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JAEA Reports

Applicability study of numerical analysis for coupled mechanical and hydrological processes by drift excavation (Contract research)

Yamamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwano, Keita*; Namikawa, Tadashi*; Morikawa, Seiji*; Seno, Shoji*; Tabei, Kazuto*; Toida, Masaru*; Yokota, Hideharu

JAEA-Research 2013-003, 252 Pages, 2013/06

JAEA-Research-2013-003.pdf:77.85MB

This study reconsiders rock's mechanical and hydrological parameters based on additional ${it in-situ}$ data given in this year, and conducts the mechanical-hydrological analysis using the Micromechanics-Based Continuum (MBC) model which can consider the behavior of fracture. The acquired analysis results are compared with actual test data such as drift convergence and hydraulic pressure around the drift. Then, following knowledge is obtained.

JAEA Reports

Developing the soil moisture sensor using optical fiber technique (Joint research)

Komatsu, Mitsuru*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Seno, Shoji*; Hirata, Yoichi*; Takenobu, Kazuyoshi*; Tagishi, Hirotaka*; Kunimaru, Takanori; Maekawa, Keisuke; Yamamoto, Yoichi; Toida, Masaru*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2012-001, 77 Pages, 2012/09

JAEA-Research-2012-001.pdf:4.85MB

This research focused on methods of estimating the amounts of groundwater recharge, which are normally required as upper boundary conditions in groundwater flow analyses, based on measurements of infiltrating water in the ground, to systematize the methods and establish systems which are stable and measurable on site over a long time. Regarding developing measurement systems, fiber-optic strain measurement methods that enable multiple-point and long-distance measurement were used for measuring three quantities: suction pressure, soil moisture and volumetric water content rate obtained by applying water absorption swelling material, and each measurement was discussed. The results showed that the fiber-optic soil aquameter has two types of practical application: one for measuring suction pressure (Type I), and the other for measuring volumetric water content rate obtained by applying water absorption swelling material (Type III). Furthermore, by using measurement instruments in actual fields, the validity of the two methods for estimating the rainfall infiltration capacities of shallow-layer soils, that is, estimating the capacities either directly by measurements of soil water or from unsaturated hydraulic conductivities, was confirmed.

Journal Articles

Estimation of infiltration amount from in-situ moisture measuring method in shallow ground

Komatsu, Mitsuru*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Seno, Shoji*; Toida, Masaru*; Tagishi, Hirotaka*; Takenobu, Kazuyoshi*; Yamamoto, Yoichi

Chikasui Jiban Kankyo Ni Kansuru Shimpojium 2011 Happyo Rombunshu (CD-ROM), p.17 - 26, 2011/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experimental studies on penetration of pulverized clay-based grout

Fujita, Tomo; Sugita, Yutaka; Toida, Masaru*

Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 5(5), p.419 - 427, 2011/05

For the geological disposal of high level radioactive wastes, an excavation damaged zone (EDZ) having high hydraulic conductivity resulting from the development of fractures in the rock adjacent to the tunnels will be one of the potential pathways for radioactive contaminant transport,. The potential pathways will be sealed by closure components, that is, a combination of tunnel plug, backfill and grout, the latter material being a clay-based mixture in consideration of the need for long-term stability of the seals. Clay-based grout is one of the effective candidate materials that can be used to interrupt the migration of radionuclides through an EDZ. Laboratory testing of clay-based grout using pulverized bentonite, with the objective of improvement in grout penetration into a rockmass, was conducted. The results showed that the pulverization of clay-based grout had a positive effect on filtration.

Journal Articles

The Project for grouting development for high level radioactive waste repository, 5; In-situ grouting experiment at the Horonobe URL

Kishi, Hirokazu; Izumi, Atsushi; Toida, Masaru*

Doboku Gakkai Heisei-22-Nendo Zenkoku Taikai Dai-65-Kai Nenji Gakujutsu Koenkai Koen Gaiyoshu (DVD-ROM), p.91 - 92, 2010/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Full-scale experimental study on mechanical behavior of a clay plug under HLW disposal conditions

Sasakura, Takeshi*; Masumoto, Kazuhiko*; Toida, Masaru*; Fujita, Tomo; Sugita, Yutaka

Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Geo-environmental Engineering (GEE 2010), p.47 - 56, 2010/05

High level radioactive waste is to be vitrified, and after some period of storage for cooling, put into engineered barriers such as metal canister, overpack and buffer material, and finally disposed of in the stable geology at the depth of 300 m or deeper to isolate from human environment for a long period of time in Japan. The geological repository consists of surface facilities and subsurface facilities; the later, mainly consists of tunnels for transportation and waste emplacement, will be closed using sealing technologies such as backfilling, plugging, and grouting after emplacement of the waste to prevent seepage of radionuclides for a long period of time. Effectiveness of these sealing technologies, however, has not been well demonstrated in-situ worldwide, and the technologies may be considered in the stage of research and development. Therefore, in this paper, the in-situ tunnel sealing test performed at Canada to demonstrate the effectiveness of the plug under crystalline rock environment was overviewed focusing on the plug. Then behavior of the plug, particular of mechanical behavior, during sealing tests, observation result of dismantled plug were reviewed and points to be addressed for establishing the clay plug technology were identified. Because the procedure of this tunnel sealing test and hydraulic sealing performance of the plug has already been precisely reported by Fujita et al. (2007), outline of the test is briefly summarized and mechanical behavior of the plug was focused. As a result, effectiveness of conventional construction technology of a plug was shown, the behavior of a plug during the pressurization test was clarified and important points to be addressed for establishing the clay plug technology were identified.

JAEA Reports

Study on reciprocal relation of pore water pressure with genetic algorithm and neural network model(Contract research)

Seno, Shoji*; Kunimaru, Takanori; Nakajima, Makoto*; Toida, Masaru*; Watanabe, Kunio*; Sohail, A. R.*

JAEA-Research 2008-126, 120 Pages, 2009/12

JAEA-Research-2008-126.pdf:29.29MB

At first, to exclude the influences of working of nature such as tide and atmospheric pressure from the source data, an analysis with Bayesian model was progressed. As the result of the estimation of these influences calculated by BAYTAP-G (Bayesian Tidal Analysis Program Grouping Model), it was found that the influence of the atmospheric pressure was comparatively large and that of tide was comparatively small.

JAEA Reports

Assessment of uncertainties associated with characterization of geological environment in the Tono area -Japanese fiscal year, 2006- (Contract research)

Toida, Masaru*; Suyama, Yasuhiro*; Seno, Shoji*; Atsumi, Hiroyuki*; Ogata, Nobuhisa

JAEA-Research 2008-035, 89 Pages, 2008/03

JAEA-Research-2008-035.pdf:5.66MB

"Geoscientific research" performed at the Tono Geoscience Center is developing site investigation, characterization and assessment techniques for understanding of geological environment. Their important themes are to establish a methodology for analyzing uncertainties in heterogeneous geological environment, and to develop investigation techniques for reducing the uncertainties efficiently. This study proposes a new approach where all the possible options in the models and data-sets that cannot be excluded in the light of the evidence available, are identified. This approach enables uncertainties associated with the understanding at a given stage of the site characterization to be made explicitly using an uncertainty analysis technique based on Fuzzy geostatistics. This, in turn, supports the design of the following investigation stage to reduce the uncertainties efficiently. In the study, current knowledge had been compiled, and the technique had been advanced through geological modeling and groundwater analyses in the Tono area. This report systematized the uncertainty analysis methodology associated with the characterization of the geological environment, and organized the procedure of the methodology with the application examples in the study. This report also dealt with investigation techniques for reducing the uncertainties efficiently, and underground facility design options for handling geological uncertainties based on the characterization of the geological environment.

JAEA Reports

Assessment of uncertainties associated with the characterization of the geological environment in the Tono Area -Japanese fiscal year, 2005- (Contract research)

Toida, Masaru*; Suyama, Yasuhiro*; Mori, Takayuki*; Inaba, Takeshi*; Atsumi, Hiroyuki*; Tanaka, Toshiyuki*; Kobayashi, Ichizo*; Nakajima, Makoto*; Ogata, Nobuhisa

JAEA-Research 2007-071, 159 Pages, 2007/09

JAEA-Research-2007-071.pdf:48.05MB

"Geoscientific research" at the Tono Area is developing site investigation, characterization and assessment techniques for understanding of geological environment. Their important goal is to establish a methodology for analyzing uncertainties in a heterogeneous geological environment and to develop investigation techniques for efficiently reducing the uncertainties. In Fiscal Year 17, in addition to information from the MIZ-1 borehole investigation, present knowledge has been compiled. The proposed technique has been improved through conceptual geological modeling and groundwater analyses at the Tono Area. Design options for handling geological uncertainties based on the characterization of the geological environment have also been tested. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: (1) It was shown that the fracture group with NW strike has high correlation with maximum measured transmissivity. This was maybe caused by the effect of regional in situ stress. (2) Through conceptual geological modelling and groundwater analysis, a procedure for modelling of the geological environment with heterogeneous characteristics was proposed. (3) From the viewpoint of improving the design of an underground facility, the existence of uncertainties of the geological environment with heterogeneous characteristics requests multiple options. A design option should be adapted to the geological environment with heterogeneous characteristics.

JAEA Reports

Assessment of heterogeneous geological environment at Tono -Japanese fiscal year 2004- (Contract research)

Toida, Masaru*; Suyama, Yasuhiro*; Mori, Takayuki*; Inaba, Takeshi*; Sasakura, Takeshi*; Atsumi, Hiroyuki*; Masumoto, Kazuhiko*; Kobayashi, Ichizo*; Iwano, Keita*; Furuichi, Mitsuaki*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2007-065, 210 Pages, 2007/09

JAEA-Research-2007-065-1.pdf:28.82MB
JAEA-Research-2007-065-2.pdf:42.37MB
JAEA-Research-2007-065-3.pdf:24.46MB
JAEA-Research-2007-065-4.pdf:48.78MB

"Geoscientific research" at the Tono Area is developing site investigation, characterization and assessment techniques for understanding of geological environment. Their important goals are to establish a methodology for analyzing uncertainties in heterogeneous geological environment and to develop investigation techniques for efficiently reducing the uncertainties. The current study proposes a new approach where all the possible options in the models and data-sets, which cannot be excluded in the light of the evidences available, are identified. This approach enables uncertainties associated with the understanding at a given stage of the site characterization to be made explicitly using an uncertainty analysis technique based on Fuzzy geostatistics. This approach supports the design of the following investigation stage and reduces the uncertainties efficiently. In FY H16 the technique has been tested through geological modelling and groundwater analyses with Tono Area case based on current knowledge, to demonstrate its applicability and to compile the knowledge / information required to describe the H17 report. This report can be summarized as follows: (1) The knowledge / information required to describe the heterogeneous characteristics was compiled and connected to uncertainties associated with the characterization of a geological environment using a synthesis diagram. (2) Methodologies for assignment and screening of parameters were developed by using Evidential Support Logic (ESL). (3) Applicability of the techniques could be confirmed with Tono Area case. (4) This report proposed a new methodology that integrates the technique into JAEA ordinary technique to good advantage in the geoscientific research project.

JAEA Reports

Requirements for expected performance of closure components in crystalline rock

Fujita, Tomo; Suyama, Yasuhiro*; Toida, Masaru*

JAEA-Research 2007-021, 41 Pages, 2007/03

JAEA-Research-2007-021.pdf:4.51MB

Based on the results and experiences obtained from the tunnel sealing experiments in the Canadian underground research laboratory in crystalline rock under the collaboration with JNC (now JAEA), this report summarizes the requirements for closure components such as backfilling material and hydraulic plug from the viewpoint of expected barrier performance, taking account of key issues on sealing technologies which have been left open after H12 project. The results of the tunnel sealing experiments indicate that the constructability of closure components and low permeability of the hydraulic plug is well performed. Requirements for the closure components and key issues for further study are identified from the viewpoint of barrier performance considering a range of events related to the sealing and taking account of where these are occurred as well as appropriate countermeasure for them. It is also discussed how to apply these preferable closure components to the scale of repository layout, and further technical issues are then identified.

Journal Articles

On the applicability of the hermetic permeability tests by means of a pair of flow pumps to low-permeability rocks

Seno, Shoji*; Toida, Masaru*; Kobayashi, Ichizo*; Tanaka, Mayumi*; Matsui, Hiroya; Kunimaru, Takanori; Kurikami, Hiroshi

Nihon Chikasui Gakkai 2006-Nen Shuki Koenkai Koen Yoshi, p.310 - 315, 2006/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of the EDZ using high-resolution GPR with modulating frequency

Suyama, Yasuhiro*; Toida, Masaru*; Masumoto, Kazuhiko*; Takeuchi, Shinji

Proceedings of 12th European Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics (Near Surface 2006) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2006/09

The EDZ is considered to be a fast transport pathway and provides a boundary condition for transport in bentonite buffers in groundwater scenarios for the geological disposal of radioactive waste. The distribution of the EDZ obtained through in-situ measurements, is important for safety assessments. High-resolution Ground Penetrating Radar (HGPR) with modulating frequency functions as a wide-angle measurement technique. It is one of the advanced techniques that can be used to investigate the EDZ of a radioactive waste disposal tunnel. Verification tests of the HGPR were carried out using a model and in-situ, in the gallery of Tono mine in central Japan. In summary, it is shown that the investigation technique was able to detect underground structures with a resolution of less than 0.1m.

JAEA Reports

Studies on Mechanical Behavior of Materials Employed in Engineered Barrier for Development of the Constitutive Model

Toida, Masaru*; Sasakura, Takeshi*; Yokozeki, Kosuke*; Kobayashi, Ichizo*; Watanabe, Kenzo*; Ashizawa, Ryoichi*

JNC TJ8400 2004-036, 310 Pages, 2005/03

JNC-TJ8400-2004-036.pdf:3.76MB

To integrate the system for evaluation of long-term hydraulic condition in near field of TRU waste disposal, the engineered barrier, which consists of bentonite buffer and cementitious materials, was employed in the series of laboratory tests. On the bentonite buffer, with the aim of investigating of the effect of (i)interlayer cation in bentonite, (ii)content of siliceous sand and (iii)the ionic strength of ground water on its mechanical and hydraulic properties, series of laboratory tests were conducted. The same lot of bentonite was used in the series of tests to obtain consistent data. In addition, the swelling test of the laminated bentonite with caliumization front was conducted for verification of the proposed constitutive model. On cementitious materials, the altered specimen that produced immersing was investigated the water permeation and also characteristics. The hardened cement paste specimens with W/C=40 to 105% were immersed into deionized water and alteration behavior under diffusion condition was investigated.

JAEA Reports

Study for Evaluation of Performance of Sealing Technique

Toida, Masaru*; Sasakura, Takeshi*; Atsumi, Hiroyuki*; Masumoto, Kazuhiko*; Tanaka, Toshiyuki*; Suyama, Yasuhiro*; Kobayashi, Ichizo*

JNC TJ8400 2004-023, 146 Pages, 2005/02

JNC-TJ8400-2004-023.pdf:11.18MB

To establish sealing technique suitable for geological environmental conditions of Japan, it is necessary to obtain data related with this sealing function through laboratory tests and in-situ tests. It also is necessary to put these data to practical use and to establish the estimating method of the sealing technique.Tunnel sealing experiment, which has been carried out as collaboration between JNC and AECL at URL of AECL Canada, is progressing in the final stage and fundamental data relating with the sealing function has almost obtained. This report deals with the total data processing and interpretation of the sealing experiment, as well as the numerical analysis and interpretation on tracer test results. Conceptual plans of the experiment to confirm the performance of tunnel sealing technique in a sedimentary rock are also discussed.

JAEA Reports

The laboratory test of dielectric constant of the rock core piece in Tono mine

Toida, Masaru*; Atsumi, Hiroyuki*; Nagoya, Kaoru*; Suyama, Yasuhiro*

JNC TJ7440 2005-070, 279 Pages, 2004/03

JNC-TJ7440-2005-070.PDF:22.63MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Assessment of unsaturated zone with ground penetrating radar with modulating frequency in Tono mine

Toida, Masaru*; Atsumi, Hiroyuki*; Nagoya, Kaoru*; Suyama, Yasuhiro*

JNC TJ7400 2005-057, 113 Pages, 2004/03

JNC-TJ7400-2005-057.PDF:20.78MB

In this study, in order to conduct all unsaturated territory investigation techniques in the same test site, and to present the result of estimations which interpolate mutually, the continuous wave radar between the hole, and the pore water pressure measurment near the drift wall were executed, in the NATM gallery.

JAEA Reports

Analytical Assessment of Full-Scale Demonstration of Sealing Technique in Canadian Geological Disposal Facility

Toida, Masaru*; Sasakura, Takeshi*; Atsumi, Hiroyuki*; Suyama, Yasuhiro*; Kobayashi, Ichizo*; Kawabata, Junichi*; Ito, Keijiro*

JNC TJ8400 2003-088, 254 Pages, 2004/02

JNC-TJ8400-2003-088.pdf:9.59MB

To establish sealing technique suitable for geological environmental conditions of Japan, it is necessary to obtain data related with this sealing function through laboratory tests and in-situ tests. It also is necessary to put these data to practical use and to establish the estimating method of the sealing technique. Tunnnel sealing experiment, which has been carried out as a joint research between JNC and AECL at URL of AECL Canada, is arriving the final stage and fundamental data relating with the sealing function has almost obtained. This report deals with the total data processing and interpretation of the sealing test, as well as the numerical analysis and interpretation on tracer test results. Concrete plans for the disassembling and sampling of clay and concrete plugs, which is important for the evaluation of function of the sealing system, is also discussed.

JAEA Reports

Assessment of Heterogeneous Geological Environment at Tono; A Technical Report

Toida, Masaru*; Suyama, Yasuhiro*; Inaba, Takeshi*; Sasakura, Takeshi*; Atsumi, Hiroyuki*; Tanaka, Toshiyuki*; Kobayashi, Ichizo*; Iwano, Keita*; Furuichi, Mitsuaki*

JNC TJ7400 2004-017, 521 Pages, 2004/02

JNC-TJ7400-2004-017.pdf:188.01MB

"Geoscientific research" at Tono is developing site investigation, characterization and assessment techniques for understanding of geological environment. Their important themes are to establish a methodology for analyzing uncertainties in heterogeneous geological environment and to develop investigation techniques for reducing the uncertainties efficiently. The current study proposes a new approach where all the possible options in the models and data-sets that cannot be excluded in the light of the evidence available is identified. This approach enables uncertainties associated with the understanding at a given stage of the site characterization to be made explicitly using an uncertainty analysis technique based on Fuzzy geostatistics. This, in turn, supports the design of the following investigation stage to reduce the uncertainties efficiently. In this report the technique has been tested through geological modelling and groundwater analysis with Tono area case based on current knouledge, to demonstrate its applicability. This report summarizes as follows: (1)It is possible to quantify the uncertainties with Tono area case based on current knouledge using the technique. (2)Based on sensitivity analyses, it is possible to support designs of the following investigation stage to reduce the uncertainties efficiently. (3)The methodology of the technique has been developed with Tono area case. (4)The above could evaluate its applicability and propose further issues for synthesis of the methodology.

JAEA Reports

Study on Engineering Technologies in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (the 2003)

Noda, Masaru*; Toida, Masaru*; Nobuto, Jun*; Shimono, Masato*

JNC TJ7400 2004-016, 871 Pages, 2004/02

JNC-TJ7400-2004-016.pdf:74.68MB

In the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory of Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (hereafter, JNC) Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory plan of the geoscientific research which becomes basic of the research on the geological disposal of the high activity waste is advanced. This study is conducted for engineering technologies in the MIU design and construction technologies for the research drift and development of excavation and construction measures technologies, considering whole research program in the future and whole schedule. The engineering technology here consists of two researches which are on the research on the design and the construction technology under the large depth geological environment and which becomes basic of the geological disposal technology develoment. Research items are followings; Study on the technologies for feeding back measurement results to the design and the construction scheme, study on the technologies for inspection and assurance of the qualities of research and construction, study on construction technologies to measure the unexpected water inflow during excavation, study on the influence of earthquakes on underground research facilities, application study of the risk management method to the excavation phase of the research drift.

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