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Journal Articles

Repeatability and reproducibility of measurements of low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater using different pre-concentration methods

Kurihara, Momo*; Yasutaka, Tetsuo*; Aono, Tatsuo*; Ashikawa, Nobuo*; Ebina, Hiroyuki*; Iijima, Takeshi*; Ishimaru, Kei*; Kanai, Ramon*; Karube, Jinichi*; Konnai, Yae*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 322(2), p.477 - 485, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Analytical)

We assessed the repeatability and reproducibility of methods for determining low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater in Fukushima. Twenty-one laboratories pre-concentrated three of 10 L samples by five different pre-concentration methods (prussian-blue-impregnated filter cartridges, coprecipitation with ammonium phosphomolybdate, evaporation, solid-phase extraction disks, and ion-exchange resin columns), and activity of radiocesium was measured. The z-scores for all of the $$^{137}$$Cs results were within $$pm$$2, indicating that the methods were accurate. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) indicating the variability in the results from different laboratories were larger than the RSDs indicating the variability in the results from each separate laboratory.

Journal Articles

Density and X-ray emission profile relationships in highly ionized high-Z laser-produced plasmas

Yoshida, Kensuke*; Fujioka, Shinsuke*; Higashiguchi, Takeshi*; Ugomori, Teruyuki*; Tanaka, Nozomi*; Kawasaki, Masato*; Suzuki, Yuhei*; Suzuki, Chihiro*; Tomita, Kentaro*; Hirose, Ryoichi*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 106(12), p.121109_1 - 121109_5, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:62.12(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Efficient extreme ultraviolet emission from one-dimensional spherical plasmas produced by multiple lasers

Yoshida, Kensuke*; Fujioka, Shinsuke*; Higashiguchi, Takeshi*; Ugomori, Teruyuki*; Tanaka, Nozomi*; Ohashi, Hayato*; Kawasaki, Masato*; Suzuki, Yuhei*; Suzuki, Chihiro*; Tomita, Kentaro*; et al.

Applied Physics Express, 7(8), p.086202_1 - 086202_4, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:21.84(Physics, Applied)

We demonstrate high conversion efficiency for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emission at 6.5-6.7 nm from multiple laser beam-produced one-dimensional spherical plasmas. Multiply charged-state ions produce strong resonance emission lines, which combine to yield intense unresolved transition arrays in Gd, Tb, and Mo. The maximum in-band EUV conversion efficiency was observed to be 0.8%, which is one of the highest values ever reported due to the reduction of plasma expansion loss.

Journal Articles

Time-resolved soft X-ray imaging of femtosecond laser ablation process in metals

Tomita, Takuro*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Minami, Yasuo*; Takei, Ryota*; Baba, Motoyoshi*; Eyama, Tsuyoshi*; Takayoshi, Shodai*; Kaihori, Takeshi*; Morita, Toshimasa; et al.

Journal of Laser Micro/Nanoengineering, 9(2), p.137 - 142, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:62.45(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Femtosecond laser ablation processes on platinum, gold, and tungsten were observed by the single shot pump and probe reflective imaging using a soft X-ray laser probe. To avoid the timing error due to the jitter, we adopted a posteriori correction technique by simultaneous measurement of timing between the pump and probe pulses for every single shot, using a soft X-ray streak camera. A clear difference was found in the temporal behavior of the dynamical response of the soft X-ray reflectivity depending on the irradiated laser fluence in these three materials. On the other hand, the narrow dark rings were found in Pt and W, while an additional bright ring was found outside the dark disk in Au. Our result gives the experimental data comparable with various numerical simulations.

Journal Articles

Temperature dependence of electric conductivities in femtosecond laser modified areas in silicon carbide

Deki, Manato*; Oka, Tomoki*; Takayoshi, Shodai*; Naoi, Yoshiki*; Makino, Takahiro; Oshima, Takeshi; Tomita, Takuro*

Materials Science Forum, 778-780, p.661 - 664, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:17.81

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Single event gate rupture in SiC MOS capacitors with different gate oxide thicknesses

Deki, Manato*; Makino, Takahiro; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; Tomita, Takuro*; Oshima, Takeshi

Materials Science Forum, 778-780, p.440 - 443, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Observation of the laser-induced surface dynamics using the single-shot soft X-ray laser probe

Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Kaihori, Takeshi; Morita, Toshimasa; Sasaki, Akira; Terakawa, Kota*; et al.

X-Ray Lasers 2012; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.147, p.117 - 120, 2014/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

We have developed the femto-second laser pump and soft X-ray laser probe system in order to observe the dynamical processes of the femto-second laser ablation. By using this system, we succeed to obtain the temporal evolution of the soft X-ray reflectivity from the laser induced Pt surface. The results lead that the rate of decrease in the reflectivity of the probe beam has a non-linear relation with the pump laser fluence.

Journal Articles

Breakdown voltage in silicon carbide metal-oxide-semiconductor devices induced by ion beams

Oshima, Takeshi; Deki, Manato; Makino, Takahiro; Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Hirao, Toshio*; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; Tomita, Takuro*; Matsuo, Shigeki*; Hashimoto, Shuichi*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1525, p.654 - 658, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (MOS) capacitors were fabricated on n-type 4H-SiC epitaxial layers, and the leakage current through the gate oxide during heavy ion irradiation was investigated in order to evaluate dielectric breakdown induced by heavy ions (Single Event Gate Rupture: SEGR). The gate oxide at thickness ranges between 60 and 80 nm was formed using pyrogenic oxidation at 1100 $$^{circ}$$C for 60 min. Circular electrodes with 180 $$mu$$ diameter were formed using Al evaporation and a lift-off technique. The leakage current observed through the gate oxide was monitored during 18 MeV oxygen (O) or nickel (Ni) ions. As a result, although no significant difference in the value of the electric field at the dielectric breakdown (around 8.2 MV/cm) was observed between non-irradiated and 18 MeV-O irradiated samples, the value decreased to be 7.3 MV/cm in the case of 18 MeV-Ni ion incidence. The Linier Energy Transfer (LET) for 18 MeV-O is 7 MeV cm$$^{2}$$/mg, and this value is smaller than that for 18 MeV-Ni (24 MeV cm$$^{2}$$/mg). Also, 18 MeV-Ni ions deposit energy in narrower regions than 18 MeV-O ions. Thus, it can be concluded that the high density of charge induced by 18 MeV-Ni ions triggers SEGR in SiC MOS capacitors.

Journal Articles

Development of a resonant laser ionization gas cell for high-energy, short-lived nuclei

Sonoda, Tetsu*; Wada, Michiharu*; Tomita, Hideo*; Sakamoto, Chika*; Takatsuka, Takaaki*; Furukawa, Takeshi*; Iimura, Hideki; Ito, Yuta*; Kubo, Toshiyuki*; Matsuo, Yukari*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 295, p.1 - 10, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:10.75(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experimental verification of femtosecond laser ablation schemes by time-resolved soft X-ray reflective imaging

Tomita, Takuro*; Yamamoto, Minoru*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Terakawa, Kota*; Minami, Yasuo*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Kaihori, Takeshi*; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; et al.

Optics Express (Internet), 20(28), p.29329 - 29337, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:27.57(Optics)

Pump and probe reflective imaging using a soft X-ray laser probe was applied to the observation of the early stage of femtosecond laser ablation process on platinum. In strongly excited area, drastic and fast reflectivity drop was observed. In moderately excited area, the decay of the reflectivity is slower than that in the strongly excited area, and the reflectivity reaches its minimum at t = 160 ps. In weakly excited area, laser-induced reflectivity change was not observed. These results give the critical information about the femtosecond laser ablation.

Journal Articles

LET dependence of gate oxide breakdown of SiC-MOS capacitors due to single heavy ion irradiation

Deki, Manato; Makino, Takahiro; Tomita, Takuro*; Hashimoto, Shuichi*; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; Oshima, Takeshi

Proceedings of 10th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications (RASEDA-10) (Internet), p.78 - 81, 2012/12

Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (MOS) capacitors fabricated on Silicon Carbide (SiC) under applied biases were irradiated with heavy ions. The relationship between critical electric field (E$$_{rm CR}$$) and Linear Energy Transfer (LET) was investigated. As a results of 9 MeV-Ni, 18 MeV-Ni, Kr-322 MeV and 454 MeV-Xeirradiation (the values of LET are 14.6, 23.8, 42.2 and 73.2 MeV cm$$^{2}$$/mg, respectively), reciprocal value of E$$_{rm CR}$$ increases with increasing LET. The similar relationship was also reported Si MOS capacitors. However, the increase in SiC MOS capacitors is smaller than that in Si ones because the generation energy of one electron-hole pair for SiC is larger than that for Si.

JAEA Reports

Development of remote controlled electron probe micro analyzer with crystal orientation analyzer

Honda, Junichi; Matsui, Hiroki; Harada, Akio; Obata, Hiroki; Tomita, Takeshi

JAEA-Technology 2012-022, 35 Pages, 2012/07

JAEA-Technology-2012-022.pdf:3.58MB

The advanced utilization of Light Water Reactor (LWR) fuel is progressed in Japan to save the power generating cost and the volume of nuclear wastes. The electric power companies have been continued the approach to extend the burnup and to rise up the thermal power of the commercial fuel. The government should be accumulating the detailed information of the newest technologies to make the regulations and guidelines for the safety of the advanced nuclear fuels. The remote controlled Electron Prove Micro Analyzer attached with crystal orientation analyzer (EPMA) has been developed in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to evaluate the fuel behavior effected by the cladding microstructure under the accident condition. The device was modified to the airtight and earthquake resistant structure for the examination of high radioactive elements. This paper describes the specification of EPMA and the test results of the cold mock-up to confirm their performances and reliabilities.

JAEA Reports

Development of remote controlled ion milling device

Honda, Junichi; Matsui, Hiroki; Harada, Akio; Obata, Hiroki; Tomita, Takeshi

JAEA-Technology 2012-021, 17 Pages, 2012/07

JAEA-Technology-2012-021.pdf:4.17MB

The advanced utilization of Light Water Reactor (LWR) fuel is progressed in Japan to save the power generating cost and the volume of nuclear wastes. The electric power companies have been continued the approach to extend the burnup and to rise up the thermal power of the commercial fuel. The government should be accumulating the detailed information of the newest technologies to make the regulations and guidelines for the safety of the advanced nuclear fuels. The ion milling for post irradiation examination has been developed in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to investigate cladding microstructure. This device has been modified to operate the high radioactive elements remotely and have the performance of earthquake resistant. This paper describes the specification of the device which were specialized for post irradiation examination and the test results of the cold mock-up to confirm their performances and reliabilities.

Journal Articles

Source development and novel applications of laser-driven plasma X-ray lasers in JAEA

Kawachi, Tetsuya; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Oba, Toshiyuki; Kaihori, Takeshi; Kishimoto, Maki; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Momoko; et al.

X-Ray Lasers 2010; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.136, p.15 - 24, 2011/12

This paper reviews recent improvement in the source development of laser-driven X-ray lasers and the applications in the research fields of material science, laser processing, X-ray imaging, and radiation damage in biological cells. In the application for material science, we have firstly observed temporal correlation between the domain structures of ferro-electric substance under the Curie temperature. In the laser processing, new X-ray laser interferometer reveals us the nano-scale surface distortion of substance pumped by a femto-second optical pulse. In the X-ray diffraction image, we have taken several static images of micro-structure of samples: now we are trying to extend the objective to nano-scale dynamics using pump and probe method. In the radiation damage of biological cells, we observed double strand break in DNA using X-ray laser exposure; this results are compared with the case using incoherent several KeV X-ray exposure.

Journal Articles

Development of the X-ray interferometer and the method of spatial and temporal synchronization of XRL and optical pulse

Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Terakawa, Kota*; Tomita, Takuro*; Yamamoto, Minoru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Oba, Toshiyuki; Kaihori, Takeshi; Imazono, Takashi; et al.

X-Ray Lasers 2010; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.136, p.353 - 358, 2011/12

The understanding of the dynamics of the initial process is important for the micro processing and welding by the ultra-short laser pulse. The X-ray laser is suitable for probing this initial process because it has short wavelength (Ni-like Ag, 13.9 nm) and short duration (7 ps). For this investigation, the origin of time of the pumping pulse is quite important. In this study, we used the scintillation plate and the plasma gate technique to realize the spatial and temporal synchronization of the pump and probe pulses. For the spatial alignment, a CsI scintillation plate that was set at the sample position was illuminated by both the X-ray laser pulse, and the fluorescence light were detected by the CCD camera. For the temporal synchronization, we set a thin foil at the sample position. We measured the transmission of the X-ray laser while changing a temporal delay of the pumping laser with respect to the time of X-ray laser pulse to obtain the origin of the irradiation time.

Journal Articles

Observation of the laser-induced surface dynamics by the single-shot X-ray laser interferometer

Hasegawa, Noboru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Kaihori, Takeshi; Sasaki, Akira; Terakawa, Kota*; Minami, Yasuo*; et al.

Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.8140, p.81400G_1 - 81400G_8, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:13.81

We have developed a soft X-ray laser (SXRL) interferometer capable of the single-shot imaging of nano-scaled structure dynamics. The interferometer consisted of the reflection optics including double Lloyd's mirrors and focusing optics, and the interference fringes are produced on the detector surface. By using this interferometer, the initial stage ($$sim$$50 ps) of the ablation process of the Pt surface pumped by a 70 fs Ti:Sapphire laser pulse was observed. The expansion speed of the surface estimated from the result (34 nm/50 ps) indicated that the nano-bubble structures were formed in the initial stage of the ablation. In order to observe the detailed dynamics, the temporal synchronization between the pump and probe pulses was improved to be 3 ps by adopting a portion of the SXRL and pump beams as the time fiducials, to which the pump and probe timing was adjusted by using the X-ray streak camera.

Journal Articles

Observation of femtosecond laser ablation process by using the soft X-ray laser interferometer

Yamamoto, Minoru; Hasegawa, Noboru; Terakawa, Kota*; Umeda, Yoshifumi*; Tomita, Takuro*; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Nishikino, Masaharu; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Kaihori, Takeshi; et al.

Proceedings of 12th International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication (LPM 2011) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2011/06

Femtosecond lasers have been used for material processing. However, the physical processes responsible for femtosecond laser ablation have not been understood completely. These processes involve melting, vaporization, re-solidification or ablation, which occur in a very short time from pico- to nano-seconds. To understand the physical processes, it is essential to reveal the dynamics of ultrafast surface morphological change after laser irradiation. At JAEA, the laser-driven plasma soft X-ray laser (SXRL) that has extremely high spatial and spectral purity was constructed. It delivers soft X-ray photons at 89.2 eV (13.9 nm) with a photon number of exceeding $$10^{10}$$, which is sufficient to obtain a single shot interferogram. By using this system, the soft X-ray laser interferometer with the lateral resolution of 1.8 $$mu$$m and a depth resolution of 1 nm was developed. We report on demonstration of time-resolved measurement of femtosecond-laser ablation dynamics by using the soft X-ray laser interferometer.

Journal Articles

Electrical conduction properties of SiC modified by femtosecond laser

Ito, Takuto*; Deki, Manato; Tomita, Takuro*; Matsuo, Shigeki*; Hashimoto, Shuichi*; Kitada, Takahiro*; Isu, Toshiro*; Onoda, Shinobu; Oshima, Takeshi

Proceedings of 12th International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication (LPM 2011) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2011/06

Journal Articles

Enhancement of local electrical conductivities in SiC by femtosecond laser modification

Deki, Manato; Ito, Takuto*; Yamamoto, Minoru*; Tomita, Takuro*; Matsuo, Shigeki*; Hashimoto, Shuichi*; Kitada, Takahiro*; Isu, Toshiro*; Onoda, Shinobu; Oshima, Takeshi

Applied Physics Letters, 98(13), p.133104_1 - 133104_3, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:53.1(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Laser modification aiming at the enhancement of local electrical conductivities in SiC

Deki, Manato; Ito, Takuto*; Tomita, Takuro*; Matsuo, Shigeki*; Hashimoto, Shuichi*; Kitada, Takahiro*; Isu, Toshiro*; Onoda, Shinobu; Oshima, Takeshi

Proceedings of 9th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications (RASEDA-9), p.218 - 221, 2010/10

78 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)