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Journal Articles

Complex chemistry with complex compounds

Eichler, R.*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Chiera, N. M.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Dressler, R.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Even, J.*; Fangli, F.*; Goetz, M.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 131, p.07005_1 - 07005_7, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:73.04

In recent years gas-phase chemical studies assisted by physical pre-separation allowed for the productions and investigations of fragile single molecular species of superheavy elements. The latest highlight is the formation of very volatile hexacarbonyl compound of element 106, Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$. Following this success, second-generation experiments were performed to measure the first bond dissociation energy between the central metal atom and the surrounding ligand. The method using a tubular decomposition reactor was developed and successfully applied to short-lived Mo(CO)$$_{6}$$, W(CO)$$_{6}$$, and Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$.

Journal Articles

Decomposition studies of group 6 hexacarbonyl complexes, 1; Production and decomposition of Mo(CO)$$_6$$ and W(CO)$$_6$$

Usoltsev, I.*; Eichler, R.*; Wang, Y.*; Even, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 104(3), p.141 - 151, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:94.8(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Conditions of the production and decomposition of hexacarbonyl complexes of short-lived Mo and W isotopes were investigated to study thermal stability of the heaviest group 6 hexacarbonyl complex Sg(CO)$$_6$$. A tubular flow reactor was tested to decompose the hexacarbonyl complexes and to extract the first bond dissociation energies. A silver was found to be the most appropriate reaction surface to study the decomposition of the group 6 hexacarbonyl. It was found that the surface temperature at which the decomposition occurred was correlated to the first bond dissociation energy of Mo(CO)$$_6$$ and W(CO)$$_6$$, indicating that the first bond dissociation energy of Sg(CO)$$_6$$ could be determined with this technique.

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta for chemical studies of element 105, Db, using the GARIS gas-jet system

Huang, M.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Murakami, Masashi*; Asai, Masato; Kaji, Daiya*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Kikutani, Yuki*; Komori, Yukiko*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 304(2), p.845 - 849, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:26.04(Chemistry, Analytical)

A technique to utilize radioisotopes of Nb and Ta was developed for chemical studies of element 105, Db, by coupling a gas-jet transport system to the RIKEN gas-filled recoil ion separator (GARIS). The short-lived $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta were produced with nuclear reactions using a $$^{19}$$F beam whose energy was the same as that to produce $$^{262}$$Db. Then, they were separated with GARIS and extracted to a chemistry laboratory with the gas-jet transport system. By changing only magnetic field of GARIS and inserting an energy degrader and a shutter for recoil ions, we could deliver the $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta to a chemistry device for $$^{262}$$Db without changing other experimental conditions.

Journal Articles

In situ synthesis of volatile carbonyl complexes with short-lived nuclides

Even, J.*; Ackermann, D.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Eichler, R.*; Fan, F.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(3), p.2457 - 2466, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:77.78(Chemistry, Analytical)

Rapid In situ synthesis of metal carbonyl complexes has been demonstrated using short-lived isotopes produced in nuclear fission and fusion reactions. The short-lived isotopes with high recoil energy directly react with carbon-monoxides and form carbonyl complexes. Only highly volatile complexes were fast transported in a gas stream to counting and chemistry devices. Short-lived Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, W, Re, Os, and Ir were found to form volatile carbonyl complexes, while no volataile complex of Hf and Ta were detected. This technique has been applied to a chemical investigation of the superheavy element Sg (atomic number 106), and will be applicable to various fields of nuclear science with short-lived transition metal isotopes.

Journal Articles

Synthesis and detection of a Seaborgium carbonyl complex

Even, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eichler, R.*; Fan, F. L.*; et al.

Science, 345(6203), p.1491 - 1493, 2014/09

 Times Cited Count:60 Percentile:83.09(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

A new superheavy element complex, a seaborgium carbonyl, has been successfully synthesized, and its adsorption property has been studied using a cryo-thermochromatography and $$alpha$$-detection apparatus COMPACT. Nuclear reaction products of short-lived $$^{265}$$Sg preseparated with a gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS at RIKEN were directly injected into a gas cell filled with He/CO mixture gas, and chemical reaction products of volatile carbonyl complexes were trasported to COMPACT. The Sg carbonyl complex detected with COMPACT was found to be very volatile with adsorption enthalpy of $$-$$50 kJ/mol, from which we have concluded that this complex should be a Sg hexacarbonyl Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$. This is the first synthesis of organometallic compounds of transactinide elements for which only simple inorganic comounds have been synthesized so far.

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{262}$$Db in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{19}$$F,5$$n$$)$$^{262}$$Db reaction and decay properties of $$^{262}$$Db and $$^{258}$$Lr

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Huang, M.*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; Kudo, Yuki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Murakami, Masashi*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Sakai, Ryutaro*; et al.

Physical Review C, 89(2), p.024618_1 - 024618_11, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:82.56(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Excitation functions for production of Rf isotopes in the $$^{248}$$Cm + $$^{18}$$O reaction

Murakami, Masashi*; Goto, Shinichi*; Murayama, Hirofumi*; Kojima, Takayuki*; Kudo, Hisaaki*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sumita, Takayuki*; et al.

Physical Review C, 88(2), p.024618_1 - 024618_8, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:66.75(Physics, Nuclear)

Production cross sections of Rf isotopes in the $$^{248}$$Cm + $$^{18}$$O reaction were measured at the beam energy range of 88.2 to 101.3 MeV by use of a gas-filled recoil ion separator. The excitation functions of $$^{260}$$Rf, $$^{261a}$$Rf, and $$^{262}$$Rf were obtained together with those of spontaneously fissioning nuclides which have few-second half-lives and have been assigned to $$^{261b}$$Rf and a longer-lived state of $$^{262}$$Rf. The excitation function of few-second spontaneously fissioning nuclide exhibited the maximum cross section at the $$^{18}$$O beam energy of 94.8 MeV. The shape of the excitation function was almost the same as that of $$^{261a}$$Rf, whereas it was quite different from those of $$^{260}$$Rf and $$^{262}$$Rf. A few-second spontaneously fissioning nuclide previously reported as $$^{261b}$$Rf and $$^{262}$$Rf observed in$$^{248}$$Cm + $$^{18}$$O reaction was identified as $$^{261b}$$Rf.

Journal Articles

New result in the production and decay of an isotope, $$^{278}$$113 of the 113th element

Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Yoneda, Akira*; Tanaka, Kengo*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(10), p.103201_1 - 103201_4, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:161 Percentile:97.28(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

An isotope of the 113th element, $$^{278}$$113, was produced in a nuclear reaction with a $$^{70}$$Zn beam on a $$^{209}$$Bi target. We observed six consecutive $$alpha$$ decays following the implantation of a heavy particle in nearly the same position in the semiconductor detector, in extremely low background condition. The fifth and sixth decays are fully consistent with the sequential decays of $$^{262}$$Db and $$^{258}$$Lr both in decay energies and decay times. This indicates that the present decay chain consisted of $$^{278}$$113, $$^{274}$$Rg (Z = 111), $$^{270}$$Mt (Z = 109), $$^{266}$$Bh (Z = 107), $$^{262}$$Db (Z = 105), and $$^{258}$$Lr (Z = 103) with firm connections. This result, together with previously reported results from 2004 and 2007, conclusively leads the unambiguous production and identification of the isotope $$^{278}$$113, of the 113th element.

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{265}$$Sg in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{22}$$Ne,5$$n$$)$$^{265}$$Sg reaction and decay properties of two isomeric states in $$^{265}$$Sg

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kudo, Yuki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Sakai, Ryutaro*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; et al.

Physical Review C, 85(2), p.024611_1 - 024611_11, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:52 Percentile:91.37(Physics, Nuclear)

Two isomeric states in $$^{265}$$Sg, i.e, $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{a}$$ and $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{b}$$ were produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{22}$$Ne,5$$n$$) reaction. Decay properties of $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{a,b}$$ were investigated with a rotating-wheel apparatus for $$alpha$$ and spontaneous fission (SF) spectrometry under low background condition attained by a gas-jet transport system coupled to the RIKEN gas-filled recoil ion separator. Based on genetically correlated $$alpha$$-$$alpha$$ (-$$alpha$$) and $$alpha$$-SF decay chains, 18 and 24 events were assigned to $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{a}$$ and $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{b}$$, respectively. The half-life and $$alpha$$-particle energy of $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{a}$$ were measured to be $$8.5^{+2.6}_{-1.6}$$ s and $$8.84 pm 0.05$$ MeV, respectively, and those of $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{b}$$ were $$14.4^{+3.7}_{-2.5}$$ s and $$8.69 pm 0.05$$ MeV.

Journal Articles

Production and decay properties of $$^{264}$$Hs and $$^{265}$$Hs

Sato, Nozomi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kudo, Yuki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(9), p.094201_1 - 094201_7, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:65.42(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Decay properties of $$^{264}$$Hs and $$^{265}$$Hs produced in the $$^{207,208}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe, $$xn$$) [$$x$$=1, 2] reactions were studied using a gas-filled recoil ion separator at the linear accelerator facility of RIKEN. A total of 6 decay chains were assigned to $$^{264}$$Hs. Cross sections for the $$^{264}$$Hs production in the $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe,$$2n$$) and $$^{207}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe,$$n$$) reactions were measured to be $$2.8^{+6.5}_{-2.3}$$pb and $$6.9^{+4.4}_{-3.1}$$pb, respectively. The isotope $$^{264}$$Hs decayed with a half-life of $$0.751^{+0.518}_{-0.218}$$ms by $$alpha$$-particle emission and spontaneous fission. The $$alpha$$-particle energy of $$^{264}$$Hs was observed at 10.61$$pm$$0.04 and 10.80$$pm$$0.08 MeV. The spontaneous fission branch of $$^{264}$$Hs was found to be $$17^{+38}_{-14}%$$.

Journal Articles

Decay properties of $$^{266}$$Bh and $$^{262}$$Db produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm + $$^{23}$$Na reaction

Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sato, Nozomi*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(6), p.064201_1 - 064201_6, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:78.42(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Decay properties of an isotope $$^{266}$$Bh and its daughter nucleus $$^{262}$$Db produced by the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{23}$$Na,5$$n$$) reaction were studied by using a gas-filled recoil separator coupled with a position-sensitive semiconductor detector. $$^{266}$$Bh was clearly identified from the correlation of the known nuclide, $$^{262}$$Db. The obtained decay properties of $$^{266}$$Bh and $$^{262}$$Db are consistent with those observed in the $$^{278}$$113 chain, which provided further confirmation of the discovery of $$^{278}$$113.

Journal Articles

Production of a new hassium isotope $$^{263}$$Hs

Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Sato, Nozomi*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Kudo, Yuki*; Ozawa, Akira*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(3), p.035003_1 - 035003_2, 2009/03

A new hassium isotopes $$^{263}$$Hs is directly produced for the first time. The experiment was performed at the linear accelerator (RILAC) facility in RIKEN (the Institute of Physical and Chemical Research) from Jun. 19 to 25. In the 25-h irradiation of $$^{58}$$Fe on $$^{206}$$Pb and 46-h irradiation of $$^{56}$$Fe on $$^{208}$$Pb, 8 decay chains and 1 decay chain, respectively, were observed. All decay chains were assigned to subsequent decays from $$^{263}$$Hs. The half-life of $$^{263}$$Hs is 0.60$$^{+0.30}_{-0.15}$$ ms. In this experiment, the total beam dose was $$4.1times10^{17}$$ ions for $$^{58}$$Fe and $$6.2times10^{17}$$ ions for $$^{56}$$Fe. The production cross section corresponding to 8 decay events and 1 decay chain was deduced to be 21$$^{+10}_{-8}$$ pb and 1.6$$^{+3.7}_{-1.3}$$ pb by assuming that the transmission of the system is 80%.

Journal Articles

Production and decay properties of $$^{263}$$Hs

Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Sato, Nozomi*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Kudo, Yuki*; Ozawa, Akira*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(3), p.035003_1 - 035003_2, 2009/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:26.35(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A new neutron deficient hassium ($$Z$$=108) isotope of $$^{263}$$Hs was identified via two different reactions of $$^{206}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe,n) and $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{56}$$Fe,n) by using a gas-filled recoil separator GARIS at June 2008. During the 25-h irradiation of $$^{206}$$Pb with the $$^{58}$$Fe beam and 46-h irradiation of $$^{208}$$Pb with the $$^{56}$$Fe beam, 8 decay chains and 1 decay chain, respectively, have been observed. The half-life of $$^{263}$$Hs is 0.60$$^{+0.30}_{0.15}$$ ms. In this experiment, the total beam doses of the Fe and $$^{56}$$Fe was 4.1$$times$$10$$^{17}$$ ions and 6.2$$times$$10$$^{17}$$ ions, respectively. The production cross sections corresponding to the 8 decay chains and 1 decay chain have been deduced to be 21$$^{+10}_{-8}$$ pb and 1.6$$^{+3.7}_{-1.3}$$ pb by assuming the transmission of the system to be 80%.

Journal Articles

New decay properties of $$^{264}$$Hs, $$^{260}$$Sg, and $$^{256}$$Rf

Sato, Nozomi*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Kudo, Yuki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Ozawa, Akira*; et al.

RIKEN Accelerator Progress Report, Vol.42, P. 16, 2009/00

New Decay Properties of $$^{264}$$Hs and its $$alpha$$-decay daughter nuclei were studied by using reactions of $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe,2n) and $$^{207}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe,n) by using a gas-filled recoil ion separator, GARIS at RIKEN. We observed three correlated events in irradiation of $$^{58}$$Fe on $$^{208}$$Pb, and eight events in irradiation of $$^{58}$$Fe on $$^{207}$$Pb. A half-life was deduced to be 0.90$$^{+0.40}_{-0.20}$$. We assigned these eleven events to be the decays of $$^{264}$$Hs. We found different decay-chain events of $$^{264}$$Hs from a previous report. One is a long-lived $$alpha$$-decay of $$^{260}$$Sg with 180$$^{150}_{-60}$$ms of half-life. Another is a long-lived $$alpha$$-decay of $$^{256}$$Rf with 10.4$$^{8.4}_{-3.2}$$s of half-life. For $$^{260}$$Sg and $$^{256}$$Rf, the decay of such a long-lived state have not been reported. These are the first observations of isomerism in $$^{260}$$Sg and $$^{256}$$Rf.

JAEA Reports

Basis data for surveillance test on core support graphite structures for the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR)

Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; Kikuchi, Takayuki; Ishihara, Masahiro; Iyoku, Tatsuo; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Fujimoto, Nozomu

JAEA-Data/Code 2007-001, 57 Pages, 2007/02

JAEA-Data-Code-2007-001.pdf:3.0MB

Visual inspection by a TV camera and material properties measurement by surveillance test on core support graphite structures are planned for the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) to confirm their structural integrity and characteristics. The surveillance test is aimed to investigate the change of material and mechanical properties by aging effects such as fast neutron irradiation and oxidation. The obtained data will be used not only for evaluating the structural integrity of the core support graphite structure of the HTTR but also for design data to advanced Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) discussed at generation IV international forum. This report describes the material properties and installed position of surveillance specimens in the HTTR in order to carry out the surveillance test.

Journal Articles

R&D for HTGRs core components

Hanawa, Satoshi; Shibata, Taiju; Sumita, Junya; Kikuchi, Takayuki; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Ishihara, Masahiro; Iyoku, Tatsuo

Koon Gakkai-Shi, 32(1), p.36 - 42, 2006/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Reactor internals design

Sumita, Junya; Ishihara, Masahiro; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Kikuchi, Takayuki; Iyoku, Tatsuo

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 233(1-3), p.81 - 88, 2004/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:29.31(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor is particularly attractive due to its capability of producing high temperature helium gas and its possibility to exploit inherent safety characteristic. To achieve high temperature helium-gas, reactor internals are made of graphite and heat resistant materials, its surroundings are composed of metals. The reactor internals of the HTTR consist of graphite and metallic core support structures and shielding blocks. This paper describes the reactor internal design of the HTTR, especially the core support graphite structures, and the program of an in-service inspection.

JAEA Reports

Replacement of the filter for primary helium circulators of the HTTR

Furusawa, Takayuki; Sumita, Junya; Ueta, Shohei; Nemoto, Takahiro; Oyama, Sunao*; Kamata, Takashi

JAERI-Tech 2004-024, 46 Pages, 2004/03

JAERI-Tech-2004-024.pdf:6.75MB

Primary helium circulators of the HTTR are the important component as the helium gas which is reactor coolant, and three circulators for the primary pressurized water cooler and one for the intermediate heat exchanger are installed in primary cooling system. In the upstream of these circulators, the filter has been installed in order to suppress that it is entrapped in the bearing in which fine particles in helium gas, support main shaft of the helium circulator. The differential pressure of this filter rose gradually during rise-to-power test. The rise of the filter differential pressure of the helium circulator may cause the problem for reactor operation. Therefore, the filters were newly manufactured, and replacement of the filter was carried out. In replacement of the filter, appearance confirmation was carried out and deposit of the filter was analyzed. This paper described replacement of the filter and filter differential pressure rise investigation of the causes.

JAEA Reports

Development of in-service inspection system for core support graphite structures in the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR)

Sumita, Junya; Hanawa, Satoshi; Kikuchi, Takayuki; Ishihara, Masahiro

JAERI-Tech 2003-023, 37 Pages, 2003/03

JAERI-Tech-2003-023.pdf:7.79MB

Visual inspection of core support graphite structures using TV camera as in-service inspection and measurement of material characteristics using surveillance test specimens are planned in the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) to confirm structural integrity of the core support graphite structures. For the visual inspection, in-service inspection system has been developed, and pre-service inspection using the system was carried out. As the result of the pre-service inspection, it was validated that high quality of visual inspection with TV camera can be carried out, and also structural integrity of the core support graphite structures at the initial stage of the HTTR operation was confirmed.

JAEA Reports

Investigation of water content in primary upper shield of High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR)

Sumita, Junya; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Mogi, Haruyoshi; ; Kitami, Takayuki; Akutsu, Yoichi; *; *; *

JAERI-Research 99-054, p.41 - 0, 1999/09

JAERI-Research-99-054.pdf:1.19MB

no abstracts in English

33 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)