic belt. Visualize of strain estimation would be effective during field geological survey and for better understanding for non-specialist on structural geology. Illustrations decoding mathematical expressions of strain estimation methods are presented here.

Journal Articles

Formation age and cooling history of Kojaku granite

Sueoka, Shigeru; Shimada, Koji; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Danhara, Toru*; Iwano, Hideki*; Yagi, Koshi*

Chigaku Zasshi, 127(6), p.795 - 803, 2018/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Examination of evaluation method for fault activity based on morphological observation of fault planes

Tanaka, Yoshihiro*; Kametaka, Masao*; Okazaki, Kazuhiko*; Suzuki, Kazushige*; Seshimo, Kazuyoshi; Aoki, Kazuhiro; Shimada, Koji; Watanabe, Takahiro; Nakayama, Kazuhiko

Oyo Chishitsu, 59(1), p.13 - 27, 2018/04

This paper aims to develop a methodology for understanding the fault activity by observing exposed fault planes without covering younger strata. Based on purpose, faults developed in relatively homogeneous rocks such granitic types are investigated as follows; Gosuke Dam upstream outcrop of Gosukebashi Fault and Funasaka-nishi outcrop of Rokkou Fault were selected for the study of an active fault; and K-3 outcrop of Rokkou Houraikyo Fault was chosen for a non-active fault.

JAEA Reports

Database of granite crack in northwestern Tsuruga Peninsula

Terusawa, Shuji; Shimada, Koji

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-017, 18 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2017-017.pdf:5.14MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2017-017-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:0.44MB

Cracks (joints, fracture zones, etc.) are formed in granite by various mechanisms. Faulting uses these pre-existing cracks as weak plane. In addition, there may be directionality in the direction of the crack, producing a linear valley. Attempts are also being made to estimate a regional stress field from the direction of excellence. In this paper, we developed a database of cracks in granite by compiling 5050 points of strike-dip data, as part of the geologic surveys of the Monju fast-breeder reactor located in the northwestern part of the Tsuruga Peninsula. The strike-dip is predominantly northern northeast to northeast strike and high angle east dip, but shows different characteristics for each place. Therefore, further analysis using this database is desired.

Journal Articles

Fission track dating of faulting events accommodating plastic deformation of biotites

Sueoka, Shigeru; Shimada, Koji; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Niwa, Masakazu; Yasue, Kenichi; Umeda, Koji*; Danhara, Toru*; Iwano, Hideki*

Journal of Geophysical Research; Solid Earth, 122(3), p.1848 - 1859, 2017/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Dating of crush zones associated with plastic deformation of biotite; Constraints by fission-track thermochronometry

Sueoka, Shigeru; Shimada, Koji; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Niwa, Masakazu; Yasue, Kenichi; Umeda, Koji*; Danhara, Toru*; Iwano, Hideki*

Fisshion, Torakku Nyusureta, (29), p.5 - 7, 2016/12

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Observed and analyzed data for clay veins in granite

Ueki, Tadamasa; Tanabe, Hiroaki*; Niwa, Masakazu; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Shimada, Koji

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-010, 292 Pages, 2016/09

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-010.pdf:76.12MB

Occurrence of recent activity of faults is often evaluated based on displacements of subsurface sediments covering the faults. However, this evaluation is not applicable for faults that occur where subsurface sediments are not found. In this study, mesoscopic description in a field, microscopic observation using thin sections, chemical composition mapping for polished slabs, X-ray diffraction analysis, particle size distribution analysis, and detailed analysis for quartz fragments (scanning electron microscopy and measurement of electron spin resonance signals) were carried out for clay veins in order to contribute a development of evaluation of fault activity. This Data/Code reports the results of these observation and analyses.

Journal Articles

Microscopic features of quartz and clay particles from fault gouges and infilled fractures in granite; Discriminating between active and inactive faulting

Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Aoki, Kazuhiro; Ishimaru, Tsuneari

Engineering Geology, 210, p.180 - 196, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:39.84(Engineering, Geological)

This study focused on microscopic features using particle size analysis, SEM and TEM and identified mineralogical and textural characteristics to improve our ability to discriminate between the active and inactive gouges. Particle size distribution analysis largely shows that fault gouge in an active fault, having the most abundant finer particles, experienced repetitive shearing whereas the inactive gouges did not. SEM examination of quartz particles shows that more particles retain their primary crystal structure in the active gouge than in the inactive gouges. In contrast, observation of very fine clay minerals using TEM shows the minerals in the active gouge are abraded and corroded in equal or higher degree as the aseismic gouges. Repetitive fault activities could result in the addition of new quartz particles from the granite with preservation of primary crystal structure, whereas relatively-soft clay minerals had been affected by abrasion and dissolution.

Journal Articles

Cooling and denudation history of the Tsuruga body of Kojaku granite, southwest Japan, constrained from multi-system thermochronology

Sueoka, Shigeru; Umeda, Koji; Yasue, Kenichi; Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Danhara, Toru*; Iwano, Hideki*; Yagi, Koshi*

Chigaku Zasshi, 125(2), p.201 - 219, 2016/04

We applied multi-system thermochronology to the Tsuruga body of the Kojaku granite to constrain the cooling/denudation history of the Tsuruga area. Based on the thermochronometric results and other data, we reconstructed the cooling and denudation histories of the Tsuruga body as below: (1) the Tsuruga body intruded at c.a. 68 Ma at the depth of 4-5 km, (2) rapidly cooled down to c.a. 200$$^{circ}$$C by heat conduction within a few million years or less, and (3) slowly cooled due to peneplanation during the Cenozoic. This cooling/denudation history is consistent with the observations that cataclasite and fault gouge are dominant in the crush zones of the Tsuruga body, that similar slow cooling histories over the Cenozoic are estimated in the surrounding areas based on thermochronometric ages, and that the amount of denudation in the last few million years in the Tsuruga area is inferred at less than several hundred meters from the elevations of the uplifted peneplains.

Journal Articles

Thermal constraints on clay growth in fault gouge and their relationship with fault-zone evolution and hydrothermal alteration; Case study of gouges in the Kojaku Granite, Central Japan

Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Tamura, Hajimu*; Shibata, Kenji*; Sueoka, Shigeru; Yasue, Kenichi; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Umeda, Koji*

Clays and Clay Minerals, 64(2), p.86 - 107, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:71.24(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Contribution of geoscience to nuclear safety, 2; Mineralogical and geochemical analysis of faulted material for fault activity assessment

Niwa, Masakazu; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Shimada, Koji

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 58(3), p.167 - 171, 2016/03

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Research on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste; Scientific programme for fiscal years 2015-2021

Umeda, Koji; Yasue, Kenichi; Kokubu, Yoko; Niwa, Masakazu; Asamori, Koichi; Fujita, Natsuko; Shimizu, Mayuko; Shimada, Akiomi; Matsubara, Akihiro; Tamura, Hajimu; et al.

JAEA-Review 2015-012, 43 Pages, 2015/08

JAEA-Review-2015-012.pdf:1.24MB

The concept of geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in Japan is based on a multibarrier system which combines a stable geological environment with an engineered barrier system. Potential geological host formations and their surroundings are chosen, in particular, for their long-term stability, taking into account the fact that Japan is located in tectonically active zone. This report is to outline 7 years plan (fiscal years 2015-2021) of research and development (R&D) for geosphere stability for long-term isolation of the HLW in JAEA. Background of this research is clarified with the necessity and the significance, and the past progress in this report. The objectives, outline, contents and schedule during the next 7 years are described in detail. In addition, the plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and Systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.

JAEA Reports

Analysis of the radioactivity concentrations in low-level radioactive waste generated from JPDR facilities, 4

Omori, Hiroyuki; Nebashi, Koji; Shimada, Asako; Tanaka, Kiwamu; Yasuda, Mari; Hoshi, Akiko; Tsuji, Tomoyuki; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka

JAEA-Data/Code 2014-029, 31 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2014-029.pdf:1.51MB

Simple and rapid methods to evaluate the radioactivity concentrations are required for the radioactive waste generated from research facilities in the Japan Atomic Energy Agency to dispose of in a near-surface repository. In order to establish the methods to evaluate the radioactivity concentrations of miscellaneous solid waste generated from research and testing reactors, we collected and analyzed samples from miscellaneous solid waste generated by the decommissioning of JPDR (Japan Power Demonstration Reactor). In this report, we reported the analytical data determined in fiscal 2014 ($$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{93}$$Mo) and summarized them with the radioactivity concentrations obtained in the past as basic data to consider the evaluation method of radioactivity concentrations in the stored waste taken from JPDR.

Journal Articles

Development of a rapid analytical method for $$^{129}$$I in the contaminated water and tree samples at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Shimada, Asako; Ozawa, Mayumi; Kameo, Yutaka; Yasumatsu, Takuyo*; Nebashi, Koji*; Niiyama, Takuya; Seki, Shuhei; Kajio, Masatoshi; Takahashi, Kuniaki

Nuclear Back-end and Transmutation Technology for Waste Disposal, p.311 - 317, 2015/00

no abstracts in English

169 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)