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Development of 0.5 mm gauge size radial collimators for high-pressure neutron diffraction experiments at PLANET in J-PARC

服部 高典; 鈴木 浩二*; 三代 達也*; 伊藤 崇芳*; 町田 真一*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1059, p.168956_1 - 168956_9, 2024/02

見込み幅0.5mmのラジアルコリメータを高圧中性子回折実験用に特別に設計し、その性能と有効性を調べた。0.75mm, 1.5mm, 3.0mmのラジアルコリメータはそれぞれ0.50mm, 1.07mm, 2.78mmのみこみ幅を示した。3つのラジアルコリメータの透過率はすべて同等であった。Paris-Edinburgh(PE)プレスとdiamond anvil cell (DAC)を使用した評価では、見込み幅0.5mmラジアルコリメータを使用した場合、アンビル散乱はかなり減少し、サンプル/アンビル信号比はPEプレスとDACでそれぞれ0.5と2.0に達した。これらの結果は、見込み幅0.5mmラジアルコリメータが意図したとおりに製作され、高圧中性子回折実験(特に30GPaを超える実験)に有効であることを示している。今回作成されたラジアルコリメータの見込み幅は、これまで世界の中性子散乱実験用に製作されたものの中で、最も小さい見込み幅を持つものである。


Reaction of Np, Am, and Cm ions with CO$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$ in a reaction cell in triple quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

風間 裕行; 小無 健司*; 鈴木 達也*; 小山 真一; 前田 宏治; 関尾 佳弘; 大西 貴士; 阿部 千景*; 鹿籠 康行*; 永井 康介*

Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 38(8), p.1676 - 1681, 2023/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02

Ultratrace analysis is crucial for understanding fuel debris in a nuclear reactor core after severe accidents. Triple quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry measured the ion-molecule reactions of actinides ($$^{237}$$Np, $$^{241}$$Am, and $$^{244}$$Cm) in a reaction cell. These nuclides were included in the fuel debris. A gas-phase ion-molecule reaction model has been developed to simulate the gas-phase reactions in the reaction cell. The model simulation results correlate well with the flow rate dependence of experimental data accurately. Reaction constants derived from the model were compared with those reported values by Fourier transform ion-cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry to evaluate the performance of the model. The similarity between the two reaction constants was found.


Spontaneous topological Hall effect induced by non-coplanar antiferromagnetic order in intercalated van der Waals materials

高木 寛貴*; 高木 里奈*; 見波 将*; 野本 拓也*; 大石 一城*; 鈴木 通人*; 柳 有起*; 平山 元昭*; Khanh, N.*; 軽部 皓介*; et al.

Nature Physics, 19(7), p.961 - 968, 2023/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:95.71(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In ferromagnets, electric current generally induces a transverse Hall voltage in proportion to the internal magnetization. This effect is frequently used for electrical readout of the spin up and down states. While these properties are usually not expected in antiferromagnets, recent theoretical studies predicted that non-coplanar antiferromagnetic order with finite scalar spin chirality - meaning a solid angle spanned by neighboring spins - can induce a large spontaneous Hall effect even without net magnetization or external magnetic field. This phenomenon, the spontaneous topological Hall effect, can potentially be used for the efficient electrical readout of the antiferromagnetic states, but it has not been experimentally verified due to a lack of appropriate materials hosting such magnetism. Here, we report the discovery of all-in-all-out type non-coplanar antiferromagnetic order in triangular lattice compounds CoTa$$_{3}$$S$$_{6}$$ and CoNb$$_{3}$$S$$_{6}$$. These compounds are reported to host unconventionally large spontaneous Hall effect despite their vanishingly small net magnetization, and our analysis reveals that it can be explained in terms of the topological Hall effect that originates from the fictitious magnetic field associated with scalar spin chirality. These results indicate that the scalar spin chirality mechanism offers a promising route to the realisation of giant spontaneous Hall response even in compensated antiferromagnets, and highlight intercalated van der Waals magnets as a promising quasi-two-dimensional material platform to enable various nontrivial ways of electrical reading and possible writing of non-coplanar antiferromagnetic domains.


Sodium diffusion in hard carbon studied by small- and wide-angle neutron scattering and muon spin relaxation

大石 一城*; 五十嵐 大輔*; 多々良 涼一*; 河村 幸彦*; 廣井 孝介; 鈴木 淳市*; 梅垣 いづみ*; 西村 昇一郎*; 幸田 章宏*; 駒場 慎一*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2462, p.012048_1 - 012048_5, 2023/03

Hard carbon is the most common anode material for Na-ion battery. The structure of the hard carbon and the dynamics of Na-ion in hard carbon were studied with small- and wide- angle neutron scattering and muon spin relaxation technique. The neutron scattering revealed the increase of interlayer distance between graphenes and decrease of the size of nanopores with increasing sodium intercalation in hard carbon. The muon spin relaxation revealed that a systematic increase in the field fluctuation rate with increasing temperature evidenced a thermally activated sodium diffusion. Assuming the two-dimensional diffusion of Na-ion in the graphene layers, the self-diffusion coefficient of Na-ion was estimated to be 2.6$$times$$10$$^{-11}$$ cm$$^{2}$$/s at 310 K, with a thermal activation energy of 39(7) meV.


Structural analysis of high-energy implanted Ni atoms into Si(100) by X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy

圓谷 志郎*; 佐藤 真一郎*; 本田 充紀; 鈴木 千尋*; 田口 富嗣*; 山本 春也*; 大島 武*

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 199, p.110369_1 - 110369_7, 2022/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:33.72(Chemistry, Physical)

SiへのNiイオンビーム照射によるNiシリサイド合成は、局所構造の形成が可能、イオンビームの制御が可能、熱処理なしでシリサイドが形成可能、得られる試料の再現性が高い、などの利点から注目されている。本研究では、3.0MeVのNi$$^{+}$$イオンを注入したSiの局所的な原子構造を調査した。Ni K吸収端蛍光収量拡張X線吸収微細構造解析の結果、Ni原子は照射初期に金属的な面心立方NiとNiSi$$_{2}$$相の混合構造を持っており、イオン照射量が10$$^{15}$$個・cm Si以上になるとNiSi$$_{2}$$の形成が著しく促進することが明らかになった。構造転移のイオン照射量とSiアモルファス化臨界量(7.1$$times$$10$$^{14}$$ ions・cm)の一致から、Ni$$^{+}$$照射SiにおけるNiSi$$_{2}$$相の合成にはSiのアモルファス化が重要であると結論づけた。


Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

山本 風海; 金正 倫計; 林 直樹; Saha, P. K.; 田村 文彦; 山本 昌亘; 谷 教夫; 高柳 智弘; 神谷 潤一郎; 菖蒲田 義博; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(9), p.1174 - 1205, 2022/09

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:80.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)

J-PARC 3GeVシンクロトロン(RCS)は、最大1MWの大強度ビームを25Hzという早い繰り返しで中性子実験及び下流の主リングシンクロトロンに供給することを目的に設計された。2007年の加速器調整運転開始以降、RCSではビーム試験を通じて加速器の設計性能が満たされているかの確認を進め、必要に応じてより安定に運転するための改善を行ってきた。その結果として、近年RCSは1MWのビーム出力で連続運転を行うことが可能となり、共用運転に向けた最後の課題の抽出と対策の検討が進められている。本論文ではRCSの設計方針と実際の性能、および改善点について議論する。


Alternation of magnetic anisotropy accompanied by metal-insulator transition in strained ultrathin manganite heterostructures

小林 正起*; Anh, L. D.*; 鈴木 雅弘*; 金田-高田 真悟*; 竹田 幸治; 藤森 伸一; 芝田 悟朗*; 田中 新*; 田中 雅明*; 大矢 忍*; et al.

Physical Review Applied (Internet), 15(6), p.064019_1 - 064019_10, 2021/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:28.82(Physics, Applied)

A fundamental understanding of the interfacial magnetic properties in ferromagnetic heterostructures is essential for utilizing ferromagnetic materials for spintronic device applications. Here, we investigate the interfacial magnetic and electronic structures of epitaxial single-crystalline LaAlO$$_3$$(LAO)/La$$_{0.6}$$Sr$$_{0.4}$$MnO$$_3$$(LSMO)/Nb:SrTiO$$_3$$(Nb:STO) heterostructures with varying LSMO layer thicknesses, in which the magnetic anisotropy strongly changes with the LSMO thickness due to the delicate balance between strains originating from both the Nb:STO and LAO layers, using X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and photoemission spectroscopy. We successfully detect the clear change of the magnetic behavior of the Mn ions concomitant with the thickness-dependent metal-insulator transition. Our results suggest that the double-exchange interaction induces ferromagnetism in the metallic LSMO film under tensile strain caused by the STO substrate, while the superexchange interaction determines the magnetic behavior in the insulating LSMO film under compressive strain originating from the top LAO layer. The change in strain, depending on LSMO layer thickness, is confirmed by scanning transmission electron microscopy. Based on those findings, the formation of a magnetic dead layer near the LAO/LSMO interface is attributed to competition between the superexchange interaction via Mn $$3d_{3z^2-r^2}$$ orbitals under compressive strain and the double-exchange interaction via the $$3d_{x^2-y^2}$$ orbitals. These findings provide key aspects of ferromagnetic oxide heterostructures for the development of spintronic device applications.


Polarization analysis for small-angle neutron scattering with a $$^{3}$$He spin filter at a pulsed neutron source

奥平 琢也; 上田 祐生; 廣井 孝介; 元川 竜平; 稲村 泰弘; 高田 慎一; 奥 隆之; 鈴木 淳市*; 高橋 慎吾*; 遠藤 仁*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.548 - 556, 2021/04

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:34.11(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)



Development of spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry for extracting the structure factor of hydrogen atoms

三浦 大輔*; 熊田 高之; 関根 由莉奈; 元川 竜平; 中川 洋; 大場 洋次郎; 大原 高志; 高田 慎一; 廣井 孝介; 森川 利明*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.454 - 460, 2021/04


 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:18.34(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)



High-spin states in $$^{35}$$S

郷 慎太郎*; 井手口 栄治*; 横山 輪*; 青井 考*; Azaiez, F.*; 古高 和禎; 初川 雄一; 木村 敦; 木佐森 慶一*; 小林 幹*; et al.

Physical Review C, 103(3), p.034327_1 - 034327_8, 2021/03

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:58.42(Physics, Nuclear)

Excited states in $$^{35}$$S were investigated by in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy using the $$^{26}$$Mg($$^{18}$$O, 2$$alpha$$1$$n$$) fusion-evaporation reaction. The de-exciting $$gamma$$-rays were measured with germanium detector arrays along with the measurement of evaporated charged particles in a $$4pi$$ segmented Si detector array. The level scheme was extended up to 12470 keV. The obtained level structure is compared with the large-scale shell-model calculations. The possibility of isoscalar-pair excited states is discussed for $$J=(17/2)$$ states with comparison between the experimental and theoretical results.


Development and operation of an electrostatic time-of-flight detector for the Rare RI storage Ring

長江 大輔*; 阿部 康志*; 岡田 俊祐*; 大甕 舜一朗*; 若山 清志*; 細井 駿*; 鈴木 伸司*; 森口 哲朗*; 天野 将道*; 上岡 大起*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 986, p.164713_1 - 164713_7, 2021/01

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:66.98(Instruments & Instrumentation)

An electrostatic time-of-flight detector named E-MCP has been developed for quick diagnostics of circulating beam and timing measurement in mass spectrometry at the Rare-RI Ring in RIKEN. The E-MCP detector consists of a conversion foil, potential grids, and a microchannel plate. Secondary electrons are released from the surface of the foil when a heavy ion hits it. The electrons are accelerated and deflected by 90$$^{circ}$$ toward the microchannel plate by electrostatic potentials. A thin carbon foil and a thin aluminum-coated mylar foil were used as conversion foils. We obtained time resolutions of 69(1) ps and 43(1) ps (standard deviation) for a $$^{84}$$Kr beam at an energy of 170 MeV/u when using the carbon and the aluminum-coated mylar foils, respectively. A detection efficiency of approximately 90% was obtained for both foils. The E-MCP detector equipped with the carbon foil was installed inside the Rare-RI Ring to confirm particle circulation within a demonstration experiment on mass measurements of nuclei around $$^{78}$$Ge produced by in-flight fission of uranium beam at the RI Beam Factory in RIKEN. Periodic time signals from circulating ions were clearly observed. Revolution times for $$^{78}$$Ge, $$^{77}$$Ga, and $$^{76}$$Zn were obtained. The results confirmed successful circulation of the short-lived nuclei inside the Rare-RI Ring.



樋川 智洋; 村山 琳*; 熊谷 友多; 山下 真一*; 鈴木 英哉; 伴 康俊; 松村 達郎

UTNL-R-0501, p.24 - 25, 2020/12



Devil's staircase transition of the electronic structures in CeSb

黒田 健太*; 新井 陽介*; Rezaei, N.*; 國定 聡*; 櫻木 俊輔*; Alaei, M.*; 木下 雄斗*; Bareille, C.*; 野口 亮*; 中山 充大*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 11, p.2888_1 - 2888_9, 2020/06

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:74.84(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Solids with competing interactions often undergo complex phase transitions. Among them, CeSb is the most famous material where a number of the distinct magnetic phases called devil's staircase appear. We observed the electronic structure evolution across the devil's staircase transitions using bulk-sensitive angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy.


$$omega N$$ scattering length from $$omega$$ photoproduction on the proton near the reaction threshold

石川 貴嗣*; 藤村 寿子*; 深澤 宏司*; 橋本 亮*; He, Q.*; 本多 佑記*; 保坂 淳; 岩田 高広*; 甲斐田 俊*; 笠木 治郎太*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(5), p.052201_1 - 052201_6, 2020/05

Photoproduction of the omega meson on the proton has been experimentally studied near the threshold. The total cross sections are determined at incident energies ranging from 1.09 to 1.15 GeV. The 1/2 and 3/2 spin-averaged scattering length $$a$$$$_{omega p}$$ and effective range $$r$$$$_{omega p}$$ between the CO meson and proton are estimated from the shape of the total cross section as a function of the incident photon energy: $$a$$$$_{omega p}$$ = (-0.97 $$_{rm -0.16stat-0.00syst}^{rm +0.16stat+0.03syst}$$ + $$i$$(0.07 $$_{rm -0.14stat-0.09syst}^{rm +0.15stat+0.17syst}$$) fm and $$r$$$$_{omega p}$$ = (+2.78 $$_{rm -0.54stat-0.12syst}^{rm +0.67stat+0.11syst}$$) + $$i$$(-0.01 $$_{rm -0.50stat-0.00syst}^{rm +0.46stat+0.06syst}$$) fm, resulting in a repulsive force. The real and imaginary parts for $$a$$$$_{omega p}$$ and $$r$$$$_{omega p}$$ are determined separately for the first time. A small $$P$$-wave contribution does not affect the obtained values.


How different is the core of $$^{25}$$F from $$^{24}$$O$$_{g.s.}$$ ?

Tang, T. L.*; 上坂 友洋*; 川瀬 頌一郎; Beaumel, D.*; 堂園 昌伯*; 藤井 俊彦*; 福田 直樹*; 福永 拓*; Galindo-Uribarri, A.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2020/05

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:74.77(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

中性子過剰核$$^{25}$$Fの構造が($$p,2p$$)反応で調査した。$$pi 0d_{5/2}$$軌道の分光学的因子は1.0$$pm$$0.3と大きいが、一方で残留核である$$^{24}$$Oが基底状態である割合は約35%,励起状態は約0.65%であることが明らかになった。この結果は、$$^{25}$$Fのコア核$$^{24}$$Oは基底状態とは大きく異なり、$$^{24}$$Oの$$0d_{5/2}$$軌道に陽子がひとつ加わることで$$^{24}$$Oと$$^{25}$$Fの中性子軌道が相当に変化していると推測される。これは酸素同位体ドリップライン異常のメカニズムである可能性がある。


Lanthanide intra-series separation by a 1,10-phenanthroline derivative; Counterion effect

Simonnet, M.; 鈴木 伸一; 宮崎 有史*; 小林 徹; 横山 啓一; 矢板 毅

Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 38(4), p.430 - 440, 2020/00

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:70.69(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Separation of lanthanides is especially challenging because of their chemical similarities. Therefore, improving the separation process is essential. In this work, we present the effect of the counterion nature on the lanthanide extraction by a 1,10-phenanthroline derivative, the $$N$$-octyl-$$N$$-tolyl-1,10-phenanthroline-2-carboxamide. Modification of the counterion yields a drastic change in selectivity, with a shift in the maximum of extraction from the light lanthanides (Pr, Nd, Sm) in nitrate system to the heavy lanthanides (Dy, Ho) in perchlorate system. Other salts (NaCl, NaNO$$_{2}$$) showed a gradual increase in extraction along the whole lanthanide series, or no effect (Na$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$). The difference was explained by different coordination in the organic phase. The reversed behaviour depending on the anion is especially interesting because a cycling extraction/back-extraction of light lanthanides in nitrate/chloride media or a cycling extraction/back-extraction of heavy lanthanides in perchlorate/nitrate media can enhance the separation factors of respectively Nd and Dy/Ho.


Enhancement of element production by incomplete fusion reaction with weakly bound deuteron

Wang, H.*; 大津 秀暁*; 千賀 信幸*; 川瀬 頌一郎*; 武内 聡*; 炭竃 聡之*; 小山 俊平*; 櫻井 博儀*; 渡辺 幸信*; 中山 梓介; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:56.64(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Evaluation of electronic state of Cs-adsorbed clay minerals by NEXAFS analysis using DFT calculations

鈴木 知史; 矢板 毅; 鈴木 伸一; Pacold, J.*; Altman, A. B.*; Minasian, S. G.*; Tyliszczak, T.*; Shuh, D. K.*; 吉田 啓之; 逢坂 正彦

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 127, p.169 - 177, 2019/04

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:22.33(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

密度汎関数法(DFT: density-functional theory)を用いて、Cs M$$_{4,5}$$ X線吸収端近傍微細構造(NEXAFS: near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure)スペクトルを解析する手法を確立し、粘土鉱物中のCsの電子状態を評価した。各種のCsハロゲン化物のDFTによる解析を行うことにより、内殻空孔強度を組み込みその値を最適化して、NEXAFSスペクトルの再現に成功した。本DFTによる解析手法を用いて、粘土鉱物のCs M$$_{4,5}$$ NEXAFSスペクトルを解析したところ、主要な遷移およびテール構造を含めて、実験によるNEXAFSスペクトルを良好に再現することができた。本手法を用いて、電荷密度や電子状態の解析を行い、NEXAFSスペクトルに現れる構造が結合状態およびCs原子の周りの局所環境を反映する可能性が高いこと、粘土鉱物中においてCsと最近接原子との相互作用が最も大きいこと等を示した。


Electrochemical Cs removal and crystal formation from Fukushima weathered biotite in molten NaCl-CaCl$$_{2}$$

本田 充紀; 後藤 琢也*; 坂中 佳秀*; 矢板 毅; 鈴木 伸一*

AIMS Electronics and Electrical Engineering (Internet), 3(2), p.102 - 110, 2019/03



Complexation properties and structural character of lanthanides complexes of $$O,N$$-hetero donor ligand BIZA

小林 徹; 阿久津 和宏*; 中瀬 正彦*; 鈴木 伸一; 塩飽 秀啓; 矢板 毅

Separation Science and Technology, 54(13), p.2077 - 2083, 2019/02

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:22.87(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)


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