検索対象:     
報告書番号:
※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
 年
検索結果: 21 件中 1件目~20件目を表示

発表形式

Initialising ...

選択項目を絞り込む

掲載資料名

Initialising ...

発表会議名

Initialising ...

筆頭著者名

Initialising ...

キーワード

Initialising ...

使用言語

Initialising ...

発行年

Initialising ...

開催年

Initialising ...

選択した検索結果をダウンロード

論文

Validation of the multinucleon transfer method for the determination of the fission barrier height

Kean, K. R.; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Vermeulen, M. J.; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Andreyev, A.; Tsekhanovich, I.*; 千葉 敏*

Physical Review C, 100(1), p.014611_1 - 014611_6, 2019/07

The validity of the multinucleon transfer (MNT) approach for deduction of fission barrier heights was investigated in an experiment carried out at the JAEA tandem accelerator facility. By using the $$^{18}$$O+$$^{237}$$Np reaction, fission barrier heights were inferred from fission probabilities of the nuclei $$^{239}$$Np and $$^{239,240}$$Pu produced in the $$2n$$ and $$pn/p2n$$ transfer channels, respectively. The deduced values of fission barriers agree well with the literature data, thus demonstrating the potential of the MNT reactions for obtaining fission-barrier data for nuclei not accessible for fission studies via neutron- or light charged particle-induced reactions.

論文

Nuclear fission; A Review of experimental advances and phenomenology

Andreyev, A.; 西尾 勝久; Schmidt, K.-H.*

Reports on Progress in Physics, 81(1), p.016301_1 - 016301_61, 2018/01

 被引用回数:20 パーセンタイル:4.68(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In the last two decades, through technological, experimental and theoretical advances, the situation in experimental fission studies has changed dramatically. With the use of advanced production and detection techniques both much more detailed and precise information can now be obtained for the traditional regions of fission research and, crucially, new regions of nuclei have become routinely accessible for fission studies. This work first of all reviews the recent developments in experimental fission techniques, in particular the resurgence of transfer-induced fission reactions with light and heavy ions, the emerging use of inverse-kinematic approaches, both at Coulomb and relativistic energies, and of fission studies with radioactive beams. The emphasis on the fission-fragment mass and charge distributions will be made in this work, though some of the other fission observables, such as prompt neutron and $$gamma$$-ray emission will also be reviewed. The review will conclude with the discussion of the new experimental fission facilities which are presently being brought into operation, along with promising "next-generation" fission approaches, which might become available within the next decade.

論文

核データ研究の最前線; たゆまざる真値の追及、そして新たなニーズへ応える為に,3; 核分裂データの最前線; 実験と理論

西尾 勝久; 千葉 敏*

日本原子力学会誌, 59(12), p.717 - 721, 2017/12

核分裂は原子力エネルギー利用の基礎となる現象であるが、その複雑さのため質および量ともに限られた実験データを現象論によって記述し、核データとして利用されるにとどまっていた。近年、新規の実験技術確立に加え高性能計算機を活かした理論計算に大きな進展があったので、最新成果を見ながら議論する。

論文

Role of multichance fission in the description of fission-fragment mass distributions at high energies

廣瀬 健太郎; 西尾 勝久; 田中 翔也*; L$'e$guillon, R.*; 牧井 宏之; 西中 一朗*; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Smallcombe, J.*; Vermeulen, M. J.; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 119(22), p.222501_1 - 222501_6, 2017/12

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:11.2(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

JAEAタンデム加速器施設で行った$$^{18}$$O+$$^{238}$$U反応における多核子移行チャンネルを用いた実験により、$$^{237-240}$$U, $$^{239-242}$$Np、および$$^{241-244}$$Puの核分裂質量分布を励起エネルギー10$$sim$$60MeVにおいて測定した。これらのうち、$$^{240}$$U, $$^{240,241,242}$$Npのデータは本実験により初めて観測された。原子核の殻効果の減衰によって対称分裂すると予想されていた高励起エネルギーにおいても、質量分布が非対称を示すことがわかった。搖動散逸定理に基づく動力学モデル計算との比較から、この振る舞いはマルチチャンス核分裂によるものであることを明らかにした。

論文

Study of fission using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; Vermeulen, M. J.; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; 浅井 雅人; 豊嶋 厚史; 佐藤 哲也; 永目 諭一郎; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 163, p.00041_1 - 00041_6, 2017/11

 パーセンタイル:100

We are promoting a study of fission using multi-nucleon transfer (MNT) reactions, where excited states in neutron-rich actinide nuclei, which cannot be accessed by particle capture and/or fusion reactions, are populated. Also, the excited states in the fissioning nucleus are widely populated by the MNT reactions, from which effects of excitation energy on fission properties can be investigated. Experiments were carried out at the JAEA tandem facility in Tokai, Japan. We studied reactions using the $$^{18}$$O beam and several actinide target nuclei such as $$^{232}$$Th, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{248}$$Cm. Ejectile nucleus was identified by a silicon $$Delta$$E-E telescope to identify transfer channel and hence the compound nucleus. Fission fragments were detected by multi-wire proportional counters, and fission fragment mass distributions (FFMDs) were measured for each isotope. Measured FFMDs are reproduced by a calculation based on the fluctuation-dissipation model, and importance of multi-chance fission concept is investigated. Fission fragment angular distribution relative to the recoil direction suggested the increase of the spin of the fissioning nucleus with the number of transferred nucleons.

論文

Experimental fission study using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; L$'e$guillon, R.*; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Smallcombe, J.*; 千葉 敏*; 有友 嘉浩*; 田中 翔也*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.04009_1 - 04009_6, 2017/09

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:4.05

The objective of this work is to extend fission data for actinide nuclei not investigated so far in order to understand the fission mechanism, especially for neutron-rich nuclei. Multi-nucleon transfer reactions were used to populate the compound nuclei which cannot be accessed by particle capture or fusion reactions. The experiment was carried out at the tandem facility of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. In the multi-nucleon transfer reactions using $$^{18}$$O beam, a wide variety of nuclei around a target nucleus was produced. By identifying transfer channels, fission data of nuclei more than fifteen compound nuclei were generated in one experiment. Another feature of transfer reaction is that the excitation energies of a compound nucleus can be populated continuously from the ground state up to several tens MeV, allowing us to study the excitation energy dependence of fission properties. From the excitation function of fission probabilities, fission-barrier heights of neutron-rich actinide nuclei were obtained. Experiments were carried out in the reactions of $$^{18}$$O + $$^{238}$$U, $$^{232}$$Th, $$^{248}$$Cm, $$^{237}$$Np. The obtained fission fragment mass distributions were reproduced by a model calculation based on a fluctuation dissipation model.

論文

Observation of new neutron-deficient isotopes with Z$$ge$$92 in multinucleon transfer reactions

Devaraja, H. M.*; Heinz, S.*; Beliuskina, O.*; Comas, V. F.*; Hofmann, S.*; Hornung, C.*; M$"u$nzenberg, G.*; 西尾 勝久; Ackermann, D.*; Gambhir, Y. K.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 748, p.199 - 203, 2015/09

AA2015-0304.pdf:0.78MB

 被引用回数:25 パーセンタイル:6.41(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

In deep inelastic multinucleon transfer reactions of $$^{48}$$Ca +$$^{248}$$Cm we observed about 100 residual nuclei with proton numbers between Z =82 and Z =100. Among them, there are five new neutron-deficient isotopes: $$^{216}$$U, $$^{219}$$Np, $$^{223}$$Am, $$^{229}$$Am and $$^{233}$$Bk. As separator for the transfer products we used the velocity filter SHIP of GSI while the isotope identification was performed via the $$alpha$$-decay chains of the nuclei. These first results reveal that multinucleon transfer reactions together with here applied fast and sensitive separation and detection techniques are promising for the synthesis of new isotopes in the region of heaviest nuclei.

口頭

Study for fission using multi-nucleon transfer reaction

西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; L$'e$guillon, R.; 牧井 宏之; 西中 一朗; Orlandi, R.; Smallcombe, J.; 千葉 敏*; 荒木 祥平*; 渡辺 幸信*; et al.

no journal, , 

We report the recent development for the fission study using multi-nucleon transfer reaction at the JAEA tandem facility. Using multi-nucleon transfer reaction, neutron-rich nuclei can be produced, which cannot be accessed by fusion-reaction, and several nuclei populated by different transfer channels can be studied in one experiment. Another feature of transfer reaction is that the excitation energy of a compound nucleus is populated from the ground state up to several tens MeV, thus the excitation energy dependence of the fission properties can be obtained. We have carried out experiments in the reactions of $$^{18}$$O + $$^{238}$$U and $$^{18}$$O + $$^{232}$$Th. Transfer channel and the excitation energy of compound nucleus were determined by using silicon $$Delta$$E-E detectors. Fission fragments were detected by position-sensitive multi-wire proportional counters. We obtained the fragment mass distributions from actinium to plutonium isotopes for 24 nuclei and their excitation energy dependence. Among them, fragment mass distributions for nine nuclei were obtained for the first time.

口頭

Fission study of actinide nuclei using multi-nucleon transfer reaction

西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; L$'e$guillon, R.; 牧井 宏之; 西中 一朗; Orlandi, R.; Smallcombe, J.; 千葉 敏*; 荒木 祥平*; 渡辺 幸信*; et al.

no journal, , 

Recent development of the fission study using multi-nucleon transfer reaction at the JAEA tandem facility will be presented. Using multi-nucleon transfer reaction, wide variety of nuclei around the target nucleus is produced. By identifying transfer channel, fission properties of several compound nuclei can be studied in one experiment. Another feature of transfer reaction is that excitation energy of a compound nucleus can be populated continuously from the ground state up to several tens MeV, allowing us to study the excitation energy dependence of fission properties. Experiments were carried out in the reactions of $$^{18}$$O + $$^{238}$$U and $$^{18}$$O + $$^{232}$$Th. Transfer channel and the excitation energy of the compound nucleus were determined by using silicon $$Delta$$E-E detectors. Fission fragments are detected by position-sensitive multi-wire proportional counters. Results for fission fragment mass distributions for more than 20 nuclei and their excitation energy dependence will be discussed.

口頭

In-beam fission study at JAEA

西尾 勝久

no journal, , 

In-beam fission study at the JAEA tandem facility is discussed. The first part in the presentation is the study for reaction mechanism of fusion-fission and quasifission in relation with heavy-element synthesis. Systematic measurement of fission-fragment mass distributions using $$^{238}$$U target nucleus have been carried out. With the help of a model calculation a method to determine the fusion probability is proposed. Recently, we developed a $$^{248}$$Cm target, and series of experiment involving $$^{248}$$Cm are planned to study fission for heavier elements. The second part of the presentation is the study for fission of neutron-rich nuclei. Multi-nuclear transfer reactions were used to populate wide variety of nuclei and their excited states. Langevin-type calculation was carried out to discuss the shell damping energy of the fissioning nuclei.

口頭

Fission study using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; L$'e$guillon, R.; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 西中 一朗; Smallcombe, J.; 千葉 敏*; 荒木 祥平*; 渡辺 幸信*; et al.

no journal, , 

A recent development for fission study using multi-nucleon transfer reactions at the JAEA tandem facility will be presented. Using multi-nucleon transfer reactions, a wide variety of nuclei including neutron-rich nuclei around a target nucleus is produced. By identifying a transfer channels, fission data of several compound nuclei can be studied in one experiment. Another feature of transfer reaction is that excitation energy of a compound nucleus can be populated continuously from the ground state up to several tens MeV, allowing us to study the excitation energy dependence of fission properties. The experiments were carried out in the reactions of $$^{18}$$O + $$^{238}$$U,$$^{232}$$Th,$$^{248}$$Cm. Results for fission fragment mass distributions and their excitation energy dependence are compared with a calculation based on a fluctuation dissipation model. Also, experimental data of prompt neutron multiplicity in fission and angular distribution of fission fragments will be discussed.

口頭

原子力機構における融合核分裂・準核分裂および多核子移行反応の実験研究

廣瀬 健太郎; 西尾 勝久; 西中 一朗; 牧井 宏之; 池添 博*; Orlandi, R.; L$'e$guillon, R.; 塚田 和明; 浅井 雅人; 永目 諭一郎; et al.

no journal, , 

原子核に重イオンを衝突させたとき、入射核が標的核から多数の核子を受け取り、複合核を形成せずに核分裂(準核分裂)する場合や、複合核を形成して核分裂(融合核分裂)する場合がある。これらを弁別する手法を確立するために、原子力機構タンデム加速器施設を使用し、準核分裂および融合核分裂のメカニズムを調べてきた。$$^{238}$$Uに種々の原子核を衝突させ、合成した複合核の核分裂質量分布を測定した。取得した質量分布を、動的計算と比較した結果、よい一致を得た。この理論では原子核のポテンシャル上を系がどのように時間発展していくかを追跡できるため、融合核分裂が全核分裂にしめる割合(融合確率)を計算できる。得られた融合確率により、重元素合成断面積の実験結果をよく再現できた。すなわち重イオン入射反応において系が複合核を形成するか否かを知るための手法を確立した。さらに我々は、多核子移行反応を用いた核分裂の研究を行っている。これまでに、$$^{232}$$Th, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{248}$$Cm標的に$$^{18}$$Oビームを照射し、広い核種・励起エネルギー領域で複合核を合成し、その核分裂における質量分布などを測定した。一度の測定で約20核種を合成できることが多核子移行反応の利点であり、その半数程度の核種の核分裂質量分布は本研究により初めて得られた。これまでに一部の核種では質量分布の測定結果を先の理論計算により再現できることを確認した。今後さらなる比較を行い、理論計算の改良・適用領域の拡大が期待できる。

口頭

Research activity at the JAEA tandem facility

西尾 勝久

no journal, , 

Research activities at the JAEA tandem facility will be presented. In the field of heavy-ion reactions, fusion-fission and quasifission have been studied for the synthesis of super-heavy elements. Setup for multi-nucleon transfer reactions to study fission of exotic nuclei will be discussed, which is also linked to atomic energy applications. Using the JAEA Recoil Mass Separator, we are trying to produce proton-rich N=Z nuclei beyond $$^{100}$$Sn in the fusion-evaporation reactions under the collaboration with ORNL, Tennessee, GSI, and University of York. Other activities using the JAEA ISOL and the magnetic spectrograph (ENMA) will be introduced.

口頭

Study for fission using multi-nucleon transfer reaction

西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; L$'e$guillon, R.; Orlandi, R.; 西中 一朗; Smallcombe, J.*; 千葉 敏; 荒木 祥平*; 渡辺 幸信*; 立澤 遼太郎*; et al.

no journal, , 

A recent development of fission study using multi-nucleon transfer reaction at the JAEA tandem facility will be presented. Using multi-nucleon transfer reactions, a wide variety of nuclei around a target nucleus is produced. By identifying transfer channels, fission data of several compound nuclei can be studied in one experiment. Another feature of transfer reaction is that excitation energy of a compound nucleus can be populated widely from the ground state up to several tens MeV, allowing us to study the excitation energy dependence of fission properties. The experiments were carried out in the reactions of $$^{18}$$O + $$^{238}$$U, $$^{232}$$Th, $$^{248}$$Cm. Results for fission fragment mass distributions and their excitation energy dependence are compared with a model calculation based on a fluctuation dissipation model. Also, experimental data of prompt neutron multiplicity in fission and angular distribution of fission fragments will be discussed.

口頭

Experimental study of fission using multinucleon transfer reactions

西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Vermeulen, M. J.; Andreyev, A.; 千葉 敏; Tsekhanovich, I.*; 大槻 勤*

no journal, , 

We are promoting a campaign to study multi-nucleon transfer reactions to populate excited states in neutron-rich actinide nuclei which cannot be accessed by particle capture and/or fusion reactions. Main purpose of this program is to study fission in new region of chart of nuclei. As a first step we studied reactions using the $$^{18}$$O beam ($$sim$$ 9 MeV/u) and actinide target nuclei such as $$^{238}$$U, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{248}$$Cm. The experiment was carried out at the tandem facility of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. Ejectile nuclei generated in the reaction were identified by a newly developed silicon $$Delta$$E-E detectors. Using this detector, clear separation of oxygen isotopes ($$^{16,17,18,19}$$O) was obtained as well as lighter element isotopes (Be, B, C, N). The number of produced nuclei amounted to more than fifteen in one reaction. Two fragments emitted in multi-nucleon transfer fission were detected by multi-wire proportional counters, and the fragment mass distributions were obtained for each isotopes. The measured FFMDs agreed with a calculation based on the fluctuation-dissipation model up to about excitation energy 30 MeV. Measurement of fission fragment angular distribution relative to the recoil direction suggested the increase of the spin with the number of transferred nucleons.

口頭

Study of fission using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

西尾 勝久

no journal, , 

We are promoting a study of fission using multi-nucleon transfer reactions, where excited states in neutron-rich actinide nuclei, which cannot be accessed by particle capture and/or fusion reactions, are populated. This allows us to study fission mechanism in the new region of chart of nuclei. Also, the excited states in the fissioning nucleus are widely populated by the multi-nucleon transfer reactions, from which effects of excitation energy on fission properties can be investigated. Experiments were carried out at the JAEA tandem facility in Tokai, Japan. We studied reactions using the $$^{18}$$O beam ($$sim$$ 9 MeV/u) and several actinide target nuclei such as $$^{232}$$Th, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{248}$$Cm. Ejectile nuclei were identified by a newly developed silicon $$Delta$$E-E detectors ($$Delta$$E = 75 $$mu$$m, E = 300 $$mu$$m). Clear separation of oxygen isotopes ($$^{16,17,18,19}$$O) was obtained as well as lighter element isotopes (Be, B, C, N). Number of produced nuclei reached to more than fifteen in a single measurement. Both fission fragments were detected by multi-wire proportional counters, and fission fragment mass distributions (FFMDs) were measured for each isotopes. The data allows us to obtain the systematic trends of FFMDs in detail. Measured FFMDs are reproduced by a calculation based on the fluctuation-dissipation model, from which the shell damping energy was determined.

口頭

Fission study using multi-nucleon transfer reaction at JAEA tandem

西尾 勝久

no journal, , 

This talk will discuss the use of multi-nucleon transfer (MNT) reactions to study fission properties of multitude exotic nuclei in the neutron-rich actinide region. Most of these nuclei cannot be accessed by the traditional method of complete-fusion reactions. The MNT transfer channels of the $$^{18}$$O+$$^{232}$$Th reaction were used to study fission of fourteen nuclei $$^{231,232,233,234}$$Th, $$^{232,233,234,235,236}$$Pa, and $$^{234,235,236,237,238}$$U. Fission fragment mass distributions (FFMDs) are measured for each transfer channel. In particular, the FFMDs of $$^{234}$$Th and $$^{234,235,236}$$Pa were measured for the first time. Predominantly asymmetric fission is observed at low excitation energies for all studied cases, with a gradual increase of the symmetric mode towards higher excitation energy. By using the same method, the measurements with $$^{238}$$U, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{248}$$Cm, and $$^{249}$$Cf targets were recently performed. The obtained FFMDs are compared with a calculation based on the fluctuation-dissipation model, where effect of multi-chance fission (neutron evaporation prior to fission) was considered. It was found that multi-chance fission has significant role on the shape of FFMD, particularly at the high-excitation energies.

口頭

Fission yield measurement using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

廣瀬 健太郎; 西尾 勝久; 田中 翔也*; Leguillon, R.*; 牧井 宏之; 西中 一朗*; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; Smallcombe, J.*; Vermeulen, M. J.*; et al.

no journal, , 

The multi-nucleon transfer reaction is very useful way to populate a multitude of nuclides in a wide excitation energy range. We have developed a measurement system at the JAEA tandem accelerator facility to obtain fission observables such as fission-fragment mass distributions (FFMD), prompt fission neutron multiplicities and so on. By identifying the ejectile, the initial compound nucleus is also identified. At high excitation energies, fission of nuclides produced via neutron emission from the initial compound nucleus also contribute to FFMD. In the present study, effects of the multi-chance fission on FFMDs were successfully separated by a combination of a systematic data set obtained from experiments using $$^{18}$$O beams and actinide targets and a dynamical fission calculation based on the fluctuation-dissipation model.

口頭

Fission studies using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

西尾 勝久

no journal, , 

We are promoting a program of fission studies using multi-nucleon transfer reactions. This approach allows us to investigate fission of neutron-rich nuclei, which cannot be populated by particle capture reactions. From the measurement of fission fragment mass distributions (FFMDs) for various nuclides and their evolution with initial excitation energy, role of multi-chance fission, i.e. neutron emission prior to fission, on FFMD was investigated. The obtained large data set of FFMDs was used to improve the Langevin model to describe low-energy fission, which was applied to the fissions of fermium isotopes. The results explain the origin of the onset of sharp symmetric fission appearing in neutron-rich fermium isotopes. In the presentation, we will also discuss other data obtained in our setup, such as fission barrier height and prompt neutrons in correlation with fission fragments.

口頭

多核子移行反応を用いた核分裂即発中性子の測定

廣瀬 健太郎; 西尾 勝久; 牧井 宏之; Orlandi, R.; 塚田 和明; 千葉 敏*; Kean, K.*

no journal, , 

原子力機構タンデム加速器施設において、$$^{18}$$Oビームと$$^{232}$$Th, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{242}$$Am, $$^{245}$$Cm標的を用いた多核子移行反応によって合成した原子核の核分裂即発中性子の測定を行った。発表では実験方法・データ解析、及び得られた即発中性子多重度等の結果を示し、JENDL等の評価データとの比較・議論をする。

口頭

Measurement of fission fragment mass distributions of actinide nuclides using multi-nucleon transfer reactions

西尾 勝久

no journal, , 

Using the JAEA tandem accelerator facility, we are promoting a program to take fission data using multi-nucleon transfer (MNT) reactions. The MNT reaction allows us to produce neutron-rich actinide nuclei, which cannot be populated by particle capture reactions. Fission fragment mass distributions (FFMDs) and fission barrier heights for various nuclei were obtained. The FFMDs and their evolution with initial excitation energies were explained only by invoking a concept of multi-chance fission, i.e. neutron-evaporation before fission.

21 件中 1件目~20件目を表示