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Journal Articles

Evaluation of electronic state of Cs-adsorbed clay minerals by NEXAFS analysis using DFT calculations

Suzuki, Chikashi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Suzuki, Shinichi; Pacold, J.*; Altman, A. B.*; Minasian, S. G.*; Tyliszczak, T.*; Shuk, D. K.*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Osaka, Masahiko

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 127, p.169 - 177, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:7.84(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

A combined method of NEXAFS measurement and DFT-calculation was employed for Cs evaluation in clay minerals. The Cs M$$_{4,5}$$ NEXAFS spectra of Cs halides were analyzed using the DFT-calculations, and were well reproduced by incorporating the core-hole strength. The Cs M$$_{4,5}$$ NEXAFS spectrum of clay minerals was well-reproduced by the DFT-calculations including the major transitions and tail structures with the established method. The further evaluation of this spectrum by charge density suggests that these major transitions and the tail structures likely reflect bonding states and local environments around the Cs atoms. Comparison of electronic states of Cs in the clay mineral with those in the Cs halides by DFT-calculations has shown that the interaction between Cs and the nearest-neighbor atom is largest in the clay mineral, because the energy level of Cs-5s and 5p is closer to that of O-2s and 2p than the s and p orbitals of other alkali metal and alkali earth metal elements.

Journal Articles

Time evolution of negative ion profile in a large cesiated negative ion source applicable to fusion reactors

Yoshida, Masafumi; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Umeda, Naotaka; Hiratsuka, Junichi; Ichikawa, Masahiro; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Grisham, L. R.*; Tsumori, Katsuyoshi*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), p.02B144_1 - 02B144_4, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:41.23(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Time evolution of spatial profile of negative ion production during an initial conditioning phase has been experimentally investigated in the JT-60 negative ion source. Up to 0.4 g Cs injection, there is no enhancement of the negative ion production and no observation of the Cs emission signal in the source, suggesting the injected Cs is mainly deposited on the water-cooled wall near the nozzle. After 0.4 g Cs injection, enhancement of the negative ion production appeared only at the central segment of the PG. The calculation of the Cs neutral/ion trajectories implied that a part of Cs was ionized near the nozzle and was transported to this area. The expansion of the area of the surface production was saturated after ~2 g Cs injection corresponding to 6000 s discharge time. From the results, it is found that Cs ionization and its transport plays an important role for the negative ion production.

Journal Articles

NEXAFS analysis and electronic state of cesium in clay minerals

Suzuki, Chikashi; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Shuk, D. K.*; Suzuki, Shinichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2015/05

We evaluated Cs M$$_{4,5}$$ near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) of Cs halides and clay minerals containing Cs using DFT calculation with the NEXAFS of the clay minerals measured. The evaluation of Cs halides indicated that the core-hole strength (CHS) in the NEXAFS measurement was reduced to 0.6, taking into account the strength interaction of the core-hole with the valence-band electrons. On the basis of this result, Cs M$$_{4,5}$$ NEXAFS of the clay mineral was well reproduced including the dominant peak and tail structures using DFT calculation. Moreover the calculation showed that the NEXAFS clearly changed with the displacement of Si atoms to Al in the six-membered ring of clay minerals and little did with the coexist of K atoms with Cs between layers of the clay mineral. In addition, we examined the electronic state of CsCl and the clay mineral containing Cs.

Journal Articles

Thermal stability of butt joint for CS conductor in JT-60SA

Takao, Tomoaki*; Kawahara, Yuzuru*; Nakamura, Kazuya*; Yamamoto, Yusuke*; Yagai, Tsuyoshi*; Murakami, Haruyuki; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Natsume, Kyohei*; Hamaguchi, Shinji*; Obana, Tetsuhiro*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 24(3), p.4800804_1 - 4800804_4, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:23.67(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Operation of the AVF cyclotron

Okumura, Susumu; Ishibori, Ikuo; Kurashima, Satoshi; Yoshida, Kenichi; Yuyama, Takahiro; Ishizaka, Tomohisa; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; Yuri, Yosuke; Nara, Takayuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 172, 2013/01

The AVF cyclotron was operated from May 9th in fiscal 2011 and all the planned experiments on April were cancelled due to scheduled blackouts originated from the Great East Japan Earthquake. The total operation time amounted to 3,038.4 hours. The extended operation from Friday evening to Saturday evening was carried out eight times in order to supply the cancellation on April. The regular yearly overhaul and maintenance were carried out.

Journal Articles

Fast single-ion hit system for heavy-ion microbeam at TIARA cyclotron, 4

Yokota, Wataru; Sato, Takahiro; Okumura, Susumu; Kurashima, Satoshi; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; Yoshida, Kenichi; Koka, Masashi; Takano, Katsuyoshi*; Yokoyama, Akihito; et al.

JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 159, 2012/01

The development of the fast single-ion hit system was continued from last year in order to improve the quality of microbeam and single-ion hit at the TIARA cyclotron of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The major subjects were reduction of miss hit, no hit on the targeted point by any ions in the single-ion-hit irradiation, and development of a real-time detection system of single-ion hit. A new microbeam of 400 MeV-Fe with a spot diameter of about 4 $$mu$$m was also developed and supplied to an experiment.

Journal Articles

Operation of the AVF cyclotron

Nara, Takayuki; Ishibori, Ikuo; Kurashima, Satoshi; Yoshida, Kenichi; Yuyama, Takahiro; Ishizaka, Tomohisa; Okumura, Susumu; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; Yuri, Yosuke; et al.

JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 172, 2012/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fast single-ion hit system for heavy-ion microbeam at TIARA cyclotron, 3

Yokota, Wataru; Sato, Takahiro; Okumura, Susumu; Kurashima, Satoshi; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; Yoshida, Kenichi; Koka, Masashi; Takano, Katsuyoshi; Kamiya, Tomihiro

JAEA-Review 2010-065, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2009, P. 173, 2011/01

Microbeam and single-ion hit of 260 MeV-$$^{20}$$Ne$$^{7+}$$ and/or 520 MeV-$$^{40}$$Ar$$^{14+}$$ were utilized to irradiate living biological cells for study of radiation biology, semiconductor devices for study of radiation effects such as Single Event Upset and polymer films for study of micro-fabrication in fiscal 2009 at the TIARA cyclotron. Although these beams were generally supplied smoothly, we still have technical matters to improve for better beam quality. One of the major subjects is instability of microbeam, and another is miss hit, no ion hit around a targeted point. The paper describes investigation of the causes of those as well as development of new ion beams to be available for microbeam and single-ion hit.

Journal Articles

Operation of the AVF cyclotron

Nara, Takayuki; Ishibori, Ikuo; Kurashima, Satoshi; Yoshida, Kenichi; Yuyama, Takahiro; Ishizaka, Tomohisa; Okumura, Susumu; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; Yuri, Yosuke; et al.

JAEA-Review 2010-065, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2009, P. 180, 2011/01

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi*; Enoeda, Mikio; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Hayashi, Takumi; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Uto, Hiroyasu; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nishitani, Takeo; Isono, Takaaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2010-019, 194 Pages, 2010/08

JAEA-Research-2010-019-01.pdf:48.47MB
JAEA-Research-2010-019-02.pdf:19.4MB

This report describes the results of the conceptual design study of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor aiming at demonstrating fusion power production in a plant scale and allowing to assess the economic prospects of a fusion power plant. The design study has focused on a compact and low aspect ratio tokamak reactor concept with a reduced-sized central solenoid, which is novel compared with previous tokamak reactor concept such as SSTR (Steady State Tokamak Reactor). The reactor has the main parameters of a major radius of 5.5 m, aspect ratio of 2.6, elongation of 2.0, normalized beta of 4.3, fusion out put of 2.95 GW and average neutron wall load of 3 MW/m$$^{2}$$. This report covers various aspects of design study including systemic design, physics design, torus configuration, blanket, superconducting magnet, maintenance and building, which were carried out increase the engineering feasibility of the concept.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

Dynamics of ion internal transport barrier in LHD heliotron and JT-60U tokamak plasmas

Ida, Katsumi*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Yoshinuma, Mikiro*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Nagaoka, Kenichi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Oyama, Naoyuki; Osakabe, Masaki*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(9), p.095024_1 - 095024_9, 2009/09

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:74.51(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Dynamics of ion internal transport barrier (ITB) formation and impurity transport both in the Large Helical Device (LHD) heliotron and JT-60U tokamak are described. Significant differences between heliotron and tokamak plasmas are observed. The location of the ITB moves outward during the ITB formation regardless of the sign of magnetic shear in JT-60U and the ITB becomes more localized in the plasma with negative magnetic shear. In LHD, the low Te/Ti ratio ($$<$$ 1) of the target plasma for the high power heating is found to be necessary condition to achieve the ITB plasma and the ITB location tends to expand outward or inward depending on the condition of the target plasmas. Associated with the formation of ITB, the carbon density tends to be peaked due to inward convection in JT-60U, while the carbon density becomes hollow due to outward convection in LHD. The outward convection observed in LHD contradicts the prediction by neoclassical theory.

Journal Articles

Compact DEMO, SlimCS; Design progress and issues

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Kawashima, Hisato; Kurita, Genichi; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Honda, Mitsuru; Saito, Ai*; Sato, Satoshi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(7), p.075029_1 - 075029_10, 2009/07

 Times Cited Count:131 Percentile:98.1(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Recent design study on SlimCS focused mainly on the torus configuration including blanket, divertor, materials and maintenance scheme. For vertical stability of elongated plasma and high beta access, a sector-wide conducting shell is arranged in between replaceable and permanent blanket. The reactor adopts pressurized-water-cooled solid breeding blanket. Compared with the previous advanced concept with supercritical water, the design options satisfying tritium self-sufficiency are relatively scarce. Considered divertor technology and materials, an allowable heat load to the divertor plate should be 8 MW/m$$^{2}$$ or lower, which can be a critical constraint for determining a handling power of DEMO (a combination of alpha heating power and external input power for current drive).

Journal Articles

Operation of the AVF cyclotron

Nara, Takayuki; Ishibori, Ikuo; Kurashima, Satoshi; Yoshida, Kenichi; Yuyama, Takahiro; Ishizaka, Tomohisa; Okumura, Susumu; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; Yuri, Yosuke; et al.

JAEA-Review 2008-055, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2007, P. 190, 2008/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Operation of AVF cyclotron

Nara, Takayuki; Agematsu, Takashi; Ishibori, Ikuo; Kurashima, Satoshi; Yoshida, Kenichi; Yuyama, Takahiro; Ishizaka, Tomohisa; Okumura, Susumu; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; et al.

JAEA-Review 2007-060, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2006, P. 204, 2008/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Present status of AVF cyclotron at JAEA

Yuyama, Takahiro; Nara, Takayuki; Ishibori, Ikuo; Kurashima, Satoshi; Yoshida, Kenichi; Ishizaka, Tomohisa; Okumura, Susumu; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; Yuri, Yosuke; et al.

Proceedings of 5th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 33rd Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan (CD-ROM), p.259 - 261, 2008/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Current status of the control system for J-PARC accelerator complex

Yoshikawa, Hiroshi; Sakaki, Hironao; Sako, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Hiroki; Shen, G.; Kato, Yuko; Ito, Yuichi; Ikeda, Hiroshi*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Tsuchiya, Hitoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems (ICALEPCS '07) (CD-ROM), p.62 - 64, 2007/10

J-PARC is a large scale facility of the proton accelerators for the multi-purpose of scientific researches in Japan. This facility consists of three accelerators and three experimental stations. Now, J-PARC is under construction, and LINAC is operated for one year, 3GeV synchrotron has just started the commissioning in this October the 1st. The completion of this facility will be next summer. The control system of accelerators established fundamental performance for the initial commissioning. The most important requirement to the control system of this facility is to minimize the activation of accelerator devices. In this paper, we show that the performances of each layer of this control system have been achieved in the initial stage.

Journal Articles

Development of advanced tritium breeders and neutron multipliers for DEMO solid breeder blankets

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Mishima, Yoshinao*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Terai, Takayuki*; Tanaka, Satoru*; Munakata, Kenzo*; Kato, Shigeru*; Uchida, Munenori*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(9), p.1300 - 1306, 2007/09

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:59.88(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of advanced tritium breeders and neutron multipliers for DEMO solid breeder blankets

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Mishima, Yoshinao*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Terai, Takayuki*; Tanaka, Satoru*; Munakata, Kenzo*; Kato, Shigeru*; Uchida, Munenori*; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Operation of JAEA AVF cyclotron system

Nara, Takayuki; Agematsu, Takashi; Ishibori, Ikuo; Kurashima, Satoshi; Yoshida, Kenichi; Okumura, Susumu; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; Yuri, Yosuke; Yokota, Wataru; et al.

JAEA-Review 2006-042, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2005, P. 196, 2007/02

no abstracts in English

62 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)