Yamamoto, Takahiro; Ito, Chikara; Maeda, Shigetaka; Ito, Hideaki; Sekine, Takashi
JAEA-Technology 2017-036, 41 Pages, 2018/02
In the experimental fast reactor Joyo, the damaged upper core structure (UCS) was retrieved into the cask in May 2014 The dose rate on UCS surface was quite high due to the activation for over 30 years operation. In order to attain the optimum safety design, manufacture and operation of equipment for UCS replacement, the method to evaluate UCS surface dose rate was developed on the basis of C/E obtained by the in-vessel dose rate measurement in Joyo. In order to verify the evaluation method, the axial -ray distribution measurement on the surface of the cask, which contained UCS, was conducted using a plastic scintillating optical fiber (PSF) detector. This paper describes the comparison results between calculation and measurement as follows. (1) The measured axial -ray distribution on the cask surface had a peak on proper location with considering the cask shielding structure and agree well with the calculated distribution. (2) The C/E of axial -ray distribution on the cask surface was ranged from 1.1 to 1.7. It was confirmed that the calculation for UCS replacement equipment design had a margin conservatively. Then, the results showed that the developed evaluation method for UCS replacement equipment design was sufficiently reliable.
Ashida, Takashi; Nakamura, Toshiyuki*; Ito, Hideaki
JAEA-Technology 2017-024, 198 Pages, 2017/11
In the experimental fast reactor Joyo, the disconnecting of an irradiation test subassembly MARICO-2 (Material Testing Irradiation Rig with Temperature Control) from its holding mechanism was conducted in May 2007. After the operation, the rotating plug was rotated despite the fact that the test subassembly was not disconnected completely. Consequently, top of wrapper tube of the MARICO-2 subassembly was bent onto the in-vessel storage rack. Since the overhanging part of the subassembly was in the height in which contacts with the upper core structure, it had damaged the bottom surface of the upper core structure. As the result, it was necessary to replace the damaged upper core structure and to retrieve the bent MARICO-2 subassembly for Joyo restart. Retrieval devices for MARICO-2 subassembly consist of a gripper mechanism to lift subassembly together with transfer pot, a guide tube built-in a pantograph mechanism to adjust lifting axis and safety mechanisms to prevent or mitigate falling of MARICO-2 subassembly, a retrieval cask and so on. Design of the retrieval devices have been verified in ex-vessel partial or full-scale mock-up tests and in-vessel function tests. In 2014, MARICO-2 subassembly was successfully retrieved from the reactor vessel by applying these retrieval devices. Then, retrieved subassembly was transported to a hot-cell facility for post-irradiation examinations. Devices have demonstrated expected performance under the actual environmental conditions of a sodium cooled fast reactor. This is a synthetic report about the retrieval work of the deformed and irradiated test subassembly in Joyo. This report includes the detail design and fabrication of the special retrieval device, results of tests for confirmation including the mock-up tests in manufacturer's factory, and results of MARICO-2 retrieval work from the reactor vessel.
Okuda, Eiji; Sasaki, Jun; Suzuki, Nobuhiro; Takamatsu, Misao; Nagai, Akinori
JAEA-Technology 2016-017, 20 Pages, 2016/07
In-Vessel Observation (IVO) techniques for Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors (SFRs) in service are important for confirming their safety and integrity. Since IVO equipment for an SFR has to be designed to tolerate the severe conditions (high temperature, high radiation dose and limited access route), fiberscopes used to be used in previous IVO for SFRs. However, in order to attain an IVO with higher quality and resolution, IVO using a radiation resistant camera was conducted in the fast experimental reactor Joyo and obtained some results. The demonstration results provided valuable insights for use in further improving and verifying IVO techniques in SFRs.
Ushiki, Hiroshi*; Okuda, Eiji; Suzuki, Nobuhiro; Takamatsu, Misao; Nagai, Akinori
JAEA-Technology 2015-042, 37 Pages, 2016/02
The reactor vessel of a sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) is filled with sodium coolant and cover gas (argon gas). In case of a cover gas boundary open (ie., in-vessel repair), installation of a temporary cover gas boundary and controlling the cover gas pressure slightly positive are required to prevent the cover gas release and the contamination of impurities, and during upper core structure (UCS) replacement in the experimental SFR Joyo from March to December 2014, a vinyl bag was installed as a part of the temporary cover gas boundary. However, because it has inferior thermal resistance, supply a cooling gas too much was required to maintain proper temperature for two months. On the basis of this requirement, a cover gas recycling system with precise pressure control was developed and adopted for UCS replacement. The system has a good pressure controllability and recyclability. The successful results of this system contributed to the certain promotion of UCS replacement. In addition, the insights and the experience gathered in this development are expected to improve the in-vessel repair techniques in sodium-cooled fast reactors.
Ota, Katsu; Ushiki, Hiroshi*; Maeda, Shigetaka; Kawahara, Hirotaka; Takamatsu, Misao; Kobayashi, Tetsuhiko; Kikuchi, Yuki; Tobita, Shigeharu; Nagai, Akinori
JAEA-Technology 2015-026, 180 Pages, 2015/11
In the experimental fast reactor Joyo, it was confirmed that the top of the irradiation test sub-assembly of "MARICO-2" (material testing rig with temperature control) had bent onto the in-vessel storage rack as an obstacle and had damaged the upper core structure (UCS). The replacement of the UCS was conducted from May to December 2014. The design and manufacture of UCS was started from 2008, and the installation of UCS was completed successfully in November 21th 2014. The major results gained during the design and manufacture of UCS is as follows.
Koga, Kazuhiro*; Ohara, Norikazu*; Ino, Hiroichi*; Kondo, Katsumi*; Ito, Hideaki; Ashida, Takashi; Nakamura, Toshiyuki
FAPIG, (190), p.3 - 8, 2015/07
no abstracts in English
Okuda, Eiji; Sasaki, Jun; Suzuki, Nobuhiro; Takamatsu, Misao; Nagai, Akinori
JAEA-Technology 2015-005, 36 Pages, 2015/03
In-Vessel Observations (IVO) techniques for Sodium cooled Fast Reactors (SFRs) are important in confirming its safety and integrity. In order to secure the reliability of IVO techniques, it was necessary to demonstrate the performance under the actual reactor environment with high temperature, high radiation dose and remained sodium. The IVO equipment for the Upper Core Structure (UCS) fitting area was specifically developed in the experimental fast reactor "Joyo". And the IVO was successfully completed as shown below. (1) Improvement of picture quality and resolution. The IVO of UCS fitting area with the gap of 5mm in minimum was achieved using the IVO equipment with video-scope under the actual reactor environment. The picture quality and resolution could be improved comparing with the radiation resistant fiberscope which was used in past IVO. (2) Prevention of video-scope hypofunction by high temperature / radiation dose. Since video-scope is inferior in thermal and radiation resistance, the IVO equipment was designed to be able to withdraw and insert video-scopes with cooling gas. This measure could achieve the observation in short radiation time with available temperature under the actual reactor environment. The IVO equipment for UCS fitting area provided useful information on UCS replacement. In addition, the experience provided valuable insights into further improvements for IVO techniques in SFRs.
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 2(3), p.368 - 374, 2003/09
no abstracts in English
JNC-TN1400 2001-014, 437 Pages, 2001/10
no abstracts in English
JNC-TN1400 2000-012, 250 Pages, 2000/11
no abstracts in English
; ; ; Matsumoto, Shinichiro
JNC-TN9410 2000-009, 65 Pages, 2000/09
In order to evaluate irradiation behavior of(U, Pu) C and (U, Pu) N fuel using fast reactor, (U, Pu) C and (U, Pu) N fuel pins were irradiated in JOYO for the fist time in Japan. In this study, one (U, Pu) C fuel pin and two (U, Pu) N fuel pins were irradiated to maximum burn up about 40GWd/t. Post irradiation examination of (U, Pu) C and (U, Pu) N fuel pins started in Fuel Monitoring Facility (FMF) at JNC from October 1999, and it ended in March, 2000. The results of non-destructive post irradiation examination reported in this document. Main results are shown in the following. (1)The soundness of all (U,Pu) C and (U,Pu) N fuel pins were confirmed from the non-destructive examination result. (2)The fuel stack elongation of (U,Pu) C and (U,Pu) N is bigger than it of the MOX fuel for fast reactor. (3)The singular behavior from the gamma ray scanning measurement in the stack area was not confirmed. The migration of Cs137 to lower insulator pellet and outside of the pellet was confirmed in (U,Pu) N B9NO2 pin. In (U,Pu) C fuel, the migration of Cs137 was not confirmed. (4)In (U,Pu) C B9CO1 pin and (U,Pu) N B9NO2 pin in which the gap width was small, diameter of cladding increase around 50 m in the stack area which originates for FCMI was confirmed. In (U,Pu) N B9NO1 pin in which the gap width was wide, the ovality which originates from the relocation of the pellet was confirmed. (5)Fission gas release rate of (U,Pu) N were 3.3% and 5.2%, and the low value compared to the MOX fuel was shown.
JNC-TN9440 2000-008, 79 Pages, 2000/08
This report summarizes the operating and irradiatlon data of the experimental reactor "JOYO" 35th cycle. Irradiation tests in the 35th cycle are as follows: (1)C-type irradiation rig (C4F) (a)High burnup performance test of advanced austenitic stainless steel cladding fuel pins (in collaboration with France) (2)C-type irradiation rig (C6D) (a)Large diameter fuel pins irradiation tests (3)Core Materials Irradiation Rig (CMIR-5) (a)Cladding tube materials irradiation tests for "MONJU" (4)Structure Materials Irradiation Rigs (SMIR) (a)Decision of material design base standard of structure materials for prototype reactor and large scale reactor (5)Upper core structure irradiation Plug Rig (UPR-1-5) (a)Upper core neutron spectrum effect and accelerated irradiation effect (6)SurVeillance un-instrument Irradiation Rig (SVIR) (a)Confimation of surveillance irradiation condition for "JOYO" (b)Material irradiation tests (based on a contract with universities) The maximum burnup driver assembly "PFD253" reached 67,600 MWd/t (pin average).
JNC-TN1400 2000-003, 0 Pages, 2000/07
JNC-TN9440 2000-005, 164 Pages, 2000/06
This report summarizes the operating and irradiation data of the experimental reactor "JOYO" 34th cycle, and estimates the 35th cycle irradiation condition. Irradiation tests in the 34th cycle are as follows: (1)C-type irradiation rig (C4F) (a)High burnup perfomance test of advanced austenitic stainless steel cladding fuel pins (in collaboration with France) (2)C-type irradiation rig (C6D) (a)Large diameter fuel pins irradiation tests (3)Absorber Materials Irradiation Rig (AMIR-6) (a)Run to absorber pin's cladding breach (4)Core Materials Irradiation Rig (CMIR-5) (a)Cladding tube materials irradiation tests for "MONJU" (5)Structure Materials Irradiation Rigs (SMIR) (a)Decision of material design base standard of structure materials for prototype reactor and large reactor (6)Upper core structure irradiation Plug Rig (UPR-1-5) (a)Upper core neutron spectrum effect and accelerated irradiation effect (7)SurVeillance un-instrument Irradiation Rig (SVIR) (a)Confirmation of surveillance irradiation condition for "JOYO" (b)Material irradiation tests (in collaboration with universities) The maximum burnup driver assembly "PFD537" reached 68,500MWd/t(pin average).
Osaka, Masahiko; Koyama, Shinichi; Mitsugashira, Toshiaki; ;
JNC-TN9400 2000-058, 49 Pages, 2000/04
The analytical technique for Cm contained in a MOX FUEL was developed and analysis of Cm contained in irradiated fuel of experimental fast reactor "JOYO" was carried out, to contribute to evaluation of transmutation characteristics of MA nuclide in the fast reactor. The procedure of ion-exchange separation of Cm with nitric acid-methanol mixed media essential for the isotopic analysis in irradiated MOX fuel was adopted considering for being rapid and easy. The fundamental test to grasp separation characteristics of this procedure, such as Cm elution position and separation capacity between Cm and Am or Eu, was carried out. ln applying this procedure to the analysis of Cm contained in actual specimen, separation condition was evaluated and optimized, and the procedure consist of impurity removal and Am removal process was devised. This procedure resulted in high recovery rate of Cm and high removal rate of Am and impurity which becomes a problem in sample handling and mass-spectrometry such as Eu and Cs. The Cm separation test from irradiated MOX fuel was carried out using this technique, and Cm isotopic ratio analysis was enabled. The analytical technique for Cm contained in irradiated MOX fuel was established using the procedure of ion-exchange separation with nitric acid-methanol mixed media. The analysis of Cm contained in irradiated MOX fuel of experimental fast reactor "Joyo" was carried out. As a result, it was revealed from measured data that Cm content rate was 1.4 4.0lO atom%, small amount of Cm was generated and Cm isotopic ratio was constant above burn-up 60GWd/t.
JNC-TN9410 2000-010, 72 Pages, 2000/03
The experimental fast reactor JOYO served as the MK-II irradiation bed core for testing fuel and material for FBR development for 16 years from 1982 to 1997. During the MK-II core operation, extensive data were accumulated from the plant characteristic tests. Tests conducted at JOYO included operating characteristic tests for confirming operational safety, performance tests for confirming design performance of the MK-II core, and special tests for research and development ofthe plant. In this report, the outline and the results of each test item are shown. These test data can be provided by the magnet-optical disk.
; ; Saikawa, Takuya*; Sukegawa, Kazuya*
JNC-TN9410 2000-008, 66 Pages, 2000/03
The experimental fast reactor "JOYO" served as the MK-II irradiation bed core for testing fuel and material for FBR development for 15 years from 1982 to 1997. During the MK-II operation, impurities concentrations in the sodium and the argon gas were determined by 67 samples of primary sodium, 81 samples of secondary sodium, 75 samples of primary argon gas, 89 samples of secondary argon gas (the overflow tank) and 89 samples of secondary argon gas (the dump tank). The sodium and the argon gas purity control data were accumulated from in thirty-one duty operations, thirteen special test operations and eight annual inspections. These purity control results and related plant data were compiled into database, which were recorded on CD-ROM for user convenience. Purity control data include concentration of oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, chlorine, iron, nickel and chromium in sodium, concentration of oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, methane and helium in argon gas with the reactor condition.
; Terano, Toshihiro; ; ;
JNC-TN9410 2000-004, 30 Pages, 2000/03
The Operation and Maintenance Support Systems for JOYO are being developed, with the aim of ensuring the stable and safe operation of JOYO and improving operational reliability of future FBR plants. Plant Operation Management Expert Tool named JOYPET had been developed as one of the Operation and Maintenance Support Systems, which helps plant operation management. The following functions were developed and applied. (1)Papers management (Plant status management) function for maintenance activities (2)Isolation management support function for plant operation (3)Automatically drawing function of plant operation schedule (4)Isolation judgment function for plant operation By use this system, the plant management of JOYO was able to improved reliability and reduced manpower.
; Numata, Kazuyuki*
JNC-TN9400 2000-036, 138 Pages, 2000/03
Japan Nuclear Cycle Development lnstitute (JNC) had developed the adjusted nuclear cross-section library in which the results of the JUPITER experiments were renected. Using this adjusted library, the distinct improvement of the accuracy in nuclear design of FBR cores had been achieved. As a recent research, JNC develops a database of other integral data in addition to the JUPITER experiments, aiming at further improvement for accuracy and reliability. ln this report, the authors describe the evaluation of the C/E values and the sensitivity analysis for the Experimental Fast Reactor "JOYO" MK-l core. The minimal criticality, sodium void reactivity worth, fuel assembly worth and burn-up coefficient were analyzed. The results of both the minimal criticality and the fuel assembly worth, which were calculated by the standard analytical method for JUPITER experiments, agreed well with the measured values. 0n the other hand, the results of the sodium void reactivity worth have a tendency to overestimate. As for the burn-up coefficient, it was seen that the C/E values had a dispersion among the operation cycles. The authors judged that further investigation for the estimation of the experimental error will increase the applicability of the integral data to the adjusted library. Furthermore, sensitivity analyses for the minimal criticality, sodium void reactivity worth and fuel assembly worth showed the characteristics of "JOYO" MK-l core in comparison with ZPPR-9 core of JUPITER experiments.
; Koyama, Tomozo; Funasaka, Hideyuki
JNC-TN8400 2000-016, 188 Pages, 2000/03
We summarized the conditions and results of all dissolution experiments (bench scale experiments (dissolution of sheared fuel pins) and beaker scale experiments (dissolution of a few sheared fuels pieces) of the irradiated fast reactor fuels, which were carried out in the Chemical Processing Facility (CPF). The fabrication and irradiation conditions of the dissolved fuels were also put in order.