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Journal Articles

Initial oxidation processes of ultrathin hafnium film and hafnium disilicide islands on Si(100)-2$$times$$1 surfaces studied using core-level X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Kakiuchi, Takuhiro*; Yamasaki, Hideki*; Tsukada, Chie*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka

Surface Science, 693, p.121551_1 - 121551_8, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:20.83(Chemistry, Physical)

We investigated the initial oxidation of ultrathin hafnium (Hf) film on Si(100)-2$$times$$1 using photoelectron spectroscopy. Metallic Hf rapidly oxidized, transforming into hafnium dioxide (HfO$$_{2}$$) and its suboxides. The other HfSi component at the interface was nearly unreactive with O$$_{2}$$ molecules. These facts suggest that the metallic Hf component plays a vital role in the initial oxidation of the ultrathin Hf/Si(100) film. After annealing from 873 K to 973 K, the Hf suboxides in low ionic valences progressed into fully oxidized HfO$$_{2}$$. Once the annealing temperature reached c.a.1073 K, oxygen atoms were entirely removed from the ultrathin HfO$$_{2}$$/Si(100) film containing SiO$$_{2}$$ at the interface. Simultaneously, ultrathin HfO$$_{2}$$ layers changed into islands of Hf disilicide ($$i$$-HfSi$$_{2}$$) on a bare Si(100)-2$$times$$1 surface. The $$i$$-HfSi$$_{2}$$ component showed slight reactivity with O$$_{2}$$ molecules at 298 K. In contrast to the initial oxidation of clean Si(100)-2$$times$$1 surface, the dangling bonds on bare Si(100)-2$$times$$1 surface among $$i$$-HfSi$$_{2}$$ oxidized preferentially.

JAEA Reports

Research on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste (Progress report for fiscal years 2005 - 2009: H22 report)

Kusano, Tomohiro; Asamori, Koichi; Kurosawa, Hideki; Kokubu, Yoko; Tanikawa, Shinichi; Negi, Tateyuki; Hanamuro, Takahiro; Yasue, Kenichi; Yamasaki, Seiko; Yamada, Kunimi; et al.

JAEA-Research 2010-044, 153 Pages, 2011/01

JAEA-Research-2010-044.pdf:12.53MB

This progress report (H22 report) documents progress made during JAEA 1st Midterm Plan (FY 2005 - 2009) to provide the scientific base for assessing geosphere stability for long-term isolation of the high-level radioactive waste. For the current 5-year R&D programme, three major goals have been defined as follows: (1) development and synthesis of investigation techniques for selecting suitable sites in geosphere stability, (2) development, application, and evaluation of prediction models for evaluating the changes of geological environment in thermal, hydraulic, mechanical and geochemical conditions for a long period of time, and (3) development of new dating techniques for providing information about geologic history and the timing of geologic events. In this paper, the current status of R&D activities with previous scientific and technological progress is summarized.

JAEA Reports

Research plan on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste; Scientific programme for fiscal years 2010

Yasue, Kenichi; Asamori, Koichi; Yamada, Kunimi; Kokubu, Yoko; Yamasaki, Seiko; Kurosawa, Hideki; Tanikawa, Shinichi; Negi, Tateyuki; Kusano, Tomohiro; Hanamuro, Takahiro; et al.

JAEA-Review 2010-034, 42 Pages, 2010/09

JAEA-Review-2010-034.pdf:1.15MB

The concept of geological disposal of HLW in Japan is based on a multibarrier system which combines a stable geological environment with an engineered barrier system. Potential geological host formations and their surroundings are chosen, in particular, for their long-term stability, taking into account the fact that Japan is located in a tectonically active zone. This report is a plan of research and development (R&D) for geosphere stability for long-term isolation of HLW in JAEA, in fiscal year 2010. The objectives and contents in fiscal year 2010 are described in detail based on the outline of 5 years plan (fiscal years 2010-2014). In addition, the plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:71.49(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

Oral presentation

Feasibility Study on material creation and new-type fuel utilization by using HTTR, 5; Study on thorium fuel utilization

Ooka, Yasunori*; Tanaka, Hideki*; Yamasaki, Masatoshi*; Goto, Minoru; Ueta, Shohei; Takagi, Naoyuki*; Katayama, Masaharu*

no journal, , 

The usage of thorium as nuclear fuel has been focused, which is produced with mining rare metal. The study on thorium fuel utilization is conducted for high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR). We reported about the evaluations on the nuclear characteristics and on manufacturing of the thorium fuel for irradiation test using the High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR).

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