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Journal Articles

Magnetic excitations in the orbital disordered phase of MnV$$_2$$O$$_4$$

Matsuura, Keisuke*; Sagayama, Hajime*; Uehara, Amane*; Nii, Yoichi*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Ji, S.*; Abe, Nobuyuki*; Arima, Takahisa*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 536, p.372 - 376, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:87.78(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Spin-orbital correlated dynamics in the spinel-type vanadium oxide MnV$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$

Matsuura, Keisuke*; Sagayama, Hajime*; Uehara, Amane*; Nii, Yoichi*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Ji, S.*; Abe, Nobuyuki*; Arima, Takahisa*

Physical Review Letters, 119(1), p.017201_1 - 017201_6, 2017/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:33.51(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Momentum transfer during Landau damping and radio frequency current drive

Uehara, Kazuya

JAEA-Research 2009-049, 11 Pages, 2010/01


The current drive generated by radio frequency waves is regarded as the momentum transfer from waves to resonant electrons through the Landau damping process. The conventional current drive theory is based on the quasi-linear diffusion using the Fokker-Planck equation to derive the deviation of the electron distribution function to cause the current and is not considered the momentum transfer. The momentum transfer is evaluated using a well-defined model of Landau damping and we derived the current drive theory considering the competition between the electron acceleration by the effective force acting on resonate electrons and the collision of particles. The deformed distribution function to yield the RF current is also formulated with a Boltzmann equation including a simple collision term.

JAEA Reports

Die AMEMIYA-Sonde; Theoretischer Hitergrund

Belitz, H. J.*; Althausen, B.*; Uehara, Kazuya; Amemiya, Hiroshi*

JAEA-Research 2009-048, 21 Pages, 2010/01


This probe has been developed to measure the ion temperature in the scrape-off-layer (SOL) of the tokamak boundary plasma. Since in the SOL plasma the ion temperature is usually larger than the electron temperature ions reach to the probe with the thermal speed without considering presheeth at the probe frontier. The probe with the cylindrical shape is placed at the parallel to the magnetic field lines. Important parameters of this probe are probe length L, the ratio of L to the radius a and the mean ion Larmor radius $$<$$r$$>$$. The ion current density to the side and the end is double integrated and k is expressed analytically. When two probes with different length are placed to the parallel to the magnetic field k is estimated by the difference of the current and we can measure the temperature directly. The application examples to the SOL plasma of JFT-2M and TEXTOR are shown.

JAEA Reports

Parameter dependence on the lower hybrid driven current in tokamaks

Uehara, Kazuya; Nagashima, Takashi*

JAEA-Research 2008-051, 20 Pages, 2008/03


An optimum efficiency and the current profile on the lower-hybrid driven current in tokamaks are estimated in half-experimental by the modified quasi-linear theory including the mode conversion effect, the accessibility condition and the non-linear effect of the parametric instability so as to predict the experimentally obtained flowing current. The spectrum gap is bridged by the gap parameter depending on the electron temperature and the rf power density. It is shown that for the JT-60 parameter an optimum N parallel of the rf wave must be less smaller for the higher electron temperature not to destroy the accessibility condition and the driving efficiency depends on the electron temperature. The survey is also performed for the LHCD of the ITER parameter.

Journal Articles

In search of zonal flows by using direct density fluctuation measurements

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ito, Sanae*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Shinohara, Koji; Ejiri, Akira*; Takase, Yuichi*; Ido, Takeshi*; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 49(10), p.1611 - 1625, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:16.73(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

It was found that the envelope of the ambient density fluctuation of the drift wave turbulence has spectral peaks aroound zonal flow frequencies. A method to detect the zonal flow using this characteristic was considered using the JFT-2M density fluctuation data. There is a possibility that the zonal flow will be able to be detected in the future burning plasmas by using the density fluctuations measured by some density fluctuation measurement by such as the microwave reflectometer and so on.

Journal Articles

Measurement and analysis of the fluctuations and poloidal flow on JFT-2M tokamak

Hoshino, Katsumichi; Ido, Takeshi*; Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Shinohara, Koji; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Kamiya, Kensaku; Kawashima, Hisato; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro*; Kusama, Yoshinori; Oasa, Kazumi; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2007/03

We report on the potential/density fluctuations in the JFT-2M tokamak. We identified a geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) and its electric field structure. The GAM interacts with the background turbulence in consistent with a drift wave - zonal flow theory. The GAM modulates the turbulence, and the suppression depends on the direction and gradient of the flow velocity in consistent with a theory. During the H-mode, the GAM disappears presumably due to the suppression of the turbulence. We analysed the low frequency potential oscillation during the H-mode. A wavelet analysis showed a low frequency characteristic potential fluctuations (several handred kHz), which disappears in the L-mode and at the occurence of ELM. Observed poloidal flow is about 20 times as large as that of the GAM during the H-mode. If the potential has a spatial inhomogineity, there is a possibility that this low frequency fluctuation comes from the EXB flow or the zonal flow.

Journal Articles

Compatibility of reduced activation ferritic steel wall with high performance plasma on JFT-2M

Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Kamiya, Kensaku; Shinohara, Koji; Bakhtiari, M.*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Kurita, Genichi; Takechi, Manabu; Kasai, Satoshi; Sato, Masayasu; Kawashima, Hisato; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(11), p.966 - 971, 2006/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:47.45(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experimental study of nonlinear processes in edge turbulence of toroidal plasmas

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Nagaoka, Kenichi*; Shinohara, Koji; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Uehara, Kazuya; Kusama, Yoshinori; Ida, Katsumi*; Yoshimura, Yasuo*; Okamura, Shoichi*; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 1(9), p.041_1 - 041_15, 2006/09

Nonlinear processes between meso-scale structures and turbulent fluctuations in the edge region of the toroidal plasmas were studied using the bispectrum analysis. In the JFT-2M tokamak, divertor plasmas were investigated as well as the limiter plasmas, and the amplitude and phase of the bispectrum function of the potential fluctuation were found to be consistent with an analysis of the drift wave-zonal flow system. In the CHS machine, the edge plasmas during the H-mode were investigated. It was found that the edge potential begins to decrease before the decrease of the intensity of the deuterium line (by about 30ms), and the edge fluctuations are found to be composed of low frequency MHD fluctuations, drift wave like broad band electrostatic fluctuations and high frequency electromagnetic fluctuations. Nonlinear coupling between the MHD fluctuations and the electrostatic fluctuations or the electromagnetic fluctuations were found for the first time.

Journal Articles

Direct identification of magnetic surface by a differential double probe in JFT-2M

Uehara, Kazuya; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Amemiya, Hiroshi*; Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Sadamoto, Yoshiro*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 2, 45(24), p.L630 - L633, 2006/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:85.92(Physics, Applied)

Data for detecting the magnetic flux surfaces at the edge plasma in tokamak are presented. When the magnetic surfaces are moved by the plasma jog, it is observed that a current increment appears in the two set of double probe whose front surfaces are shifted by a small distance and that the difference of these two currents through the differential amplifier giving a signal of the arrival of the separatrix also appears, where we refer the separatrix point as a typical position of the magnetic flux surfaces. It is confirmed that magnetic flux surfaces are located by a few cm outward from that calculated by the eqfit-code (EQFIT) and the absolute value of its deviation is identified. This identification is supported by the result of observation of the correlation of the floating potential fluctuation between two different points using one probe pin of the same differential double probe. The ion temperature and the space potential are observed by the another use of the differential double probe are modified following the estimated real magnetic surfaces positions.

Journal Articles

Observation of coherent bicoherence and biphase in potential fluctuations around geodesic acoustic mode frequency on JFT-2M

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ito, Sanae*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Ejiri, Akira*; Takase, Yuichi*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Shinohara, Koji; Uehara, Kazuya; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(5A), p.A377 - A386, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:38.27(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

A bispector analysis and envelope moduration analysis of the potential oscillations of a low frequency (1kHz) oscillation, a high frequency (10-15kHz) oscillation and background turbulence are presented. The low frequency mode and the high frequency mode are considered to be a low frequency zonal flow and a geodesic acoustic mode respectively. We could found that the low frequency oscillation has a three wave interaction with the background turbulence as well as the high frequency oscillation does from the bicoherence (nonlinear coupling coefficient), biphase and envelope moduration relation. Apparently, the modulation of the high frequency mode by the low frequency mode was suggested, but it was found that the bicoherence between them is small and the modulation relation was not concluded. Therefore, it is concluded that the nonlinear interaction between the zonal flow - zonal flow system does not exist or the interaction of them is linear if any. Thus it was found that the marked nonlinear interaction occurs only in the turbulence - zonal flow system and not in the zonal flow - zonal flow system.

Journal Articles

Bispectral analysis applied to coherent floating potential fluctuations obtained in the edge plasmas on JFT-2M

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ito, Sanae*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Takase, Yuichi*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Ejiri, Akira*; Ida, Katsumi*; Shinohara, Koji; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(4), p.S1 - S15, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:22.98(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This paper presents the results of bispectral analysis of floating potential fluctuations in the edge region of ohmically heated plasmas in the JFT-2M tokamak. Inside of the outermost magnetic surface,coherent modes were observed around the frequency of geodesic acoustic mode which is a kind of the zonal flow. The squared bicoherence shows significant nonlinear couplings between the coherent fluctuations and the background fluctuations (which are likely to contain drift wave turbulent fluctuations). The experimental results that the total bicoherence is proportional to the squared amplitude of the coherent fluctuation, and that the biphase of the coherent modes localizes around a constant value $$pi$$, are consistent with the theoretical prediction on the drift wave - zonal flow systems based on the Hasegawa-Mima model.

Journal Articles

Convergence study of bispectral analysis in experiments of high temperature plasmas

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Sanae*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Shinohara, Koji; Uehara, Kazuya; Kusama, Yoshinori; Ejiri, Akira*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 77(4), p.045110_1 - 045110_6, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:49.5(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A convergence study of bispector non-linear analysis applied to the fluctuation of toroidal plasmas is studied. A theoretical study of the convergence is presented. And it was found that the convergence property of the total bicoherence and bispector of the fluctuations of drift wave or zonal flow observed in the JFT-2M tokamak plasma is consistent with the theoretical analysis, and also found that the realization number for the convergence is fairly large, for example about 1000 for the JFT-2M experimental fluctuation data. As stated, we made a base for such fluctuation analysis.

JAEA Reports

Current profiles and major disruptions in a lower-hybrid current drive tokamak

Uehara, Kazuya; Nagashima, Takashi*

JAEA-Research 2006-002, 15 Pages, 2006/02


The radial rf current profile of the lower-hybrid current drive tokamak is estimated using an rf power damping model for various Gaussian type nz spectrum, and the stability of the major disruption is examined using the criterion of the tearing mode instability. The value of nzc determines the spatial damping of the rf power and in resultant the rf current profile. The value of hz determine the extent of the damping of the rf power and in resultant the absolute value of the rf current. The peaking and flattening rf current profile to be free from the disruption are obtained when the rf power does not damp at the boundary region and when the extent of damping is relatively small even if the rf power begins to damp at relatively boundary region, whose rf spectrum must be having relatively large phase velocity and must be not so broad.

Journal Articles

Plasma diagnostics in JFT-2M

Kasai, Satoshi*; Kamiya, Kensaku; Shinohara, Koji; Kawashima, Hisato; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Uehara, Kazuya; Miura, Yukitoshi; Okano, Fuminori; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.225 - 240, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:73.46(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The diagnostic system of JFT-2M has consisted of about 30 individual diagnostic instruments,which were used to study the plasma production, control, equilibrium, stability, confinement, plasma heating by NBI and/or RF (LH, ICRF, ECH) and current drive by RF. In these instruments, the motional Stark effect (MSE) polarimeter, charge exchanged recombination spectroscopy (CXRS), heavy-ion beam probe (HIBP), time of flight (TOF) neutral particle analyzer, etc. have contributed to make clear the improved mechanism of confinement such as H-mode and High Recycling Steady (HRS) H-mode, and to search the operational region of these modes.The infrared TV camera system and lost ion probe have played a very important role to investigate the heat load onto the walls due to ripple loss particles and escaping ions from core plasma, respectively.

Journal Articles

Study of SOL/divertor plasmas in JFT-2M

Kawashima, Hisato; Sengoku, Seio; Uehara, Kazuya; Tamai, Hiroshi; Shoji, Teruaki*; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Shibata, Takatoshi; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Kusama, Yoshinori; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.168 - 186, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:81.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Experimental efforts on JFT-2M have been devoted to understand SOL/Divertor plasmas and to investigate power and particle controllability. Open divertor configuration was used for the first decade of JFT-2M started in 1984. We found out the SOL/Divertor plasma properties such as in/out asymmetry, heat and particle diffusivities, and SOL current at ELMs. Handling of power and particle was demonstrated by active control methods such as local pumping, edge ergodization, divertor biasing, and edge heating. For improvement of power and particle control capability of divertor, it was modified to closed configuration in 1995, which demonstrated the baffling effects with narrower divertor throat. Dense and cold divertor state (n$$_{e}$$$$^{div}$$ = 4$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ and T$$_{e}$$$$^{div}$$ = 4 eV), compatible with the improved confinement modes (e.g. H-mode), was realized by strong gas puffing. Being related with the core confinement at H-mode, the edge plasma fluctuations were identified by an electrostatic probe. These are reviewed in this paper.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of plasma operation with the ferritic inside wall and its compatibility with high-performance plasmas in JFT-2M

Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro*; Kimura, Haruyuki; Kusama, Yoshinori; Sato, Masayasu; Kawashima, Hisato; Kamiya, Kensaku; Shinohara, Koji; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Uehara, Kazuya; Kurita, Genichi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.197 - 208, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:35.19(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Reduced divertor heat loads, plasma shape effects, and radial electric field structures in JFT-2M HRS H-mode plasmas

Kamiya, Kensaku; Kawashima, Hisato; Ido, Takeshi*; Oyama, Naoyuki; Bakhtiari, M.*; Kasai, Satoshi; Kusama, Yoshinori; Miura, Yukitoshi; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(2), p.272 - 276, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:87.8(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

An attractive operational regime without any large ELMs, namely High Recycling Steady (HRS) H-mode, was found on JFT-2M during Y2000 campaign after boronization. Recent experiments have concentrated on the studies of the access conditions for the HRS regime, in terms of the pedestal parameters. The HRS regime was more likely at higher edge density and lower edge temperature, which corresponds to the normalized electron collisionality of 1 in the plasma edge region.

Journal Articles

Method for detection of separatrix surface using differential double probe

Amemiya, Hiroshi*; Uehara, Kazuya

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 45(1A), p.247 - 249, 2006/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:81.48(Physics, Applied)

A method for detecting the separatrix surface in the edge plasma in Tokamak is presented. Two sets of double probes whose front surfaces are shifted by a small distance are mounted and the difference of the currents is measured using a differential amplifier. When the separatrix surface reaches the probes, a current increment appears in the differential amplifier, giving a signal of the arrival of the separatrix. Procedures of obtaining plasma parameters including the ion temperature are described.

Journal Articles

Observation of nonlinear processes between coherent fluctuations and turbulent fluctuations in the edge regions of JFT-2M and CHS

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ito, Sanae*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Nagaoka, Kenichi*; Ejiri, Akira*; Takase, Yuichi*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Shinohara, Koji; et al.

Europhysics Conference Abstracts (CD-ROM), 30I, 4 Pages, 2006/00

The results of the analyses of nonlinear processes in the plasma in JFT-2M tokamak and CHS machine are reported. In both machines, the measurements of the fluctuations were done by electrostatic probes. The obtained bicoherence and biphase from the potential data in JFT-2M were found to be close to the values obtained from a theoretical model of the interaction of the zonal flow and the drift wave turbulence. Therefore the experimentally obtained nonlinear interaction is considered to be that interaction of the zonal flow and the drift wave turbulence. By the analysis of the CHS H-mode plasma, a marked nonlinear interaction was found between a characteristic MHD magnetic fluctuation and density turbulence. By analysing the cross bispectrum of the density fluctuation and the potential fluctuation, it was found that the fluctuating particle flux is affected by the MHD oscillation. As stated above, we progressed in the investigation of the nonlinear processes of the edge plasmas.

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