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論文

Energy-dependent angular distribution of individual $$gamma$$ rays in the $$^{139}$$La($$n, gamma$$)$$^{140}$$La$$^{ast}$$ reaction

奥平 琢也*; 遠藤 駿典; 藤岡 宏之*; 広田 克也*; 石崎 貢平*; 木村 敦; 北口 雅暁*; 古賀 淳*; 新實 裕大*; 酒井 健二; et al.

Physical Review C, 104(1), p.014601_1 - 014601_6, 2021/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.03(Physics, Nuclear)

Neutron energy-dependent angular distributions were observed for individual $$gamma$$ rays from the 0.74 eV $$p$$-wave resonance of $$^{139}$$La+$$n$$ to several lower excited states of $$^{140}$$La. The $$gamma$$-ray signals were analyzed in a two dimensional histogram of the $$gamma$$-ray energy, measured with distributed germanium detectors, and neutron energy, determined with the time-of-flight of pulsed neutrons, to identify the neutron energy dependence of the angular distribution for each individual $$gamma$$ rays. The angular distribution was also found for a photopeak accompanied with a faint $$p$$-wave resonance component in the neutron energy spectrum. Our results can be interpreted as interference between $$s$$- and $$p$$-wave amplitudes which may be used to study discrete symmetries of fundamental interactions.

論文

Study of neutron-nuclear spin correlation term with a polarized Xe target

酒井 健二; 奥 隆之; 奥平 琢也; 甲斐 哲也; 原田 正英; 廣井 孝介; 林田 洋寿*; 加倉井 和久*; 清水 裕彦*; 広田 克也*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011116_1 - 011116_6, 2021/03

中性子基礎物理学において、パリティ非保存(PNC)項や時間反転非保存項と干渉する中性子スピン$${bf s}$$と標的核スピン$${bf I}$$の相関項$${bf s}cdot{bf I}$$は重要な研究テーマである。中性子共鳴ピーク付近でPNC項の増大が測定され、スピン交換光ポンピング(SEOP)法により$$sim 10^{-1}$$の偏極が得られるキセノン(Xe)は、本研究にとって興味深い原子核である。我々は小型SEOPシステムを用いた偏極Xe標的を開発し、核破砕中性子源で得られる大強度の熱外中性子ビームを利用した$${bf s}cdot{bf I}$$項の研究を計画している。その第一段階として、我々は$$^{129}$$Xeの9.6eV共鳴ピーク付近でのXe偏極時と非偏極時の中性子透過率比の変化$$Delta R$$を捕らえることで、$${bf s}cdot{bf I}$$項に起因する中性子偏極能力の測定をJ-PARC物質・生命科学実験施設(MLF)のBL10で試みた。実験では、本測定系がドップラーブロードニングの影響($$Delta R_{rm DB} , {approx},10^{-2}$$)を検知できることを実証した上で、初期結果として有意な$$Delta R$$の値を得ている。現在は$$Delta R$$をより詳細に評価するために、核磁気・電子スピン共鳴法によるXe偏極度の導出を進めている。

論文

Observation of Coulomb-assisted nuclear bound state of $$Xi^-$$-$$^{14}$$N system

早川 修平; 藤田 真奈美; 長谷川 勝一; 橋本 直; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一*; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 126(6), p.062501_1 - 062501_6, 2021/02

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:97.77(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In an emulsion-counter hybrid experiment performed at J-PARC, a $$Xi^-$$ absorption event was observed which decayed into twin single-$$Lambda$$ hypernuclei. Kinematic calculations enabled a unique identification of the reaction process as $$Xi^{-} + ^{14}$$N$$ rightarrow ^{10}_Lambda$$Be + $$^5_Lambda$$He. For the binding energy of the $$Xi^{-}$$ hyperon in the $$Xi^-$$-$$^{14}$$N system a value of $$1.27 pm 0.21$$ MeV was deduced. The energy level of $$Xi^-$$ is likely a nuclear $$1p$$ state which indicates a weak $${Xi}N$$-$$LambdaLambda$$ coupling.

論文

Development and application of a $$^3$$He neutron spin filter at J-PARC

奥平 琢也; 奥 隆之; 猪野 隆*; 林田 洋寿*; 吉良 弘*; 酒井 健二; 廣井 孝介; 高橋 慎吾*; 相澤 一也; 遠藤 仁*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164301_1 - 164301_8, 2020/10

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:76.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We are developing a neutron polarizer with polarized $$^3$$He gas, referred to as a $$^3$$He spin filter, based on the Spin Exchange Optical Pumping (SEOP) for polarized neutron scattering experiments at Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). A $$^3$$He gas-filling station was constructed at J-PARC, and several $$^3$$He cells with long spin relaxation times have been fabricated using the gas-filling station. A laboratory has been prepared in the MLF beam hall for polarizing $$^3$$He cells, and compact pumping systems with laser powers of 30 W and 110 W, which can be installed onto a neutron beamline, have been developed. A $$^3$$He polarization of 85% was achieved at a neutron beamline by using the pumping system with the 110 W laser. Recently, the first user experiment utilizing the $$^3$$He spin filter was conducted, and there have been several more since then. The development and utilization of $$^3$$He spin filters at MLF of J-PARC are reported.

論文

Measurement of the angular distribution of $$gamma$$-rays after neutron capture by $$^{139}$$La for a T-violation search

奥平 琢也; 清水 裕彦*; 北口 雅暁*; 広田 克也*; Haddock, C. C.*; 伊藤 維久也*; 山本 知樹*; 遠藤 駿典*; 石崎 貢平*; 佐藤 匠*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 219, p.09001_1 - 09001_6, 2019/12

原子核が熱外中性子を共鳴吸収する反応において、弱い相互作用起因のパリティ対称性の破れが核子間相互作用の最大10$$^{6}$$倍増幅される現象が観測されている。この反応では時間反転対称性の破れにも同様の増幅効果があることが理論的に予言されており、全く新しい手法で未知の時間反転対称性の破れを世界最高感度で探索できる可能性がある。しかし、その増幅率は全ての核種で未知であり、この手法がもつ可能性を具体的に議論できていなかった。本研究ではJ-PARC, MLF, BL04のGe検出器群を用いて、$$^{139}$$La(n,$$gamma$$)反応の角度分布測定を行い、世界で初めて$$^{139}$$Laで時間反転対称性の破れの増幅率を求めることに成功した。この結果を用いて、実験に必要な測定時間を見積もると、偏極率40%のLa核偏極技術、偏極率70%, 79atm・cmの$$^3$$He Spin Filterを用意すれば、1.4日の測定で世界最高感度で時間反転対称性の破れ探索実験が可能であることが判明した。現在原子力機構では高性能な$$^3$$He Spin Filterの開発を行なっており、本発表では$$gamma$$線の角度分布測定の結果、及び共用ビームラインに適用するための$$^3$$He Spin Filterの開発の現状について発表する。

論文

Development of the neutron polarizer for the T-violation search using compound nuclei

奥平 琢也; 奥 隆之; 酒井 健二; 猪野 隆*; 林田 洋寿*; 廣井 孝介; 篠原 武尚; 加倉井 和久*; 相澤 一也; 清水 裕彦*; et al.

Proceedings of Science (Internet), 356, 5 Pages, 2019/12

共通技術開発セクションでは、J-PARC物質・生命科学実験施設の大強度中性子を活用するために、偏極中性子デバイスの一つである$$^{3}$$Heスピンフィルターの開発を行なっている。$$^{3}$$Heスピンフィルターの性能評価の一つの手段に、基礎物理分野での応用・評価があり、基礎物理実験も活用している。現在の物質優勢宇宙を説明するためには時間反転対称性の破れが不可欠であり、世界中で時間反転対称性の破れの探索実験が行われている。その一つに偏極中性子と原子核を使用して対称性の破れを測定する方法があり、J-PARCの大強度中性子を用いた時間反転対称性の破れ探索が計画されている。本計画では1eV程度のエネルギーの高い中性子を偏極するための従来にない巨大な$$^{3}$$Heスピンフィルターを開発する必要があり、原子力機構にて開発が行われている$$^{3}$$Heスピンフィルターの性能評価の良い検証となる。現在、偏極率の精度の良い評価システムや$$^{3}$$Heスピンフィルター製作のための真空システムの構築を行い、熱外中性子偏極のための大型スピンフィルターの開発を継続している。本発表では$$^{3}$$Heスピンフィルターの開発の現状について発表する。

論文

A $$Sigma p$$ scattering experiment at J-PARC and the analysis status

中田 祥之*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平*; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 七村 拓野*; 成木 恵*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.023024_1 - 023024_5, 2019/11

J-PARC E40 aims to measure the differential cross sections of the $$Sigma^{pm}p$$ elastic scatterings and the $$Sigma^-p to Lambda n$$ conversion. A clear peak of $$Sigma^-$$ was observed in a missing mass spectrum of the $$pi^-pto K^+X$$ reaction and recoil protons from the $$pi p$$ elastic scattering were successfully observed in the data taken in the summer 2018. The rest of data taking is coming in the spring 2019.

論文

Study of $$Y^*$$ in nuclei through C$$(K^-, pi^+)X$$ spectrum at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$ in the J-PARC E05 experiment

本多 良太郎*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 市川 裕大; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.023014_1 - 023014_4, 2019/11

We measured the $$(K^-,pi^+)$$ reaction spectra at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$ for the graphite and the polyethylene targets in the J-PARC E05 pilot experiment. By comparing the spectra for these two targets, it was found that $$Sigma^{*-}(1385)$$ in the $$^{11}$$B nucleus is quite broadened. Furthermore, we also compared broadness of $$Sigma^{*-}(1385)$$ with $$K^*(892)$$ obtained in the $$(K^-,p)$$ spectrum. $$Sigma^{*-}(1385)$$ seems to be much more broadened in nuclei than $$K^*(892)$$. We gave a possible interpretation, which is related to compositeness of decuplet baryons, for this situation.

論文

Observation of a $$Xi$$ bound state in the $$^{12}$$C$$(K^-, K^+)$$ reaction at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$

永江 知文*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 金原 慎二; 七村 拓野*; 成木 恵; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 2130, p.020015_1 - 020015_9, 2019/07

For the full understanding of baryon-baryon interactions in flavor $$SU(3)$$, the $$Xi N$$ interaction is the last missing piece of information. So far, we have revealed the $$Lambda N$$ interaction to be attractive ($$U_{Lambda} cong 30$$ MeV), and $$Sigma N$$ interaction to be repulsive in the medium to heavy mass-number region. The $$Lambda Lambda$$ bonding energy is weakly attractive. While we have a few experimental observations suggesting the $$Xi N$$ interaction would be attractive, there still exist large theoretical ambiguities weather it is attractive or not. Experimental determinations on the existence of bound states of $$Xi$$ hypernuclei by observing bound-state peaks are strongly awaited. In this report, a new preliminary result on the missing-mass spectrum of a $$^{12}$$C$$(K^-, K^+)$$ reaction, which strongly suggests the existence of $$Xi$$-hypernuclear bound states, is presented.

論文

Localized magnetic excitations in the fully frustrated dimerized magnet Ba$$_{2}$$CoSi$$_{2}$$O$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$

栗田 伸之*; 山本 大輔*; 金坂 拓哉*; 古川 信夫*; 河村 聖子; 中島 健次; 田中 秀数*

Physical Review Letters, 123(2), p.027206_1 - 027206_6, 2019/07

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:35.62(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Magnetic excitations of the effective spin $$S$$ =1/2 dimerized magnet Ba$$_{2}$$CoSi$$_{2}$$O$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ have been probed directly via inelastic neutron scattering experiments. We observed five types of excitation, which are all dispersionless within the resolution limits. The scattering intensities of the three low-lying excitations were found to exhibit different $$Q$$-dependences. Detailed analysis has demonstrated that Ba$$_{2}$$CoSi$$_{2}$$O$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ is a two dimensional spin dimer system described only by a single dimer site, where the triplet excitations are localized owing to the almost perfect frustration of the interdimer exchange interactions and the undimerized spins, even in small concentration, make an essential contribution to the excitation spectrum.

論文

Observation of a Be double-Lambda hypernucleus in the J-PARC E07 experiment

江川 弘行; 足利 沙希子; 長谷川 勝一; 橋本 直; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 金原 慎二*; 七村 拓野; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(2), p.021D02_1 - 021D02_11, 2019/02

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:85.21(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A double-$$Lambda$$ hypernucleus, $${}_{LambdaLambda}mathrm{Be}$$, was observed by the J-PARC E07 collaborationin nuclear emulsions tagged by the $$(K^{-},K^{+})$$ reaction. This event was interpreted as a production and decay of $$ {}_{LambdaLambda}^{;10}mathrm{Be}$$,$${}_{LambdaLambda}^{;11}mathrm{Be}$$, or $${}_{LambdaLambda}^{;12}mathrm{Be}^{*}$$ via $$Xi^{-}$$ capture in $${}^{16}mathrm{O}$$.By assuming the capture in the atomic 3D state, the binding energy of two $$Lambda$$ hyperons$$,$$($$B_{LambdaLambda}$$)of these double-$$Lambda$$ hypernuclei are obtained to be$$15.05 pm 0.11,mathrm{MeV}$$, $$19.07 pm 0.11,mathrm{MeV}$$, and $$13.68 pm 0.11,mathrm{MeV}$$, respectively. Based on the kinematic fitting, $${}_{LambdaLambda}^{;11}mathrm{Be}$$ is the most likely explanation for the observed event.

論文

Angular distribution of $$gamma$$ rays from neutron-induced compound states of $$^{140}$$La

奥平 琢也*; 高田 秀佐*; 広田 克也*; 木村 敦; 北口 雅暁*; 古賀 淳*; 長元 孝介*; 中尾 太郎*; 岡田 晏珠*; 酒井 健二; et al.

Physical Review C, 97(3), p.034622_1 - 034622_15, 2018/03

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:62.89(Physics, Nuclear)

The angular distribution of individual $$gamma$$ rays, emitted from a neutron-induced compound-nuclear state via radiative capture reaction of $$^{139}$$La$$(n,gamma)$$ has been studied as a function of incident neutron energy in the epithermal region by using germanium detectors. An asymmetry $$A_{LH}$$ was defined as $$frac{N_{L}-N_{H}}{N_{L}+N_{H}}$$, where $$N_L$$ and $$N_H$$ are integrals of low- and high-energy region of a neutron resonance respectively, and we found that $$A_{LH}$$ has the angular dependence of $$(A cos theta_{gamma} + B)$$, where $$theta_{gamma}$$ is the emitted angle of $$gamma$$ rays, with $$A =- 0.3881 pm 0.0236$$ and $$B =- 0.0747 pm 0.0105$$ in 0.74-eV p-wave resonance. This angular distribution was analyzed within the framework of interference between s- and p-wave amplitudes in the entrance channel to the compound-nuclear state, and it is interpreted as the value of the partial p-wave neutron width corresponding to the total angular momentum of the incident neutron combined with the weak matrix element, in the context of the mechanism of enhanced parity-violating effects. Additionally, we use the result to quantify the possible enhancement of the breaking of time-reversal invariance in the vicinity of the p-wave resonance.

論文

Characterization of germanium detectors for the measurement of the angular distribution of prompt $$gamma$$-rays at the ANNRI in the MLF of the J-PARC

高田 秀佐*; 奥平 琢也*; 後藤 文也*; 広田 克也*; 木村 敦; 北口 雅暁*; 古賀 淳*; 中尾 太郎*; 酒井 健二; 清水 裕彦*; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 13(2), p.P02018_1 - P02018_21, 2018/02

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:26.36(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In this study, the germanium detector assembly, installed at the Accurate Neutron Nuclear Reaction measurement Instruments (ANNRI) in the Material and Life Science Facility (MLF) operated by the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), has been characterized for extension to the measurement of the angular distribution of individual $$gamma$$-ray transitions from neutron-induced compound states. We have developed a Monte Carlo simulation code using the GEANT4 toolkit, which can reproduce the pulse-height spectra of $$gamma$$-rays from radioactive sources and (n,$$gamma$$) reactions. The simulation is applicable to the measurement of $$gamma$$-rays in the energy region of 0.5-11.0 MeV.

論文

Metallurgical investigations on creep rupture mechanisms of dissimilar welded joints between Gr.91 and 304SS

山下 拓哉; 永江 勇二; 菊地 浩一*; 山本 賢二*

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2017/04

A dissimilar welded joint was adopted to achieve higher thermal efficiency and economy levels in nuclear and thermal power plants. 2 types of dissimilar welded joints which were different heat input during welding to the ferrite steels were manufactured. The dissimilar welded joints were made of following materials; the modified 9Cr-1Mo steel (Gr. 91) for the ferritic steels, the 304 stainless steel for the austenitic steels and the Inconel 600 for the filler metals, Welding methods for the modified 9Cr-1Mo steel were used Plasma Arc Welding and Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW), respectively. Creep tests were conducted. Specimens by GTAW failed in base metal part and interface between the modified 9Cr-1Mo steel and Inconel 600. Interface failure mechanisms were analyzed from a perspective of metallurgy which were precipitation and growth of type I carbide and formation of oxide layer.

論文

New muonium HFS measurements at J-PARC/MUSE

Strasser, P.*; 青木 正治*; 深尾 祥紀*; 東 芳隆*; 樋口 嵩*; 飯沼 裕美*; 池戸 豊*; 石田 啓一*; 伊藤 孝; 岩崎 雅彦*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:92.96

At the Muon Science Facility (MUSE) of J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex), the MuSEUM collaboration is planning new measurements of the ground state hyperfine structure (HFS) of muonium both at zero field and at high magnetic field. The previous measurements were performed both at LAMPF (Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility) with experimental uncertainties mostly dominated by statistical errors. The new high intensity muon beam that will soon be available at MUSE H-Line will provide an opportunity to improve the precision of these measurements by one order of magnitude. An overview of the different aspects of these new muonium HFS measurements, the current status of the preparation, and the results of a first commissioning test experiment at zero field are presented.

論文

The Welded joint strength reduction factors of modified 9Cr-1Mo Steel for the advanced loop-type sodium cooled fast reactor

山下 拓哉; 若井 隆純; 鬼澤 高志; 佐藤 健一郎*; 山本 賢二*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 138(6), p.061407_1 - 061407_6, 2016/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Engineering, Mechanical)

Modified 9Cr-1Mo steel (ASME Gr.91) is widely used in fossil power plants. In the advanced loop type sodium cooled fast reactor, modified 9Cr-1Mo steel is going to be adopted as a structural material. In welded joints of enhanced creep-strength ferritic steels including modified 9Cr-1Mo steel, creep strength may markedly degrade, especially in the long-term region. This phenomenon is known as Type-IV damage. Therefore, considering strength degradation due to Type-IV damage is necessary. In this study, we propose a creep strength curve and a welded joint strength-reduction factor (WJSRF). The creep strength curve of welded joints was proposed by employing a second-order polynomial equation with LMP using the stress range partitioning method. WJSRF was proposed on the basis of design creep rupture stress intensities. The resulting allowable stress was conservative compared with that prescribed in the ASME code. In addition, the design of the hot-leg pipe in the advanced loop type sodium cooled fast reactor was reviewed considering WJSRF.

論文

Strength of 316FR joints welded by Type 316FR/16-8-2 filler metals

山下 拓哉; 永江 勇二; 佐藤 健一郎*; 山本 賢二*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 138(2), p.024501_1 - 024501_7, 2016/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Engineering, Mechanical)

316FR stainless steel is a candidate structural material of JSFR. Two types of weld metals are candidates for 316FR welded joints; 316FR weld metal and 16-8-2 weld metal. This study evaluated the need to consider the welded joint strength reduction factors in 316FR welded joints. To this end, the tensile and creep strengths of Type 316FR and Type 16-8-2 weld metals were measured, and the effect of delta-ferrite in weld metals was evaluated in creep-strength tests of 316FR welded joints. In tensile and creep strengths of 316FR joints welded by both metal types, the welded joint strength reduction factors were immaterial. The creep strength of 316FR welded joints was negligibly affected by delta-ferrite levels from 4.1 FN to 7.0 FN. Furthermore, the tensile and creep strengths of 316FR joints welded by two methods (Tungsten Inert Gas Welding and Shielded Metal Arc Welding) were the same.

論文

Evidence for chiral $$d$$-wave superconductivity in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ from the field-angle variation of its specific heat

橘高 俊一郎*; 清水 悠晴*; 榊原 俊郎*; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦; 堤 康雅*; 野本 拓也*; 池田 浩章*; 町田 一成*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(3), p.033704_1 - 033704_4, 2016/03

 被引用回数:25 パーセンタイル:84.59(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Low-energy quasiparticle excitations in the heavy-fermion superconductor URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ were investigated by specific heat measurements as a function of temperature, magnetic field and its angle. Experimental results agree with the theoretical model for a superconducting gap with chiral $$d$$-wave symmetry.

論文

International round robin test on Master Curve reference temperature evaluation utilizing Miniature C(T) specimen

山本 真人*; 鬼沢 邦雄; 吉本 賢太郎*; 小川 琢矢*; 馬渕 靖宏*; Valo, M.*; Lambrecht, M.*; Viehrig, H.-W.*; 三浦 直樹*; 曽根田 直樹*

Small Specimen Test Techniques; 6th Volume (ASTM STP 1576), p.53 - 69, 2015/05

4mm厚のミニチュア破壊靭性試験片(微小C(T))によるマスターカーブ法の適用性を検証するため、日本の原子炉圧力容器鋼から採取した破壊靭性試験片を用いて、国内外の研究機関や産業界の参加を得てラウンドロビン試験を実施した。ASTM E1921規格に従って試験を行い、得られた破壊靭性参照温度$$T$$$$_{0}$$の比較から、微小C(T)から得られる参照温度のばらつきは規格に示されている不確実さの範囲とほぼ同等であり、微小試験片に対するマスターカーブ法の有効性を確認した。また、本報では各機関が行った試験結果を取りまとめて統計処理を行い、参照温度$$T$$$$_{0}$$には大きな相違はなく、標準サイズの試験片との寸法効果も認められないことが確認できた。

論文

Defect structure analysis of heterointerface between Pt and CeO$$_{rm x}$$ promoter on Pt electro-catalyst

府金 慶介*; 森 利之*; Yan, P.*; 増田 卓也*; 山本 春也; Ye, F.*; 吉川 英樹*; Auchterlonie, G.*; Drennan, J.*

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 7(4), p.2698 - 2707, 2015/02

 被引用回数:25 パーセンタイル:69.58(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

白金-酸化セリウム(Pt-CeO$$_{rm x}$$(1.5$$leq$$$$times$$$$leq$$2))は、Ptカソードよりも高い酸素還元反応活性を示すことから、固体高分子形燃料電池のカソード極に使用する電極材料として有望視されている。本研究では、Pt-CeO$$_{rm x}$$の高い酸素還元活性の発現に関係しているとして考えられているPt-CeO$$_{rm x}$$ヘテロ界面の微細構造を明らかにすることを目的に、パルスレーザー蒸着法により導電性を有するNb:SrTiO$$_{3}$$単結晶基板上にCeO$$_{rm x}$$のエピタキシャル膜を形成し、さらにCeO$$_{rm x}$$膜上に含浸法によりPt粒子を形成してPtとCeO$$_{rm x}$$界面構造が単純化されたPt-CeO$$_{rm x}$$薄膜カソードを作製した。透過型電子顕微鏡によるPt-CeO$$_{rm x}$$界面の構造評価及び電気化学測定による酸素還元反応活性評価、さらに格子動力学計算結果との比較により界面構造を調べた結果、Pt-CeO$$_{rm x}$$界面に形成されるPt$$^{2+}$$-O$$^{2-}$$-酸素欠陥-セリウム欠陥構造が高い酸素還元活性の発現に関係していることが示唆された。

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