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Journal Articles

STRAD project for systematic treatments of radioactive liquid wastes generated in nuclear facilities

Watanabe, So; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Arai, Yoichi; Aihara, Haruka; Takahatake, Yoko; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Kamiya, Yuichi*; Asanuma, Noriko*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; et al.

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 117, p.103090_1 - 103090_8, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:62.32(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Development of an online measurement system using an alpha liquid scintillation counter and a glass-based microfluidic solvent extraction device for plutonium analysis

Yamamoto, Masahiko; Taguchi, Shigeo; Do, V. K.; Kuno, Takehiko; Surugaya, Naoki

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 152, p.37 - 44, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:62.32(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

An online measurement system using an alpha liquid scintillation counter ($$alpha$$-LSC) coupled to microchip solvent extraction has been developed. A flow-through cell of $$alpha$$-LSC has been prepared by packing PTFE tube into glass tube to combine microchip. Two-phase flow in microchannel has been stabilized by using coiled tube. The Pu in organic phase has been mixed with scintillation cocktail by T-junction connectors. The system separates and detects Pu by online with detection limit of 6.5 Bq/mL, generating only $$mu$$L-level wastes.

Journal Articles

Zr separation from high-level liquid waste with a novel hydroxyacetoamide type extractant

Morita, Keisuke; Suzuki, Hideya; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Takahashi, Yuya*; Omori, Takashi*; Kaneko, Masaaki*; Asano, Kazuhito*

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.464 - 468, 2019/09

High level liquid waste (HLLW) contains several radionuclides with half-lives longer than 10$$^{6}$$ year. For reduce environmental burden of waste disposal, minor actinoids and long-lived fission products will to be partitioned and transmuted. JAEA and Toshiba developed process for recovering Se, Zr, Pd and Cs from HLLW. Solvent extraction for Zr with novel extractant, ${it N,N}$-didodecyl-2-hydroxyacetoamide (HAA) was detailed. The HAA system showed high selectivity for Zr, as indicated by the extraction order of Zr $$>$$ Mo $$>$$ Pd $$>$$ Ag $$approx$$ Sb $$>$$ Sn $$>$$ Lns $$>$$ Fe. The extracted species was determined as Zr(HAA)$$_{3}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{4}$$(HNO$$_{3}$$)$$_{x}$$. A continuous countercurrent extraction with HAA was applied to a simulated, concentrated HLLW after Pd, Se, and Cs removal, where the quantitative extraction of Zr and Mo was effectively demonstrated.

Journal Articles

Development of cement based encapsulation for low radioactive liquid waste in Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Matsushima, Ryotatsu; Sato, Fuminori; Saito, Yasuo; Atarashi, Daiki*

Proceedings of 3rd International Symposium on Cement-based Materials for Nuclear Wastes (NUWCEM 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 4 Pages, 2018/10

At TRP, LWTF was constructed as a facility for processing low radioactive liquid waste and solid waste generated at TRP, and a cold test is been carrying out. In this facility, initially, nitrate waste liquid after separation of nuclides generated with treatment of low radioactive liquid waste was to be solidified by using borate. However, at present, it is necessary to decompose the nitrate in the liquid waste to reduce the environmental burden. For the reason, as a plan to replace the nitrate with the carbonate and to make it as a cement based encapsulation, we are studying for the introduction of the facility. Currently, as a cement solidification technology development for this liquid waste, we are studying the application of cement material based on blast furnace slag (BFS) as a main component. In this report, we show the results of the test conducted on the actual scale (200 L drum can scale).

Journal Articles

Study on hydrogen generation from cement solidified products loading low-radioactive liquid wastes at Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Ito, Yoshiyuki; Matsushima, Ryotatsu; Sato, Fuminori

QST-M-8; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2016, P. 69, 2018/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Micro-PIXE analysis on adsorbent of extraction chromatography for MA(III) recovery

Takahatake, Yoko; Watanabe, So; Kofuji, Hirohide; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Nomura, Kazunori; Sato, Takahiro*

International Journal of PIXE, 26(3&4), p.73 - 83, 2017/09

BB2016-1248.pdf:0.36MB

JAEA has been conducting research and development of MA(III) recovery from HLLW by extraction chromatography technology for reduction in amount and environmental impact of radioactive waste. The behavior of adsorbed cations inside the adsorbent packed in a column is necessary to be evaluated for improvement of the adsorbent or flow-sheet to achieve targeted MA(III) recovery performance. In this paper, micro-PIXE analysis was carried out on the particles sampled from various positions of the column to reveal the behavior of cations inside the packed column with CMPO/SiO $$_{2}$$-P adsorbent. Simple experiment and data analysis were shown to be effective to reveal inside of the column, and formation and transportation of the adsorption bands were observed for some cations which are extractable by the CMPO extractant. Some part of Zr(IV) and Mo(VI) were found to remain inside the column without distinct transportation even after the elution operation.

Journal Articles

Effective removal of selenite and selenate ions from aqueous solution by barite

Tokunaga, Kohei*; Takahashi, Yoshio*

Environmental Science & Technology, 51(16), p.9194 - 9201, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:21.21(Engineering, Environmental)

In the present study, we explore a new application of barite (BaSO$$_{4}$$) as a sequestering phase for selenite (Se(IV)) and selenate (Se(VI)) ions from aqueous solutions due to the low solubility and high stability of barite. The uptake of Se(IV) and Se(VI) during coprecipitation with barite was investigated through batch experiments to understand the factors controlling effective removal of Se(IV) and Se(VI) from polluted water to barite. The uptake of Se(IV) by barite is dependent on pH, coexistent calcium ion, and sulfate concentration in the initial solution, possibly due to their effects on the chemical affinity and structural similarity. On the other hand, the uptake of Se(VI) by barite was strongly dependent on sulfate concentration in the initial solution, which is only related to the structural similarity. This study provides a good estimate of its ability to effectively remove Se(IV) and Se(VI) from aqueous solutions (more than 80%) under optimized experimental parameters.

JAEA Reports

Development of separation process for Pd by extraction with 5,8-diethyl-7-hydroxy-6-dodecanone oxime

Morita, Yasuji; Yamagishi, Isao

JAEA-Research 2017-006, 27 Pages, 2017/06

JAEA-Research-2017-006.pdf:1.83MB

Separation of Pd by extraction with 5,8-diethyl-7-hydroxy-6-dodecanone oxime (DEHDO) was examined by batch and continuous tests for the purpose of developing Pd separation process. Batch extraction tests using n-dodecane solution of DEHDO revealed that Pd, Zr and Mo were extracted from simulated high-level radioactive liquid wastes (HLLW) and other elements were not, and also showed that the extraction rate was a little slow and a white precipitate appeared in the aqueous phase but its formation could be avoided by raising temperature. The extracted Pd was found to be back-extracted with sodium nitrite. In the continuous extraction tests with simulated HLLW without Zr and Mo, about 98% of Pd were extracted with DEHDO-n-dodecane and 95% of the extracted Pd were back-extracted with sodium nitrite and nitric acid. Continuous extraction test with simulated HLLW with Zr and Mo showed the possibility of the simultaneous separation of Pd and Mo by DEHDO extraction.

Journal Articles

Development of paper sludge ash-based geopolymer and application to treatment of hazardous water contaminated with radioisotopes

Li, Z.*; Onuki, Toshihiko; Ikeda, Ko*

Materials, 9(8), p.633_1 - 633_17, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:39.52(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Geopolymer samples were prepared at room temperature using paper sludge ashes and immobilization of Sr and Cs in these samples were evaluated by short-term leaching test. The prepared geopolymer samples were semi-crystalline and porous. For the leaching test, the geopolymer samples containing 1 weight % of strontium nitrate or cesium nitrate were prepared, crushed to be finer than 4 mm in size, and immersed in a phthalic salt buffer (pH4) for 6 h. About 0.2% of Sr and 1.3% of Cs were leached from the geopolymer samples.

JAEA Reports

Measurement of hydrogen generating from radiolysis of highly active liquid waste and its quantitative evaluation

Yamamoto, Masahiko; Surugaya, Naoki; Mori, Eito; Taguchi, Shigeo; Sato, Soichi

JAEA-Research 2015-013, 27 Pages, 2015/10

JAEA-Research-2015-013.pdf:2.84MB

The H$$_{2}$$ concentration generating from Highly Active Liquid Waste (HALW) of Tokai Reprocessing Plant is measured in a closed experimental system. The experimental results show that H$$_{2}$$ concentration gradually increases at first and then approaches a steady-state due to the H$$_{2}$$ consumption reaction by Pd ions. The highest H$$_{2}$$ concentration is 1200 ppm (0.1%) when the solution temperature is at 23$$^{circ}$$C. It is found that H$$_{2}$$ generating from HALW is equilibrated one order of magnitude lower than the H$$_{2}$$ combustion lower limit. Moreover, a model based on H$$_{2}$$ generation from HALW by the radiolysis and H$$_{2}$$ consumption reaction by Pd ions is proposed and applied to evaluate H$$_{2}$$ concentration behavior in the gas phase. The calculated H$$_{2}$$ concentrations from proposed model agreed well with the experimental values. It is demonstrated that the behavior of H$$_{2}$$ generating from HALW can be evaluated quantitatively by applying the proposed model in this study.

JAEA Reports

Handbook on Process and Chemistry of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing, 3rd Edition

Committee of Handbook on Process and Chemistry of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing

JAEA-Review 2015-002, 726 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Review-2015-002.pdf:43.63MB
JAEA-Review-2015-002(errata).pdf:0.21MB

The fundamental data on spent nuclear fuel reprocessing and related chemistry was collected and summarized as a new edition of "Handbook on Process and Chemistry of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing". The purpose of this handbook is contribution to development of the fuel reprocessing and fuel cycle technology for uranium fuel and mixed oxide fuel utilization. Contents in this book was discussed and reviewed by specialists of science and technology on fuel reprocessing in Japan.

Journal Articles

Durability of irradiated polymers in solid-polymer-electrolyte water electrolyzer

Iwai, Yasunori; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Nishi, Masataka; Yagi, Toshiaki; Tamada, Masao

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(7), p.636 - 642, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:22.06(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Radioactive durability of organic polymers in solid-polymer-electrolyte water electrolyzer was investigated by $$gamma$$-ray irradiation. Serious deteriorations for tensile strength and ion exchange capacity of ion exchange membrane (Nafion) were not observed up to 850 kGy. No serious damage was also observed for the gasket materials (Aflas) up to 500 kGy. PFA and FEP, insulator materials, lost their tensile strength at 300 kGy or less. As the result, it is concluded that the electrolyzer could be used up to around 500 kGy in the case where PFA and FEP are replaced by the polyimide resin whose durability is well demonstrated. Two degrading mechanisms were supposed. One is direct degradation by energy of radial rays. The other is that by the attack of radicals. It was demonstrated that the effect of radicals on the membrane was not dominant. The quantity of dissolved fluorine in water was found to correlate with the tensile strength and ion exchange capacity. Hence, it is possible to evaluate the degradation of the membrane by monitoring the quantity of dissolved fluorine.

JAEA Reports

Manufacture history results of an investigation of the bitumen solidification object towards the check of an abandonment object

; ; *

JNC-TN8440 2001-024, 210 Pages, 2001/08

JNC-TN8440-2001-024.pdf:24.99MB

In order to make this book reflect in the investigation which turned the bitumen solidification object to maintenance of the abandonment object technical standard on condition of carrying out subterranean disposal in the future - solidification - it created for the purpose of utilizing as precious sources of information, such as a nuclide inventory in the living body, group-izing of the past campaign required for typical solidification object selection, and information offer at the time of disposal examination. A development operation history collected so that histories including the shift action in an institution of the formation of discharge reduction of the characteristic of solidification object manufacture outlines, such as composition of the process of an institution and a solidification object and a storage actual result, the contents of an examination of the past campaign, and the solidification object manufactured based on topics or radioactive iodine and radioactive carbon etc., such as the past contents of an examination / operation, may grasp comprehensively in creation, and it carried out as the composition stared the trend of future disposal fixedly. It was a period (for 16 years) until an bituminization demonstration facility processing institution will start a cold examination from April (Showa 57), 1982, and it starts a hot examination from May 4, it starts solidification processing technical development operation from october 6 and it results in the fire explosion accident on March 11 (Heisei 9), 1997, and low level radioactivity concentration waste fluid was processed 7,438 m$$^{3}$$, and 29,967 bitumen solidification objects were manufactured. According to the accident, it is necessary to hand it down to future generations with processing technology while the bitumen solidification object manufactured in 15 years although the bituminization demonstration facility processing institution came to close the mission holds information precious ...

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of operatinal condition in LWTF; Tests using technical scale equipment

; Murata, Eiichi*; Sawahata, Yoshikazu*; Saito, Akira*

JNC-TN8430 2001-002, 43 Pages, 2001/02

JNC-TN8430-2001-002.pdf:1.98MB

Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) is designing the Low level radioactive Waste Treatment Facility (LWTF) in the Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP). The low level liquid waste generated the TRP is separated salt (NaNO$$_{3}$$, etc) and radionuclide in liquid treatment process of LWTF. The process can get higher volume reduction than previous bituminization. Based on the engineering tests equal to the liquid treatment process of LWTF, the validity of operational condition in LWTF is evaluated. As the results, it is confirmed that all operational condition in the processes which is Iodine immobilization, Pre-filter filtration, Pre-treatment, Coprecipitation and Ultrafiltration are available.

JAEA Reports

None

PNC-TJ8409 98-003, 62 Pages, 1997/03

PNC-TJ8409-98-003.pdf:3.19MB

None

JAEA Reports

None

PNC-TN9450 97-002, 504 Pages, 1996/12

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

None

; ; ; Kondo, Toshinari*

PNC-TN8410 95-395, 96 Pages, 1995/12

PNC-TN8410-95-395.pdf:3.68MB

None

Journal Articles

Irradiation effects on properties of reverse osmosis membrane based on crosslinked aromatic polyamide

; *; *

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 31(11), p.1214 - 1221, 1994/11

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:32.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Journal Articles

Precipitation behavior of transuranium elements during denitration of high-level radioactive liquid waste by formic acid

Shirahashi, Koichi; Kubota, Masumitsu

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 29(6), p.559 - 565, 1992/06

no abstracts in English

80 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)