Chen, Y.*; 佐藤 正寛*; Tang, Y.*; 塩見 雄毅*; 大柳 洸一*; 益田 隆嗣*; 南部 雄亮*; 藤田 全基*; 齊藤 英治
Nature Communications (Internet), 12, p.5199_1 - 5199_7, 2021/08
A triplon refers to a fictitious particle that carries angular momentum corresponding to the elementary excitation in a broad class of quantum dimerized spin systems. Such systems without magnetic order have long been studied as a testing ground for quantum properties of spins. Although triplons have been found to play a central role in thermal and magnetic properties in dimerized magnets with singlet correlation, a spin angular momentum flow carried by triplons, a triplon current, has not been detected yet. Here we report spin Seebeck effects induced by a triplon current: triplon spin Seebeck effect, using a spin-Peierls system CuGeO. The result shows that the heating-driven triplon transport induces spin current whose sign is positive, opposite to the spin-wave cases in magnets. The triplon spin Seebeck effect persists far below the spin-Peierls transition temperature, being consistent with a theoretical calculation for triplon spin Seebeck effects.
吉川 貴史*; Reitz, D.*; 伊藤 宏陽*; 巻内 崇彦*; 杉本 宜陽*; 恒川 翔*; 大門 俊介*; 大柳 洸一*; Ramos, R.*; 高橋 三郎*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 12, p.4356_1 - 4356_7, 2021/07
Thermoelectric effects have been applied to power generators and temperature sensors that convert waste heat into electricity. The effects, however, have been limited to electrons to occur, and inevitably disappear at low temperatures due to electronic entropy quenching. Here, we report thermoelectric generation caused by nuclear spins in a solid: nuclear-spin Seebeck effect. The sample is a magnetically ordered material MnCO having a large nuclear spin of Mn nuclei and strong hyperfine coupling, with a Pt contact. In the system, we observe low-temperature thermoelectric signals down to 100 mK due to nuclear-spin excitation. Our theoretical calculation in which interfacial Korringa process is taken into consideration quantitatively reproduces the results. The nuclear thermoelectric effect demonstrated here offers a way for exploring thermoelectric science and technologies at ultralow temperatures.
加藤 剛臣*; 菅原 克明*; 伊東 直洋*; 山内 邦彦*; 佐藤 匠*; 小口 多美夫*; 高橋 隆*; 塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治; 佐藤 宇史*
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 4(8), p.084202_1 - 084202_6, 2020/08
We investigated the Dirac-cone state and its modulation when an ultrathin film of topological insulator BiSe was epitaxially grown on a van der Waals ferromagnet CrSiTe (CST) by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We observed a gapless Dirac-cone surface state in six quintuple-layer (6QL) BiSe on CST, whereas the Dirac cone exhibits a gap of 0.37 eV in its 2QL counterpart. Intriguingly, this gap is much larger than those for BiSe films on Si(111). We also revealed no discernible change in the gap magnitude across the ferromagnetic transition of CST, suggesting the very small characteristic length and energy scale of the magnetic proximity effect. The present results suggest a crucial role of interfacial coupling for modulating Dirac electrons in topological-insulator hybrids.
南部 雄亮*; Barker, J.*; 沖野 夕貴*; 吉川 貴史*; 塩見 雄毅*; Enderle, M.*; Weber, T.*; Winn, B.*; Graves-Brook, M.*; Tranquada, J. M.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 125(2), p.027201_1 - 027201_6, 2020/07
We measure the mode-resolved direction of the precessional motion of the magnetic order, i.e., magnon polarization, via the chiral term of inelastic polarized neutron scattering spectra. The magnon polarization is a unique and unambiguous signature of magnets and is important in spintronics, affecting thermodynamic properties such as the magnitude and sign of the spin Seebeck effect. However, it has never been directly measured in any material until this work. The observation of both signs of magnon polarization in YFeO also gives direct proof of its ferrimagnetic nature. The experiments agree very well with atomistic simulations of the scattering cross section.
Chen, Y.*; 塩見 雄毅*; Qiu, Z.*; 新関 友彦*; 埋田 真樹*; 齊藤 英治
Scientific Reports (Internet), 9, p.19052_1 - 19052_8, 2019/12
In superconductors, a topological configuration of the superconducting order parameter called a superconducting vortex carries magnetization. Such a magnetic topological object behaves like a minute particle generating a magnetic flux. Since the flux is localized with a nanometer scale, the vortex provides a nano-scale probe for local magnetic fields. Here we show that information of magnetic stripes in insulators can be read out by using vortices in an adjacent superconductor film as a probe. The orientation and width of magnetic micro stripes are both transcribed into resistance change of the superconductor through the modulation of vortex mobility affected by local magnetization. By changing the direction of external magnetic fields, zero-field resistance changes continuously according to the stripe orientation, and its modulation magnitude reaches up to 100%. The width of the stripes can also be estimated from the oscillatory magnetoresistance. Our results demonstrate a new possibility for non-volatile analog memory devices based on topological objects.
廣部 大地*; 佐藤 正寛*; 萩原 雅人*; 塩見 雄毅*; 益田 隆嗣*; 齊藤 英治
Physical Review Letters, 123(11), p.117202_1 - 117202_7, 2019/09
Investigating exotic magnetic materials with spintronic techniques is effective at advancing magnetism as well as spintronics. In this work, we report unusual field-induced suppression of the spin Seebeck effect (SSE) in a quasi-one-dimensional frustrated spin- magnet LiCuVO, known to exhibit spin-nematic correlation in a wide range of external magnetic field . The suppression takes place above T in spite of the -linear isothermal magnetization curves in the same range. The result can be attributed to the growth of the spin-nematic correlation while increasing . The correlation stabilizes magnon pairs carrying spin 2, thereby suppressing the interfacial spin injection of SSE by preventing the spin-1 exchange between single magnons and conduction electrons at the interface. This interpretation is supported by integrating thermodynamic measurements and theoretical analysis on the SSE.
伊東 直洋*; 吉川 貴史*; Barker, J.*; 廣部 大地*; 塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治
Physical Review B, 100(6), p.060402_1 - 060402_6, 2019/08
We have studied the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (LSSE) in the layered ferromagnetic insulators CrSiTe and CrGeTe covered by Pt films in the measurement configuration where spin current traverses the ferromagnetic Cr layers. The LSSE response is clearly observed in the ferromagnetic phase and, in contrast to a standard LSSE magnet YFeO, persists above the critical temperatures in both CrSiTe/Pt and CrGeTe/Pt samples. With the help of a numerical calculation, we attribute the LSSE signals observed in the paramagnetic regime to exchange-dominated interlayer transport of in-plane paramagnetic moments reinforced by short-range ferromagnetic correlations and strong Zeeman effects.
針井 一哉; Seo, Y.-J.*; 堤 康雅*; 中堂 博之; 大柳 洸一*; 松尾 衛; 塩見 雄毅*; 小野 崇人*; 前川 禎通; 齊藤 英治
Nature Communications (Internet), 10, p.2616_1 - 2616_5, 2019/06
Electric current has been used to send electricity to far distant places. On the other hand, spin current, a flow of electron spin, can in principle also send angular momentum to distant places. In a magnet, there is a universal spin carrier called a spin wave, a wave-type excitation of magnetization. Since spin waves exhibit a long propagation length, it should be able to send angular momentum that can generate torque and force at a distant place: a new function of magnets. Here we observe mechanical angular momentum transmission and force generation due to spin waves injected into YFeO by the spin-Seebeck effect. The spin-wave current, transmitted through a YFeO micro cantilever, was found to create a mechanical force on the cantilever as a non-local reaction of the spin-Seebeck effect. Spin-wave current can be generated remotely even in open circuits, and it can be used to drive micro mechanical devices.
亀田 麻衣*; 廣部 大地*; 大門 俊介*; 塩見 雄毅*; 高橋 三郎*; 齊藤 英治
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 476, p.459 - 463, 2019/04
Nonlinear effects of spin pumping have been investigated by numerically calculating the temporal evolution of the magnon number affected by three- and four-magnon interactions. We showed that the three-magnon interaction gives rise to the enhancement of spin-pumping spin current. We also found that the four-magnon interaction in combination with the three-magnon interaction can be responsible for the experimentally observed low-frequency oscillation of spin current.
Lustikova, J.*; 塩見 雄毅*; 横井 直人*; 壁谷 典幸*; 木村 憲彰*; 家永 紘一郎*; 金子 真一*; 大熊 哲*; 高橋 三郎*; 齊藤 英治
Nature Communications (Internet), 9, p.4922_1 - 4922_6, 2018/11
A rectenna, standing for a rectifying antenna, is an apparatus which generates d.c. electricity from electric fluctuations. It is expected to realize wireless power transmission as well as energy harvesting from environmental radio waves. To realize such rectification, devices that are made up of internal atomic asymmetry such as an asymmetric junction have been necessary so far. Here we report a material that spontaneously generates electricity by rectifying environmental fluctuations without using atomic asymmetry. The sample is a common superconductor without lowered crystalline symmetry, but, just by putting it in an asymmetric magnetic environment, it turns into a rectifier and starts generating electricity. Superconducting vortex strings only annihilate and nucleate at surfaces, and this allows the bulk electrons to feel surface fluctuations in an asymmetric environment: a vortex rectenna. The rectification and generation can be switched on and off with only a slight change in temperature or external magnetic fields.
塩見 雄毅*; Lustikova, J.*; 渡辺 真悟*; 廣部 大地*; 高橋 三郎*; 齊藤 英治
Nature Physics, 15(1), p.22 - 26, 2018/10
Various spintronic phenomena originate from the exchange of angular momentum between the spin of electrons and other degrees of freedom in crystalline materials. Many degrees of freedom, such as magnetization and mechanical motion, have already been united into this exchange framework. However, the nuclear spin -a key angular momentum- has yet to be incorporated. Here we observe spin pumping from nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), in which nuclear spin dynamics emits a spin current, a flow of spin angular momentum of electrons. By using the canted antiferromagnet MnCO, in which typical nuclear spin-wave formation is established due to the reinforced hyperfine coupling, we find that a spin current is generated from an NMR. Nuclear spins are indispensable for quantum information technology and are also frequently used in various sensors, such as in magnetic resonance imaging. The observed NMR spin pumping allows spin-current generation from nuclei and will enable spintronic detection of nuclear spin states.
塩見 雄毅*; 高嶋 梨菜*; 齊藤 英治
Physical Review B, 96(13), p.134425_1 - 134425_9, 2017/10
A magnon Nernst effect, an antiferromagnetic analog of the magnon Hall effect in ferromagnetic insulators, has been studied experimentally for the layered antiferromagnetic insulator MnPS in contact with two Pt strips. Thermoelectric voltage in the Pt strips grown on MnPS single crystals exhibits nonmonotonic temperature dependence at low temperatures, which is unlikely to be explained by electronic origins in Pt but can be ascribed to the inverse spin Hall voltage induced by a magnon Nernst effect. Control of antiferromagnetic domains in the MnPS crystal by magnetoelectric cooling is found to modulate the low-temperature thermoelectric voltage in Pt, which is evidence consistent with the emergence of the magnon Nernst effect in Pt-MnPS hybrid structures.
渡辺 真悟*; 廣部 大地*; 塩見 雄毅*; 井口 亮*; 大門 俊介*; 亀田 麻衣*; 高橋 三郎*; 齊藤 英治
Scientific Reports (Internet), 7, p.4576_1 - 4576_6, 2017/07
Spin pumping enables the generation of d.c. and gigahertz-band (GHz-band) voltages from an applied microwave via magnetization dynamics when combined with inverse spin Hall effects. However, generating such voltages in the in-between frequency region, or the megahertz (MHz) band, has been difficult since ferromagnetic resonance usually occurs in the GHz band. Here we show that in spite of GHz-band microwaves applied, MHz-band voltages can be generated by spin pumping with use of nonlinear magnetization dynamics in YFeO. The mechanism is ascribed to the MHz-band oscillation of the amplitude of the magnetization precession, which is projected onto a rectified voltage component via spin pumping. The present finding could be useful for frequency down-conversion thanks to the simple and durable structure, continuous-wave operation, and the tunability of an output frequency with low magnetic fields.
塩見 雄毅*; Lustikova, J.*; 齊藤 英治
Scientific Reports (Internet), 7, p.5358_1 - 5358_8, 2017/07
Although magnetism and superconductivity hardly coexist in a single material, recent advances in nanotechnology and spintronics have brought to light their interplay in magnetotransport in thin-film heterostructures. Here, we found a periodic oscillation of Nernst voltage with respect to magnetic fields in PtLiFeO (PtLFO) bilayers grown on a cuprate superconductor YBaCuO (YBCO). At high temperatures above the superconducting transition temperature () of YBCO, spin Seebeck voltages originating in PtLFO layers are observed. As temperature decreases well below , the spin Seebeck voltage is suppressed and unconventional periodic voltage oscillation as a function of magnetic fields appears; such an oscillation emerging along the Hall direction in the superconducting state has not been observed yet. Dynamics of superconducting vortices pinned by surface precipitates seems responsible for the oscillatory Nernst effect.
塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治
AIP Advances (Internet), 7(3), p.035011_1 - 035011_6, 2017/03
We have studied magnetotransport properties of a topological insulator material RuSn. Bulk single crystals of RuSn were grown by a Bi flux method. The resistivity is semiconducting at high temperatures above 160 K, while it becomes metallic below 160 K. Nonlinear field dependence of Hall resistivity in the metallic region shows conduction of multiple carriers at low temperatures. In the high-temperature semiconducting region, magnetoresistance exhibits a conventional quadratic magnetic-field dependence. In the low-temperature metallic region, however, high-field magnetoresistance is clearly linear with magnetic fields, signaling a linear dispersion in the low-temperature electronic structure. Small changes in the magnetoresistance magnitude with respect to the magnetic field angle indicate that bulk electron carriers are responsible mainly for the observed linear magnetoresistance.
Seo, Y.-J.*; 針井 一哉; 高橋 遼*; 中堂 博之; 大柳 洸一*; Qiu, Z.*; 小野 崇人*; 塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治
Applied Physics Letters, 110(13), p.132409_1 - 132409_4, 2017/03
廣部 大地*; 佐藤 正寛*; 川股 隆行*; 塩見 雄毅*; 内田 健一*; 井口 亮*; 小池 洋二*; 前川 禎通; 齊藤 英治
Nature Physics, 13(1), p.30 - 34, 2017/01
Quantum spin fluctuation in a low-dimensional or frustrated magnet breaks magnetic ordering while keeping spin correlation. Such fluctuation has been a central topic in magnetism because of its relevance to high-Tc superconductivity and topological states. However, utilizing such spin states has been quite difficult. In a one-dimensional spin-1/2 chain, a particle-like excitation called a spinon is known to be responsible for spin fluctuation in a paramagnetic state. Spinons behave as a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid at low energy, and the spin system is often called a quantum spin chain. Here we show that a quantum spin chain generates and carries spin current, which is attributed to spinon spin current. This is demonstrated by observing an anisotropic negative spin Seebeck effect along the spin chains in SrCuO. The results show that spin current can flow even in an atomic channel owing to long-range spin fluctuation.
山本 敬太*; 塩見 雄毅*; 瀬川 耕司*; 安藤 陽一*; 齊藤 英治
Physical Review B, 94(2), p.024404_1 - 024401_6, 2016/05
塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治
Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.22085_1 - 22085_6, 2016/02
In nonmagnetic semiconductors and metals, most of Hall resistance exhibits a linear dependence with applied magnetic fields. In this work, by combining conduction in a metal and a semiconductor under external magnetic fields, we realize a dispersion-type magnetic-field dependence of Hall resistance. The dispersion-type Hall resistance appears in a broad temperature range below 150K, where quantum linear magnetoresistance is noticeable in the semiconductor substrate. This unconventional Hall response in metalsemiconductor hybrid systems is explained by a change in dominant conduction from the semiconductor to the metal with increasing magnetic field strength.
Lustikova, J.*; 塩見 雄毅*; 齊藤 英治
Physical Review B, 92(22), p.224436_1 - 224436_8, 2015/12
We propose a method to separate the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) from galvanomagnetic effects in spin pumping experiments on metallic bilayer systems by measuring the dc electromotive force in two orthogonal directions. Calculations of dc voltages in longitudinal and Hall directions induced in NiFe and NiFe/Pt films at ferromagnetic resonance in a microwave cavity predict that contributions from ISHE and from the galvanomagnetic effects, i.e., the anisotropic magnetoresistance and the anomalous Hall effect. exhibit distinct signal symmetry as well as angular dependence when changing the direction of the external field with respect to the film plane. According to measurements on NiFe/Pt, only that dc voltage component which includes ISHE is more than five times larger than purely galvanomagnetic components. This is corroborated by results on LaSrMnO/Pt samples, demonstrating universality of this method.