針井 一哉; Seo, Y.-J.*; 堤 康雅*; 中堂 博之; 大柳 洸一*; 松尾 衛; 塩見 雄毅*; 小野 崇人*; 前川 禎通; 齊藤 英治
Nature Communications (Internet), 10(1), p.2616_1 - 2616_5, 2019/06
Electric current has been used to send electricity to far distant places. On the other hand, spin current, a flow of electron spin, can in principle also send angular momentum to distant places. In a magnet, there is a universal spin carrier called a spin wave, a wave-type excitation of magnetization. Since spin waves exhibit a long propagation length, it should be able to send angular momentum that can generate torque and force at a distant place: a new function of magnets. Here we observe mechanical angular momentum transmission and force generation due to spin waves injected into YFeO by the spin-Seebeck effect. The spin-wave current, transmitted through a YFeO micro cantilever, was found to create a mechanical force on the cantilever as a non-local reaction of the spin-Seebeck effect. Spin-wave current can be generated remotely even in open circuits, and it can be used to drive micro mechanical devices.
Lustikova, J.*; 塩見 雄毅*; 横井 直人*; 壁谷 典幸*; 木村 憲彰*; 家永 紘一郎*; 金子 真一*; 大熊 哲*; 高橋 三郎*; 齊藤 英治
Nature Communications (Internet), 9, p.4922_1 - 4922_6, 2018/11
A rectenna, standing for a rectifying antenna, is an apparatus which generates d.c. electricity from electric fluctuations. It is expected to realize wireless power transmission as well as energy harvesting from environmental radio waves. To realize such rectification, devices that are made up of internal atomic asymmetry such as an asymmetric junction have been necessary so far. Here we report a material that spontaneously generates electricity by rectifying environmental fluctuations without using atomic asymmetry. The sample is a common superconductor without lowered crystalline symmetry, but, just by putting it in an asymmetric magnetic environment, it turns into a rectifier and starts generating electricity. Superconducting vortex strings only annihilate and nucleate at surfaces, and this allows the bulk electrons to feel surface fluctuations in an asymmetric environment: a vortex rectenna. The rectification and generation can be switched on and off with only a slight change in temperature or external magnetic fields.
塩見 雄毅*; 高嶋 梨菜*; 齊藤 英治
Physical Review B, 96(13), p.134425_1 - 134425_9, 2017/10
A magnon Nernst effect, an antiferromagnetic analog of the magnon Hall effect in ferromagnetic insulators, has been studied experimentally for the layered antiferromagnetic insulator MnPS in contact with two Pt strips. Thermoelectric voltage in the Pt strips grown on MnPS single crystals exhibits nonmonotonic temperature dependence at low temperatures, which is unlikely to be explained by electronic origins in Pt but can be ascribed to the inverse spin Hall voltage induced by a magnon Nernst effect. Control of antiferromagnetic domains in the MnPS crystal by magnetoelectric cooling is found to modulate the low-temperature thermoelectric voltage in Pt, which is evidence consistent with the emergence of the magnon Nernst effect in Pt-MnPS hybrid structures.
渡辺 真悟*; 廣部 大地*; 塩見 雄毅*; 井口 亮*; 大門 俊介*; 亀田 麻衣*; 高橋 三郎*; 齊藤 英治
Scientific Reports (Internet), 7, p.4576_1 - 4576_6, 2017/07
Spin pumping enables the generation of d.c. and gigahertz-band (GHz-band) voltages from an applied microwave via magnetization dynamics when combined with inverse spin Hall effects. However, generating such voltages in the in-between frequency region, or the megahertz (MHz) band, has been difficult since ferromagnetic resonance usually occurs in the GHz band. Here we show that in spite of GHz-band microwaves applied, MHz-band voltages can be generated by spin pumping with use of nonlinear magnetization dynamics in YFeO. The mechanism is ascribed to the MHz-band oscillation of the amplitude of the magnetization precession, which is projected onto a rectified voltage component via spin pumping. The present finding could be useful for frequency down-conversion thanks to the simple and durable structure, continuous-wave operation, and the tunability of an output frequency with low magnetic fields.
塩見 雄毅*; Lustikova, J.*; 齊藤 英治
Scientific Reports (Internet), 7, p.5358_1 - 5358_8, 2017/07
Although magnetism and superconductivity hardly coexist in a single material, recent advances in nanotechnology and spintronics have brought to light their interplay in magnetotransport in thin-film heterostructures. Here, we found a periodic oscillation of Nernst voltage with respect to magnetic fields in PtLiFeO (PtLFO) bilayers grown on a cuprate superconductor YBaCuO (YBCO). At high temperatures above the superconducting transition temperature () of YBCO, spin Seebeck voltages originating in PtLFO layers are observed. As temperature decreases well below , the spin Seebeck voltage is suppressed and unconventional periodic voltage oscillation as a function of magnetic fields appears; such an oscillation emerging along the Hall direction in the superconducting state has not been observed yet. Dynamics of superconducting vortices pinned by surface precipitates seems responsible for the oscillatory Nernst effect.
塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治
AIP Advances (Internet), 7(3), p.035011_1 - 035011_6, 2017/03
We have studied magnetotransport properties of a topological insulator material RuSn. Bulk single crystals of RuSn were grown by a Bi flux method. The resistivity is semiconducting at high temperatures above 160 K, while it becomes metallic below 160 K. Nonlinear field dependence of Hall resistivity in the metallic region shows conduction of multiple carriers at low temperatures. In the high-temperature semiconducting region, magnetoresistance exhibits a conventional quadratic magnetic-field dependence. In the low-temperature metallic region, however, high-field magnetoresistance is clearly linear with magnetic fields, signaling a linear dispersion in the low-temperature electronic structure. Small changes in the magnetoresistance magnitude with respect to the magnetic field angle indicate that bulk electron carriers are responsible mainly for the observed linear magnetoresistance.
Seo, Y.-J.*; 針井 一哉; 高橋 遼*; 中堂 博之; 大柳 洸一*; Qiu, Z.*; 小野 崇人*; 塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治
Applied Physics Letters, 110(13), p.132409_1 - 132409_4, 2017/03
廣部 大地*; 佐藤 正寛*; 川股 隆行*; 塩見 雄毅*; 内田 健一*; 井口 亮*; 小池 洋二*; 前川 禎通; 齊藤 英治
Nature Physics, 13(1), p.30 - 34, 2017/01
Quantum spin fluctuation in a low-dimensional or frustrated magnet breaks magnetic ordering while keeping spin correlation. Such fluctuation has been a central topic in magnetism because of its relevance to high-Tc superconductivity and topological states. However, utilizing such spin states has been quite difficult. In a one-dimensional spin-1/2 chain, a particle-like excitation called a spinon is known to be responsible for spin fluctuation in a paramagnetic state. Spinons behave as a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid at low energy, and the spin system is often called a quantum spin chain. Here we show that a quantum spin chain generates and carries spin current, which is attributed to spinon spin current. This is demonstrated by observing an anisotropic negative spin Seebeck effect along the spin chains in SrCuO. The results show that spin current can flow even in an atomic channel owing to long-range spin fluctuation.
山本 敬太*; 塩見 雄毅*; 瀬川 耕司*; 安藤 陽一*; 齊藤 英治
Physical Review B, 94(2), p.024404_1 - 024401_6, 2016/05
塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治
Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.22085_1 - 22085_6, 2016/02
In nonmagnetic semiconductors and metals, most of Hall resistance exhibits a linear dependence with applied magnetic fields. In this work, by combining conduction in a metal and a semiconductor under external magnetic fields, we realize a dispersion-type magnetic-field dependence of Hall resistance. The dispersion-type Hall resistance appears in a broad temperature range below 150K, where quantum linear magnetoresistance is noticeable in the semiconductor substrate. This unconventional Hall response in metalsemiconductor hybrid systems is explained by a change in dominant conduction from the semiconductor to the metal with increasing magnetic field strength.
Lustikova, J.*; 塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治
Physical Review B, 92(22), p.224436_1 - 224436_8, 2015/12
We propose a method to separate the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) from galvanomagnetic effects in spin pumping experiments on metallic bilayer systems by measuring the dc electromotive force in two orthogonal directions. Calculations of dc voltages in longitudinal and Hall directions induced in NiFe and NiFe/Pt films at ferromagnetic resonance in a microwave cavity predict that contributions from ISHE and from the galvanomagnetic effects, i.e., the anisotropic magnetoresistance and the anomalous Hall effect. exhibit distinct signal symmetry as well as angular dependence when changing the direction of the external field with respect to the film plane. According to measurements on NiFe/Pt, only that dc voltage component which includes ISHE is more than five times larger than purely galvanomagnetic components. This is corroborated by results on LaSrMnO/Pt samples, demonstrating universality of this method.
Haidar, S. M.*; 塩見 雄毅*; Lustikova, J.*; 齊藤 英治
Applied Physics Letters, 107(15), p.152408_1 - 152408_5, 2015/10
We have investigated microwave power dependence of dc voltage generated upon ferromagnetic resonance in a LaSrMnO/SrRuO epitaxial bilayer film at room temperature. With increasing microwave power above 75 mW, the magnitude of the voltage signal decreases as the sample temperature approaches the Curie temperature of LaSrMnO due to heating effects. By analyzing the dependence of the voltage signal on the direction of the magnetic field, we show that with increasing microwave power the contribution from the inverse spin Hall effect becomes more dominant than that from the anisotropic magnetoresistance effect.
吉川 貴史*; 内田 健一*; 大門 俊介*; Qiu, Z.*; 塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治
Physical Review B, 92(6), p.064413_1 - 064413_9, 2015/08
The longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (LSSE) in Pt/YFeO (YIG) junction systems has been investigated at various magnetic fields and temperatures. We found that the LSSE voltage in a Pt/YIG-slab system is suppressed by applying high magnetic fields and this suppression is critically enhanced at low temperatures. The field-induced suppression of the LSSE in the Pt/YIG-slab system is too large at around room temperature to be explained simply by considering the effect of the Zeeman gap in magnon excitation. This result requires us to introduce a magnon-frequency-dependent mechanism into the scenario of LSSE; low-frequency magnons dominantly contribute to the LSSE. The magnetic field dependence of the LSSE voltage was observed to change by changing the thickness of YIG, suggesting that the thermospin conversion by the low-frequency magnons is suppressed in thin YIG films due to the long characteristic lengths of such magnons.
塩見 雄毅*; 半田 優*; 吉川 貴史*; 齊藤 英治
Physical Review B, 92(2), p.024418_1 - 024418_4, 2015/07
We report anomalous Hall effects exhibiting a hysteresis loop as large as about 10 T in a ferromagnetic superlattice comprising LaSrMnO and SrRuO layers. The superlattices grown by pulsed laser deposition exhibit a strong antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling below 110 K, where both LaSrMnO and SrRuO layers show anomalous Hall effects. With increasing magnetic-field strength, the anomalous Hall resistivity in the superlattices changes its sign depending on the magnetization directions of the LaSrMnO and SrRuO layers. As a consequence of competition among the antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling, the Zeeman effect, and magnetic anisotropies, the width of the hysteresis loop in the anomalous Hall resistivity in the superlattices becomes larger than 8 T at 10 K, clearly greater than those observed in LaSrMnO and SrRuO single layer films.
塩見 雄毅*; 半田 優*; 吉川 貴史*; 齊藤 英治
Applied Physics Letters, 106(23), p.232403_1 - 232403_4, 2015/06
Transverse thermoelectric effects in response to an out-of-plane heat current have been studied in an external magnetic field for ferromagnetic superlattices consisting of LaSrMnO and SrRuO layers. The superlattices were fabricated on SrTiO substrates by pulsed laser deposition. We found that the sign of the transverse thermoelectric voltage for the superlattices is opposite to that for LaSrMnO and SrRuO single layers at 200 K, implying an important role of spin Seebeck effects inside the superlattices. At 10 K, the magnetothermoelectric curves shift from the zero field due to an antiferromagnetic coupling between layers in the superlattices.
Haidar, S. M.*; 井口 亮*; Yagmur, A.*; Lustikova, J.*; 塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治
Journal of Applied Physics, 117(18), p.183906_1 - 183906_6, 2015/05
We have investigated dc voltage generation induced by ferromagnetic resonance in a CoFe/Pt film. In order to reduce rectification effects of anisotropic magnetoresistance and the planar Hall effect, which may be observed simultaneously with the inverse spin Hall effect, we selected CoFe with extremely small anisotropic magnetoresistance as a spin injector. Using the difference in the spectral shape of voltage and in the angle dependence of in-plane magnetization among the effects, we demonstrated that the generated dc voltage is governed by the inverse spin Hall effect induced by spin pumping.
廣部 大地*; 塩見 雄毅*; 嶋田 裕樹*; 大江 純一郎*; 齊藤 英治
Journal of Applied Physics, 117(5), p.053904_1 - 053904_6, 2015/02
We report spin-current generation related to skyrmion dynamics resonantly excited by a microwave in a helimagnetic insulator CuOSeO. A Pt layer was fabricated on CuOSeO and voltage in the Pt layer was measured upon magnetic resonance of CuOSeO to electrically detect injected spin currents via the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) in Pt. We found that ISHE-induced electromotive forces appear in the skyrmion phase of CuOSeO as well as in the ferrimagnetic phase, which shows that magnetic skyrmions can contribute to the spin pumping effect.
Lustikova, J.*; 塩見 雄毅*; 半田 優*; 齊藤 英治
Journal of Applied Physics, 117(7), p.073901_1 - 073901_7, 2015/02
We report on the deformation of microwave absorption spectra and of the inverse spin Hall voltage signals in thin film bilayers of yttrium iron garnet (YIG) and platinum at high microwave power levels in a 9.45 GHz TE cavity. As the microwave power increases from 0.15 to 200 mW, the resonance field shifts to higher values, and the initially Lorentzian spectra of the microwave absorption intensity as well as the inverse spin Hall voltage signals become asymmetric. The contributions from opening of the magnetization precession cone and heating of YIG cannot well reproduce the data. Control measurements of inverse spin Hall voltages on thin-film YIGPt systems with a range of line widths underscore the role of spin-wave excitations in spectral deformation.
塩見 雄毅*; 野村 健太郎*; 梶原 瑛祐*; 江藤 数馬*; Novak, M.*; 瀬川 耕司*; 安藤 陽一*; 齊藤 英治
Physical Review Letters, 113(19), p.196601_1 - 196601_5, 2014/11
We report successful spin injection into the surface states of topological insulators by using a spin pumping technique. By measuring the voltage that shows up across the samples as a result of spin pumping, we demonstrate that a spin-electricity conversion effect takes place in the surface states of bulk-insulating topological insulators BiSbTeSe and Sn-doped BiTeSe. In this process, the injected spins are converted into a charge current along the Hall direction due to the spin-momentum locking on the surface state.
Lustikova, J.*; 塩見 雄毅*; Qiu, Z.*; 吉川 貴史*; 井口 亮*; 内田 健一*; 齊藤 英治
Journal of Applied Physics, 116(15), p.153902_1 - 053902_6, 2014/10
Spin current injection from sputtered yttrium iron garnet (YIG) films into an adjacent platinum layer has been investigated by means of the spin pumping and the spin Seebeck effects. Films witha thickness of 83 and 96 nanometers were fabricated by on-axis magnetron rf sputtering at room temperature and subsequent post-annealing. From the frequency dependence of the ferromagneticresonance linewidth, the damping constant has been estimated to be (7.01.0) 10. Magnitudes of the spin current generated by the spin pumping and the spin Seebeck effect are ofthe same order as values for YIG films prepared by liquid phase epitaxy. The efficient spin current injection can be ascribed to a good YIG/Pt interface, which is confirmed by the large spin-mixingconductance (2.0 0.2) 10 m.