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Journal Articles

Development of simulation-based evaluation system for iterative design of human-machine interface in a nuclear power plant; Application for reducing workload

Fumizawa, Motoo; Kameda, Atsuyuki*; Nakagawa, Takashi*; Wu, W.*; Yoshikawa, Hidekazu*

Nuclear Technology, 141(1), p.78 - 87, 2003/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:71.8(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Analyse on the BFS critical experiments; An analysis on the BFS-62-1 assembly

; Iwai, Takehiko*;

JNC-TN9400 2000-098, 182 Pages, 2000/07

JNC-TN9400-2000-098.pdf:5.74MB

In order to support the Russian excess weapons plutonium disposition, the international collaboration has been started between Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) and Russian Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE). In the frame of the collaboration, JNC has carried out analyses on the BFS-62 assemblies that are constructed in the fast reactor critical experimental facility BFS-2 of IPPE. This report summarizes an experimental analysis on the BFS-62-1 assembly, which is the first core of the BFS-62 series. The core contains the enriched U0$$_{2}$$ fuel surrounded by the U0$$_{2}$$ blanket. The standard analytical method for fast reactors has been applied, which was used for the JUPITER and other experimental analyses. Due to the lack of the analytical data the 2D RZ core calculation was mainly used. The 3D XYZ core calculation was applied only for the preliminary evaluation. Further in terms of the utilization of the BFS experimental analysis data for the standard data base for FBR core design, consistency evaluation with JUPITER experimental analysis data has been performed using the cross-section adjustment method. As the result of analyses, good agreement was obtained between calculations and experiments for the criticality and the reaction rate ratio. However, it was found that accurate evaluation of the reaction rate distribution was impossible without exact consideration of the arrangement of the two types of sodium (with and without hydrogen impurity), which can be accommodated by the 3D core analysis, thus it was essentia1. In addition, it was clarifie that there was a room for an improvement of the result on the reaction rate distribution in the blanket and shielding regions. The application of the 3D core calculation improved the result on the control rod worth because 3D core model can more exactly consider the shape of the control rod. Furthermore it was judged that the result of the analysis on the sodium void reactivity .....

JAEA Reports

Report on neutronic design calculational methods

; *; *; *

JNC-TN8410 2000-011, 185 Pages, 2000/05

JNC-TN8410-2000-011.pdf:4.67MB

This report describes the neutronic design calculational methods used in Fuel Design and Evaluation Group in order to inform other related sections of FBR core analysis technology and hand down the technology. Especially we show the neutronics calculation procedures used for the conceptual design study of the advanced core with 127 pin bundle for MONJU that has been carried out in our group. The topics include effective cross section preparation calculations, two-dimensional depletion calculations, three-dimensional diffusion calculations, reactivity coefficient calculations, and control rod worth calculations. The calculational methods shown in this report are the standard neutronics calculation methods employed in our group at the moment. However, the improvement of calculation codes, the reduction of correction factors and uncertainties for design using the nuclear data obtained in the start-up test for MONJU and so on, and the update of nuclear data file will be planned in order to improve evaluation accuracies. Those may change the neutronic design calculational methods, but we decided to describe the present standard calculational methods in our group from the viewpoint of sharing information in JNC.

JAEA Reports

Hydrogen and tritium behaviour in Monju; Validation of an analysis code for tritium transport in fast reactor system, TTT, and estimation for Monju full power operation in future

;

JNC-TN4400 99-002, 192 Pages, 1999/03

JNC-TN4400-99-002.pdf:7.27MB

The tritium transport analysis code, TTT, has been validated using data from the low power test of Monju, and then its behaviour at along term full power operation of Monju in future has been estimated, when the estimated transport and distribution of tritium in the reactor system has been also compared with the result in Joyo and Phenix, which had been already experienced long term operations. The TTT code had been develpped using the tiritium and hydrogen transport model proposed by R. Kumar, ANL, and had been applied to the evaluation in Monju design work. After then, futhermore, the code has been improved using the data from long term operation of Joyo with MK-II core, and in this work the code has been validated for the first time for Monju data. The results from this work are as follows; (1)Comparison of the best fitted tritium source rates from cores in Joyo, Phenix and Monju makes an estimation of the major source from control rods, (2)The calculated tritium concentration in each medium for cooling and its change is a reasonable agreement to the measured, C/E=1.1, (3)The cover gas transport model cosidering isotopic exchange of H and H$$^{3}$$ can reproduce reasonably the measured concentration distirbution of tritium in sodium and cover gas, (4)The tritium concentration in secondary sodium of Monju was about l/50 times as much as the primary one, which shows the acceraration effect on cold tarapping of tritium due to coprecipitation with permeated hydrogen through Evaporater (EV) heat conduction tube walls. The tritium cold trapping efficiency was estimated to be 1 for coprecipitation with hydrogen and 0.3 for isotopic exchange, respectively, (5)Tritium transport and distribution for along term full power operation of Monju in future was estimated, which could involve a excess factor to 4 at the maximum. The tritium concentration in sodium and Steam Generator (SG) water will be substantially saturated after somthing like 10 years full power operation, ...

JAEA Reports

None

*; *

JNC-TJ8440 99-003, 156 Pages, 1999/03

JNC-TJ8440-99-003.pdf:2.72MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Effective multiplication factor measurement by Feynman-$alpha method (3)

Mori, Tomoaki;

PNC-TN9410 98-056, 72 Pages, 1998/06

PNC-TN9410-98-056.pdf:1.98MB

The sub-criticality monitoring system has been developed for criticality safety control in nuclear fuel handling plants. In the past experiments performed with the Deuterium Critical Assembly(DCA), it was confirmed that the detection of sub-criticality was possible to k$$_{eff}$$=0.3. To investigate the applicability of the method to more generalized system, experiments were performed in the light-water-moderated system of the modified DCA core. From these experiments, it was confirmed that the prompt decay constant($$alpha$$), which was a index of the sub-criticality, was detected between k$$_{eff}$$=0.623 and k$$_{eff}$$ 0.870 and the difference of 0.05$$sim$$0.1$$Delta$$k could be distinguished. The $$alpha$$ values were numerically calculated with 2D transport code TWODANT and monte carlo code KENO V.a, and the results were compared with the measured values. The differences between calculated and measured values were proved to be less than 13%, which was sufficient accuracy in the sub-criticality monitoring system. It was confirmed that Feynman-$$alpha$$ method was applicable to sub-critical measurement of the light-water-moderated system.

JAEA Reports

Development of an intense positron source(II); An adaptive estimate of a superconducting Magnet for a positron focusing device

; *; *; *; ; *; *

PNC-TN9410 98-053, 43 Pages, 1998/04

PNC-TN9410-98-053.pdf:3.62MB

In the Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation (PNC), the following are examined as part of an application technology using a high power electron linac : monochromatic gamma ray sources, free electron lasers, and intense positron sources. This report describes an adaptive estimate of a superconducting magnet in order to efficiently converge a positron beam for the development of an intense positron source. By comparing the intensity of a positron beam using a superconducting magnet with a normal conducting magnet, the intensity obtained was more than double. In addition, a small magnet was manufactured in order to examine the characteristics of the superconducting magnet as a solenoid coil. An excitement test was carried out with rated current. As a result of measuring the maximum magnetic field on the central axis, we achieved 5.6 Tesla, which was the designed value. Therefore, it was confirmed to function as a focusing device, when the superconducting magnet was used to converge the positron beam.

JAEA Reports

None

PNC-TJ1612 98-001, 77 Pages, 1998/03

PNC-TJ1612-98-001.pdf:2.42MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Installation of aerosol behavior model into multi-dimensional thermaI hydraulic analysis code AQUA

; Yamaguchi, Akira

PNC-TN9410 98-028, 33 Pages, 1997/12

PNC-TN9410-98-028.pdf:0.93MB

The safety analysis of FBR plant system for sodium leak phenomena needs to evaluate the deposition of the aerosol particle to the components in the plant, the chemical reaction of aerosol to humidity in the air and the effect of the combustion heat through aerosol to the structural component. For this purpose, ABC-INTG (Aerosol Behavior in Containment-INTeGrated Version) code has been developed and used until now. This code calculates aerosol behavior in the gas area of uniform temperature and pressure by 1 cell-model. Later, however, more detailed calculation of aerosol behavior requires the installation of aerosol model into multi-cell thermal hydraulic analysis code AQUA. AQUA can calculate the carrier gas flow, temperature and the distribution of the aerosol spatial concentration. On the other hand, ABC-INTG can calculate the generation, deposition to the wall and flower, agglomeration of aerosol particle and figure out the distribution of the aerosol particle size. Thus, the combination of these two codes enables to deal with aerosol model coupling the distribution of the aerosol spatial concentration and that of the aerosol particle size. AQUA and ABC-INTG were developed separately, therefore, several subroutine were modified and composed. Especially, the interface program which exchanges data between these two codes is important to execute transient calculation. This report describes aerosol behavior model, how to install the aerosol model to AQUA and new subroutine equipped to the code. Furthermore, the test calculations of the simple structural model were executed by this code, appropriate results were obtained. Thus, this code has prospect to predict aerosol behavior by the introduction of coupling analysis with multi-dimensional gas thermo-dynamics for sodium combustion evaluation.

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of nuclear characteristics of DCA modification core for sub-critica1 measurement

Hazama, Taira

PNC-TN9410 97-088, 139 Pages, 1997/10

PNC-TN9410-97-088.pdf:3.01MB

Critical experiments were carried out on Deuterium Critical Assembly (DCA) modification core. DCA modification core has two regions, that is, test region and driver region. The test region consists of various types of fuel and moderator, while the driver region remains the same as the original DCA core (ATR simulated core). Critical characteristics were measured with various types of core patterns and were compared with calculated values based on SCALE code system. Monte calro code KENO was found to be very accurate in the core analysis. The accuracy stays below 0.5 %dk/k in keff even if core configulation is extremely complicated.

JAEA Reports

None

*; *; ; *; *; Ito, Kenji

PNC-TJ2164 97-004, 38 Pages, 1997/10

PNC-TJ2164-97-004.pdf:3.34MB

JAEA Reports

None

Yamaguchi, Takashi

PNC-TN1410 97-027, 12 Pages, 1997/08

PNC-TN1410-97-027.pdf:0.25MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Postirradiation examination of JOYO MK-II control rods; Irradiation performance of absorber pins

Maruyama, Tadashi; ; ; Onose, Shoji;

PNC-TN9410 97-077, 177 Pages, 1997/07

PNC-TN9410-97-077.pdf:9.84MB

Postirradiation examinations of JOYO MK-II control rods have been carried out since 1983, where 16 subassemblies with total 110 absorber pins of initial load to the fifth reload control rods have been subjected to a number of both non-destructive and destructive examinations. In the course of postirradiation examinations, a cracking of cladding tube was found in the total 15 absorber pins in five control assemblies. This paper indicates the results of postirradiation examinations and analysis of absorber pin performance using CORAL code to elucidate the cause of absorber pin cracking in JOYO MK-II control rods. No crack was found in absorber pins whose maximum burnup was lower than 39 $$times$$ 10$$^{26}$$ cap/m$$^{3}$$, whereas all the cracked pins had burnup of higher than 43 $$times$$ 10$$^{26}$$ cap/m$$^{3}$$ with the initial gap between B$$_{4}$$C pellet and cladding larger than 0.44 mm. The cracks were found at around positions corresponding to the lowest B$$_{4}$$C pellet in the stack. The ceramography analysis indicated that B$$_{4}$$C pellet exhibited extensive cracking and a part of gap between pellet and cladding closed. The cladding deformation had an ovality and the cracks tended to occur at the shorter diameter side. The cracked surface of absorber pin was of a typical grain boundary fracture. The result of He analysis for the cladding material indicated a substantial amount of He accumulation at the inner surface of cladding, but the bulk He content was not anomalously high compared with those in the neutron irradiated stainless steels. TEM observation indicated He bubbles was not clearly found in the as-irradiated cladding material. The cause of cladding failure was attributed to the ACMI where the gap closure due to relocation of B$$_{4}$$C pellet took place from early times of irradiation. The code analysis by CORAL indicated that the cladding strain due to ACMI was not fully absorbed by the irradiation creep and that the plastic strain became large enough to ...

JAEA Reports

Development and the results for the control rods in MK-II core of experimental fast reactor JOYO

; ; Soga, Tomonori

PNC-TN9410 97-068, 113 Pages, 1997/07

PNC-TN9410-97-068.pdf:3.97MB

Since the first control rod design for the Joyo Mk-II core (about twenty years ago), there have been several challenging improvements; for example, a helium venting mechanism and a flow induced vibration prevention mechanism. Forty-four control rods with these various modifications have been fabricated. To date, thirty-four have been irradiated and the sixteen have been examined, This experience and effort has produced fruitful results: (1)Efficiency and reliability of the diving-bell type Helium venting mechanism (2)Efficiency of the flow induced vibration prevention mechanism (3)Efficiency of the improvement for scram damping mechanism (4)Clarification of absorvber-pellet-cladding-mechanical-interaction (ACMI)phenomena and preventive methods The fourth result listed above has been a subject of investigation for fifteen years in several countries, that is a main phenomena to dominate control rod life time. The results of this investigation of ACMI in absorber elements are summarized below: (a)In five of Joyo Mk-II control rods, cladding cracks were found in fifteen of the elements. These cracks were caused by a acceleration ACMI, due to B$$_{4}$$C fragments relocation. They occurred over a wide burnup range from 5E+26 Cap./m$$^{3}$$ to 45E+26Cap./m$$^{3}$$ in a nearly typical provability distribution. The cladding cracked because of its low ductility (approximately 1/4 lower than the uniform elongation of usual tensile testing for irradiated 316SS cladding) due to neutron irradiation and the ultra slow ACMI induced strain rate. (b)In this case the crack growth rate is extremely slow and the ACMI induced cracking in absorber elements do not influence either the reactor or plant operations. It is on this basis that a strict limitation to avoid the cladding crack is not necessary. According1y, it is suggested that a realistic design standard should consider the ACMI phenomena and the burnup limit be based on the nominal base calculation for average plastic strain use ...

JAEA Reports

None

Yamaguchi, Takashi

PNC-TN1410 97-026, 16 Pages, 1997/07

PNC-TN1410-97-026.pdf:0.29MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Core characteristics on a hybrid type fast reactor system combined with proton accelerator

;

PNC-TN9410 97-064, 42 Pages, 1997/06

PNC-TN9410-97-064.pdf:0.96MB

In our study on a hyblid fast reactor system, we have investigated it from the view point of transmutation ability of trans-uranium (TRU) nuclide making the most effective use of special features (controllability, hard neutron spectrum) of the system. It is proved that a proton beam is superior in generation of neutrons compared with an electron beam. Therefore a proton accelerator using spallation reaction with a target nucleous has an advantage to transmutation of TRU than an electron one. A fast reactor is expected to primarily have a merit that the reactor can be operated for a long temrm without employment of highly enriched plutonium fuel by using external neutron source such as the proton accelerator. Namely, the system has a desirable characteristic of being possible to self-sustained fissile plutonium. Consequently in the present report, core characteristics of the system were roughly studied by analyses using 2D-BURN code. The possibility of self-sustained fuel was investigated from the burnup and neutronic calculation in a cylindrical core with 300w/cc of power density without considering a target material region for the accelerator. For a reference core of which the height and the radius are both 100cm, there is a fair prospect that a long term reactor operation is possible with subsequent refueling of natural uranium, if the medium enriched (around 10wt%) uranium or plutonium fuels are fully loaded in the initial core. More precise analyses will be planed in a later fiscal year.

JAEA Reports

Pu Vector Sensitivity Study for a Pu Burning Fast Reactor Part II:Rod Worth Assessment and Design Optimization

Hunter

PNC-TN9410 97-057, 106 Pages, 1997/05

PNC-TN9410-97-057.pdf:2.99MB

This study was based on a 'pancake' type fast reactor core design of 600 MW(e), which had been optimized for Pu burning with a feed Pu vector appropriate to once-through irradiation of MOX fuel in a PWR. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of varying the Pu vector, examining various methods of offsetting the effects of such a change, and finally to produce fuel cycles optimized for the different qualities of Pu vector within the same basic design. In addition to the reference (once-through) Pu vector, two extreme Pu vectors were examined: high quality Pu from military stockpiles; low quality Pu corresponding to the equilibrium point of multiple recycling in a Pu burning fast reactor. Variations in Pu quality were overcome by changing the fuel inventory - replacing some of the fuel by diluent material, and altering the fuel pin size. Using absorber material ($$^{10}$$B$$_{4}$$C) as diluent improves the rod worth shutdown margin but degrades the Na void and Doppler safety parameters, a non-absorber diluent has the opposite effects, so a mix of the 2 material types was used to optimize the core characteristics. Of the non-absorber diluent materials examined, ZrH gave significantly better performance than all others; $$^{11}$$B$$_{4}$$C was the second choice for non-absorber diluent, because of its compatibility with $$^{10}$$B$$_{4}$$C absorber. It was not possible to accommodate the lower quality (multi-recycled) Pu vector without a significant increase in the fuel pin volume. It was not generally possible, especially with the increased fuel pin size, to achieve positive rod worth shutdown margins - this was overcome by increasing the number of control rods. For the higher quality Pu vectors to maintain ratings within limits, it was necessary to adopt hollow fuel pellets, or else to use the diluent material as an inert matrix in the fuel pellets. It proved possible to accommodate both extremes of Pu vector within a single basic design, maintaining ...

JAEA Reports

Performance evaluation on reactor power control by H$$^{infty}$$ controller with gain scaling

Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Suzuki, Katsuo

JAERI-Research 97-038, 17 Pages, 1997/05

JAERI-Research-97-038.pdf:0.56MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

None

PNC-TJ1612 97-001, 69 Pages, 1997/03

PNC-TJ1612-97-001.pdf:2.25MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

None

*; *; *

PNC-TJ1409 97-013, 47 Pages, 1997/03

PNC-TJ1409-97-013.pdf:1.1MB

no abstracts in English

58 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)