Zairyo To Kankyo, 66(1), p.3 - 12, 2017/01
The laboratory simulation tests which could be reproduced the corrosion reactions propagating in the actual environments were utilized to analyze the mechanism of corrosion phenomena. In this report, some results are introduced in the cases of maritime structures and nuclear facilities. Experimental apparatus was originally designed to obtain the data in high radioactive condition simulating actual plants. One is a result showing the effect of Np ion to the corrosion of stainless steel in nuclear fuel reprocessing plant. Corrosion mechanism was revealed that Np ion is reduced to Np ion by a corrosion reaction of stainless steel and then re-oxidized to Np ion in the bulk solution. And repetition of this cycle accelerated corrosion of stainless steel by a little amounts of Np addition in nitric acid solution. Another result is introduced that an effect of HO created by radiolysis of cooling water at high radioactive environment in light water reactor.
Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Komatsu, Atsushi; Igarashi, Takahiro; Yamamoto, Masahiro
Proceedings of European Corrosion Congress 2014 (EUROCORR 2014) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2014/09
In this paper, the effect of phosphorous concentration in grain boundary (GB) on intergranular corrosion (IC) progress was studied to understand GB corrosion behavior of stainless steels in boiling nitric acid solution. Phosphorus (P) added extra high purity type 310 stainless alloy was corroded in boiling nitric acid solution, and P in GB was detected by three-dimensional atom probe. IC progress considering with P profile in GB was studied by numerical simulation using cellular automaton method. As the results, we concluded that P concentration change around 1.4at% in GB of the alloy caused IC rate change in boiling nitric acid solution. The developed numerical method could simulate GB corrosion change with P distribution in GB.
Kato, Chiaki; Yano, Masaya*; Kiuchi, Kiyoshi; Sugimoto, Katsuhisa*
Corrosion Engineering, 52(1), p.53 - 67, 2003/01
The effects of heat-transfer on the corrosion of zirconium was examined in boiling nitric acid solutions with various concentrations. Corrosion mass losses and electrochemical polarization curves were measured on the heat-transfer and isothermal surfaces in the solutions. It was found that the corrosion rate of zirconium was higher on the heat-transfer surface than that on the isothermal surface. The rate increased with increasing nitric acid concentration and solution temperature. The increased oxidization potential on the heat-transfer surface is attributed to the reduction of nitrous acid concentration by the thermal decomposition on the surface and the removal of the decomposition product from solution by boiling bubbles. The redox potential of 12 mol/dm nitric acid on a boiling heat-transfer surface was very close to the breakdown potential of primary passivity of zirconium. This suggests the initiation of SCC on a boiling heat-transfer surface in a nuclear fuel reprocessing.
Kato, Chiaki; Yano, Masaya*; Kiuchi, Kiyoshi; Sugimoto, Katsuhisa*
Zairyo To Kankyo, 52(1), p.35 - 43, 2003/01
The effects of heat-transfer on the corrosion of zirconium was examined in boiling nitric acid solutions with various concentrations. Corrosion mass losses and electrochemical polarization curves were measured on the heat-transfer and isothermal surfaces in the solutions. It was found that the corrosion rate of zirconium was higher on the heat-transfer surface than that on the isothermal surface. The rate increased with increasing nitric acid concentration and solution temperature. The increased oxidization potential on the heat-transfer surface is attributed to the reduction of nitrous acid concentration by the thermal decomposition on the surface and the removal of the decomposition product from solution by boiling bubbles. The redox potential of 12 mol/dm3 nitric acid on a boiling heat-transfer surface was very close to the breakdown potential of primary passivity of zirconium. This suggests the initiation of SCC on a boiling heat-transfer surface in a nuclear fuel reprocessing.
; ; Shigetome, Yoshiaki
JNC-TN8200 2001-006, 19 Pages, 2001/12
Shinohara, Kunihiko; Takeishi, Minoru; ; ; Mizutani, Tomoko
JNC-TN8440 2001-019, 141 Pages, 2001/11
This report was written about the effluent control in JNC Tokai Works from 1 April 2000 to 31 March 2001. In this period, the quantities and concentrations of retroactivities in liquid waste from Tokai Works were under the discharge limits of "Safety Regulations for the Tokai Reprocessing Plant", "Safety Regulations for the Tokai Reprocessing Plant" and regulations of government.
; Maki, Akira; ; ; ; ; Fukuda, Kazuhito
JNC-TN8410 2001-023, 188 Pages, 2001/11
"The 4th technological meeting of Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP)" was held in JNFL Rokkasyo site on octorber 11, 2001. The report contains the proceedings, transparancies and questionnaires of themeetin. This time, we reported about "Maintenance and repair results of Tokai Reprocessing Plant" based on technology and knowledge accumulated in Tokai Reprocessing Plant.
Nishimura, Kazuhisa; Shoji, Shuichi*; *; Sato, Seiichi*; ;
JNC-TN8430 2001-005, 64 Pages, 2001/09
The external gelation process is one of the candidates of MOX particle fuel fabrication for advanced recycle system. It was necessary to perform preliminary fuel fabrication with uranium before starting MOX tests. As the result of the preliminary examination, Basics conditions of the fabrication were obtained: (1)Optimized uranyl nitrate solution and PVA solution, as raw materials were prepared. (2)The frequency of vibration and the amount of flow were obtained with optimized broth (mixture) in the vibration dropping process. (3)The influence of composition of broth and concentration of ammonia solution on gelation process was obtained. (4)Impurities after aging, washing and drying spHerical gel were surveyed, (5)The spherical gel were calcined to oxide particles and the particles were characterized by TG-DTA, therefore it is certain that outlook on the sintered particles as final products is very clear. On the top of that, there were no fatal technicalities of the external gelation process through material balance and a diameter dispersion of spherical gel and oxide particles. It is necessary to perform uranium examination to solve some new problems, for instant, surface crack of spherical gel. Although almost of all the preparations are completed and fabrication examination of MOX particles with vibration dropping equipment are ready for starting.
; ; ;
JNC-TN8410 2001-021, 33 Pages, 2001/09
Carbon-14 released from the nuclear facilities is an important radionuclide for the safety assessment, because it tends to accumulate in environment through food chain and has as a significant impact to personal dose. Carbon-14 has been monitored routinely as one of the main gaseous radionuclides exhausted from the Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP) since OCtober of 1991. Furthermore, behavior of carbon-14 in TRP has been investigated through the reprocessing operation and the literature survey. This report describes the result of investigation about the behavior of carbon-14 in TRP as followings. (1)Only a very small amount of carbon-14 in the fuel was liberated into the shear off-gas and most of it was liberated into the dissolver of-gass. Part of the carbon-14 was trapped at the caustic scrubber installed in the of-gas treatment process, and untrapped carbon-14 was released into the environment from the main stack. Amount of carbon-14 released from the main stack was about 4.16.5GBq every ton of uranium reprocessed. (2)Carbon-14 trapped at the caustic scrubbers installed in the dissolver off-gas and in the vessel off-gas treatment process is transferred to the low active waste vessel. Amount of carbon-14 transferred to the low active waste vessel was about 5.4 9.6GBq every ton of uranium reprocessed. (3)The total amount of carbon-14 input to TRP was summed up to about 11.915.5 GBq every ton of uranium reprocessed considering the released amount from the main stack and the trapped amount in the off-gas treatment devices. The amount of nitrogen impurity in the initial fuel was calculated about 1522ppm of uranium metal based on the measured carbon-14. (4)The solution in the low active waste vesselis concentrated at the evaporator.Most of the carbon-14 in the solution was transferred into concentrated solution. (5)Tokai vitrification Demonstration Facility (TVF) started to operate in 1994. Since then, carbon-14 has been measured in the ...
; ; *
JNC-TN8440 2001-024, 210 Pages, 2001/08
In order to make this book reflect in the investigation which turned the bitumen solidification object to maintenance of the abandonment object technical standard on condition of carrying out subterranean disposal in the future - solidification - it created for the purpose of utilizing as precious sources of information, such as a nuclide inventory in the living body, group-izing of the past campaign required for typical solidification object selection, and information offer at the time of disposal examination. A development operation history collected so that histories including the shift action in an institution of the formation of discharge reduction of the characteristic of solidification object manufacture outlines, such as composition of the process of an institution and a solidification object and a storage actual result, the contents of an examination of the past campaign, and the solidification object manufactured based on topics or radioactive iodine and radioactive carbon etc., such as the past contents of an examination / operation, may grasp comprehensively in creation, and it carried out as the composition stared the trend of future disposal fixedly. It was a period (for 16 years) until an bituminization demonstration facility processing institution will start a cold examination from April (Showa 57), 1982, and it starts a hot examination from May 4, it starts solidification processing technical development operation from october 6 and it results in the fire explosion accident on March 11 (Heisei 9), 1997, and low level radioactivity concentration waste fluid was processed 7,438 m, and 29,967 bitumen solidification objects were manufactured. According to the accident, it is necessary to hand it down to future generations with processing technology while the bitumen solidification object manufactured in 15 years although the bituminization demonstration facility processing institution came to close the mission holds information precious ...
JNC-TN8200 2001-005, 54 Pages, 2001/08
; *; *; ; Koyama, Tomozo
JNC-TN8410 2001-013, 255 Pages, 2001/05
Mock-ups of acid recovery evaporators which are made of Ti-5% Ta alloy and Zr were tested under inactive condition for forty thousands hours to improve a corrosion resistance of acid recovery evaporator in Tokai reprocessing plant (TRP). The mock-up unit was designed and produced referring to the specification of acid recovery evaporator in TRP and the evaporation performance of the mock-up was 1/27 of TRP. A long-term durability of both evaporators was demonstrated by results of operation data, evaporation performance and corrosion resistance. The mock-up unit did not suffer from any trouble during the running test and the operation data such as temperature, flow, concentrations of nitric acid and metal ions were fairly stable within standard condition. As for the corrosion resistance, cracks and local corrosion such as intergranular attack were not observed on both evaporators after the running test, and a corrosion of weld was not selective. The average corrosion rates at measuring points were less than 0.1mm/yr, respectively, however, thickness of the Ti-5% Ta alloy evaporator was slightly reduced at all points of vapor phase region. In addition, from the result by test coupon, it is found that both materials have low susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking in this environment. The destructive inspection showed that the mechanical properties of both materials were not degraded during the running test. Finally, the total running time of the mock-up unit is much more than a maximum running time of acid recovery evaporator made of stainless steel in TRP (nearly 15,000 hours). On the basis of the test results, an excellent durability of Ti-5% Ta alloy and Zr evaporators under was successfully demonstrated throughout the mock-up test from an engineering perspective.
Ito, Yasuhisa; Noda, Kimio; ;
JNC-TN8410 2001-018, 67 Pages, 2001/04
There are waste storage pits where non-radioactive wastes generated from plutonium fuel facilities were stored in JNC Tokai Works. But radioactive wastes were found in one of the pit during wastes arrangement works. Therefore we set the pit temporary controlled area and recovered wastes from it. This report describes the radiation control technique of recovery work in detail.
Maki, Akira; ; Taguchi, Katsuya; ; Shimizu, Ryo; Shoji, Kenji;
JNC-TN8410 2001-012, 185 Pages, 2001/04
"The third technological meeting of Tokai Reprocessing plant (TRP)" was held in JNFL Rokkasyo site on March 14, 2001. The technical meetings have been held in the past two times. The first one was about the present status and future plan of the TRP and second one was about safety evaluation work on the TRP. At this time, the meeting focussed on the corrosion experrience, in-service inspection technology and future maintenance plan. The report contains the proceedings, transparancies and questionnaires of the meeting are contained.
Maruo, Yoshihiro; ; ;
JNC-TN8440 2001-001, 135 Pages, 2000/12
; *; Sakurai, Koji*; *; *; *
JNC-TN8400 2000-032, 98 Pages, 2000/12
Concerning the preparation of high U solution for the crystallization process and the application of UO powder dissolution to that, the effects of final U concentration, dissolution temperature, nitric acid concentration and powder size on the dissolution of UO powder in the nitric acid where the final U concentration was 800g/L were investigated. The experimental results showed that the solubility of UO decreased with the increase of final UO concentration and powder size, and with the decrease of dissolution temperature and nitric acid concentration. It was also confirmed that in the condition where the final U concentration was sufficiently lower than the solubility of U,,UO dissolution behavior in the high U solution could be estimated with the equation based on the fragmentation model which we had already reported. Based on these experimental results, the dissolution behavior of irradiated MOX fuel in high U solution was estimated and the possibility of supplying high U solution to the crystallization process was discussed. In the preparation of high U solution for the crystallization process, it was estimated that the present dissolution process (dissolution for fuel pieces of about 3cm long) needed a lot of time to obtain a high dissolution yield, but it was shorted drastically by the pulverization of fuel pieces. The burst of off-gas at the early in the dissolution of fuel powder seems to be avoidable with setting the appropriate dissolution condition, and it is important to optimize the dissolution condition with considering the capacity of off-gas treatment process.
; Inagaki, Tatsutoshi*
JNC-TY1400 2000-004, 464 Pages, 2000/08
; Inagaki, Tatsutoshi*
JNC-TY1400 2000-003, 92 Pages, 2000/08
Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) and Japan Atomic Power company (JAPCO, that is the representative of the electric utilities in Japan) have established a new organization to develop a commercialized fast breeder reactor (FBR) cycle system since July 1, 1999 and feasibility studies (F/S) have been undertaken in order to determine the promising concepts and to define the necessary R&D tasks. In the first two-year phase, a number of candidate concepts will be selected from various options, featuring innovative technologies. In the F/S, the options are evaluated and conceptual designs are examined considering the attainable perspectives for following: (1) ensuring safety, (2) economic competitiveness to future LWRs, (3) efficient utilization of resources, (4) reduction of environmental burden and (5) enhancement of nuclear non-proliferation. The F/S should also guide the necessary R&D to commercialize FBR cycle system.
; Shinohara, Kunihiko; ; ; ; Isozaki, Tokuju; ; *
JNC-TN8440 2000-003, 93 Pages, 2000/08
The investigation on the radioactivity concentration for gross beta, H and Cs in seawater collected around the discharge point had been performed in order to grasp the change of the activity level of the coastal seawater offshore the JNC Tokai Works from the low level liquid effluent of the reprocessing plant. After the investigation on the radioactivity in seawater during the hot examination, the detailed investigation on the environmental effects from the liquid effluent of JNC reprocessing plant has been performed since July 1978 on the basis of the request from Ibaraki prefecture as the full-scale operation of the reprocessing plant. Consequently, no increase of the radioactive concentration due to the discharged effluent has been observed. And also, as the result of the consideration to the investigation on the environmental effect from the liquid effluent throughout 22 years since 1978, no change of the radioactive concentration level in seawater was recognized.
JNC-TN1440 2000-005, 214 Pages, 2000/08
no abstracts in English