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Behaviors of high-burnup LWR fuels with improved materials under design-basis accident conditions

天谷 政樹; 宇田川 豊; 成川 隆文; 三原 武; 谷口 良徳

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2018/10

Fuels for light water reactors (LWRs) which consist of improved cladding materials and pellets have been developed by utilities and fuel vendors to acquire better fuel performance even in the high burnup region and also raise the safety level of current nuclear power plants to a higher one. In order to evaluate adequacy of the present regulatory criteria in Japan and safety margins regarding the fuel with improved materials, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has conducted ALPS-II program sponsored by Nuclear Regulation Authority (NRA), Japan. In this program, the tests simulating a reactivity-initiated accident (RIA) and a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) have been performed on the high burnup advanced fuels irradiated in commercial PWR or BWR in Europe. This paper presents recent results obtained in this program with respect to RIA, and main results of LOCA experiments, which have been obtained in the ALPS-II program, are summarized.


The Effect of final heat treatment at fabrication on the terminal solid solubility of hydrogen in Zry-4

山内 紹裕*; 天谷 政樹

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2018/10



Steam oxidation of silicon carbide at temperatures above 1600$$^{circ}$$C

Pham, V. H.; 永江 勇二; 倉田 正輝

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/10

High temperature interaction of chemical vapor deposition SiC with steam was investigated at 1700-1800$$^{circ}$$C for 0.1-3 h in a mixture of steam and argon gas containing 98% of steam at 1 atm. At the investigated conditions, although a dense oxide layer was observed on sample surface, significant mass loss of SiC occurred. Below 1700$$^{circ}$$C, the oxidation kinetics seems to follow the para-linear laws. The apparent activation calculated based on the data of this study is to be 370 kJ/mol. Rapid degradation and bubbling of SiC at 1800$$^{circ}$$C were observed after 1 h oxidation. This suggested that chemical interaction behaviours above 1700$$^{circ}$$C might be changed due to the liquefaction of silica.


High temperature oxidation test of simulated BWR fuel bundle in steam-starved conditions

山崎 宰春; Pshenichnikov, A.; Pham, V. H.; 永江 勇二; 倉田 正輝; 徳島 二之*; 青見 雅樹*; 坂本 寛*

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2018/10



Corrosion behaviour of FeCrAl-ODS steels in nitric acid solutions with several temperatures

高畠 容子; 安倍 弘; 佐野 雄一; 竹内 正行; 小泉 健治; 坂本 寛*; 山下 真一郎

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2018/10

事故耐性軽水炉燃料の燃料被覆管として開発されているFeCrAl-ODS鋼の硝酸腐食評価を、使用済燃料再処理工程に対して燃料被覆管腐食生成物が与える影響を評価するために実施した。3mol/L硝酸における腐食試験を、60$$^{circ}$$C, 80$$^{circ}$$C,沸騰条件において実施し、浸漬試験の試験片に対してはXPS分析を行った。沸騰条件にて最も腐食が進展し、腐食速度は0.22mm/yであった。酸化被膜内のFe割合は減少しており、CrとAlの割合は増加していた。腐食試験の結果、FeCrAl-ODS鋼は高い硝酸腐食耐性を持つため、再処理工程中の溶解工程において許容可能であることを確かめた。


OECD/NEA benchmark on pellet-clad mechanical interaction modelling with fuel performance codes; Impact of number of radial pellet cracks and pellet-clad friction coefficient

Dost$'a$l, M.*; Rossiter, G.*; Dethioux, A.*; Zhang, J.*; 天谷 政樹; Rozzia, D.*; Williamson, R.*; Kozlowski, T.*; Hill, I.*; Martin, J.-F.*

Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2018) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2018/10

The benchmark on PCMI was initiated by OECD/NEA Expert Group on Reactor Fuel Performance (EGRFP) in June 2015 and is currently in the latter stages of compiling results and preparing the final report. The aim of the benchmark is to improve understanding and modelling of PCMI amongst NEA member organisations. This is being achieved by comparing PCMI predictions of different fuel performance codes for a number of cases. Two of these cases are hypothetical cases aiming to facilitate understanding of the effects of code-to-code differences in fuel performance models. The two remaining cases are actual irradiations, where code predictions are compared with measured data. During analysis of participants' results of the hypothetical cases, the assumptions for number of radial pellet cracks and the pellet-clad friction coefficient (which can be zero, finite or infinite) were identified to be important factors in explaining differences between predictions once pellet-cladding contact occurs. However, these parameters varied in the models and codes used originally by the participants. This fact led to the extension of the benchmark by inclusion of two additional cases, where the number of radial pellet cracks and three different values of the friction coefficient were prescribed in the case definition. Seven calculations from six organisations contributed results were compared and analysed in this paper.


Japanese R&D program for establishing technical basis of accident tolerant fuel materials

山下 真一郎; 井岡 郁夫; 根本 義之; 川西 智弘; 加治 芳行; 深堀 智生; 野澤 貴史*; 渡部 清一*; 村上 望*; 佐藤 寿樹*; et al.

no journal, , 

In order to increase accident tolerance of light water reactors (LWRs), fuel rod, channel box and control rod with new materials and concepts have been considered and developed in Japan. Since 2015, Japan Atomic Energy Agency has conducted and coordinated the Japanese R&D program of accident tolerant fuel (ATF) for establishing technical basis of ATF under a program sponsored and organized by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI). ATF candidate materials considered in this METI program are silicon carbide (SiC) composite and FeCrAl steel strengthened by dispersion of fine oxide particles (FeCrAl-ODS). SiC composite is a highly attractive material because of its lower hydrogen generation rate and lower reaction heat in comparison with conventional Zircaloy. Therefore, practical uses for a fuel cladding of pressurized water reactor (PWR) and for the fuel cladding, channel box of boiling water reactor (BWR) are expected. On the other hand, FeCrAl-ODS steel is a promising material and is considered to apply to the fuel cladding of BWR. Until now, we have been accumulated experimental data of the candidate materials by out-of-pile tests, developed fuel evaluation codes to apply to the candidate materials, evaluated fuel behavior simulating operational and accidental conditions by the developed code. In this paper, we will report the updates of out-of-pile data and evaluation results.

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