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Journal Articles

Battery-free, skin-interfaced microfluidic/electronic systems for simultaneous electrochemical, colorimetric, and volumetric analysis of sweat

Bandodkar, A. J.*; Gutruf, P.*; Choi, J.*; Lee, K.-H.*; Sekine, Yurina; Reeder, J. T.*; Jeang, W. J.*; Aranyosi, A. J.*; Lee, S. P.*; Model, J. B.*; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 5(1), p.eaav3294_1 - eaav3294_15, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:60 Percentile:0.14(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Interest in advanced wearable technologies increasingly extends beyond systems for biophysical measurements to those that enable continuous, non-invasive monitoring of biochemical markers in biofluids. Here, we introduce battery-free, wireless microelectronic platforms that perform sensing via schemes inspired by the operation of biofuel cells. Combining these systems in a magnetically releasable manner with chrono-sampling microfluidic networks that incorporate assays based on colorimetric sensing yields thin, flexible, lightweight, skin-interfaced technologies with broad functionality in sweat analysis. A demonstration device allows simultaneous monitoring of sweat rate/loss, along with quantitative measurements of pH and of lactate, glucose and chloride concentrations using biofuel cell and colorimetric approaches.

Journal Articles

Electric field control of magnetic domain wall motion via modulation of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction

Koyama, Tomohiro*; Nakatani, Yoshinobu*; Ieda, Junichi; Chiba, Daichi*

Science Advances (Internet), 4(12), p.eaav0265_1 - eaav0265_5, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:21.8(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

We show that the electric field (EF) can control the magnetic domain wall (DW) velocity in a Pt/Co/Pd asymmetric structure. With the application of a gate voltage, a significant change in DW velocity up to 50 m/s is observed, which is much greater than that observed in previous studies. Moreover, a DW velocity exceeding 100 m/s is clearly modulated. An EF-induced change in the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) up to several percent is found to be the origin of the velocity modulation. The DMI-mediated velocity change shown here is a fundamentally different mechanism from that caused by EF-induced anisotropy modulation. Our results will pave the way for the electrical manipulation of spin structures and dynamics via DMI control, which can enhance the performance of spintronic devices.

Journal Articles

Dirac surface state-modulated spin dynamics in a ferrimagnetic insulator at room temperature

Tang, C.*; Song, Q.*; Chang, C.-Z.*; Xu, Y.*; Onuma, Yuichi; Matsuo, Mamoru*; Liu, Y.*; Yuan, W.*; Yao, Y.*; Moodera, J. S.*; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 4(6), p.eaas8660_1 - eaas8660_6, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:35.39(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Atomic-scale visualization of surface-assisted orbital order

Kim, H.*; Yoshida, Yasuo*; Lee, C.-C.*; Chang, T.-R.*; Jeng, H.-T.*; Lin, H.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Fisk, Z.*; Hasegawa, Yukio*

Science Advances (Internet), 3(9), p.eeao0362_1 - eeao0362_5, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:38.66(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Multiple-wavelength neutron holography with pulsed neutrons

Hayashi, Koichi*; Oyama, Kenji*; Happo, Naohisa*; Matsushita, Tomohiro*; Hosokawa, Shinya*; Harada, Masahide; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Shishido, Toetsu*; Yubuta, Kunio*

Science Advances (Internet), 3(8), p.e1700294_1 - e1700294_7, 2017/08

Journal Articles

Large-Eddy Simulation of turbulent winds during the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident by coupling with a meso-scale meteorological simulation model

Nakayama, Hiromasa; Takemi, Tetsuya*; Nagai, Haruyasu

Advances in Science & Research (Internet), 12(1), p.127 - 133, 2015/00

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:10.22

One of the important issues to be solved to couple LES and MM models is to impose time-dependent turbulent inflow data for LESs from the MM model outputs, because the MM models are not able to reproduce high-frequency turbulent fluctuations appropriate to drive LES models. In this study, we apply the recycling technique to couple the CFD and MM models. We conduct an LES of turbulent winds during the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and report the usefulness of our approach by comparing the simulated results with the observations.

Journal Articles

Large-Eddy Simulation of plume dispersion under various thermally stratified boundary layers

Nakayama, Hiromasa; Takemi, Tetsuya*; Nagai, Haruyasu

Advances in Science & Research (Internet), 11, p.75 - 81, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:2.4

We have developed a local-scale high-resolution atmospheric dispersion model using Large-Eddy Simulation and tried to introduce it into SPEEDI-MP. In this study, our objectives are to first create a numerical model for LES on atmospheric dispersion in spatially-developing stable and unstable boundary layer flows which and compare to the existing wind tunnel experimental data. Based on the comparison, we discuss the basic performance of the LES model.

Journal Articles

Large-Eddy Simulation of plume dispersion within various actual urban areas

Nakayama, Hiromasa; Jurcakova, K.*; Nagai, Haruyasu

Advances in Science & Research (Internet), 10, p.33 - 41, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:4.03

There is a potential problem that hazardous and flammable materials are accidentally or intentionally released within urban areas. Our objective is to compare our LES results for distribution patterns of mean and fluctuating concentrations in various actual urban areas with the existing LES and experimental results for those in regularly arrayed obstacles, and investigate the influence of actual urban surface geometries on the characteristics of mean and fluctuating concentrations.

Journal Articles

Large-Eddy Simulation of plume dispersion within regular arrays of cubic buildings

Nakayama, Hiromasa; Jurcakova, K.*; Nagai, Haruyasu

Advances in Science & Research (Internet), 6, p.79 - 86, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

In this study, the cubic building arrays with roughness density of 0.16, 0.25 and 0.33 are set up. These surface geometries consist of 20$$times$$6, 25$$times$$7 and 28$$times$$9 arrays in streamwise and spanwise directions, respectively. Three cases of plume source located at the ground surface behind the building in the 6th, 7th and 8th row of the building array are tested. As a result, we can capture the dispersion process of a plume and the spatial distribution of mean and fluctuating concentrations depending on roughness density.

Journal Articles

Large-Eddy Simulation on turbulent flow and plume dispersion over a 2-dimensional hill

Nakayama, Hiromasa; Nagai, Haruyasu

Advances in Science & Research (Internet), 4, p.71 - 76, 2010/05

The dispersion analysis of airborne contaminant including radioactive substances from industrial or nuclear facilities is the important issue for maintenance of air quality or safety assessment. Many studies on the plume dispersion behavior in the simulated atmospheric boundary layer flow over flat plain have been conducted mainly by wind tunnel experiments. However, many nuclear power plants are located at complex coastal terrains in Japan. In this case, topographical effects on the turbulent flow and plume dispersion should be investigated. Therefore, we perform Large-Eddy Simulations (LES) on turbulent flows and plume dispersions. As the first step of this study, we try it for a 2-dimensional hill flow and investigate the characteristics of mean and fluctuation concentrations.

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