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Journal Articles

Study on optimizing microwave heating denitration method and powder characteristics of uranium trioxide

Segawa, Tomoomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Ishii, Katsunori; Suzuki, Masahiro; Fujita, Shunya*; Kobayashi, Shohei*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/05

A solution of plutonium nitrate and uranyl nitrate is converted into a mixed oxide by microwave heating denitration method. In the present study, for improving the efficiency of microwave heating and achieving high-temperature uniformity to produce homogeneous UO$$_{3}$$ powder, the microwave heating test of potassium chloride and uranyl nitrate solution, and numerical simulation analysis were conducted. The potassium chloride agar was adjusted to the dielectric loss, which is close to that of the uranyl nitrate solution and the optimum support table height was estimated to be 50 mm for denitration of the uranyl nitrate solution by microwave heating. The adiabator improved the efficiency of microwave heating denitration. Moreover, the powder yield was improved by using the adiabator owing to ease of scraping of the denitration product from the bottom of the denitration vessel.

Journal Articles

Mechanism of flashing phenomena by microwave heating and influence of high dielectric constant solution

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Ishii, Katsunori

Proceedings of 11th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-11) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2018/11

Mixed uranium oxide and plutonium oxide powder is produced from uranyl nitrate and plutonium nitrate mixed solution by the microwave heating denitration method in the spent fuel reprocessing process. Since the microwave heating method is accompanied by a boiling phenomenon, it is necessary to fully grasp the operating conditions in order to avoid flashing and spilling in the mass production of denitrification technology for the future. In this research, it was clarified that the heat transfer coefficient became lower as the dielectric constant increased. The dominant factor of the blowing up phenomena is supposed to be generation of the innumerable bubble rather than bubble's growth.

Journal Articles

Development of synthesis and morphology control method of metallic oxide particles using microwave heating

Segawa, Tomoomi

Funtai Kogaku Kaishi, 55(10), P. 547, 2018/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Mechanism of flashing phenomena induced by microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Ishii, Katsunori

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2018/07

Mixed uranium oxide and plutonium oxide powder is produced from uranyl nitrate and plutonium nitrate mixed solution by the microwave heating denitration method in the spent fuel reprocessing process. Since the microwave heating method is accompanied by a boiling phenomenon, it is necessary to fully grasp the operating conditions in order to avoid flashing and spilling in the mass production of denitrification technology for the future. In this research, it was confirmed that a potassium chloride aqueous solution as a simulant of uranyl nitrate aqueous solution with high dielectric loss cause loss of microwave at the solution surface as the dielectric loss increased with the increase of KCl concentration by experimental and electromagnetic field analysis, and revealed that the change in the heating condition affects the generation of flushing.

Journal Articles

Flushing phenomena and flow structure by microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Chonan, Fuminori*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Yamaki, Tatsunori*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2017/07

From the observation results, in the process of flushing, the behaviors leading to flushing were classified divided into three types. First type is that first generation bubble from heating leads to flushing. Second type is that nucleate boiling continues during heating and stop, finally single bubble generates and leads to flushing. Third type is defined that gradual evaporation occurs without bubbles. It was revealed that the total quantities of heat released by flushing are approximately equal when assuming the flushing mechanism, it can be triggered that a large amount of micro bubbles are instantaneously generated and grew.

Journal Articles

Validation of measured microwave absorption and temperature change for development of a single-mode-type microwave heating thermogravimetry apparatus

Karisma, A. D.*; Hamaba, Taishu*; Fukasawa, Tomonori*; Huang, A.-N.*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Fukui, Kunihiro*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 88(2), p.024101_1 - 024101_8, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:87(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Microwave heating direct denitration method is used in the nuclear fuel reprocessing process. In order to develop a single-mode-type microwave heating thermogravimetry apparatus which can perform detailed analysis of the characteristics of microwave heating, the temperature dependence of microwave absorption is verified. The temperature distribution, microwave absorption efficiency, and dielectric properties of a CuO pellet that was heated by the microwave irradiation were investigated. The temperature distribution in the CuO pellet due to one-way travel of the microwave in the apparatus was accurately reproduced by a three-dimensional numerical simulation of the electromagnetic field. The numerically determined temperature dependency of the CuO absorption efficiency was found to be in very good agreement with published data.

Journal Articles

Influence of the heating method on the particle characteristics of copper oxide powders synthesized from copper nitrate aqueous solutions

Segawa, Tomoomi; Fukasawa, Tomonori*; Huang, A.-N.*; Yamada, Yoshikazu; Suzuki, Masahiro; Fukui, Kunihiro*

Chemical Engineering Science, 153, p.108 - 116, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:76.66(Engineering, Chemical)

The influence of the heating method and rate on the morphology of CuO powders synthesized from Cu(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$$$cdot$$3H$$_{2}$$O aqueous solutions by denitration was investigated. The median diameter of the obtained powder was found to decrease as the heating rate increased, independent of the heating method. The microwave heating method remarkably reduced the particle size and enhanced the irregularity and disorder of the shape and surface of the particles, which were found to be more widely distributed. In contrast, the microwave hybrid heating method yielded the most spherical particles with the smoothest surface. It was also found that this heating method sharpened the particle size distribution and had higher energy efficiency than the MW method. Numerical simulations also indicated a difference in the energy efficiency between these two methods. The simulations also revealed that the hybrid method could heat the whole reactor more uniformly with a lower microwave output.

Journal Articles

Nickel oxide powder synthesis from aqueous solution of nickel nitrate hexahydrate by a microwave denitration method

Segawa, Tomoomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Ishii, Katsunori; Suzuki, Masahiro; Arimitsu, Naoki*; Yoshida, Hideto*; Fukui, Kunihiro*

Advanced Powder Technology, 26(3), p.983 - 990, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:80.72(Engineering, Chemical)

Denitration of the aqueous solution of nickel nitrate hexahydrate (Ni(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$$$cdot$$6H$$_{2}$$O) by a microwave heating method was investigated. Since Ni(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$$$cdot$$6H$$_{2}$$O aqueous solution cannot be heated to over 300 $$^{circ}$$C by microwave irradiation owing to the low microwave absorptivity of its intermediate, NiO could not previously be obtained by microwave heating. We propose a novel NiO synthesis method that uses microwave heating without the risk of chemical contamination. A NiO powder reagent was added to the solution as a microwave acceptor. The denitration efficiency to NiO could be improved by an adiabator around the reactor to increase the temperature homogeneity in the reactor. Numerical simulations also reveal that the use of the adiabator results in remarkable changes in the electromagnetic field distribution in the reactor, temperature inhomogeneity decreases.

Journal Articles

Mechanism of synthesis of metallic oxide powder from aqueous metallic nitrate solution by microwave denitration method

Fukui, Kunihiro*; Igawa, Yusuke*; Arimitsu, Naoki*; Suzuki, Masahiro; Segawa, Tomoomi; Fujii, Kanichi*; Yamamoto, Tetsuya*; Yoshida, Hideto*

Chemical Engineering Journal, 211-212, p.1 - 8, 2012/11

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:50.78(Engineering, Environmental)

The process for synthesizing metallic oxide powders by the microwave denitration method was investigated using hexahydrated nickel nitrate and trihydrated copper nitrate aqueous solutions, and the electrical field and the temperature distributions in the reactor were numerically simulated. Although CuO powder can be obtained from a trihydrated copper nitrate aqueous solution by the microwave denitration method, a hexahydrated nickel nitrate aqueous solution cannot be heated up to over 270 $$^{circ}$$C by microwave irradiation. It was also found that the reaction routes for microwave heating are the same as those for conventional external heating. This finding indicates that the success of producing oxide particles by microwave denitration depends not only on the microwave absorptivity of the intermediate and the metallic oxide, but also on the temperature difference.

JAEA Reports

None

; Yasu, Takami; ;

PNC-TN8410 97-107, 53 Pages, 1997/05

PNC-TN8410-97-107.pdf:1.27MB

None

JAEA Reports

None

Ouchi, Jin; ;

PNC-TN8440 95-044, 148 Pages, 1995/10

PNC-TN8440-95-044.pdf:6.06MB

None

JAEA Reports

Pyrolysis and Melt Solidification Test of $$beta$$$$gamma$$ Solid Wastes by Microwave Heating

; *; ; ; ; ; *; *

JAERI-M 84-001, 76 Pages, 1984/02

JAERI-M-84-001.pdf:3.16MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Effect of dielectric characteristics on transient boiling phenomena induced by microwave heating

Yamaki, Tatsunori*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Kanagawa, Tetsuya*; Kitazawa, Toshihide*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Yamada, Yoshikazu

no journal, , 

For practical application of high-volume production of microwave heating denitration method, it is required to avoid the transient boiling phenomena of overflow and flushing during microwave heating and to optimize the design condition of vessel shape and microwave outpot. The boiling phenomena and flow structure of KCl aqueous solution by microwave heating were measured with the KCl concentration as a parameter. Flushing phenomena does not become difficult to occur and flow structure becomes disordered to be created the vortex structure according to increase of the KCl concentration. From the results of measuring the temperature distribution of side cross-section surface of the KCl jelly, near the center is mainly heated in the case of the water jelly. On the other hand, around the jelly is mainly heated in the KCl jelly. It is clarified that the generation condition of flushing and the boiling phenomena are significantly influenced by the difference of water and KCl solution.

Oral presentation

Criteria and mechanism of transient boiling phenomena induced by microwave heating

Yamaki, Tatsunori*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Kanagawa, Tetsuya*; Kitazawa, Toshihide*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Kawaguchi, Koichi; Yamada, Yoshikazu

no journal, , 

A mixed solution of uranyl nitrate and plutonium nitrate recovered from the spent fuel is converted directly to mixed oxide (MOX) powder in the microwave heating de-nitration process of the reprocessing plant. This research aimed at elucidating occurrence criteria and mechanism of flushing phenomena in order to avoid transient boiling phenomena such as overflow and flushing, and understand optimal design conditions. Flushing conditions were clarified by evaluating the correlation between absorbed power in the distilled water and released power by evaporation.

Oral presentation

Development of the thermogravimetric analysis unit using microwave heating and its application

Hamaba, Taishu*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Fukasawa, Tomonori*; Yoshida, Hideto*; Fukui, Kunihiro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Influence of the height of support on the convection behavior and heating efficiency under microwave heating

Chonan, Fuminori*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Kanagawa, Tetsuya*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Mechanism of flushing phenomena induced by microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Chonan, Fuminori*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Yamaki, Tatsunori*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Characteristics of heating and microwave under microwave heating

Chonan, Fuminori*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Kanagawa, Tetsuya*; Fujita, Shunya*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Heating characteristics of high dielectric solution by microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Yamada, Yoshikazu

no journal, , 

A mixed solution of uranyl nitrate and plutonium nitrate is converted to MOX raw powder by the microwave heating de-nitration method in nuclear fuel reprocessing. Since the microwave heating causes a boiling phenomenon, it is necessary to sufficiently confirm operating conditions to prevent flushing and overflow phenomena of solution, and it is necessary to evaluate the influence of the dielectric property of the object on the microwave heating characteristics and to optimize the equipment and operating conditions. In this study, the visualization observation using a potassium chloride aqueous solution and agar as a high dielectric constant solution and evaluation of a heating portion, and the electromagnetic field analysis are performed for the purpose of evaluating the influence of the dielectric constant of the material and the installation position on microwave heating characteristics.

Oral presentation

Mechanism of flashing phenomena in microwave heating

Fujita, Shunya*; Abe, Yutaka*; Kaneko, Akiko*; Yuasa, Tomohisa*; Segawa, Tomoomi; Yamada, Yoshikazu; Kato, Yoshiyuki; Ishii, Katsunori

no journal, , 

Mixed uranium oxide and plutonium oxide (MOX) powder is produced from uranyl nitrate and plutonium nitrate mixed solution by the microwave heating denitration method in the spent fuel reprocessing process. Since the MH method is accompanied by a boiling phenomenon, it is necessary to fully grasp the operating conditions in order to avoid flashing and spilling in the mass production of denitrification technology for the future. In this research, for the purpose of clarifying the mechanism of flashing phenomenon during microwave heating, the generation mechanism of bubbles that innumerably occur at the time of flashing is considered. When the contact angle at the heterogeneous nucleation of bubbles was 177 $$^{circ}$$C, the theoretical value of the heterogeneous nucleation approximately agreed with the experimental value at the time the superheat degree was found to be close to 35 $$^{circ}$$C.

28 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)