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Experimental study of fission using multinucleon transfer reactions

多核子移行反応を用いた核分裂の実験的研究

西尾 勝久  ; 廣瀬 健太郎 ; 牧井 宏之  ; Orlandi, R. ; 塚田 和明 ; Vermeulen, M. J.; Andreyev, A.; 千葉 敏; Tsekhanovich, I.*; 大槻 勤*

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; Makii, Hiroyuki; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Vermeulen, M. J.; Andreyev, A.; Chiba, Satoshi; Tsekhanovich, I.*; Otsuki, Tsutomu*

We are promoting a campaign to study multi-nucleon transfer reactions to populate excited states in neutron-rich actinide nuclei which cannot be accessed by particle capture and/or fusion reactions. Main purpose of this program is to study fission in new region of chart of nuclei. As a first step we studied reactions using the $$^{18}$$O beam ($$sim$$ 9 MeV/u) and actinide target nuclei such as $$^{238}$$U, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{248}$$Cm. The experiment was carried out at the tandem facility of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. Ejectile nuclei generated in the reaction were identified by a newly developed silicon $$Delta$$E-E detectors. Using this detector, clear separation of oxygen isotopes ($$^{16,17,18,19}$$O) was obtained as well as lighter element isotopes (Be, B, C, N). The number of produced nuclei amounted to more than fifteen in one reaction. Two fragments emitted in multi-nucleon transfer fission were detected by multi-wire proportional counters, and the fragment mass distributions were obtained for each isotopes. The measured FFMDs agreed with a calculation based on the fluctuation-dissipation model up to about excitation energy 30 MeV. Measurement of fission fragment angular distribution relative to the recoil direction suggested the increase of the spin with the number of transferred nucleons.

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