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JAEA Reports

Activation energy of diffusivities for deuterated water in compacted sodium-bentonite; Through-diffusion experiment and molecular dynamics simulation

; Sato, Haruo; Ishidera, Takamitsu; Fujii, Naoki*; Kawamura, Katsuyuki*

JNC-TN8400 2001-031, 44 Pages, 2002/05


In order to quantify effect of temperature on diffusivity of deuterated water (HDO) in compacted sodium-bentonite, through-diffusion experiments were conducted at elevated tempemture from 298 to 333 K. Kunipia F (Na-montmorillonite content $$>$$ 98 wt. %; Kunimine Industly Co.) was compacted to a dry density of 0.9 and l.35 Mg/m$$^{3}$$. Since smectite flakes were perpendicularly oriented to a direction of compaction, anisotropy of diffusivity was investigated parallel and normal to the preferred orientation of smectite. Effective diffusion coeficient D$$_{e}$$ of HDO was larger for a diffusional direction parallel to the preferred orientation than normal to that for both dry densities. These results well agreed to the previously reported ones for tritiated water. Activation energies of D$$_{e}$$ in compacted bentonite increased with increasing dry density in the range of 19 - 25 kJ/mol which was slightly larger than that in bulk water (18 kJ/mol). This relationship can be considered to be due to both the pore structure development and high activation energy of water (18-23 kJ/mol) in the vicinity of smectite surface (within 2 nm) on the basis of molecular dynamics simulations.

JAEA Reports

Development of the flow-through diffusion system and improvements of the experimental methods

; Sato, Haruo

JNC-TN8410 2001-028, 36 Pages, 2002/03


For a safety assessment of the high-level radioactive waste disposal, effective diffusion coefficients (D$$_{e}$$) of radionuclides in bentonite have been accumulated by the through-diffusion method. It has been found recently that experimental results on D$$_{e}$$s for several cations (cesium and strontium) by the fairly standard experimental method in JNC differ from those previously reported in several papers. Discrepancy can be considered to be due to different design of diffusion cell and system. In order to confirm influences of the experimental design on cation diffusivities in bentonite, a flow-through diffusion system was developed and several diffusion experiments were conducted.As a result, magnitude of D$$_{e}$$ and its salinity dependence were relatively different between the standard and flow-through diffusion system. Since the latter system can control boundary conditions of the experiment more strictly than the standard method, we can conclude that the flow-through diffusion system provide correct results. In addition, we apply this flow-through diffusion system to a modification of controlling boundary condition during the experiment and to the diffusion experiment under controlled temperature.

JAEA Reports

The Arrangement of the seismic design method of the underground facility

Tanai, Kenji; Horita, M.*; *; Goke, Mitsuo*

JNC-TN8410 2001-026, 116 Pages, 2002/03


Earthquake resistance for the underground structure is higher than the ground structure. Therefore, the case of examining the earthquake resistance of underground structure was little. However, it carries out the research on the aseismic designing method of underground structure, since the tunnel was struck by Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake, and it has obtained a much knowledge. However, an object of the most study was behavior at earthquake of the comparatively shallow underground structure in the alluvial plain board, and it not carry out the examination on behavior at earthquake of underground structure in the deep rock mass. In the meantime, underground disposal facility of the high level radioactive waste constructs in the deep underground, and it carries out the operation in these tunnels. In addition, it has made almost the general process of including from the construction start to the backfilling to be about 60 years (Japan Nuclear Fuel Cycle Development Institute, 1999). During these periods, it is necessary to also consider the earthquake resistance as underground structure from the viewpoint of the safety of facilities. Then, it extracted future problem as one of the improvement of the basis information for the decision of the safety standard and guideline of the country on earthquake-resistant design of the underground disposal facility, while it carried out investigation and arrangement of earthquake-resistant design cases, guidelines and analysis method on existing underground structure, etc.. And, the research item for the earthquake resistance assessment of underground structure as case study of the underground research laboratory.

JAEA Reports

A Study of structure of base-isolated

; ; Yamazaki, Toshihiko; ; ; Kondo, Toshinari*; *

JNC-TN8400 2001-030, 99 Pages, 2002/01


There is a great deal of that we build a Base-Isolated building with the quaternary deposit ground. In an atomic energy institution, a study request is strong. When we build a Base-Isolated building with the quaternary deposit ground, evaluation of earthquake vibration of a vertical direction is an important problem. In an atomic energy institution, we design it by big earthquake load, and therefore examination is necessary. And, in this study, we do examination to build a Base-Isolated building with the quaternary deposit ground, we report it about an evaluation method of a design. Furthermore, we report that we estimated pipe laying and machinery to put in a building of Base-lsolated.

JAEA Reports

Safety admimstration division business report; The second quarter of 2001

Kanamori, Masashi

JNC-TN8440 2001-023, 110 Pages, 2001/12


The business of the Safety administration Division became a wide range such as the management of a labor safety health, the crisis management, the security and the management of an entrance, and the business of the following concerning the Tokai Works, the protection of nuclear materials, the business of the sanction, the nuclear material safeguards, the transport of nuclear materials and the business of a quality assurance. For the purpose of summarizing these businesses and utilizing the data concerning the businesses, the report about the businesses achievement has been periodically drawn up as quarter news since 2001, when the Safety Administration Division was established. This report describes about the business achievement of the second quarter news from July to September in 2001.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of Tokai Works FY 2001

Shinohara, Kunihiko; Takeishi, Minoru; ; ; Mizutani, Tomoko

JNC-TN8440 2001-019, 141 Pages, 2001/11


This report was written about the effluent control in JNC Tokai Works from 1$$^{st}$$ April 2000 to 31$$^{st}$$ March 2001. In this period, the quantities and concentrations of retroactivities in liquid waste from Tokai Works were under the discharge limits of "Safety Regulations for the Tokai Reprocessing Plant", "Safety Regulations for the Tokai Reprocessing Plant" and regulations of government.

JAEA Reports

The 4th technological meeting of Tokai Reprocessing Plant

; Maki, Akira; ; ; ; ; Fukuda, Kazuhito

JNC-TN8410 2001-023, 188 Pages, 2001/11


"The 4th technological meeting of Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP)" was held in JNFL Rokkasyo site on octorber 11$$^{th}$$, 2001. The report contains the proceedings, transparancies and questionnaires of themeetin. This time, we reported about "Maintenance and repair results of Tokai Reprocessing Plant" based on technology and knowledge accumulated in Tokai Reprocessing Plant.

JAEA Reports

Safety administration division business report; The first quarter of 2001

Kanamori, Masashi

JNC-TN8440 2001-015, 100 Pages, 2001/09


As a consequence of this reorganization, the business of the Safety Administration Division became a wide range such as the management of a labor safety health, the crisis management, the security and the management of an entrance, the business of the sanction concerning the Tokai Works, the protection of nuclear materials, the nuclear material safeguards, the transport of nuclear materials and the business of a quality assurance. In the respect of the purpose of summarizing these businesses and utilizing the data concerning the businesses, the report about a business achievement was determined to make.

JAEA Reports

Behavior of carbon-14 in the Tokai reprocessing plant

; ; ;

JNC-TN8410 2001-021, 33 Pages, 2001/09


Carbon-14 released from the nuclear facilities is an important radionuclide for the safety assessment, because it tends to accumulate in environment through food chain and has as a significant impact to personal dose. Carbon-14 has been monitored routinely as one of the main gaseous radionuclides exhausted from the Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP) since OCtober of 1991. Furthermore, behavior of carbon-14 in TRP has been investigated through the reprocessing operation and the literature survey. This report describes the result of investigation about the behavior of carbon-14 in TRP as followings. (1)Only a very small amount of carbon-14 in the fuel was liberated into the shear off-gas and most of it was liberated into the dissolver of-gass. Part of the carbon-14 was trapped at the caustic scrubber installed in the of-gas treatment process, and untrapped carbon-14 was released into the environment from the main stack. Amount of carbon-14 released from the main stack was about 4.1$$sim$$6.5GBq every ton of uranium reprocessed. (2)Carbon-14 trapped at the caustic scrubbers installed in the dissolver off-gas and in the vessel off-gas treatment process is transferred to the low active waste vessel. Amount of carbon-14 transferred to the low active waste vessel was about 5.4$$sim$$ 9.6GBq every ton of uranium reprocessed. (3)The total amount of carbon-14 input to TRP was summed up to about 11.9$$sim$$15.5 GBq every ton of uranium reprocessed considering the released amount from the main stack and the trapped amount in the off-gas treatment devices. The amount of nitrogen impurity in the initial fuel was calculated about 15$$sim$$22ppm of uranium metal based on the measured carbon-14. (4)The solution in the low active waste vesselis concentrated at the evaporator.Most of the carbon-14 in the solution was transferred into concentrated solution. (5)Tokai vitrification Demonstration Facility (TVF) started to operate in 1994. Since then, carbon-14 has been measured in the ...

JAEA Reports


; *

JNC-TN8200 2001-005, 54 Pages, 2001/08



JAEA Reports

The calculation and estimation of wastes generated by decommissioning of nuclear facilities

; ; ; Takeda, Seiichiro

JNC-TN8420 2001-008, 134 Pages, 2001/07


This investigation was conducted as a part of planning the low-level radioactive waste management program (LLW management program). The aim of this investigation was contributed to compile the radioactive waste database of JNC's LLW management program. All nuclear facilities of the Tokai works and Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center were investigated in this work. The wastes generated by the decomissioning of each nuclear facility were classified into radioactive waste and others (exempt waste and non-radioactive waste), and the amount of the wastes was estimated. The estimated amounts of radioactive wastes generated by decomissioning of the nuclear facilities are as follows. (1)Tokai works. The amount of waste generated by decommissioning of nuclear facilities of the Tokai works is about 1,079,100 ton. The amount of radioactive waste is about 15,400 ton. The amount of exempt waste and non-radioactive waste is about 1,063,700 ton. (2)Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center. The amount of waste generated by decommissioning of nuclear facilities of Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center is about 112,500 ton. The amount of radioactive waste is about 7,800 ton. The amount of exempt waste and non-radioactive waste is about 104,700 ton.

JAEA Reports


; Ishikawa, Hirohisa;

JNC-TN8200 2001-004, 160 Pages, 2001/06



JAEA Reports

Sampling of rock block for water flow calibration on LABROCK

Uchida, Masahiro;

JNC-TN8410 2001-016, 36 Pages, 2001/05


This technical report summarizes sampling of the natural rock including conductive fracture. Hydraulic test was conducted at the target fracture prior to excavation. Objective of the sample was to reproduce same transmissivity at LABROCK by adjusting normal stress. This report was originally compiled by PNC in october, 1993.

JAEA Reports

Excavation and preparation rock block sample for LABROCK

Uchida, Masahiro;

JNC-TN8410 2001-015, 35 Pages, 2001/05


This technical report summarizes excavation and preparation of the natural rock block sample used in LABROCK. This report was originally compiled by PNC in March, 1993.

JAEA Reports

Radiation control on wastes recovery work in wastes storage pit

Ito, Yasuhisa; Noda, Kimio; ;

JNC-TN8410 2001-018, 67 Pages, 2001/04


There are waste storage pits where non-radioactive wastes generated from plutonium fuel facilities were stored in JNC Tokai Works. But radioactive wastes were found in one of the pit during wastes arrangement works. Therefore we set the pit temporary controlled area and recovered wastes from it. This report describes the radiation control technique of recovery work in detail.

JAEA Reports

The Results of the envilonmental monitoring related to the criticality accident in JCO

Shinohara, Kunihiko; ; ; ; ; Kano, Yutaka;

JNC-TN8440 2001-004, 62 Pages, 2001/02


Concerming about the action for the criticality accident in JCO Co., Ltd. (JCO) occurred at 10:35 on 30$$^{th}$$ Sept. 1999, Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute(JNC) established "JNC's task force" at 12:35 on the same date in conjuction with Head Office and Tokai Works. And JNC's task force had supported the government of Japan, the local governments and JCO humanly, physically and technically until the jobs of the task force was transferred to "Support Assembly for Countermeasure and Research of JCO Criticality Accident" and routine line on 12$$^{th}$$ Oct. 1999. This report compiled the results of the environmental monitoring performed by JNC based on the request from the government of Japan and the local governments.

JAEA Reports

Improvement of the technique for stack monitoring based on behavior analysis of natural radio-nuclides; The technique for reducing the value of the exhaust monitor's background

Izaki, Kenji; Noda, Kimio; ; Kashimuta, Yoshio*

JNC-TN8410 2001-005, 30 Pages, 2001/01


Stack monitoring is the most important work in radiation control works. Exhaust monitors used for stack monitoring have the background (which is the counts by natural radio-nuclides) on normal condition, and the values of the background vary with the facilities. Therefore, if the value of background is high, it is difficult to estimate rapidly the radioactive concentration in the exhaust. In order to estimate rapidly the radioactive concentration in exhaust, we analyzed the behavior of natural radioactivity in the facilities and examine the technique fo reducing the value of the background. As a result of the examination, we found that it is possible to estimate rapidly if we change over the monitoring point to immediately after the HEPA filters on the exhaust duct. In this reports, the analyzed results of behavior of natural radio-nuclides in the facilities and the technique for reducing the values of the background are described. To reduce the value of the background has a major effect on not only rapidly estimating the radioactive density in the exhaust but also finding the unusual things on stack monitoring.

JAEA Reports

A Development of simulation and analytical program for through-diffusion experiments for a single layer of diffusion media

Sato, Haruo

JNC-TN8410 2001-003, 40 Pages, 2001/01


A program (TDROCK1.FOR) for simulation and analysis of through-diffusion experiments for a single layer of diffusion media was developed. This program was made by Pro-Fortran language, which was suitable for scientific and technical calculations, and relatively easy explicit difference method was adopted for an analysis. In the analysis, solute concentration in the tracer cell as a function of time that we could not treat to date can be input and the decrease in the solute concentration as a function of time by diffusion from the tracer cell to the measurement cell, the solute concentration distribution in the porewater of diffusion media and the solute concentration in the measurement cell as a function of time can be calculated. In addition, solution volume in both cells and diameter and thickness of the diffusion media are also variable as an input condition. This simulation program could well explain measured result by simulating solute concentration in the measurement cell as a function of time for case which apparent and effective diffusion coefficients were already known. Based on this, the availability and applicability of this program to actual analysis and simulation were confirmed. This report describes the theoretical treatment for the through-diffusion experiments for a single layer of diffusion media, analytical model, an example of source program and the manual.

JAEA Reports


Maruo, Yoshihiro; ; ;

JNC-TN8440 2001-001, 135 Pages, 2000/12



JAEA Reports

Development of analytical method for plutonium in high active liquid waste solution by high performance spectrophotometry

Jitsukata, Shu*; *; ; ; Kurosawa, A.

JNC-TN8410 2001-002, 66 Pages, 2000/12


It was required from IAEA to determine a small amount of plutonium in the high active liquid waste solutions (HALW) in the tokai reprocessing plant. High performance spectrophotometer (HPSP), which could be obtained lower detection limit than conventional spectrophotometer, is studied to be applied to the inspection and verification analysis by the IAEA. [Cold Test] Neodymium, showing an absorption peak near the absorption wavelength of plutonium (VI), was used as an alternative element to plutonium, in order to review the calculation method of the peak intensity. As a result, the three-point correction method was found to be simple and effective. [Hot Test] Plutonium nitrate solution was used the fundamental test of this method. Since the method is known to be influenced by acidity, suspended sludge and coexistent elements in a sample, each dependency was examined. It was found that measurement results varied about 14% at a nitric acid concentration of 2-4 mol/L. Sludge should be removed by filtration before the measurement. The effect of coexisting elements could be eliminated adjusting the optical balance between reference and sample beam intensity. In the case of measuring a low concentration plutonium solution sample, a ratio of the peak intensity to the background intensity (S/B ratio) is relatively small. Therefore a method should be improved the S/B ratio by analyzing the obtained spectra. Accumulated average method, moving average method and Fourier transform method was tested. The results showed that a combination of the accumulated average method and the moving average method was the optimum method for the purpose. Linearity of the calibration curve was found between 0-11 mgPu/L. Synthetic sample solution, which simulated the actual constituents of the HALW with plutonium showed a good linear relation at 0-11 mgPu/L. The detection limit for plutonium concentration was 0.07 mgPu/L. When the synthetic HALW solution containing plutonium was measured, the de

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