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Occurrence of radioactive cesium-rich micro-particles (CsMPs) in a school building located 2.8 km south-west of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

笛田 和希*; 小宮 樹*; 蓑毛 健太*; 堀江 憲路*; 竹原 真美*; 山崎 信哉*; 塩津 弘之; 大貫 敏彦*; Grambow, B.*; Law, G. T. W.*; et al.

Chemosphere, 328, p.138566_1 - 138566_12, 2023/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Environmental Sciences)

Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) derived radioactive Cs-rich microparticles (CsMPs) present a potential health risk through inhalation. Despite their occurrence in indoor environments impacted by the FDNPP accident, little is known about their prevalence. In this study, we quantitatively analyse the distribution and number of CsMPs in indoor dust samples collected from an elementary school located 2.8 km to the southwest of FDNPP. The school had remained untouched until 2016. Then, using a modified version of the autoradiography based "quantifying CsMPs (mQCP) method," we collected samples and determined the number of CsMPs and Cs radioactive fraction (RF) values of the microparticles (defined as total Cs activity from CsMPs / bulk Cs activity of entire sample). The numbers of CsMPs were determined to be 653 - 2570 particles/g and 296 - 1273 particles/g on the first and second floors of the school, respectively. The corresponding RFs ranged between 6.85 - 38.9 % and 4.48 - 6.61 %, respectively. The number of CsMPs and RF values in additional outdoor samples near the school building were and 23 - 63 particles/g and 1.14 - 1.61 %, respectively. The CsMPs were most abundant on the School's first floor near to the entrance, and the relative abundance was high near to the stairs on the second floor, indicating a likely CsMP dispersion path through the building. Additional wetting of the indoor samples combined with autoradiography revealed that indoor dusts had a distinct absence of intrinsic, soluble Cs species like CsOH. Combined, the results indicate that a significant amount of poorly soluble CsMPs were likely contained in initial radioactive airmass plumes from the FDNPP and that the microparticles could penetrate buildings. Clean-up plans for buildings / residential areas impacted by CsMP containing plumes, and monitoring of areas re-opened to the public, should take account of CsMPs in dusts.


Material properties evaluation on radiation shielding lead glasses irradiated by pulsed laser

涌井 隆; 山崎 和彦*; 二川 正敏

Advanced Experimental Mechanics, 7, p.103 - 109, 2022/08




涌井 隆; 山崎 和彦*; 二川 正敏

実験力学, 22(2), p.96 - 104, 2022/06



Volatilization of B$$_{4}$$C control rods in Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors during meltdown; B-Li isotopic signatures in cesium-rich microparticles

笛田 和希*; 高見 龍*; 蓑毛 健太*; 諸岡 和也*; 堀江 憲路*; 竹原 真美*; 山崎 信哉*; 斉藤 拓巳*; 塩津 弘之; 大貫 敏彦*; et al.

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 428, p.128214_1 - 128214_10, 2022/04

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:68.32(Engineering, Environmental)

Boron carbide control rods remain in the fuel debris of the damaged reactors in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, potentially preventing re-criticality; however, the state and stability of the control rods remain unknown. Sensitive high-resolution ion microprobe analyses have revealed B-Li isotopic signatures in radioactive Cs-rich microparticles (CsMPs) that formed by volatilization and condensation of Si-oxides during the meltdowns. The CsMPs contain 1518-6733 mg kg$$^{-1}$$ of $$^{10+11}$$B and 11.99-1213 mg kg$$^{-1}$$ of Li. The $$^{11}$$B/$$^{10}$$B (4.15-4.21) and $$^{7}$$Li/$$^{6}$$Li (213-406) isotopic ratios are greater than natural abundances ($$sim$$4.05 and $$sim$$12.5, respectively), indicating that $$^{10}$$B(n,$$alpha$$)$$^{7}$$Li reactions occurred in B$$_{4}$$C prior to the meltdowns. The total amount of B released with CsMPs was estimated to be 0.024-62 g, suggesting that essentially all B remains in reactor Units 2 and/or 3 and is enough to prevent re-criticality; however, the heterogeneous distribution of B needs to be considered during decommissioning.



山崎 和彦*; 加藤 裕典*; 二川 正敏; 勅使河原 誠

実験力学, 21(4), p.308 - 313, 2021/12

本研究では、可視波長のナノ秒パルスレーザーによる耐放射線性鉛ガラスの発色と損傷について評価した。試験体として鉛含有量の異なるPbO-55wt%, 71wt%及びPbOを含まないガラスの3種類の耐放射線ガラスを用いた。ピークパワー1kWのナノ秒パルスレーザー照射により、相変化を伴う変色とダメージ形成が観測された。高鉛濃度ガラスはレーザー強度に対する着色の閾値が低いが、損傷形成の閾値は両PbOガラスともほぼ同じであった。一方、PbOを含まないガラスにレーザー照射しても変化は見られなかった。また、ラマンスペクトルにおける波数200-500cm$$^{-1}$$および1000cm$$^{-1}$$の強度変化の結果から、ナノ秒パルスレーザー照射によるPbOの光化学反応および熱反応を考察した。


Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; 大津 秀暁*; 櫻井 博儀*; Ahn, D. S.*; 合川 正幸*; 福田 直樹*; 磯部 忠昭*; 川上 駿介*; 小山 俊平*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:56.99(Physics, Nuclear)

理化学研究所RIビームファクトリーにて逆運動学法を使用し、核子当たり168MeVの陽子, 重陽子, 炭素イオン入射による$$^{136}$$Xeのスポレーションおよびフラグメンテーション反応からの同位体生成断面積を測定した。炭素イオンの場合は全運動エネルギーが高くなるため、質量数の小さな同位体の生成断面積が大きくなった。また、今回新たに測定されたデータを以前により高い入射エネルギーで測定されたデータと比較することで、同位体生成断面積の入射エネルギー依存性を調査した。さらに、測定データをPHITS, SPACS, EPAX, DEURACSの計算値と比較した。本研究で測定したデータは、理論計算の良いベンチマークになると考えられる。


原子炉圧力容器鋼の照射硬化メカニズム究明; 照射温度制御実験

河 侑成; 下平 昌樹; 飛田 徹; 塙 悟史; 山崎 翔太*; 宇野 定則*

2018年度量子科学技術研究開発機構施設共用実施報告書(インターネット), 3 Pages, 2019/09



Development on laser cutting technique to suppress spatter particles aiming at disposal of radio-active waste

直江 崇; 勅使河原 誠; 二川 正敏; 水谷 春樹; 村松 壽晴; 山田 知典; 牛塚 悠司*; 田中 伸厚*; 山崎 和彦*

Proceedings of 8th International Congress on Laser Advanced Materials Processing (LAMP 2019) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2019/05




佐々木 宏和*; 西久保 英郎*; 西田 真輔*; 山崎 悟志*; 中崎 竜介*; 磯松 岳己*; 湊 龍一郎*; 衣川 耕平*; 今村 明博*; 大友 晋哉*; et al.

古河電工時報, (138), p.2 - 10, 2019/02



Impurity effects in the microscopic elastic properties of polycrystalline Mg-Zn-Y alloys with a synchronised long-period stacking ordered phase

細川 伸也*; 木村 耕治*; 山崎 倫昭*; 河村 能人*; 吉田 亨次*; 乾 雅祝*; 筒井 智嗣*; Baron, A. Q. R.*; 川北 至信; 伊藤 晋一*

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 695, p.426 - 432, 2017/02

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:17.55(Chemistry, Physical)

Inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) was performed on polycrystalline Mg$$_{97}$$Zn$$_1$$Y$$_2$$ and Mg$$_{85}$$Zn$$_6$$Y$$_9$$ alloys with synchronized long-period stacking ordered (LPSO) phase for investigating the impurity effects in the microscopic elastic properties. Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) was also carried out on the former alloy. LA modes were clearly observed in the IXS spectra of both the LPSO alloys, while TA modes can mainly be detected in the second Brillouin zone. Broader inelastic signals and larger quasielastic peaks are characteristic due to the phonon scattering by the Zn/Y impurities. Only the TA excitation energies increase by adding the impurities, which indicates a harder stiffness of the bond angles relating to the L1$$_2$$-type clusters in the LPSO alloys. New dispersion-less excitation modes are observed at about 10 meV by adding the Zn/Y impurities. By comparing with the INS data, the contributions of the impurities to these excitations are discussed using differences in the scattering cross-sections between neutrons and X-rays.


Radioactive Cs in the estuary sediments near Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

山崎 信哉*; 井元 純平*; 古木 元気*; 落合 朝須美*; 大貫 敏彦; 末木 啓介*; 難波 謙二*; Ewing, R. C.*; 宇都宮 聡*

Science of the Total Environment, 551-552, p.155 - 162, 2016/05

 被引用回数:31 パーセンタイル:71.86(Environmental Sciences)



Radioactive Cs in the severely contaminated soils near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

金子 誠*; 岩田 孟; 塩津 弘之; 正木 翔太*; 川元 侑治*; 山崎 信哉*; 仲松 有紀*; 井元 純平*; 古木 元気*; 落合 朝須美*; et al.

Frontiers in Energy Research (Internet), 3, p.37_1 - 37_10, 2015/09



Sorption of trivalent cerium by a mixture of microbial cells and manganese oxides; Effect of microbial cells on the oxidation of trivalent cerium

大貫 敏彦; Jiang, M.*; 坂本 文徳; 香西 直文; 山崎 信哉*; Yu, Q.; 田中 万也; 宇都宮 聡*; Xia, X.*; Yange, K.*; et al.

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 163, p.1 - 13, 2015/08

 被引用回数:18 パーセンタイル:56.91(Geochemistry & Geophysics)



Effect of minerals on accumulation of Cs by fungus ${{it Saccaromyces cerevisiae}}$

大貫 敏彦; 坂本 文徳; 山崎 信哉*; 香西 直文; 塩津 弘之; 宇都宮 聡*; 渡辺 直子*; 小崎 完*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 144, p.127 - 133, 2015/06

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:28.14(Environmental Sciences)



Adsorption of ytterbium onto ${it Saccharomyces cerevisiae}$ fungal cells; A pH-dependent contribution of phosphoryl functional group

Jiang, M. Y.*; 大貫 敏彦; 山崎 信哉; 田中 万也*; 宇都宮 聡*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 295(3), p.2283 - 2287, 2013/03

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:26.35(Chemistry, Analytical)



A New method for evaluating the specificity of indirect readout in protein-DNA recognition

山崎 智*; 寺田 透*; 河野 秀俊; 清水 謙多郎*; 皿井 明倫*

Nucleic Acids Research, 40(17), p.e129_1 - e129_7, 2012/09

 被引用回数:19 パーセンタイル:45.8(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Proteins recognize a specific DNA sequence not only through direct contact (direct readout) with base pairs but also through sequence-dependent conformation and/or flexibility of DNA (indirect readout). However, it is difficult to assess the contribution of indirect readout to the sequence specificity. What is needed is a straightforward method for quantifying its contributions to specificity. Using Bayesian statistics, we derived the probability of a particular sequence for a given DNA structure from the trajectories of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of DNAs containing all possible tetramer sequences. Then, we quantified the specificity of indirect readout based on the information entropy associated with the probability. We tested this method with known structures of protein-DNA complexes. This method enabled us to correctly predict those regions where experiments suggested the involvement of indirect readout. The results also indicated new regions where the indirect readout mechanism makes major contributions to the recognition. The present method can be used to estimate the contribution of indirect readout without approximations to the distributions in the conformational ensembles of DNA, and would serve as a powerful tool to study the mechanism of protein-DNA recognition.


Accelerator neutron dosimetry using composite-gas-filled proportional counting tube

薄井 利英; 三上 智; 橋本 周; 中山 直人; 鈴木 ちひろ*; 谷 幸太郎*; 山崎 敬三*; 三澤 毅*

KURRI Progress Report 2010, P. 209, 2011/10




光原 昌寿*; 原田 絵梨香*; 山崎 重人*; 池田 賢一*; 波多 聰*; 中島 英治*; 大塚 智史; 皆藤 威二

可視化情報学会誌, 31(122), p.98 - 103, 2011/07



A Generalized conformational energy function of DNA derived from molecular dynamics simulations

山崎 智*; 寺田 透*; 清水 謙多郎*; 河野 秀俊; 皿井 明倫*

Nucleic Acids Research, 37(20), p.e135_1 - e135_9, 2009/09

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:15.29(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Proteins recognize DNA sequences by two different mechanisms. The first is direct readout, in which recognition is mediated by direct interactions between the protein and the DNA bases. The second is indirect readout, which is caused by the dependence of conformation and the deformability of the DNA structure on the sequence. Various energy functions have been proposed to evaluate the contribution of indirect readout to the free-energy changes in complex formations. We developed a new generalized energy function to estimate the dependence of the deformability of DNA on the sequence. This function was derived from molecular dynamics (MD) simulations previously conducted on B-DNA dodecamers, each of which had one possible tetramer sequence embedded at its center. By taking the logarithm of the probability distribution function (PDF) for the base-step parameters of the central base-pair step of the tetramer, its ability to distinguish the native sequence from random ones was superior to that with the previous method that approximated the energy function in harmonic form. From a comparison of the energy profiles calculated with these two methods, we found that the harmonic approximation caused significant errors in the conformational energies of the tetramers that adopted multiple stable conformations.


The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

山崎 千里*; 村上 勝彦*; 藤井 康之*; 佐藤 慶治*; 原田 えりみ*; 武田 淳一*; 谷家 貴之*; 坂手 龍一*; 喜久川 真吾*; 嶋田 誠*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 被引用回数:51 パーセンタイル:71.74(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)


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