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Journal Articles

Proposal of laser-induced ultrasonic guided wave for corrosion detection of reinforced concrete structures in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant decommissioning site

Furusawa, Akinori; Takenaka, Yusuke; Nishimura, Akihiko

Applied Sciences (Internet), 9(17), p.3544_1 - 3544_12, 2019/09

Remote-controlled, non-destructive testing is necessary to detect corrosion of the reinforced concrete structures at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) de-commissioning site. This work aims to demonstrate that laser-induced ultrasonic guided wave technology can be applied to achieve this task. Hence, accelerated electrolytic corrosion is performed on a reinforced concrete specimen fabricated by embedding a steel rod into mortar. Waveforms of the laser-induced ultrasonic guided wave on the rod are measured with a previously employed piezoelectric transducer (PZT) probe, for each fixed corrosion time. Based on the results of Fourier and wavelet transforms of the waveforms, issues concerning the detection and extent of rebar corrosion are discussed. It is exhibited that the changes in bonding strength due to corrosion are distinguishable in the frequency domain of the ultrasonic signal.

Journal Articles

A New measuring method for elemental ratio and Vickers hardness of metal-oxide-boride materials based on Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)

Abe, Yuta; Otaka, Masahiko; Okazaki, Kodai*; Kawakami, Tomohiko*; Nakagiri, Toshio

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2019/05

Since the hardness of fuel debris containing boride from B$$_{4}$$C pellet in control rod is estimated to be two times higher as that of oxide, such as UO$$_{2}$$ and ZrO$$_{2}$$, it is necessary to select the efficient and appropriate operation for removal of fuel debris formed in the severe accident of nuclear power plants. We focused on the characteristics of LIBS, an innovative rapid chemical in-situ analysis technology that enables simultaneous detection of B, O, and other metal elements in fuel debris. Simulated solidified melt specimens were obtained in the plasma heating tests (CMMR-0/-2, performed by JAEA) of simulated fuel assembly (ZrO$$_{2}$$ is used to simulated UO$$_{2}$$ pellet, other materials such as stainless steel, B$$_{4}$$C are same as fuel assembly). The LIBS signals of (B/O)/Zr ratio showed good linear relationship with Vickers hardness. This technique can be also applied as in-situ assessment tool for elemental composition and Vickers hardness of metal-oxide-boride materials.

Journal Articles

Potential for remote controllable systematization of the method of testing reinforced concrete using guided-wave on rebar

Furusawa, Akinori; Nishimura, Akihiko; Takenaka, Yusuke; Muramatsu, Toshiharu

Proceedings of International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research (FDR 2019) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2019/05

The aim of this work presented here is to demonstrate the potential of our method for remote controllable systematization, of testing reinforced concrete based on ultrasonic guided-wave on rebar. In order to investigate how the deteriorated phenomena has the effects on the ultrasonic guided-wave propagating on the rebar, following experiments are conducted. Test pieces used for the experiments are made of bare steel rod and cylindrically pored mortar to be representing the actual reinforced concrete. Irradiating the end face of the rod with nanosecond pulsed laser makes the ultrasonic guided-wave induced, at the other end face, the guided wave signal is measured with ultrasonic receiver. One test piece is with no damage and the other is deteriorated test piece. The deterioration is made by electrolytic corroded method. The guided-wave signal from the deteriorated test piece is measured with respect to each energization time, the change in the waveform is investigated. Analyzing the results from the experiments above, it is found that the deterioration of rebar has remarkable effects on the guided-wave signal. The signal from test piece with no damage has strong peak at both specific frequency and lower region, on the other hand, signals from deteriorated test piece has only at the specific frequency depending on the diameter of the steel rod. Finally, discussion concerning with the experimental results and future perspective for remote controllable systematization of our method is carried out.

Journal Articles

Development of remote sensing technique using radiation resistant optical fibers under high-radiation environment

Ito, Chikara; Naito, Hiroyuki; Ishikawa, Takashi; Ito, Keisuke; Wakaida, Ikuo

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 24, p.011038_1 - 011038_6, 2019/01

A high-radiation resistant optical fiber has been developed in order to investigate the interiors of the reactor pressure vessels and the primary containment vessels at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. The tentative dose rate in the reactor pressure vessels is assumed to be up to 1 kGy/h. We developed a radiation resistant optical fiber consisting of a 1000 ppm hydroxyl doped pure silica core and 4 % fluorine doped pure silica cladding. We attempted to apply the optical fiber to remote imaging technique by means of fiberscope. The number of core image fibers was increased from 2000 to 22000 for practical use. The transmissive rate of infrared images was not affected after irradiation of 1 MGy. No change in the spatial resolution of the view scope by means of image fiber was noted between pre- and post-irradiation. We confirmed the applicability of the probing system, which consists of a view scope using radiation-resistant optical fibers.

Journal Articles

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and related resonance spectroscopy for nuclear fuel cycle management and for decommissioning of "Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station"

Wakaida, Ikuo; Oba, Hironori; Miyabe, Masabumi; Akaoka, Katsuaki; Oba, Masaki; Tamura, Koji; Saeki, Morihisa

Kogaku, 48(1), p.13 - 20, 2019/01

By Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy and by related resonance spectroscopy, elemental and isotope analysis of Uranium and Plutonium for nuclear fuel materials and in-situ remote analysis under strong radiation condition for melt downed nuclear fuel debris at damaged core in "Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station", are introduced and performed as one of the application in atomic energy research field.

Journal Articles

Development of laser instrumentation devices for inner wall of high temperature piping system

Nishimura, Akihiko; Furusawa, Akinori; Takenaka, Yusuke*

AIP Conference Proceedings 2033, p.080002_1 - 080002_5, 2018/11

We developed a cpmpact laser maintenance device in order to access a 23 mm diameter for heat exchanger tubes of nuclear power plants. A laser instrumentation device was desighned and assembled to measure the corrosion depth at the inlet of heat exchanger tubes. This device can be applied for heat exchanger tubes in CSP where erosion or cracking might be caused by repetitive thermal induced stress.

Journal Articles

Radiation imaging using a compact Compton camera inside the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station building

Sato, Yuki; Tanifuji, Yuta; Terasaka, Yuta; Usami, Hiroshi; Kaburagi, Masaaki; Kawabata, Kuniaki; Utsugi, Wataru*; Kikuchi, Hiroyuki*; Takahira, Shiro*; Torii, Tatsuo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(9), p.965 - 970, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:16.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Dynamic nuclear self-polarization of III-V semiconductors

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Goto, Jun*; Matsuki, Seishi*

Journal of Semiconductors, 39(8), p.082001_1 - 082001_5, 2018/08

Dynamic nuclear self-polarization (DYNASP) is a phenomenon observed in III-V semiconductors. When electrons of the valence band of a semiconductor are optically excited to the conduction band, a relaxation process of the conduction electrons induces a large nuclear polarization to suddenly occur below a critical temperature. Extending the original theoretical work of Dyakonov et al., we examined the effect of spin distribution of valence electrons excited by the circularly polarized light and the effect of external magnetic field on the phenomenon of the nuclear self-polarization. We found that the nuclear polarization is achieved even above the critical temperatures by the effect of electron polarization and of the external magnetic field. To investigate the phenomenon experimentally, we constructed an apparatus for low-temperature experiments.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of melting and solidification processes by laser irradiations using a computational science simulation code SPLICE

Muramatsu, Toshiharu

Dai-89-Kai Reza Kako Gakkai Koen Rombunshu, p.115 - 119, 2018/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Preheat effect on titanium plate fabricated by sputter-free selective laser melting in vacuum

Sato, Yuji*; Tsukamoto, Masahiro*; Shobu, Takahisa; Yamashita, Yoshihiro*; Yamagata, Shuto*; Nishi, Takaya*; Higashino, Ritsuko*; Okubo, Tomomasa*; Nakano, Hitoshi*; Abe, Nobuyuki*

Applied Physics A, 124(4), p.288_1 - 288_6, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:59.26(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The dynamics of titanium (Ti) melted by laser irradiation was investigated in a synchrotron radiation experiment. As an indicator of wettability, the contact angle between a selective laser melting (SLM) baseplate and the molten Ti was measured by synchrotron X-rays at 30 keV during laser irradiation. As the baseplate temperature increased, the contact angle decreased, down to 28 degrees at a baseplate temperature of 500$$^{circ}$$C. Based on this result, the influence of wettability of a Ti plate fabricated by SLM in a vacuum was investigated. It was revealed that the improvement of wettability by preheating suppressed sputtering generation, and a surface having a small surface roughness was fabricated by SLM in a vacuum.

Journal Articles

Front-loading for metal powder additive manufacturing processes with a computational science simulation code SPLICE

Muramatsu, Toshiharu; Aoyagi, Yuji*; Yoshiuji, Takahiro*

Nippon Kikai Gakkai 2017-Nendo Nenji Taikai Koen Rombunshu (DVD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2017/09

A general-purpose three-dimensional thermohydraulics numerical simulation code SPLICE was developed at Japan Atomic Energy Agency and designed to deal with gas-liquid-solid consolidated incompressible viscous flows with a phase change process in various laser applications, such as welding, coating, cutting, etc. The result obtained from metal powder laser additive manufacturing simulations is very encouraging in the sense that the SPLICE code would be used as one of efficient tools to provide the laser irradiation conditions.

Journal Articles

Ultrasonic guided wave approach for inspecting concave surface of the laser butt-welded pipe

Furusawa, Akinori; Nishimura, Akihiko; Takebe, Toshihiko*; Nakamura, Masaki*; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Saijo, Shingo*; Nakamoto, Hiroyuki*

E-Journal of Advanced Maintenance (Internet), 9(2), p.44 - 51, 2017/08

The aim of this work is to investigate the applicability of ultrasonic guided wave for evaluation of laser beam butt-welding quality. Ten in total test pipes having welding seam is prepared. Two piece of pipe are jointed and continuous laser beam is irradiated on the edges, varying laser irradiation power, welding side and surface profile of the adjacent edges of the pipe. Ultrasonic guided wave testing experiment is performed on the pipes. Torsional mode guided wave is excited by EMAT. The experimental results are analyzed and issues are discussed. The reflection wave bullet from the poor interface of the welding seam is clearly observed, whereas no reflection from fine welded line. From the aspect of laser irradiation power, welding side and surface profile of the adjacent edges, the relation between the interface condition and detection wave bullet are analyzed. It is found that the ultrasonic guided wave technologies have the potential for evaluating laser beam butt-welding seam.

Journal Articles

Industry development activities and applied laser research activities at Fukui branch of Japan Atomic Energy Agency

Furusawa, Akinori; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Nishimura, Akihiko; Mizutani, Haruki; Muramatsu, Toshiharu

Nippon Hozen Gakkai Dai-14-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.479 - 480, 2017/08

Industry development activities on applied laser research held at Fukui branch of Japan Atomic Energy Agency are reported. Industry development is inevitable in long-term vision and strategy for developing maintenance technology and establishing decommissioning technology. Fukui branch of JAEA has organized public seminar offering businesses to promote these activities and technology exchange for years. Here some examples offered in the current seminar are introduced concerning with laser technology. Finally, our goal and important point of view are discussed.

Journal Articles

Contribution by incorporation of laser technology and robotics technology for Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants decommissioning

Kawatsuma, Shinji

Reza Kenkyu, 45(7), p.413 - 417, 2017/07

Inside and surrounding area of reactor buildings of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants became high radiation condition because of radioactive materials release by the accidents caused by earthquake of Pacific coast on eastern and northern Japan. In the stage of emergency response to the accidents, more than 20 robots had been deployed, and some of them had equipped with laser technologies like as laser range finder. In the following decommissioning stage of the plans, operations under higher radiation condition will be required, so that varied laser technologies will be needed to fuse with robot technologies. Laser checker laser analysis would be expected besides laser range finder. However those technologies will be deployed under higher radiation condition, so radiation hardening and control stabilizing should be solved.

Journal Articles

An Approach for remote nondestructive testing method for concrete structure using laser-generated ultrasonic

Furusawa, Akinori; Nishimura, Akihiko; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Nakamura, Kaori*

Proceedings of 54th Annual Meeting of Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling (HOTLAB 2017) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2017/00

Testing of concrete structures in NPPs is needed to guarantee hereafter workability. Recent work says Core Concrete Reaction advances erosion of the concrete structures of Fukushima NPPs and it's difficult to estimate the correct depth of CCR. In addition, it is clear that seawater intrusion makes the rebar in the concrete structures corroded, thus, advanced remote testing methods for the deterioration should be considered. Gap or decrease of the adhesiveness between rebar and outer concrete appears in its deterioration process. We had a sense of possibility introducing a new testing method based on that. The concept is to propagate laser-excited ultrasonic gathering the information about the deterioration inside and received at distance with LDV. In this work, we investigate and report how it has the effect on propagating ultrasonic along the rebar to decrease adhesiveness between the rebar and the concrete experimentally.

Journal Articles

Statistical laser-scanner measurement model for mobile robot localization in human living environment

Yamada, Taichi; Oya, Akihisa*

Keisoku Jido Seigyo Gakkai Rombunshu, 52(12), p.661 - 670, 2016/12

This paper introduces a laser-scanner measurement model using the statistic of laser-scanner data collected in advance for a mobile robot localization. In autonomous navigation, robots usually run based on self position in a map, and laser-scanners are useful sensors for localization. However, in human living environments like urban areas and parks, laser-scanner data is unstable due to moving objects and natural objects, and it is difficult to obtain landmarks like fixed objects. Therefore, our method make a map using statistics of laser-scanner data and calculates the laser-scanner measurement model based on the statistics. Our method is applied to Monte Carlo localization/particlelter. Because the map makes possible to use the frequency and distribution of laser-scanner data for localization, our method allows a robust localization for unstable laser scanner data. In extensive experiments, our method presented an accurate localization and a robot using our method ran stably in actual sidewalks.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of globally- & locally-distributed erosion/cavitation damage by using laser ultrasonics

Wan, T.; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

Kashika Joho Gakkai-Shi (USB Flash Drive), 36(Suppl.2), 8 Pages, 2016/10

Journal Articles

Evaluation of annealing and double ion beam irradiation by a laser-induced and laser-detected surface acoustic wave diagnostic system

Kitazawa, Sin-iti*; Wakai, Eiichi; Aoto, Kazumi

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 127, p.264 - 268, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:76.09(Chemistry, Physical)

The effects of annealing and double ion irradiation on nuclear structural materials were investigated using a novel, non-destructive, non-contact diagnostic method. A laser-induced and laser-detected surface acoustic wave (SAW) was adopted as a diagnostic system. The SAWs propagation velocity and the SAWs vibration velocity along the normal direction of the surface were measured to investigate mechanical properties of the substrates. Change of the shear modulus was detected in the annealed substrates. Non-linear effect on amplitude of the excited SAW was observed on the double ion irradiated materials. The potential of the SAW diagnostic system for assessing nuclear structural materials was demonstrated.

Journal Articles

Improvement in quantitative performance of underwater laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy based on the understanding of laser ablation phenomena

Matsumoto, Ayumu

Reza Kako Gakkai-Shi, 23(3), p.222 - 231, 2016/10

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Measurement of uranium spectrum using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy; High resolution spectroscopy (470-670 nm)

Akaoka, Katsuaki; Oba, Masaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Wakaida, Ikuo

JAEA-Research 2016-005, 40 Pages, 2016/05

JAEA-Research-2016-005.pdf:1.82MB

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) method is an attractive technique because real-time, in-situ and remote elemental analysis is possible without any sample preparation. The LIBS technique can be applied for analyzing elemental composition of samples under severe environments such as the estimation of impurities in the next generation nuclear fuel material containing minor actinide (MA) and the detection of fuel debris in the post-accident nuclear core reactor of TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. For applying LIBS to the analysis of nuclear fuel materials, it is indispensable to identify the emission spectrum and its intensity on impurities intermingled within complex emission spectra of matrix elements such as uranium (U) and plutonium (Pu). In the present study, an echelle spectrometer with a resolving power of 50,000 was employed to identify spectra of natural uranium of wavelength ranging from 470 to 670 nm. The 173 atomic spectra and 119 ionic spectra can be identified. We have confirmed that the measured wavelength and oscillator strength of spectra are consistent with published values.

367 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)