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Journal Articles

Formation and mobility of soil organic carbon in a buried humic horizon of a volcanic ash soil

Wijesinghe, J. N.*; Koarashi, Jun; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Kokubu, Yoko; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Sase, Takashi*; Hosono, Mamoru*; Inoue, Yuzuru*; Mori, Yuki*; Hiradate, Shuntaro*

Geoderma, 374, p.114417_1 - 114417_10, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:44.21(Soil Science)

Journal Articles

Optimized TES microcalorimeters with 14 eV energy resolution at 30 keV for $$gamma$$-ray measurements of the $$^{229}$$Th isomer

Muramatsu, Haruka*; Hayashi, Tasuku*; Yuasa, Naoki*; Konno, Ryohei*; Yamaguchi, Atsushi*; Mitsuda, Kazuhisa*; Yamasaki, Noriko*; Maehata, Keisuke*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Takimoto, Misaki; et al.

Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 200(5-6), p.452 - 460, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Characterization of two types of cesium-bearing microparticles emitted from the Fukushima accident via multiple synchrotron radiation analyses

Miura, Hikaru*; Kuribara, Yuichi; Yamamoto, Masayoshi*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Sekizawa, Oki*; Nitta, Kiyofumi*; Higaki, Shogo*; Tsumune, Daisuke*; Itai, Takaaki*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.11421_1 - 11421_9, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:70.14(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Energy of the $$^{229}$$Th nuclear clock isomer determined by absolute $$gamma$$-ray energy difference

Yamaguchi, Atsushi*; Muramatsu, Haruka*; Hayashi, Tasuku*; Yuasa, Naoki*; Nakamura, Keisuke; Takimoto, Misaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Konashi, Kenji*; Watanabe, Makoto*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 123(22), p.222501_1 - 222501_6, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:86.53(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

A Review of Cs-bearing microparticles in the environment emitted by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Igarashi, Yasuhito*; Kogure, Toshihiro*; Kuribara, Yuichi; Miura, Hikaru*; Okumura, Taiga*; Satou, Yukihiko; Takahashi, Yoshio*; Yamaguchi, Noriko*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 205-206, p.101 - 118, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:76.47(Environmental Sciences)

Scientists face challenge in identifying the radioactive materials which are found as dotted images on various imaging plate (IP) autoradiographic photos of radioactively contaminated materials by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (F1NPP, or FDNPP) accident, such as air filter, fugitive dust, surface soil, agricultural materials, and water-shed samples. It has been revealed that they are minute particles with distinct morphology and elemental composition with high specific radioactivity, and different from those of the so-called Chernobyl hot particles. Basically, they are glassy particles once molten, composed of Si, O, Fe, Zn etc. with highly concentrated radiocaesium, which can be called as radiocaesium-bearing microparticles (CsMP). At present, CsMP can be classified into two types, Types-A and -B, which are characterized by different specific radioactivity, $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs ratio, size and morphology, and geographic distribution around F1NPP. Such studies on the CsMP from various aspects have provided valuable information about what happened in the nuclear reactors during the F1NPP accident and fates of the CsMP in the environment. This review first provides a retrospective view on the research history of the CsMP, which is helpful to understand the unique character of the CsMP. Subsequently, more details about the current understanding of the natures of these hot particles, such as origin, morphology, chemical compositions, thermal properties, water-solubility, and secondary migration of CsMP in river and ocean systems are described with future prospects.

Journal Articles

Inner structure and inclusions in radiocesium-bearing microparticles emitted in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Okumura, Taiga*; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Dohi, Terumi; Iijima, Kazuki; Kogure, Toshihiro*

Microscopy, 68(3), p.234 - 242, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:70.99(Microscopy)

Radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs), consisting substantially of silicate glass, were released to the environment during the Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011. We investigated a total of nine CsMPs using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and inferred the atmosphere in the reactors during the accident. From elemental mapping using energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry, Fe and Zn showing radial inhomogeneities were found in the CsMPs, in addition to the Cs that had been previously reported. Four of the CsMPs included submicron crystals, which were identified as chromite, franklinite, acanthite, molybdenite, and hessite. The chromium-containing spinels, chromite and franklinite, indicated the presence of ferrous iron (Fe$$^{2+}$$), suggesting that the inside of the reactors was reductive to some extent. Electron energy-loss spectroscopy also confirmed that the CsMPs did not contain boron, and therefore the atmosphere in which they were formed might be boron-free.

Journal Articles

Dissolution behaviour of radiocaesium-bearing microparticles released from the Fukushima nuclear plant

Okumura, Taiga*; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Dohi, Terumi; Iijima, Kazuki; Kogure, Toshihiro*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 9(1), p.3520_1 - 3520_9, 2019/03

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:90.33(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs) were released by the FDNPP accident. We conducted dissolution experiments of CsMPs by reaction with pure water absorbing CO $$_{2}$$ from the atmosphere and seawater. The activation energy for the dissolution of CsMPs was estimated to be 67 and 89 kJ/mol, and the dissolution rate at 13$$^{circ}$$C was 0.011 and 0.130 $$mu$$m/y for pure water and seawater, respectively. Probably the faster dissolution rate in seawater than in pure water is mainly owing to the difference in pH. The shapes of CsMPs dissolved in pure water were considerably altered. Tin oxide and iron oxide nanoparticulates were formed on their surfaces. Such features were similar to those observed in a CsMP collected recently in Fukushima Prefecture, indicating that dissolution of CsMPs is also occurring in the environment. In the case of CsMPs dissolved in seawater, a crust of secondary minerals rich in Mg and Fe was formed and the glass matrix became smaller inside the crust.

Journal Articles

Loss of radioactivity in radiocesium-bearing microparticles emitted from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant by heating

Okumura, Taiga*; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Dohi, Terumi; Iijima, Kazuki; Kogure, Toshihiro*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 8, p.9707_1 - 9707_8, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:47.43(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsP) substantially made of silicate glass are a novel form of radiocesium (RCs) emitted from the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP. CsPs have a potential risk of internal radiation exposure caused by inhalation. Radiation-contaminated waste (Rcw) including CsPs is being burned in incinerators; therefore, this study has investigated the responses of CsPs to heating in air. The radioactivity of CsPs gradually decreased from 600 $$^{circ}$$C and was almost lost when the temperature reached 1000 $$^{circ}$$C. The size and spherical morphology of CsPs were almost unchanged after heating, but Cs including RCs, K and Cl were lost, probably diffused away from the CsPs. When the CsPs were heated together with weathered granitic soil that is common in Fukushima, the RCs released from CsPs was sorbed by the surrounding soil. From these results, it is expected that the radioactivity of CsPs will be lost when Rcw including CsPs is burned in incinerators.

Journal Articles

Rational evaluation of the therapeutic effect and dosimetry of auger electrons for radionuclide therapy in a cell culture model

Shinohara, Ayaka*; Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Sakashita, Tetsuya*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Yamaguchi, Aiko*; Ishioka, Noriko*; Tsushima, Yoshito*

Annals of Nuclear Medicine, 32(2), p.114 - 122, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:53.26(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

Radionuclide therapy with low-energy auger electron emitters could potentially provide high anti-tumor efficacy while keeping normal organs toxicity low. In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of auger electron emitter $$^{125}$$I and compared it with beta-emitter $$^{131}$$I for tumor treatment in 2D and 3D cell culture models. The computer simulation model for 2D and 3D cell culture were constructed, and the absorbed radiation dose of $$^{125}$$I or $$^{131}$$I in each model were calculated by using a Monte Carlo simulation code (PHITS). The therapeutic effect of $$^{125}$$I was comparable to that of $$^{131}$$I in 2D model, but the efficacy was inferior to that of $$^{131}$$I-MIBG in 3D model, since crossfire effect is negligible and the homogeneous distribution of radionuclide was insufficient.

Journal Articles

Discovery of radiocesium-bearing microparticles in river water and their influence on the solid-water distribution coefficient ($$K_{rm d}$$) of radiocesium in the Kuchibuto River in Fukushima

Miura, Hikaru*; Kurihara, Yuichi*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Higaki, Shogo*; Takahashi, Yoshio*

Geochemical Journal, 52(2), p.145 - 154, 2018/00

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:95.66(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Solid-water distribution coefficient ($$K_{rm d}$$) of radiocesium in rivers is apparently increased due to the possible presence of highly radioactive radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs) in the solid phase. In this study, we evaluated the contribution of CsMPs to apparent Kd values. The ratio of the radioactivity of the separated CsMPs to the total radiocesium on fluvial suspended particles ranged from 0 to 46%. This means that the existence of CsMPs in fluvial suspended partcles did not change apparent Kd values in order magnitude.

Journal Articles

Constituent elements and their distribution in the radioactive Cs-bearing silicate glass microparticles released from Fukushima Nuclear Plant

Kogure, Toshihiro*; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Segawa, Hiroyo*; Mukai, Hiroki*; Motai, Satoko*; Akiyama, Kotone*; Mitome, Masanori*; Hara, Toru*; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Microscopy, 65(5), p.451 - 459, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:97.25(Microscopy)

Journal Articles

Development of a widely usable amino acid tracer; $$^{76}$$Br-$$alpha$$-methyl-phenylalanine for tumor PET imaging

Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Suzuki, Yurika*; Yamaguchi, Aiko*; Watanabe, Shigeki; Uehara, Tomoya*; Nagamori, Shushi*; Kanai, Yoshikatsu*; Ishioka, Noriko; Tsushima, Yoshito*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 56(5), p.791 - 797, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:65.72(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

Journal Articles

Clinical significance of L-type amino acid transporter 1 expression as a prognostic marker and potential of new targeting therapy in biliary tract cancer

Kaira, Kyoichi*; Sunose, Yutaka*; Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Ishioka, Noriko; Arakawa, Kazuhisa*; Ogawa, Tetsushi*; Sunaga, Noriaki*; Shimizu, Kimihiro*; Tominaga, Hideyuki*; Oriuchi, Noboru*; et al.

BMC Cancer, 13, p.482_1 - 482_12, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:85.76(Oncology)

Journal Articles

Biological evaluation of 3-[$$^{18}$$F]fluoro-$$alpha$$-methyl-D-tyrosine (D-[$$^{18}$$F]FAMT) as a novel amino acid tracer for positron emission tomography

Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Tominaga, Hideyuki*; Kanai, Yoshikatsu*; Kaira, Kyoichi*; Yamaguchi, Aiko*; Nagamori, Shushi*; Oriuchi, Noboru*; Tsushima, Yoshito*; Endo, Keigo*; et al.

Annals of Nuclear Medicine, 27(4), p.314 - 324, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:51.48(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

Journal Articles

Synthesis of radioiodinated antitumor cyclic peptide, [$$^{125}$$I]-sansalvamide A derivative

Watanabe, Shigeki; Yamada, Keiichi*; Tsukui, Narutaka*; Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Yamaguchi, Aiko*; Oku, Hiroyuki*; Ishioka, Noriko

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 88, 2013/01

Journal Articles

A Monitoring system of radioactive tracers in hydroponic solution for research on plant physiology

Suzui, Nobuo; Kawachi, Naoki; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka; Ishioka, Noriko; Fujimaki, Shu

Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Advancements in Nuclear Instrumentation, Measurement Methods and their Applications (ANIMMA 2009) (USB Flash Drive), 3 Pages, 2009/06

Journal Articles

Imaging of translocation of $$^{62}$$Zn from the roots to the shoots in Zn/Cd hyperaccumulator ${it Thlaspi caerulescens}$ by PETIS

Sekimoto, Hitoshi*; Kawachi, Naoki; Watanabe, Satoshi; Yamaguchi, Yoshie*; Ozawa, Toyoaki*; Shima, Daisuke*; Ishikawa, Sayuki*; Fujimaki, Shu; Suzui, Nobuo; Ishii, Satomi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2008-055, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2007, P. 108, 2008/11

Journal Articles

Imaging of translocation and spatial distribution of the assimilated carbon and nitrogen in the host-root parasite system by PETIS

Sekimoto, Hitoshi*; Kawachi, Naoki; Honda, Shuzo*; Yamaguchi, Yoshie*; Kato, Shota*; Yoneyama, Kaori*; Fujimaki, Shu; Suzui, Nobuo; Ishii, Satomi; Watanabe, Satoshi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2007-060, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2006, P. 124, 2008/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Uptake of uranium by spinach grown in andosols accumulating trace amounts of fertilizer-derived uranium

Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Watanabe, Yoko; Kawasaki, Akira*; Inoue, Chiaki*

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis III, p.52 - 57, 2007/00

Long-term agricultural practices result in the accumulation of uranium (U) in plowed soils, as phosphate fertilizers contain about 90$$sim$$740 mg/kg of uranium as impurity. It is difficult to evaluate whether or not fertilizer-derived U affect public dose of U through agricultural products because U is ubiquitous elements in the soil environment. However, chenopodiaceous plants such as spinach are known to uptake higher amounts of U than the other vegetables and crops. In order to assess the potential risks caused by trace U present in agricultural fields, we investigated U uptake by spinach grown in soil of elevated concentration of U possibly due to phosphorus fertilization.

Journal Articles

Uranium analysis in spinach aqueous solution

Watanabe, Yoko; Kuwabara, Jun; Yamaguchi, Noriko*

KEK Proceedings 2006-5, p.19 - 22, 2006/11

no abstracts in English

41 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)