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Hierarchical aggregation in a complex fluid; The Role of isomeric interconversion

Massey, D.*; Williams, C. D.*; Mu, J.*; Masters, A. J.*; 元川 竜平; 青柳 登; 上田 祐生; Antonio, M. R.*

Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 127(9), p.2052 - 2065, 2023/03

There is an ever-increasing body of evidence that metallic complexes, involving amphiphilic ligands, do not form normal solutions in organic solvents. Instead, they form complex fluids with intricate structures. For example, the metallic complexes may aggregate into clusters and these clusters themselves may aggregate into super-clusters. In order to gain a deeper insight into the mechanisms at play, we have used an improved force field to conduct extensive molecular dynamics simulations of a system composed of zirconium nitrate, water, nitric acid, tri-$$n$$-butyl phosphate and $$n$$-octane. The important new finding is that a dynamic equilibrium between the cis and trans isomers of the metal complex is likely to play a key role in the aggregation behavior. The isolated cis and trans isomers have similar energies but simulation indicates that the clusters consist predominantly of cis isomers. With increasing metal concentration, we hypothesize that more clustering occurs and the chemical equilibrium shifts towards the cis isomer. It is possible that such isomeric effects play a role in the liquid-liquid extraction of other species and the inclusion of such effects in flowsheet modelling may lead to a better description of the process.


New approach to understanding the experimental $$^{133}$$Cs NMR chemical shift of clay minerals via machine learning and DFT-GIPAW calculations

大窪 貴洋*; 武井 滉洋*; 舘 幸男; 深津 勇太; 出口 健三*; 大木 忍*; 清水 禎*

Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 127(4), p.973 - 986, 2023/02




Development of heavy element chemistry at interfaces; Observing actinide complexes at the oil/water interface in solvent extraction by nonlinear vibrational spectroscopy

日下 良二; 渡邉 雅之

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 13(30), p.7065 - 7071, 2022/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:60.17(Chemistry, Physical)

Understanding the chemistry of elements at the bottom of the periodic table is a challenging goal in chemistry. Observing actinide species at interfaces using interface-selective second-order nonlinear optical spectroscopy, such as vibrational sum frequency generation (VSFG) spectroscopy, is a promising route for developing heavy element chemistry; however, such attempts are scarce. Here, we investigated the phase transfer mechanism of uranyl ions (UO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$) in solvent extraction using the di-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (HDEHP) extractant dissolved in dodecane organic phase by probing the oil/water liquid-liquid interface using VSFG spectroscopy. The POO$$^{-}$$ symmetric stretch vibrational signals of the HDEHP ligands clearly demonstrated that uranyl ions form interfacial complexes with HDEHP at the oil/water interface. The interfacial uranyl-HDEHP complexes were formed with uranyl ions coming from both the aqueous and oil phases, strongly suggesting that the interfacial complex is an intermediate to cross the oil/water interface. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations proposed the molecular structure of the interfacial uranyl-HDEHP complex.


Revealing the ion dynamics in Li$$_{10}$$GeP$$_{2}$$S$$_{12}$$ by quasi-elastic neutron scattering measurements

堀 智*; 菅野 了次*; Kwon, O.*; 加藤 祐樹*; 山田 武*; 松浦 直人*; 米村 雅雄*; 神山 崇*; 柴田 薫; 川北 至信

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 126(22), p.9518 - 9527, 2022/06

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:75.4(Chemistry, Physical)

Understanding Li-ion conduction in superionic conductors accelerates the development of new solid electrolytes to enhance the charge-discharge performances of all-solid-state batteries. We performed a quasi-elastic neutron scattering study on a model superionic conductor (Li$$_{10+x}$$Ge$$_{1+x}$$P$$_{2-x}$$S$$_{12}$$, LGPS), to reveal its ion dynamics on an angstrom-scale spatial range and a pico-to-nanosecond temporal range. The observation of spectra at 298 K confirmed the high lithium diffusivity. The obtained diffusion coefficient was in the order of 10$$^{-6}$$ cm$$^{2}$$s$$^{-1}$$ at temperatures ${textgreater}$ 338 K and was higher than the reported diffusion coefficient over a longer time scale, as determined by the pulse-field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance method. This difference indicates that there are impediments to ionic motion over a longer time scale. The dynamic behavior of the Li ions was compared with that observed for the Li$$_{9}$$P$$_{3}$$S$$_{9}$$O$$_{3}$$ phase, which possesses the same crystal structure type, but a lower ionic conductivity. The LGPS phase possessed a high lithium mobility over a distance of $${sim}$$ 10 ${AA}$, as well as a larger fraction of mobile Li ions, thereby indicating that these features enhance lithium conduction over a longer spatial scale, which is important in all-solidstate batteries.


Dispersive XAFS Study on the Laser-Induced Reduction of a Rh$$^{3+}$$ ion complex; Presence of a Rh$$^{+}$$ Intermediate in Direct Photoreduction

佐伯 盛久*; 松村 大樹; 中西 隆造*; 蓬田 匠; 辻 卓也; 齋藤 寛之*; 大場 弘則*

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 126(12), p.5607 - 5616, 2022/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:56.41(Chemistry, Physical)

パルス紫外線レーザー照射によって引き起こされるRh$$^{3+}$$イオン錯体のRh$$^{0}$$種への直接光還元反応機構を、分散型X線吸収微細構造(DXAFS)分光法によって調べた。時間分解X線吸収端近傍構造(XANES)には等吸収点がなく、Rh$$^{3+}$$の直接光還元に2種類以上のRh$$^{n+}$$が寄与することを示した。時間分解XANESデータの特異値解析から、直接光還元には3つのRh$$^{n+}$$種が関与することが示唆された。時間分解XANESデータを、交互最小二乗法による多変量解析(MCR-ALS)により解析したところ、3つのRh$$^{n+}$$種の純粋なスペクトルと濃度プロファイルが得られた。Rh$$^{n+}$$種は、3つのXANESスペクトルの特徴から、Rh$$^{3+}$$, Rh$$^{+}$$, Rh$$^{0}$$種に分類できた。得られた濃度プロファイルから、Rhの直接光還元はRh$$^{3+}$$ $$rightarrow$$ Rh$$^{+}$$ $$rightarrow$$ Rh$$^{0}$$の順で進行することが示唆され、Rh$$^{3+}$$とRh$$^{+}$$の光還元、Rh$$^{3+}$$とRh$$^{+}$$の光による自己触媒的還元、Rh$$^{+}$$の光酸化による反応機構により、3種のRh$$^{n+}$$の濃度プロファイルがよく再現できることが示された。


Crystalline fully carboxylated polyacetylene obtained under high pressure as a Li-ion battery anode material

Wang, X.*; Tang, X.*; Zhang, P.*; Wang, Y.*; Gao, D.*; Liu, J.*; Hui, K.*; Wang, Y.*; Dong, X.*; 服部 高典; et al.

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 12(50), p.12055 - 12061, 2021/12

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:48.7(Chemistry, Physical)



Dynamics of water in a catalyst layer of a fuel cell by quasielastic neutron scattering

伊藤 華苗; 山田 武*; 篠原 朗大*; 高田 慎一; 川北 至信

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 125(39), p.21645 - 21652, 2021/10

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:29.21(Chemistry, Physical)

The catalyst layer (CL) in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) plays a critical role in the performance of a PEFC. In this study, we investigate the water dynamics in the CL using quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) and small-angle neutron scattering. The temperature dependence of the mean square displacement $$<$$u$$^{2}$$$$>$$ shows that the freezing of water does not occur at a melting temperature in the Nafion thin film of the CL, suggesting that the water is confined in a smaller region than $$sim$$15 ${AA}$. The QENS measurements established three kinds of water in the CL: immobile water tightly connected to a sulfonic group, water in a fast mode assigned to free diffusion restricted in a sphere, and water in a slow mode described by a jump diffusion model. Assuming that these three modes were independent, the number of water molecules in each mode was estimated. On discussing the structure and dynamics elucidated in the study, we finally conclude that the coupled model of the fast and slow modes is plausible for describing the diffusion of water confined in the thin Nafion film of the CL.


Electrochemically driven specific alkaline metal cation adsorption on a graphene interface

保田 諭; 田村 和久; 加藤 優*; 朝岡 秀人; 八木 一三*

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 125(40), p.22154 - 22162, 2021/10

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:51.92(Chemistry, Physical)



Stoichiometry of lanthanide-phosphate complexes at the water surface studied using vibrational sum frequency generation spectroscopy and DFT calculations

日下 良二; 渡邉 雅之

Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 125(24), p.6727 - 6731, 2021/06

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:58.16(Chemistry, Physical)

In the solvent extraction of metal ions, the transport mechanism of metal ions through the liquid-liquid organic/aqueous interface remains unclear. In this study, the adsorption process of trivalent lanthanide ions from the aqueous phase to the interface in the solvent extraction of lanthanides with di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (HDEHP) extractant is investigated by using a model interface - water surface covered with HDEHP (air/HDEHP/aqueous interface). As a result, symmetric POO$$^{-}$$ stretch signals of HDEHP observed by vibrational sum frequency generation spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations show that the stoichiometric ratio of lanthanide-HDEHP complexes formed at the air/HDEHP/aqueous interface is 1:1. The formation of the interfacial 1:1 lanthanide-HDEHP complex could be an elementary chemical process occurring just before the transfer of lanthanide ions to the side of the organic phase.


Kinetic and Fourier transform infrared studies on the thermal decomposition of sodium hydride

河口 宗道

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 125(22), p.11813 - 11819, 2021/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Physical)

等温及び一定加熱のTG-DTA、並びに、500-700Kの温度範囲で焼成前後の水素化ナトリウム(NaH)のFTIR測定を行った。等温TGからはNaH熱分解速度の温度依存性が約620Kで変曲点を持つことが分かった。これは、2種類の拡散水素と不動水素の状態によって引き起こされていると考えられる。またNaHとナトリウム(Na)のFTIRスペクトルは873.4, 1010.4, 1049.5, 1125.7cm$$^{-1}$$で特定の信号が観察された。焼成前のNaHあるいはNaのFTIR信号の積分値は、550K未満あるいは698K以上で焼成した後のNaHの積分値と同程度だった。602-667Kで焼成したNaHのFTIR信号の積分値は焼成前のNaHとNaの中間値であり、これはNa-Na結合が十分に成長しておらず、水素が金属Na中に共存していることを示している。またNaHの熱分解後の反応速度を予測するために、2種類の拡散・不動水素状態を仮定した反応速度モデルを提案した。シミュレーション結果からは、不動水素から拡散水素への遷移速度が約620Kでクロスオーバーするため、それに応じた熱分解速度の温度依存性として620Kで変曲点が見られることを明らかにした。


Freezable and unfreezable hydration water; Distinct contributions to protein dynamics revealed by neutron scattering

山本 直樹*; 古府 麻衣子; 中島 健次; 中川 洋; 柴山 修哉*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 12(8), p.2172 - 2176, 2021/03

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:48.7(Chemistry, Physical)



Neutron spin-echo studies of the structural relaxation of network liquid ZnCl$$_2$$ at the structure factor primary peak and prepeak

Luo, P.*; Zhai, Y.*; Leao, J. B.*; 古府 麻衣子; 中島 健次; Faraone, A.*; Zhang, Y.*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 12(1), p.392 - 398, 2021/01

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:48.7(Chemistry, Physical)

典型的なネットワークイオン性液体ZnCl$$_2$$の第1およびプレ回折ピークでの微視的な構造緩和を中性子スピンエコー分光により調べた。第1構造ピークの緩和はプレピークのものより速く、活性化エネルギーは約33%高い。融点より十分高温においても、伸長指数関数で記述される緩和が観測された。驚くべきことに、とくに第1ピークにおいて、非指数関数性パラメータは冷却とともに急激に増加し、$$T_{rm m}$$に向かって緩和は伸長指数型から指数型へと変わる。これらの結果は、過冷却状態の典型的なガラス的ダイナミクスが平衡液体で現れること、2つの異なる空間スケールの運動の活性化エネルギーが冷却に伴うネットワーク構造の形成と関連していることを示唆する。


Dynamic observation and theoretical analysis of initial O$$_{2}$$ molecule adsorption on polar and $$m$$-plane surfaces of GaN

角谷 正友*; 隅田 真人*; 浅井 祐哉*; 田村 亮*; 上殿 明良*; 吉越 章隆

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 124(46), p.25282 - 25290, 2020/11

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:30.14(Chemistry, Physical)

O$$_{2}$$分子ビームによるGaN表面[極性Ga面(+c), N面(-c)および無極性(10$$bar{1}$$0)($$m$$)面]の初期酸化をリアルタイム放射光X線光電子分光法およびDFT分子動力学計算によって調べた。三重項O$$_{2}$$が+c面のブリッジ位置において解離または化学吸着し、N終端-c面では、O$$_{2}$$分子は解離化学吸着のみであることが分かった。$$m$$面では、O$$_{2}$$の解離吸着が支配的であるが、極性表面に吸着したO$$_{2}$$分子の結合長および角度が異なることが分かった。スピンと極性を考慮した計算モデルが金属酸化物とGaNのデバイス界面の理解に有用であることが分かった。


Gas barrier properties of chemical vapor-deposited graphene to oxygen imparted with sub-electronvolt kinetic energy

小川 修一*; 山口 尚人*; Holby, E. F.*; 山田 貴壽*; 吉越 章隆; 高桑 雄二*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 11(21), p.9159 - 9164, 2020/11

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:27.45(Chemistry, Physical)



Nanoscale relaxation in "Water-in-Salt" and "Water-in-Bisalt" electrolytes

Gonzal$'e$z, M. A.*; Borodin, O.*; 古府 麻衣子; 柴田 薫; 山田 武*; 山室 修*; Xu, K.*; Price, D. L.*; Saboungi, M.-L.*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 11(17), p.7279 - 7284, 2020/09

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:73.13(Chemistry, Physical)

"Water-in-salt" (WIS) and "water-in-bisalt" (WIBS) electrolytes have recently been developed for Li-ion batteries. We report Quasielastic Neutron Scattering (QENS) measurements on solutions of a WIS electrolyte at two concentrations, and a WIBS electrolyte at one concentration. The data were Fourier transformed to obtain experimental intermediate scattering functions (ISFs) and compared with corresponding quantities obtained from Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations. Both QENS and MD ISFs could be fitted well by a single stretched exponential function to obtain apparent translational diffusion coefficients for the water molecules. The QENS values agree well with the MD simulations for the solutions of a WIS electrolyte at two concentrations, but MD simulations predict a slower relaxation of water compared to QENS for the WIBS electrolyte. Comparison of the incoherent and coherent scattering reveals much faster water dynamics compared with structural relaxation of the ionic framework.


Unusual redox behavior of ruthenocene confined in the micropores of activated carbon

糸井 弘行*; Ninomiya, Takeru*; 長谷川 英之*; Maki, Shintaro*; Sakakibara, Akihiro*; 鈴木 隆太郎*; 笠井 湧斗*; 岩田 博之*; 松村 大樹; 大和田 真生*; et al.

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 124(28), p.15205 - 15215, 2020/07

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:43.2(Chemistry, Physical)

We demonstrate reversible charge/discharge in ruthenocene, RuCp$$_{2}$$ (Cp = $$eta^5$$-C$$_{5}$$H$$_{5}$$), using activated carbon (AC) as a support. Upon subsequent electrochemical oxidation using an aqueous H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$ electrolyte, the clusters are disassembled and the RuCp$$_{2}$$ molecules are finely dispersed in the micropores. The resulting RuCp$$_{2}$$ has a large contact area with conductive carbon surfaces, thereby realizing rapid charge transfer at the contact interface. Consequently, rapid charge storage occurs via the reversible redox reaction of the supported RuCp$$_{2}$$ in aqueous H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$ without dimerization or disproportionation reactions, which is confirmed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Since hybridization can produce different properties of the host and guest materials, their infinite combinations would have the possibility to yield properties far surpassing those of existing materials.


Surface coverage dependence of spin-to-charge current across Pt/MoS$$_{2}$$/Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ layers via longitudinal spin Seebeck effect

Lee, W.-Y.*; Park, N.-W.*; Kang, M.-S.*; Kim, G.-S.*; Jang, H. W.*; 齊藤 英治; Lee, S.-K.*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 11(13), p.5338 - 5344, 2020/07

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:69.17(Chemistry, Physical)

The voltage induced by the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) is affected by several factors, including the spin Hall angle of the normal metal (NM), the quality and magnetic properties of the ferromagnetic material (FM), and the interface conditions between the NM and FM bilayers in longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (LSSE) measurement. Specifically, the interface conditions in NM/FM systems via LSSE devices play a crucial role in determining the efficiency of spin current injection into the NM layer. In this letter, we report a new approach to controlling the efficiency of spin current injection into a Pt layer across a Pt/Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ (YIG) interface by surface coverage of the intermediate layer. A continuous, large-area multilayer molybdenum dichalcogenide (MoS$$_{2}$$) thin film grown by chemical vapor deposition is inserted between the Pt and YIG layers in the LSSE configuration. We found that, when the large-area multilayer MoS$$_{2}$$ film was present, the measured ISHE-induced voltage and theoretically calculated spin current in the Pt/MoS$$_{2}$$/YIG trilayer increased by $$sim$$510% and 470%, respectively, compared to those of a Pt/YIG bilayer. The induced voltage and spin current were very sensitive to the surface conductance, which was affected by the surface coverage of the multilayer MoS$$_{2}$$ films in the LSSE measurement. Furthermore, the theoretically calculated spin current and spin mixing conductance in the trilayer geometry are in qualitatively good agreement with the experimental observations. These measurements enable us to explain the effect of the interface conditions on the spin Seebeck effect in spin transport.


Confinement of hydrogen molecules at graphene-metal interface by electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction

保田 諭; 田村 和久; 寺澤 知潮; 矢野 雅大; 中島 秀朗*; 森本 崇宏*; 岡崎 俊也*; 上利 龍史*; 高橋 康史*; 加藤 優*; et al.

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 124(9), p.5300 - 5307, 2020/03

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:57.69(Chemistry, Physical)



Segmental motions of proteins under non-native states evaluated using quasielastic neutron scattering

藤原 悟*; 松尾 龍人*; 杉本 泰伸*; 柴田 薫

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 10(23), p.7505 - 7509, 2019/12

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:27.98(Chemistry, Physical)

無秩序なポリペプチド鎖のダイナミクスの特性評価は、本質的に無秩序状態なタンパク質およびフォールディングプロセスに関連する非ネイティブ状態下のタンパク質の挙動を解明するために必要である。本研究では、小角X線散乱測定データと動的光散乱測定データと組み合わせて準弾性中性子散乱測定データから、タンパク質のセグメント運動と分子全体の拡散および局所側鎖運動を評価する方法を独自に開発した。そしてこの方法を、非フォールディング状態およびメルトグロビュール(MG)状態のタンパク質RNase Aに適用し、セグメント運動から生じる拡散係数を評価し、非フォールディング状態とMG状態で異なる値をとることを明らかにした。またこの方法で得られた値は、蛍光現象を用いた別の測定技術を使用して得られた値と一致していることも確認できた。これらの研究成果は、この方法の、さまざまな無秩序状態でのタンパク質の挙動を特徴付ける実行可能性だけでなく、有用性も示している。


Impact of stoichiometry on the mechanism and kinetics of oxidative dissolution of UO$$_{2}$$ induced by H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ and $$gamma$$-irradiation

熊谷 友多; Fidalgo, A. B.*; Jonsson, M.*

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123(15), p.9919 - 9925, 2019/04

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:51.24(Chemistry, Physical)


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