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Journal Articles

Repeatability and reproducibility of measurements of low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater using different pre-concentration methods

Kurihara, Momo*; Yasutaka, Tetsuo*; Aono, Tatsuo*; Ashikawa, Nobuo*; Ebina, Hiroyuki*; Iijima, Takeshi*; Ishimaru, Kei*; Kanai, Ramon*; Karube, Jinichi*; Konnai, Yae*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 322(2), p.477 - 485, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:42.44(Chemistry, Analytical)

We assessed the repeatability and reproducibility of methods for determining low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater in Fukushima. Twenty-one laboratories pre-concentrated three of 10 L samples by five different pre-concentration methods (prussian-blue-impregnated filter cartridges, coprecipitation with ammonium phosphomolybdate, evaporation, solid-phase extraction disks, and ion-exchange resin columns), and activity of radiocesium was measured. The z-scores for all of the $$^{137}$$Cs results were within $$pm$$2, indicating that the methods were accurate. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) indicating the variability in the results from different laboratories were larger than the RSDs indicating the variability in the results from each separate laboratory.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of radio-cesium transport and discharge between different basins near to the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant after heavy rainfall events

Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Akihiro; Malins, A.; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Machida, Masahiko; Mori, Koji*; Tada, Kazuhiro*; Kobayashi, Takamaru*; Tawara, Yasuhiro*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 169-170, p.137 - 150, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:69.64(Environmental Sciences)

This paper describes watershed modeling of catchments surrounding the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant to understand radio-cesium redistribution by water flows and sediment transport. We extended our previously developed three-dimensional hydrogeological model of the catchments to calculate the migration of radio-cesium in both sediment-sorbed and dissolved forms. The simulations cover the entirety of 2013, including nine heavy rainfall events, as well as Typhoon Roke in September 2011. Typhoons Man-yi and Wipha were the strongest typhoons in 2013 and had the largest bearing on radio-cesium redistribution. The simulated $$^{137}$$Cs discharge quantities over the nine events in 2013 are in good agreement with field monitoring observations. Deposition mainly occurs on flood plains and points where the river beds broaden in the lower basins, and within dam reservoirs along the rivers. Differences in $$^{137}$$Cs discharge ratios between the five basins are explained by differences in the initial fallout distribution within the basins, the presence of dam reservoirs, and the input supply to watercourses. It is possible to use these simulation results to evaluate future radioactive material distributions in order to support remediation planning.

Journal Articles

Redistribution and export of contaminated sediment within eastern Fukushima Prefecture due to typhoon flooding

Kitamura, Akihiro; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Malins, A.; Okumura, Masahiko; Machida, Masahiko; Mori, Koji*; Tada, Kazuhiro*; Tawara, Yasuhiro*; Kobayashi, Takamaru*; et al.

Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 41(12), p.1708 - 1726, 2016/09

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:62.25(Geography, Physical)

Sediment erosion and transport processes that are considered to be important in predicting the future radioactive material distribution through sediment-sorbed form in Fukushima Prefecture are simulated. Since large portion of the sediment is considered to be supplied into the rivers, it is important to trace their migration process in terms of each river basin. We choose five river basins, namely the Odaka, the Ukedo, the Maeda, the Kuma, and the Tomioka, from north to south, because of their importance in contamination aspects and prediction studies. The results are summarized as comprehensive dataset of sediment migration for particular river basins in typical typhoon events that account for the most of annual soil erosion. Detail calculations implemented for the amount of sediment supplied in to the river, deposited on river and dam beds, and exported to the ocean.

JAEA Reports

Studies on the reconstruction of the concept of rock mass around the tunnel; Japanese fiscal year, 2014 (Contract research)

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Sasao, Eiji

JAEA-Research 2015-017, 54 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Research-2015-017.pdf:17.3MB

This report is concerned with research to reconstruct more realistic near-field (NF) concept for the geological disposal of radioactive waste. This year is the final year of this committee activities. So we have carried out the summary on Re-thinking of NF concept and its technical basis. Cooperation between the study fields and combination of various science and technology and evaluation methods are one of the important technical bases of NF concept. In addition, since the "Great East Japan Earthquake 2011", the safety paradigm has shifted dramatically. In the reconstruction of realistic NF concept, it is necessary to analyze what security matters whether society has become unacceptable for geological disposal. Committee, we also exchange views on such matters and presented the direction of future research and development for geological disposal.

JAEA Reports

Studies on the reconstruction of the concept of rock mass around the tunnel; Japanese fiscal year, 2013 (Contract research)

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Ogata, Nobuhisa

JAEA-Research 2014-011, 43 Pages, 2014/09

JAEA-Research-2014-011.pdf:56.68MB

This report is concerned with research to reconstruct more realistic near-field (NF) concept for the geological disposal. In previous year, we examined the realistic concept for near-field, including rock mass around the tunnel, particularly based on the nuclide migration scenario. The time-series change of the field was divided into five stages of 0 to IV through the process of geological disposal (Excavation, Operation and Post-closure). Then at each respective stage, post-closure stage in particular; we examined interaction between environmental factors and exhaustive extraction of those factors affecting the near-field, focusing on each scale-time cross-section. In the reconstruction of realistic near-field concept, it is necessary to analyze security matters are unacceptable by society, regarding geological disposal. We also exchanged views on those matters and presented the future direction of research and development for geological disposal.

JAEA Reports

Studies on the reconstruction of the concept of rock mass around the tunnel; Fiscal year, 2012 (Contract research)

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Ogata, Nobuhisa

JAEA-Research 2013-015, 21 Pages, 2013/11

JAEA-Research-2013-015.pdf:10.41MB

This report is concerned with research to reconstruct more realistic near-field concept for the geological disposal. In chapter, we examined the realistic concept for near field, including rock around the tunnel, based on the nuclide migration scenario in particular. The time-series change of the field was divided into five stages of 0$$sim$$IV through the process of geological disposal (Excavation, Operation and Post-closure). Then, for each stage respectively, we examined interaction between environmental factors and extraction of those factors changing the "field". The Goal of this year is to set up the state in the realistic "field" exhaustively, by focusing on the scale-time cross-section of each stage, especially post-closure stage, and to present the assignment of the next fiscal year.

JAEA Reports

Interdisciplinary approach to improve and systematize the investigation and evaluation techniques on geological environment in relation to radioactive waste repository; Japanese fiscal year, 2010 (Contract research)

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Watanabe, Kunio*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Shimada, Jun*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Ogata, Nobuhisa; et al.

JAEA-Research 2011-033, 126 Pages, 2012/02

JAEA-Research-2011-033.pdf:31.33MB

The next advancements for the research of radioactive waste repository was started to improve and systematize the investigation and evaluation techniques on geological environment in consideration of intra-field of science and technology. Intra-field means the various fields among each study area of (a) geological environment, (b) design and engineering, (c) safety evaluation for radioactive waste repository, here. The following items were studied and discussed this year. (1) To Reconstruct Near Field (NF) Concept in consideration of coupled phenomena on geological environment. (2) To develop systematic investigation techniques on the geological environment in consideration of intra-field among each study area above mentioned (a), (b) and (c). Regarding (1), examination of NF concept focused on the realistic crystalline rock was carried out. Also through the overall discussion in the committee, comments from the all commissioners in relation to the intra-field of their study area were made to reflect on reconstruction of NF concept. Regarding (2), the research and development in consideration of NF and intra-field among each study area were conducted.

JAEA Reports

Study on systemizing of technology for investigation and analysis of the deep underground geological environment; Japanese fiscal year, 2009 (Contract research)

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Watanabe, Kunio*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Shimada, Jun*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Ogata, Nobuhisa; et al.

JAEA-Research 2010-049, 282 Pages, 2011/02

JAEA-Research-2010-049.pdf:29.88MB

This report summarizes studies that have been carried out with the aim of assessing and systemizing the technology used for the investigation and analysis of the deep underground geological environment in relation to the disposal of radioactive waste. The main studies were: (1) a study on the research and development (R&D) topics proven to have practical application for the investigation, and analysis and understanding of the deep underground geological environment, and, (2) a study on leading edge technology that can provide the advanced technical basis for the investigation, analysis and understanding of the deep underground geological environment. Regarding the R&D topics (1, above), specific investigations, measurements, numerical analyses and chemical analyses were performed and reviewed with respect to the topics, (a) Repository design, engineering technology (b) Geological environment and (c) Safety evaluation. Based on the result of the review, topics requiring collaboration research in overlapping research fields, including safety assessment, were identified. Also, the near field concept (NFC) was reconsidered in terms of its realistic construction model. Regarding advanced technology (2, above), based on the objectives of the JAEA (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) research project, the study was implemented considering previous R&D results and detailed research result at the research site and thus an assessment of the need for advanced technical basis for investigation and analysis. This study contributed to the R&D development and its practical application.

JAEA Reports

Study on systemizing of technology for investigation and analysis of the deep underground geological environment; Japanese fiscal year 2008 (Contract research)

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Watanabe, Kunio*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Shimada, Jun*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Ogata, Nobuhisa; et al.

JAEA-Research 2009-055, 145 Pages, 2010/02

JAEA-Research-2009-055.pdf:55.53MB

This report summarizes studies that were carried out with the aim of assessing and systemizing the technology used for the investigation and analysis of the deep underground geological environment in relation to the disposal of radioactive waste. The main studies were: (1) a study on the research and development (R&D) topics proven to have practical application for the investigation, analysis and understanding of the deep underground geological environment, and, (2) a study on leading edge technology that can provide the advanced technical basis for the investigation, analysis and understanding of the deep underground geological environment. The principal results obtained from the studies are as follows: Regarding the R&D topics (1, above), the specific investigations, measurements, numerical and chemical analyses were reviewed with respect to engineering technology and the geological environment in this year. Based on the results of the review, topics requiring collaboration research in overlapping research fields, including safety assessment, were identified. Also, the near field concept (NFC) was reconsidered in terms of both the generic model and for crystalline rock. Regarding advanced technology (2, above), based on the objectives of the JAEA (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) research project, the study was implemented considering previous R&D results and detailed research result at the research site and thus an assessment of the need for advanced technical basis for investigation and analysis. This study contributed to the R&D development and its practical application.

JAEA Reports

Study on systemizing technology on investigation and analysis of deep underground geological environment; Japanese fiscal year, 2007 (Contract research)

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Watanabe, Kunio*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Shimada, Jun*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Ogata, Nobuhisa; et al.

JAEA-Research 2008-099, 171 Pages, 2009/03

JAEA-Research-2008-099-1.pdf:28.65MB
JAEA-Research-2008-099-2.pdf:49.14MB

In this year, the following studies were carried out with the aim of systemizing the technology on the investigation and analysis to understand the deep underground geological environment in relation to the radioactive waste disposal. (1) The study on the research and development (R&D) subjects which turned to the practical investigation and analysis of deep underground geological environment. (2) The study on the advanced technical basis for the investigation and analysis of deep underground geological environment. The results obtained from the studies are as follows: Regarding (1), the specific investigations, measurements, numerical and chemical analyses were performed particularly for research subjects: (a) the repository design and engineering technology and (b) geological environment. Based on the results on (1), (c) tasks of collaboration research on niche area between the research fields, including the safety assessment field, were selected. Also subject's items of the NFC (Near Field Concept) redefinition were discussed. Regarding (2), based on the extraction tasks of JAEA (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) research project, the study was implemented with applying previous R&D results and detailed research at the research field was carried out. This study contributed to the R&D development for its practical application.

JAEA Reports

Study on systemizing technology on the investigation and analysis of deep underground geological environment; Japanese fiscal year, 2006 (Contract research)

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Watanabe, Kunio*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Shimada, Jun*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Ogata, Nobuhisa; et al.

JAEA-Research 2008-042, 236 Pages, 2008/04

JAEA-Research-2008-042.pdf:23.43MB

The following study was done with the aim of systemizing the technology on the investigation and analysis to grasp deep underground geological environment in relation to the radioactive waste disposal. (1) The study on the research and development (R&D) subjects which turned to the practical investigation and analysis of deep underground geological environment. (2) The study on the advanced technical basis of the investigation and analysis of deep underground geological environment. It continued in the former year and got the following results. Concerning (1), the concrete investigation, measurements, numerical analyses and chemical analyses were enforced about the following item and extracted some subjects with the viewpoint of radioactive waste disposal. Concerning (2), the evaluation of the results and a way to the practical use were discussed on the R&D activities of the following item. The R&D activities of the study group concerning (2) are related to the fundamental and elemental technology. It was discussed if these results could be taken into the practical investigation programs which characterize the geological environment and engineering technology in the Tono Geoscience Center. The Study group also discussed and gave the comment on the 2nd phase (the shaft construction phase of the MIU (Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory) research program in the JAEA.

JAEA Reports

Study on systemizing the technology on the investigation and analysis of deep underground geological environment; Japanese fiscal year, 2006 (Contract research)

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Watanabe, Kunio*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Shimada, Jun*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Ogata, Nobuhisa; et al.

JAEA-Research 2007-060, 210 Pages, 2007/09

JAEA-Research-2007-060-1.pdf:43.82MB
JAEA-Research-2007-060-2.pdf:41.2MB
JAEA-Research-2007-060-3.pdf:6.42MB

The following study was done with the aim of systemizing the technology on the investigation and analysis to grasp deep underground geological environment in relation to the radioactive waste disposal. (1) The study on the research and development (R&D) subjects which turned to the practical investigation and analysis of deep underground geological environment. (2) The study on the advanced technical basis of the investigation and analysis of deep underground geological environment. It continued in the former year and got the following results. Concerning (1), the concrete investigation, measurements, numerical analyses and chemical analyses were enforced about the following item and extracted some subjects with the viewpoint of radioactive waste disposal. More over, the way to make the co-operative program among each field of the following (a), (b) and (c) was discussed. (a) The subjects extracted with the viewpoint of the repository design and engineering technology. (b) The subject extracted with the viewpoint of the safety assessment. (c) The subjects extracted with the viewpoint of the geological environment. The joint research subjects among each field of (a), (b), (c) were also discussed. Concerning (2), the evaluation of the results and a way to the practical use were discussed on the R&D activities. The Study group also discussed and gave the comment on the 2nd stage of the MIU (Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory) research program in the JAEA.

JAEA Reports

Study on Sysytemizing the Technology on the Investigation and Analysis of Deep Underground Geological Environment, 2005.

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Watanabe, Kunio*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Shimada, Jun*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Yoshida, Eichi*

JNC TJ7400 2005-081, 337 Pages, 2005/02

JNC-TJ7400-2005-081.pdf:39.72MB

The following study was done in this year with the aim of syatemizing the technology on the investigation and analysis to grasp deep underground geological environment in relation to the radioactive waste disposal. The study to extract the research and development (R&D) subjects turned to the practical investigation and analysis of deep undergruound geological environment. The study on the advanced technical basis of the investigation and analysis of deep underground geological environment.

JAEA Reports

Study on Systemizing the Technology on the Investigation and Analysis of Deep Underground Geological Environment, 2003

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Watanabe, Kunio*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Shimada, Jun*; Aoki, Kenji*

JNC TJ7400 2004-008, 234 Pages, 2004/02

JNC-TJ7400-2004-008.pdf:11.02MB

The following was done in this year with the aim of systemizing the technology on the investigation and analysis to grasp deep underground geological environment in relation to the radioactive waste disposal. (1) The study to extract the research and development (R&D) subjects turned to the practical investigation and analysis of deep underground geological environment. (2) The study on the advanced technical basis of the investigation and analysis of deep underground geological environment. It continued in the former year and got the following results. Concerning (1), the concrete investigation, measurement and numerical / chemical analysis were enforced about the following item and extracted some subjects with the viewpoint of radioactive waste disposal. 1: The subjects extracted with the viewpoint of the repository design and engineering technology. *The evaluation technique of the excavation disturbed zone (EDZ) by acoustic emission (AE) or micro seismicity measurement. *Fracture sealing technique such as vibration grouting toward low permeable rock mass. 2: The subject extracted with the viewpoint of the safety assessment. *Precipitation of the metal hydroxide (non-crystallized) through migration process in rock mass and change to the crystallized oxide.3: The subjects extracted with the viewpoint of the geological environment. *Fracture distribution characteristics around the fault, it can think to meet in the underground facilities and the prediction of long term activities of the fault. *Natural sealing process by the secondary filling materials (iron oxide and carbonate etc.) in the fracture of rock mass and that influence which may be given to the long-term migration and release of nuclides. The advanced research subjects among the each field of 1, 2, 3 were also discussed. Concerning (2), the evaluation of the results and a way to the practical use were discussed on the R&D activities of the following item.

Oral presentation

Regional hydrogeological analysis factored in tectonics and climatic changes; Case study in Tono Area, Gifu Prefecture

Kawaguchi, Tatsuya*; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Yasue, Kenichi; Kurosawa, Hideki; Kamataki, Takanobu*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Examination of realistic conceptual model of near-field process in HLW repository

Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Sugihara, Kozo; Ogata, Nobuhisa

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Variation of radiocaesium in seawater and sediment around off Fukushima

Aono, Tatsuo*; Nishikawa, Jun*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Takata, Hyoe*; Misono, Toshiharu; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Miura, Hikaru*; Kambayashi, Shota*; Fukuda, Miho*; Sakurada, Masanobu*; et al.

no journal, , 

From 2016 to 2020, the Tohoku Marine Ecosystem Research Vessel Shinsei-maru conducted four research cruises on the dynamics and bioavailability of radionuclides around off Fukushima. Seawater, sediments and organisms were collected mainly around off the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPS). The purpose of those cruises is to observe the flux of radionuclides released into the ocean by the FDNPS accident and to understand the bioavailability of radionuclides. In order to understand the contaminated levels of the marine environment, the concentration of radioactive cesium (Cs) in seawater and sediments around off Fukushima was investigated. As a result, the concentration range of dissolved Cs-137 in the surface seawater near the FDNPS from 2016 to 2018 was 10-23 mBq/L, but decreased to 7 mBq/L in 2020. In terms of points, the concentrations of dissolved Cs-137 tended to decrease with time. On the other hand, in sediments, the Cs-137 concentrations were higher in the surface layer (0-2 cm) than the deep layer from 2016 to 2017 and tended to decrease with depth, but after 2018, subsurface vertical maximum of Cs-137 concentrations was observed at some stations. Although these concentrations tended to increase in the subsurface layer, the concentrations in the sediment also tended to decrease with time. In this presentation, we report on the concentration variation of Cs-137 and their characteristics in seawater and sediments around off Fukushima.

Oral presentation

Variation of radiocesium concentration in the marine environment off the coast of Fukushima

Aono, Tatsuo*; Nishikawa, Jun*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Takata, Hyoe*; Misono, Toshiharu; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Miura, Hikaru*; Fukuda, Miho*; Kambayashi, Shota*; Sakurada, Masanobu*; et al.

no journal, , 

From 2016 to 2020, four research voyages were conducted to investigate the dynamics of radioactive materials in the waters around Fukushima. Seawater and sediment samples were collected in the waters off the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPS). The concentration of radioactive cesium (Cs) in seawater and sediment off the coast of Fukushima was surveyed to understand the status of the marine environment. As a result, no significant changes were observed in both seawater and sediment from 2016 to 2020.

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