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Journal Articles

Microparticles with diverse sizes and morphologies from mechanical and laser cutting of fuel debris simulants and geopolymer as a covering material

Zhou, Q.*; Saito, Takumi*; Suzuki, Seiya; Yano, Kimihiko; Suzuki, Shunichi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(4), p.461 - 472, 2021/04

Journal Articles

Prediction of the drying behavior of debris in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station for dry storage

Nakayoshi, Akira; Suzuki, Seiya; Okamura, Nobuo; Watanabe, Masayuki; Koizumi, Kenji

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(10), p.1119 - 1129, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:17.98(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Year-round variations in the fluvial transport load of particulate $$^{137}$$Cs in a forested catchment affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Matsunaga, Takeshi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Takeuchi, Erina; Muto, Kotomi; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Nishimura, Shusaku; Koarashi, Jun; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Sato, Tsutomu*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 310(2), p.679 - 693, 2016/11

AA2015-0821.pdf:3.78MB

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:54.39(Chemistry, Analytical)

Particulate $$^{137}$$Cs in stream water was collected continuously for two years in order to assess the long-term trend of the $$^{137}$$Cs discharge from the forest environment. Sampling was conducted from December 2011 to December 2013 in a mountainous stream, which received the $$^{137}$$Cs from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. A seasonal increase in fluvial transport load of particulate $$^{137}$$Cs associated with suspended solids (SS) was observed in August and September when rainfall was abundant. The particulate $$^{137}$$Cs concentration decreased at a faster rate than the rate due to radioactive decay. This decrease might be resulted from redistribution of the easily eroded and polluted soil surface due to heavy rain events such as typhoons. These findings indicate that the particulate $$^{137}$$Cs load was subject to the inter-annual variations in rainfalls, and decreased gradually over a long period of time due to a decrease in $$^{137}$$Cs concentration in SS.

Journal Articles

A Passive collection system for whole size fractions in river suspended solids

Matsunaga, Takeshi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Takeuchi, Erina; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Nishimura, Shusaku; Koarashi, Jun; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Sato, Tsutomu*; Nagao, Seiya*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1291 - 1295, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:32.14(Chemistry, Analytical)

An innovative, yet simple method for the passive collection of radioactive materials in river water has been developed and validated. The method employes large filter vessels, containing multiple cartridge filters. River water is led to the system naturally using a drop of the riverbed by hose from upstream. This method makes long-term, unmanned monitoring possible. In addition to regular radioactivity analyses, this method provides an opportunity for the characterization of suspended materials based on its ample collection quantities (more than several tens of grams). This method may also be applicable to sediment-bound chemicals.

Journal Articles

Biogeochemical signals from deep microbial life in terrestrial crust

Suzuki, Yohei*; Konno, Yuta*; Fukuda, Akari*; Komatsu, Daisuke*; Hirota, Akinari*; Watanabe, Katsuaki*; Togo, Yoko*; Morikawa, Noritoshi*; Hagiwara, Hiroki; Aosai, Daisuke*; et al.

PLOS ONE (Internet), 9(12), p.e113063_1 - e113063_20, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:36.08(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

We present multi-isotopic evidence of microbially mediated sulfate reduction in a granitic aquifer, a representative of the terrestrial crust habitat. Deep groundwater of meteoric origin was collected from underground boreholes drilled into the Cretaceous Toki granite, central Japan. A large sulfur isotopic fractionation of 20-60 permil diagnostic to microbial sulfate reduction is associated with the investigated groundwater containing sulfate below 0.2 mM. In contrast, a small carbon isotopic fractionation ($$<$$ 30 permil) is not indicative of methanogenesis. Our results demonstrate that the deep biosphere in the terrestrial crust is metabolically active and playing a crucial role in the formation of reducing groundwater even under low energy fluxes.

Journal Articles

The Present situation and future prospects of groundwater colloids studies on the performance assessment of geological disposal of radioactive wastes in Japan

Nagao, Seiya*; Niibori, Yuichi*; Tanaka, Tadao; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Saito, Takumi*; Kirishima, Akira*; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Iijima, Kazuki; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; et al.

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 20(1), p.3 - 14, 2013/06

This paper shows a current status of groundwater colloids studies on the performance assessment of geological disposal of radioactive wastes in Japan, and summaries realistic approach of the colloids studies at a substantial research network for Japanese universities and institutes.

Journal Articles

Development of LLRF control software for the J-PARC 400 MeV Linac

Fang, Z.*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Anami, Shozo*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Naito, Fujio*; Fukui, Yuji*; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Chishiro, Etsuji; Shinozaki, Shinichi

Proceedings of 7th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (DVD-ROM), p.1068 - 1070, 2010/08

The output energy of the J-PARC proton Linac will be upgraded from 181 to 400 MeV in the next two years by adding 972-MHz high-beta acceleration sections. The RF signals are controlled by the FPGA-based digital feedback control systems installed in a compact PCI (cPCI). Recently, the LLRF control software has also been upgraded for the J-PARC Linac, especially for the 972-MHz high-beta systems. Many functions have been added to the LLRF control software, such as (1) gradually increasing the feedback gains in the feedback loop instead of fixed ones, (2) automatic chopped-beam compensation, (3) automatically switching the beam loading compensation in accordance with the different beam operation mode, (4) input RF-frequency tuning carried out by a FPGA to match the RF cavities during the RF start-up, (5) auto-tuning of the RF cavity tuner by detecting the phase curve of the RF cavity during the field decay instead of the phase difference between the cavity input and output signals.

Journal Articles

LLRF controller upgrade for the J-PARC 400 MeV linac

Fang, Z.*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Anami, Shozo*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Naito, Fujio*; Fukui, Yuji*; Kawamura, Masato*; Kubota, Chikashi*; Nammo, Kesao*; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.1434 - 1436, 2010/05

The output energy of the J-PARC proton linac will be upgraded from 181 to 400 MeV in the next two years by adding high-b acceleration sections. The upgrade of the FPGA-based digital LLRF controller for the 400 MeV linac will be presented in this paper. This new LLRF controller works for both the 324-MHz low-b and 972-MHz high-b sections. Many functions have been added into the LLRF controller, such as (1) working for different RF systems, (2) gradually increasing the feedback gains in the feedback loop instead of fixed ones, (3) automatic chopped beam compensation, (4) automatically switching the beam loading compensation in accordance with different beam operation mode, (5) input RF-frequency tuning to match the RF cavities during RF start-up, and (6) auto-tuning of the RF cavity tuner by detecting the phase curve of the RF cavity during the field decay instead of the phase difference between the cavity input and output signals.

Journal Articles

Automatic frequency matching for cavity warming-up in J-PARC linac digital LLRF control

Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Anami, Shozo*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Fang, Z.*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Seiya*

Proceedings of 6th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (CD-ROM), p.1065 - 1067, 2010/03

In the J-PARC Linac LLRF, for the cavity start-up, the cavity resonance is automatically controlled to be the accelerating frequency (324 MHz and 972 MHz) with a mechanical tuner installed on the cavity. Figure 1: FPGA block diagram of the digital FB and FF control system for the J-PARC linac LLRF. We are planning to introduce a new method of the cavity-input frequency matching into the digital LLRF control system instead of the tuner control for the cavity start-up. In order to match the frequency with the detuned cavity, the output RF frequency is modulated by way of phase rotation with the I/Q modulator, while the cavity tuner is fixed. The detuning of the cavity is obtained from phase gradient of the cavity field decay at the RF-pulse end and the phase rotation is automatically controlled by a FPGA and a DSP. No hardware modification is necessary for this frequency modulation method.

Journal Articles

972-MHz RF digital feedback control system for J-PARC linac

Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Fang, Z.*; Matsumoto, Toshihiro*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Okada, Yoshihito*

Proceedings of 6th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (CD-ROM), p.1068 - 1070, 2010/03

A 972-MHz RF system is being developed for 400-MeV upgrade of the J-PARC linac. The accelerating field stabilities should be less than $$pm$$1% in amplitude and $$pm$$1$$^{circ}$$ in phase. The basic digital LLRF (Low-Level RF) concept is the same as that of the present 324-MHz system with a compact-PCI crate. The main alterations are RF and clock generator (RF&CLK), mixer and I/Q modulator (IQ&Mixer) and digital LLRF algorithm. Since the typical decay time of the new system is faster (because its operational frequency is higher than that of the present 324-MHz cavity), chopped beam compensation is essential. The performance study of the digital feedback system with a cavity simulator is summarized.

Journal Articles

Automatic frequency matching for cavity warming-up in J-PARC linac digital LLRF control

Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Anami, Shozo*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Fang, Z.*

Proceedings of 2009 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC '09) (DVD-ROM), p.2213 - 2215, 2009/05

In the J-PARC Linac LLRF, for the cavity start-up, the cavity resonance is automatically controlled to be the accelerating frequency (324 MHz and 972 MHz) with a mechanical tuner installed on the cavity. We are planning to introduce a new method of the cavity-input frequency matching into the digital LLRF control system instead of the tuner control for the cavity start-up. In order to match the frequency with the detuned cavity, the output RF frequency is modulated by way of phase rotation with the I/Q modulator, while the cavity tuner is fixed. The detuning of the cavity is obtained from phase gradient of the cavity field decay at the RF-pulse end and the phase rotation is automatically controlled by a FPGA and a DSP. No hardware modification is necessary for this frequency modulation method. The cost reduction or the high durability for the mechanical tuner production is expected in the future.

Journal Articles

Operating experience of the J-PARC linac

Hasegawa, Kazuo; Asano, Hiroyuki; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hori, Toshihiko; Ito, Takashi; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Namekawa, Yuya; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; et al.

Proceedings of 24th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2008) (CD-ROM), p.55 - 57, 2009/00

The beam commissioning of the J-PARC linac started in November 2006 and 181 MeV acceleration was successfully achieved in January 2007. The linac has delivered beams to the 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron for its commissioning, and then, the subsequent Main Ring Synchrotron and the neutron target commissioning. The linac uses a Cs-free LaB$$_{6}$$-driven ion source and 20 units of 324 MHz klystrons. As of June 2008, the operation times are about 3,000 and 6,000 hours for the ion source and the RF source, respectively. The operating experience of the linac is described.

Journal Articles

Pulse-by-pulse switching of beam loading compensation in J-PARC linac RF control

Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Chishiro, Etsuji; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Anami, Shozo*; Fang, Z.*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*

Proceedings of 24th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2008) (CD-ROM), p.1054 - 1056, 2009/00

For the J-PARC linac low level RF system, a new function that switches the feed-forward control parameters in every pulse was installed into the digital accelerating-field control system, in order to compensate beam-loading change by pulses in the operation of 25-Hz repetition. The linac provides a 50-mA peak current proton beam to a 3-GeV rapid-cycling synchrotron (RCS). Then the RCS distributes the 3-GeV beam into a following 50-GeV synchrotron (main ring, MR) and the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF), which is one of the experimental facilities in the J-PARC. The 500-us long macro pulses from the ion source of the linac should be chopped into medium pulses for injection into the RCS. The duty (width or repetition) of the medium pulse depends on which facility the RCS provides the beam to the MR or MLF. Therefore the beam loading compensation needs to be corrected for the change of the medium pulse duty in the 25-Hz operation.

Journal Articles

LLRF control system of the J-PARC linac

Fang, Z.*; Anami, Shozo*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 24th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2008) (CD-ROM), p.1039 - 1041, 2009/00

In the J-PARC proton linac, each klystron drives two RF cavities. The RF amplitude and phase of the cavities are controlled by an FPGA-based digital feedback control system. The test results show that the variations in the cavity amplitude and phase are less than $$pm$$ 0.1% and $$pm$$ 0.1 $$^{circ}$$ without beam loading, or $$pm$$ 0.3% and $$pm$$ 0.2 $$^{circ}$$ with beam loading. The tuning of each cavity is also controlled by a DSP of this control system. The cavity auto-tuning is successfully controlled to keep the detuned phase within $$pm$$ 1 degree. In our RF system, the tuning information including detuned frequency and phase, and Q-value of each cavity are measured in real-time and displayed in the PLC touch panel of the control system.

Journal Articles

Present status of RF source operation at J-PARC linac

Yamazaki, Masayoshi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Hori, Toshihiko; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Anami, Shozo*; Kawamura, Masato*; Fukui, Yuji*; Nammo, Kesao*; Fang, Z.*; et al.

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.485 - 487, 2008/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Pulse-by-pulse switching of beam loading compensation in J-PARC linac LLRF

Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Anami, Shozo*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Fang, Z.*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Chishiro, Etsuji

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.488 - 490, 2008/00

For the J-PARC linac low level RF system, in order to compensate beam-loading change by pulses in the operation of 25-Hz repetition, a function that switches the feed-forward control parameters in every pulse were installed into the digital accelerating-field control system. The linac provides a 50-mA peak current proton beam to a 3-GeV rapid-cycling synchrotron (RCS). Then the RCS distributes the 3-GeV beam into a following 50-GeV synchrotron (main ring, MR) and the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF), which is one of the experimental facilities in the J-PARC. The 500-us long macro pulses from the ion source of the linac should be chopped into medium pulses for injection into the RCS. The duty (width or repetition) of the medium pulse depends on which facility the RCS provides the beam to the MR or MLF. Therefore the beam loading compensation needs to be corrected for the change of the medium pulse duty in the 25-Hz operation.

Journal Articles

Auto-tuning and Q-value monitoring of RF cavities at the J-PARC linac

Fang, Z.*; Anami, Shozo*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.476 - 478, 2008/00

In the J-PARC proton linac, each klystron drives two RF cavities. The RF amplitude and phase of the cavities are controlled by an FPGA-based digital feedback control system. The tuning of each cavity is also controlled by a DSP of this control system. In this paper, three methods of f$$_{0}$$ setting of RF cavity will be discussed. The tuning method of RF cavity with flat cavity-phase decay is adopted in the actual operation of the J-PARC linac. In our RF system, the tuning information including detuned frequency and phase, and Q-value of each cavity are measured in real-time and displayed in the PLC Touch Panel of the control system.

Journal Articles

DATA collection using memory area of PLC touch panel for J-PARC linac RF

Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Chishiro, Etsuji; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Hori, Toshihiko; Yamazaki, Masayoshi; Anami, Shozo*; Yamaguchi, Seiya*; Kawamura, Masato*; Fukui, Yuji*; Fang, Z.*

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.467 - 469, 2008/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Present status of the 972 MHz RF test stand for J-PARC 2008

Hori, Toshihiko; Yamazaki, Masayoshi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Ao, Hiroyuki; Hirano, Koichiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Yamaguchi, Seiya*

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.482 - 484, 2008/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Performance of J-PARC linac RF system

Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hori, Toshihiko; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Yamazaki, Masayoshi; Anami, Shozo*; Fang, Z.*; Fukui, Yuji*; Kawamura, Masato*; Michizono, Shinichiro*; et al.

Proceedings of 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC '07) (Internet), p.2128 - 2130, 2007/08

High power operation of all the RF systems of J-PARC linac was started for the cavity conditioning in October 2006. Twenty 324-MHz klystrons have supplied the power to the accelerating cavities successfully, and the beam commissioning was started in November 2006. The RF drive and control systems are working well, and required stability is satisfied.

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