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JAEA Reports

Development of semantic survey map building system using semi-autonomous mobile robots for surveying of disaster area and gathering of information in nuclear power station (Contract research); FY2020 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Tokyo Polytechnic University*

JAEA-Review 2022-011, 80 Pages, 2022/07

JAEA-Review-2022-011.pdf:5.42MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2020. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of semantic survey map building system using semi-autonomous mobile robots for surveying of disaster area and gathering of information in nuclear power station" conducted from FY2018 to FY2021 (this contract was extended to FY2021). Since the final year of this proposal was FY2021, the results for four fiscal years were summarized. The present study aims to research and develop semi-autonomous mobile robot systems (multi-sensor fusion system, semantic simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM), system for traversable-route learning and safe traversable-route presentation, etc.) that simply, safely, and rapidly make semantic survey maps including multiple information

Journal Articles

Basic study on seismic respnse of soil-structure interaction system using equivalent linear three-dimensional FEM analysis of reactor building

Ichihara, Yoshitaka*; Nakamura, Naohiro*; Nabeshima, Kunihiko*; Choi, B.; Nishida, Akemi

Kozo Kogaku Rombunshu, B, 68B, p.271 - 283, 2022/04

This paper aims to evaluate the applicability of the equivalent linear analysis method for reinforced concrete, which uses frequency-independent hysteretic damping, to the seismic design of reactor building of the nuclear power plant. To achieve this, we performed three-dimensional FEM analyses of the soil-structure interaction system, focusing on the nonlinear and equivalent linear seismic behavior of a reactor building under an ideal soil condition. From these results, the method of equivalent analysis showed generally good correspondence with the method of the nonlinear analysis, confirming the effectiveness. Moreover, the method tended to lower the structural stiffness compared to the nonlinear analysis model. Therefore, in the evaluation of the maximum shear strain, we consider that the results were more likely to be higher than the results of nonlinear analysis.

Journal Articles

Applicability of equivalent linear analysis to reinforced concrete shear walls; 3D FEM simulation of experiment results of seismic wall ultimate behavior

Ichihara, Yoshitaka*; Nakamura, Naohiro*; Moritani, Hiroshi*; Horiguchi, Tomohiro*; Choi, B.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 21(1), p.1 - 14, 2022/03

In this study, we aim to approximately evaluate the effect of nonlinearity of reinforced concrete structures through seismic response analysis using the equivalent linear analysis method. A simulation analysis was performed for the ultimate response test of the shear wall of the reactor building used in an international competition by OECD/NEA in 1996. The equivalent stiffness and damping of the shear wall were obtained from the trilinear skeleton curves proposed by the Japan Electric Association and the hysteresis curves proposed by Cheng et al. The dominant frequency, maximum acceleration response, maximum displacement response, inertia force-displacement relationship, and acceleration response spectra of the top slab could be simulated well up to a shear strain of approximately $$gamma$$=2.0$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$. The equivalent linear analysis used herein underestimates the maximum displacement response at the time of ultimate fracture of approximately $$gamma$$=4.0$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$. Moreover, the maximum shear strain of the shear wall could not capture the locally occurring shear strain compared with that of the nonlinear analysis. Therefore, when employing this method to evaluate the maximum shear strain and test results, including those during the sudden increase in displacement immediately before the fracture, sufficient attention must be paid to its applicability.

JAEA Reports

Development of semantic survey map building system using semi-autonomous mobile robots for surveying of disaster area and gathering of information in nuclear power station (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Tokyo Polytechnic University*

JAEA-Review 2020-062, 47 Pages, 2021/01

JAEA-Review-2020-062.pdf:3.43MB

JAEA/CLADS had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project in FY2019. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of Semantic Survey Map Building System using Semi-autonomous Mobile Robots for Surveying of Disaster Area and Gathering of Information in Nuclear Power Station" conducted in FY2019.

JAEA Reports

Development of semantic survey map building system using semi-autonomous mobile robots for surveying of disaster area and gathering of information in nuclear power station (Contract research); FY2018 center of world intelligence project for nuclear science/technology and human resource development

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Tokyo Polytechnic University*

JAEA-Review 2019-022, 35 Pages, 2020/01

JAEA-Review-2019-022.pdf:2.71MB

CLADS, JAEA, had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the Development of Semantic Survey Map Building System Using Semi-autonomous Mobile Robots for Surveying of Disaster Area and Gathering of Information in Nuclear Power Station. The objective of the present study is to research and develop semi-autonomous mobile robot systems (multi-sensor fusion system, semantic simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM), system for traversable-route learning and safe traversable-route presentation, etc.) that simply, safely, and rapidly make semantic survey maps including multiple information (air dose rate, temperature, obstacles, etc.). The system will be applied to the investigation of the situation inside the building of the nuclear power station where people cannot access at the time of disaster.

Journal Articles

Thermal-hydraulic analyses of the High-Temperature engineering Test Reactor for loss of forced cooling at 30% reactor power

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 106, p.71 - 83, 2017/08

The HTTR, which is the only HTGR having inherent safety features in Japan, conducted a safety demonstration test involving a loss of both reactor reactivity control and core cooling. The paper shows thermal-hydraulics during the LOFC test at an initial power of 30% reactor power (9 MW), when the insertion of all control rods was disabled and all gas circulators were tripped to reduce the coolant flow rate to zero. The analytical results could show that the downstream of forced convection caused by the HPS pushes down the upstream by natural convection in the fuel assemblies; however, the forced convection has little influence on the core thermal-hydraulics without the reactor outlet coolant temperature. As a result, the three-dimensional thermal-phenomena inside the RPV during the LOFC test could be understood qualitatively.

Journal Articles

Info session on human networking held in Japan-IAEA Joint Nuclear Energy Management School; Aiming to develop human network among nuclear young generation in the world

Nishiyama, Jun*; Ohgama, Kazuya; Sakamoto, Tatsujiro*; Watanabe, Rin*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 57(2), p.123 - 125, 2015/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experiments and validation analyses of HTTR on loss of forced cooling under 30% reactor power

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Tochio, Daisuke; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takada, Shoji; Yan, X.; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Sakaba, Nariaki; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(11-12), p.1427 - 1443, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:66.19(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In a safety demonstration test involving a loss of both reactor reactivity control and core cooling, HTGRs such as the HTTR, which is the only HTGR in Japan, demonstrate that the reactor power would stabilize spontaneously. In the test at an initial power of 30%, when the insertion of all control rods was disabled and all gas circulators were tripped to reduce the coolant flow rate to zero, a reactor transient was initiated and examined. The results confirmed that the reactor power would decrease immediately and become effectively zero.

Journal Articles

Thermodynamics in density-functional theory and force theorems

Chihara, Junzo*; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru

Progress of Theoretical Physics, 111(3), p.339 - 359, 2004/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:37.93(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Heat transfer characteristics of gas heated type steam reformer

Takeda, Tetsuaki; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki

Nihon Kikai Gakkai 2003-Nendo Nenji Taikai Koen Rombunshu, Vol.3, p.17 - 18, 2003/08

A technology development of a hydrogen production system by a nuclear heat are being performed as a heat application system of a high-temperature gas cooled reactor in the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute. The objective of this study is to clarify heat transfer characteristics of the steam reformer in the HTTR hydrogen production system. An experiment has been performed using a double coaxial vertical tube to obtain the heat transfer characteristics and to evaluate the effectiveness of heat transfer enhancement. The amount of produced hydrogen increases with increasing not only reaction rate of catalysis but also the heat transfer coefficient. It is necessary to take into account of heat transfer from both surfaces of the double coaxial tube in order to obtain the amount of transferred heat from the heated tube to the coolant gas.

JAEA Reports

Influence of plutonium contents in MOX fuel on destructive forces at fuel failure in the NSRR experiment

Nakamura, Jinichi; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Nakamura, Takehiko; Kanazawa, Toru; Sasajima, Hideo

JAERI-Tech 2003-008, 32 Pages, 2003/03

JAERI-Tech-2003-008.pdf:1.49MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Influence of coolant temperature and pressure on destructive forces at fuel failure in the NSRR experiment

Kusagaya, Kazuyuki*; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Nakamura, Takehiko; Uetsuka, Hiroshi

JAERI-Tech 2002-105, 24 Pages, 2003/01

JAERI-Tech-2002-105.pdf:1.4MB

High-temperature and high-pressure influence on the destructive force at the fuel rod failure in reactivity-initiated-accident (RIA) simulating experiment using the NSRR (Nuclear Safety Research Reactor) is estimated, for the purpose of mechanical designing of a new experimental capsule for simulating the temperature and pressure condition of typical commercial BWR. When knowledge on pressure impulse and water hammer, which are the cause of the destructive force, and steam property dependence on temperature and pressure are taken into account, one can qualitatively estimate that the destructive force in the BWR operation condition is smaller than that in the room temperature and atmospheric pressure condition. The water column velocity, which determines the impact by water hammer, is further investigated quantitatively by modeling the experimental system and the water hammer phenomenon. As a result, the maximum velocity of water column in the BWR operation condition is calculated to be only about 10% of that in the room temperature and atmospheric pressure condition.

JAEA Reports

Development of the carbon fiber reinforced carbon-carbon composite for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors

Sogabe, Toshiaki; Ishihara, Masahiro; Baba, Shinichi; Kojima, Takao; Tachibana, Yukio; Iyoku, Tatsuo; Hoshiya, Taiji; Hiraoka, Toshiharu*; Yamaji, Masatoshi*

JAERI-Research 2002-026, 22 Pages, 2002/11

JAERI-Research-2002-026.pdf:2.41MB

Carbon Fiber Reinforced Carbon-carbon Composites, C/C composites, have been developed and extensively studied their characteristics. C/C composites are considered to be promising materials for the application of a control rod in the next high performance high temperature gas-cooled reactors. In the present paper, details of the development of the candidate C/C composite are described. In the course of the development of the material, especially, feasibility of the production, stableness of the supply and cost are much taken into consideration. As the physical properties of the material, high mechanical strength such as tensile and bending, high fracture strain and fracture toughness and low dimensional change by neutron irradiation have to be met. The developed 2D-C/C composite consists of plain-weave PAN-based carbon fiber cloth and pitch derived matrix. Also, high purification up to the level of nuclear grade was successfully attained in the composite.

Journal Articles

Temperature and magnetic field dependence of the critical current density for a mass-produced Nb$$_{3}$$Al multifilamentary strand fabricated by a jelly-roll method

Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Takaya, Yoshiyuki*; Tsuji, Hiroshi

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 12(2), p.1799 - 1803, 2002/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:35.61(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

JAERI has been developing jelly-roll processed multifilamentary Nb$$_{3}$$Al/Cu strands for the Toroidal Field (TF) coils of fusion tokamak machines since 1986, in cooperation with industries. One ton of mass-produced strands were successfully manufactured for the 13T-46kA Nb$$_{3}$$Al insert which will be tested using the ITER Central Solenoid model coil. The critical current of the Nb3Al strand developed for the ITER project was measured in temperatures from 4.2 K to 15 K and in applied magnetic fields up to 16 T. An empirical equation for the critical current density was devised using these data and the pinning force scaling method. Good agreement between this equation and the measured data is obtained in the operating condition of the ITER machine. The equation is useful in evaluating the performance of the full-size conductor that consists of 1,152 strands and in establishing the optimum design criteria for the conductor in fusion machines.

Journal Articles

Development of dual arm manipulators with remote control system

Tachibana, Mitsuo; Shimada, Taro; Yanagihara, Satoshi

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Dai-8-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu, p.489 - 492, 2002/06

A remote dismantling robot was developed for decommissioning in nuclear facilities. The remote dismantling robot consists of two electrical powered manipulators, end-effectors and a control system. To realize stable dismantling operation remotely, the remote dismantling robot is designed from view point of proper control in coping with different activity conditioning by feedback of image and of force to the control system. The image feedback was considered to obtain accurate positioning of the end-effectors and the force feedback was considered to supply proper force for direct interaction with an object. Motion tests were performed to verify the remote dismantling robot and its control system. As a result, it was confirmed that the remote dismantling activities such as cutting, radioactivity measurement, decontamination were conducted efficiently by using the image feedback and the force feedback.

JAEA Reports

Radiation exposure estimates on production and utilization of recycled items using dismantling waste

Nakamura, Hisashi; Nakashima, Mikio

JAERI-Tech 2002-006, 58 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Tech-2002-006.pdf:2.56MB

Radiation exposure was estimated on production and utilization of recycled items using dismantling waste by assuming that their usage are restricted to nuclear facilities. The radiation exposure attributed to production of a steel-plate cast iron waste container, a receptacle for slag, and a drum reinforcement was calculated to be in the range of several $$mu$$Sv to several tens of $$mu$$Sv even in recycling contaminated metal waste of which radioactivity concentration of Co-60 is higher than the clearance level by a factor of two figures. It is also elucidated that casting of a multiple casting waste package meets the standards of dose equivalent rate for the transport of a radioactive package and the weight of the package will be able to kept around 20 tons for the convenience of the handling, in case of disposal of metal waste less than 37MBq/g with the steel-plate cast iron waste container. As the results, from the radiological exposure's point of view, it should be possible to use slightly contaminated metal for recycled items in waste management.

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of solid breeder blanket system cooled by supercritical water

Enoeda, Mikio; Ohara, Yoshihiro; Akiba, Masato; Sato, Satoshi; Hatano, Toshihisa; Kosaku, Yasuo; Kuroda, Toshimasa*; Kikuchi, Shigeto*; Yanagi, Yoshihiko*; Konishi, Satoshi; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2001-078, 120 Pages, 2001/12

JAERI-Tech-2001-078.pdf:8.3MB

This report is a summary of the design works, which was discussed in the design workshop held in 2000 for the demonstration (DEMO) blanket aimed to strengthen the commercial competitiveness and technical feasibility simultaneously. The DEMO blanket must supply the feasibility and experience of the total design of the power plant and the materials. This conceptual design study was performed to determine the updated strategy and goal of the R&D of the DEMO blanket which applies the supercritical water cooling proposed in A-SSTR, taking into account the recent progress of the plasma research and reactor engineering technology.

Journal Articles

Strength test of C/C composite high performance control rod for HTGRs

Ishiyama, Shintaro; Fukaya, Kiyoshi; Eto, Motokuni

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 41(10), p.1092 - 1099, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:21.63(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of loading rate on the strength of SiC$$_{f}$$/SiC composites

Y.J.Stockmann*; Futakawa, Masatoshi; *; Tanabe, Yuji*; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Hino, Ryutaro; *

Ceramic Material Systems with Composite Structures, 99, p.357 - 369, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation on driving force of natural circulation in downcomer for passive residual heat removal system in JAERI passive safety reactor JPSR

Kunii, Katsuhiko; Iwamura, Takamichi; Murao, Yoshio

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 34(1), p.21 - 29, 1997/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.83(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

49 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)