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JAEA Reports

Risk communication practice after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident; Interactive explanatory meeting on radiation and its health effects in Ibaraki prefecture

Ayame, Junko; Sugiyama, Kenji; Takashita, Hirofumi; Yamamoto, Ryuichi

JAEA-Review 2015-016, 182 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Review-2015-016.pdf:19.2MB

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories (NCL) of JAEA has held the explanatory meetings in Ibaraki prefecture since May 2011 in order to transmit factual information and reduce the excessive anxiety about radiation risk. Applying to our past risk communication process to the explanatory meetings, we built a process of interactivity between participants and our staff for the meetings. We incorporated the participants' needs into the meetings, and, as far as possible, we had interactive two-way communication so that the meetings were not one-way and persuasive but promote mutual understanding. According to the opinions and the results of questionnaire survey that were received from the participants, it became evident that the interactive explanatory meetings were effective in reducing participants' anxiety. This report explains the risk communication process for carrying out the explanatory meeting, and shows the activities of the meetings, questions and opinions from the participants, and questionnaire results that NCL implemented.

JAEA Reports

Activities of the interactive public meetings on radiation and its health effect after the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident in the case of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories

Sugiyama, Kenji; Ayame, Junko; Takashita, Hirofumi; Yamamoto, Ryuichi

JAEA-Review 2015-013, 75 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Review-2015-013.pdf:10.51MB

JAEA has held public meetings on radiation and its health effects mainly for parents of students in kindergartens, elementary schools, and junior high schools in Fukushima prefecture after the Fukushima nuclear accident. These meetings are held based on our experience of practicing risk communication activities for a decade in JAEA with local residents. Questionnaires were collected after the meetings. By analyzing questionnaires, we confirmed that interactive communication is effective in increasing participants' understanding and in decreasing their anxiety. Risk communication study office supported the staff members of the meetings providing information such as participants' questions in the past meetings. To provide information, we made a homepage and held the orientation for the staff members Questionnaires of the staff members were also collected and analyzed after the public meetings.

JAEA Reports

Questionnaire analysis in the interactive public meetings on radiation and its health effect after the Fukushima nuclear accident

Sugiyama, Kenji; Takashita, Hirofumi; Yamamoto, Ryuichi; Itabashi, Kiyoshi

JAEA-Review 2014-018, 110 Pages, 2014/07

JAEA-Review-2014-018.pdf:9.25MB

JAEA has held public meetings on radiation and its health effects mainly for parents of students in kindergartens, elementary schools, and junior high schools in Fukushima Prefecture after the Fukushima nuclear accident. These meetings are held based on our experience of practicing risk communication activities for a decade in JAEA with local residents. Questionnaires were collected after the meetings. By analyzing questionnaires, we confirmed that interactive communication is effective in increasing participants' understanding and in decreasing their anxiety. Most of the participants answered that they understood the contents and that it eased their mind.

Journal Articles

Unique Fermi surface and emergence of charge density wave in EuGa$$_4$$ and EuAl$$_4$$

Nakamura, Ai*; Hiranaka, Yuichi*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Miura, Yasunao*; Tsutsumi, Hiroki*; Mori, Akinobu*; Ishida, Kazuhiro*; Mitamura, Katsuya*; Hirose, Yusuke*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011012_1 - 011012_6, 2014/06

Journal Articles

Fermi surface and magnetic properties of antiferromagnet EuBi$$_3$$

Nakamura, Ai*; Hiranaka, Yuichi*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Tatetsu, Yasutomi*; Maehira, Takahiro*; Miura, Yasunao*; Mori, Akinobu*; Tsutsumi, Hiroki*; Hirose, Yusuke*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(12), p.124708_1 - 124708_6, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:72.91(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Magnetic and Fermi surface properties of EuGa$$_4$$

Nakamura, Ai*; Hiranaka, Yuichi*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Miura, Yasunao*; Tsutsumi, Hiroki*; Mori, Akinobu*; Ishida, Kazuhiro*; Mitamura, Katsuya*; Hirose, Yusuke*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(10), p.104703_1 - 104703_10, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:82(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Quadrupole effects in tetragonal crystals PrCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and DyCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

Mitsumoto, Keisuke*; Goto, Saori*; Nemoto, Yuichi*; Akatsu, Mitsuhiro*; Goto, Terutaka*; Dung, N. D.*; Matsuda, Tatsuma; Haga, Yoshinori; Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Sugiyama, Kiyohiro*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 25(29), p.296002_1 - 296002_8, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:5.74(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Stability of polyvinylpolypyrrolidone against $$gamma$$-ray irradiation in HNO$$_{3}$$ media

Nogami, Masanobu*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Morita, Yasuji; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 296(1), p.423 - 427, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:43.78(Chemistry, Analytical)

Stability of polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (PVPP), a resin with adsorption selectivity to U(VI) in nitric acid media, against $$gamma$$-ray irradiation has been examined using HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions of various concentrations. As the result, no clear decrease in the capacity was observed for any samples. Or rather, it was found that the capacity increased by approximately 50% for the PVPP slurry irradiated in 6 M HNO$$_{3}$$. The infrared spectroscopic study indicates that PVPP degrades by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation in HNO$$_{3}$$ from the cleavage of the pyrrolidone ring by the addition of oxygen atom originating from HNO$$_{3}$$, followed by the formation of chain monoamides with multiple coordinative atoms by the continuous addition of oxygen, finally leading to the generation of primary-amine type anion exchange resin. It is also indicated that all generated functional groups possess adsorptivity to U(VI) in 3 M HNO$$_{3}$$.

Journal Articles

Stability of pyrrolidone derivatives against $$gamma$$-ray irradiation

Nogami, Masanobu*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Morita, Yasuji; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Science China; Chemistry, 55(9), p.1739 - 1745, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:21.58(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Stability of N-alkylated pyrrolidone derivatives (NRPs) against radiation was examined by irradiation tests with $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray. We have been developed a novel reprocessing system using NRPs which have precipitation ability to haxa- and tetravalent actinides in nitric acid media. Degradation rates of NRPs are evaluated by irradiation in 3M nitric acid solutions and mechanism of degradation are discussed in the present paper.

Journal Articles

Risk-communication practice with the public after the Fukushima Power Plant accident; The Support and consultation for the proper recognition about radiation and health

Ayame, Junko; Yonezawa, Rika; Sugiyama, Kenji; Takashita, Hirofumi; Yamamoto, Ryuichi

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 54(8), p.543 - 548, 2012/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the system free energy in FG-HAZ of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel for nuclear power plants

Iwata, Mitsunao*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Murata, Yoshinori*; Takaya, Shigeru

Defect and Diffusion Forum, 326-328, p.578 - 582, 2012/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Precipitation ability to U(IV) and stability of 1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidone for selective precipitation of U(VI) in nitric acid media

Nogami, Masanobu*; Harada, Masayuki*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Morita, Yasuji; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 53(7), p.948 - 951, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:28.8(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The precipitation ability of 1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidone (DMI) to U(VI) and U(IV) was examined using nitric acid solutions. While DMI precipitated U(VI) from 3 M nitric acid, no precipitate was observed in the solution containing 0.15 M U(IV) and 3 M nitric acid by adding DMI at the ratio of [DMI]/[U(IV)]=5. This indicates that the selectivity of DMI to U(VI) than U(IV). In spite of the excellent selectivity to U(VI), DMI has a disadvantage on the stability in nitric acid, because gradual acid hydrolysis of DMI is inevitable due to the nature of the chemical structure. Experiments on the stability of DMI in $$gamma$$-ray irradiation and heating in nitric acid solutions showed that the stability is strongly affected by the concentration of nitric acid and that DMI may be applicable in nitric acid solutions up to ca. 2 M.

Journal Articles

Adsorptivity of polyvinylpolypyrrolidone for selective separation of U(VI) from nitric acid media

Nogami, Masanobu*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Morita, Yasuji; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 283(2), p.541 - 546, 2010/02

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:79.59(Chemistry, Analytical)

Adsorptivity of polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (PVPP) to various metal ions was examined as a part of the development of resins with selectivity to U(VI) in nitric acid media. It was found that PVPP has a strong adsorptivity to U(VI) in wide concentration range of nitric acid. The mechanism of U(VI) adsorption by PVPP was discussed by results of Scatchard plot analysis and infrared spectroscopic analysis. Furthermore, it was found that fission productions except for Re(VII) as the simulant of Tc(VII) and Pd(II) are not adsorbed on to PVPP and that Pd(II) and Re(VII) species are weakly adsorbed in the lower concentration ranges of nitric acid, where the adsorption rates of Pd(II) are extremely slower than those of U(VI). These results indicate that U(VI) can be separated from other metal ions by PVPP.

Journal Articles

Study on degradation properties of NBP precipitant by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation

Nogami, Masanobu*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Kawata, Yoshihisa; Morita, Yasuji; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

JAEA-Review 2009-041, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2008, P. 25, 2009/12

As a part of the development of a novel reprocessing system for spent FBR fuels based on the precipitation method, influence of concentrations of HNO$$_{3}$$ on the stability by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation was examined for $$N$$-$$n$$-butyl-2-pyrrolidone (NBP), a candidate precipitant for the first precipitation step for selectively precipitating U(VI). The residual ratios of the samples for HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions up to 3 M were found to be decreased identically, where ca. 20% of NBP was degraded after the irradiation of 1 MGy. It was found that the degradation of the samples of 6 M HNO$$_{3}$$ is more distinguished, where ca. 30% was degraded after the irradiation of 0.1 MGy. As the result of the investigation of the degradation mechanism of NBP, it was revealed that the degradation started from the cleavage of the pyrrolidone ring of NBP by the addition of oxygen atom, followed by the formation of chain monoamides and C4 compounds by the continuous addition of oxygen, leading to the generation of oxalic acid.

Journal Articles

Solubility of uranyl nitrate precipitates with $$N$$-Alkyl-2-pyrrolidone derivatives (Alkyl = $$n$$-propyl, $$n$$-butyl, $$iso$$-butyl, and cyclohexyl)

Takao, Koichiro*; Noda, Kyoko*; Nogami, Masanobu*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Morita, Yasuji; Nishimura, Kenji*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 46(10), p.995 - 999, 2009/10

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:65.67(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We have been developing an advanced reprocessing system for spent FBR fuels based on precipitation method using pyrrolidone derivatives. In the present study, the solubility of UO$$_{2}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$(NRP)$$_{2}$$ (NRP = $$N$$-alkyl-2-pyrrolidone, alkyl = $$n$$-propyl, $$n$$-butyl, $$iso$$-butyl and cyclohexyl) in aqueous solutions with HNO$$_{3}$$ has been examined. As a result, the solubility of each species of UO$$_{2}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$(NRP)$$_{2}$$ generally decreases with increasing concentrations of HNO$$_{3}$$ and NRP ($$C$$(HNO$$_{3}$$) and $$C$$(NRP), respectively). The solubility of UO$$_{2}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$(NRP)$$_{2}$$ also depends on the type of NRP; a higher hydrophobicity of NRP generally leads to a lower solubility of UO$$_{2}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$(NRP)$$_{2}$$. The logarithms of effective solubility products ($$K$$$$_{rm eff}$$) of UO$$_{2}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$(NRP)$$_{2}$$ at different $$C$$(HNO$$_{3}$$) values and 293 K were evaluated.

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory project overview of the pilot borehole investigation of the ventilation shaft (PB-V01); Geological investigation

Funaki, Hironori; Tokiwa, Tetsuya; Ishii, Eiichi; Hatsuyama, Yoshihiro*; Matsuo, Shigeaki*; Tsuda, Kazuyasu*; Koizumi, Akira*; Ishikawa, Taiki*; Daijo, Yuichi*; Sugiyama, Kazutoshi*

JAEA-Data/Code 2008-013, 65 Pages, 2008/08

JAEA-Data-Code-2008-013.pdf:6.38MB

We conducted geological investigation of the pilot borehole of the ventilation shaft in Horonobe during October 2007 and March 2008. This report describes the field operations (core description, core photograph, and core sampling) and laboratory measurements (modal analysis and X-ray diffraction analysis), equipments as well as processing procedures, and shows the obtained results. The information obtained from this investigation will be reflected in spring water control plan on shaft excavation and additional plan of drainage treatment facilities.

Journal Articles

Magnetic and superconducting properties of LaIrSi$$_3$$ and CeIrSi$$_3$$ with the non-centrosymmetric crystal structure

Okuda, Yusuke*; Miyauchi, Yuichiro*; Ida, Yuki*; Takeda, Yuji*; Tonohiro, Chie*; Ozuchi, Yasuhiro*; Yamada, Tsutomu*; Nguyen, D.; Matsuda, Tatsuma; Haga, Yoshinori; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 76(4), p.044708_1 - 044708_11, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:78 Percentile:91.73(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Single crystals of LaIrSi$$_3$$ and CeIrSi$$_3$$ were grown by the Czochralski pulling method in a tetra-arc furnace and the magnetic and superconducting properties, together with super- conductivity in CeIr$$_{1-x}$$Co$$_x$$Si$$_3$$, were clarified by measuring the electrical resistivity, specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, magnetization and de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) effect. From the results of the dHvA experiment for LaIrSi$$_3$$, the Fermi surface is found to split into two Fermi surfaces due to the spin-orbit interaction arising from the non-centrosymmetric crystal structure. The electronic state of CeIrSi$$_3$$ is tuned from the antiferro- magnetic state to the superconducting state by applying pressure. The upper critical field H$$_{c2}$$(0) at a pressure of 2.65 GPa is found to be highly anisotropic. Large magnitude and anisotropy of H$$_{c2}$$(0) in CeIrSi$$_3$$ are consistent with the theoretical prediction for superconductivity in the non-centrosymmetric crystal structure.

Journal Articles

Heavy-ion fusion and JAERI recoil mass separator

Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Nagame, Yuichiro; ; *; Hamada, S.; Sugiyama, Yasuharu; Ideno, K.; Otsuki, Tsutomu*; *; *

2nd Japan-Italy Joint Symp. 95 on Prespectives in Heavy Ion Physics, 0, p.54 - 67, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Prescission and postscission charged particle emissions from the $$^{19}$$F+$$^{159}$$Tb reaction

Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Nagame, Yuichiro; *; Sugiyama, Yasuharu; Tomita, Yoshiaki; Ideno, K.; Hamada, S.; ; Iwamoto, Akira; *

Physical Review C, 49(2), p.968 - 976, 1994/02

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:77.43(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Charged particle multiplicities in heavy-ion-induced fission

Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Shikazono, Naomoto; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sugiyama, Yasuharu; Tomita, Yoshiaki; Ideno, K.; *; B.J.Qi*; H.J.Kim*; Iwamoto, Akira; et al.

Physical Review C, 46(5), p.1922 - 1933, 1992/11

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:88.9(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

59 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)