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JAEA Reports

Analysis of risk reduction effect of supposed steam condenser implementation as accident measure for accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of reprocessed high level liquid waste

Yoshida, Kazuo; Tamaki, Hitoshi; Hiyama, Mina*

JAEA-Research 2021-013, 20 Pages, 2022/01

JAEA-Research-2021-013.pdf:2.35MB

An accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of high level liquid waste (HLLW) is postulated as one of the severe accidents caused by the loss of cooling function at a fuel reprocessing plant. In this case, volatile radioactive materials, such as ruthenium (Ru) are released from the tanks with water and nitric-acid mixed vapor into atmosphere. An idea has been proposed to implement a steam condenser as an accident countermeasure. This measure is expected to prevent nitric acid steam diffusing in facility building and to increase gaseous Ru trapping ratio into condensed water. A simulation study has been carried out with a hypothetical typical facility building to analyze the efficiency of steam condenser. In this study, SCHERN computer code simulates chemical behaviors of Ru in nitrogen oxide, nitric acid and water mixed vapor based on the conditions obtained from simulation with thermal-hydraulic computer code MELCOR. The effectiveness of steam condenser has been analyzed quantitively in preventing mixed vapor diffusion and gaseous Ru trapping effect. Some issues to be solved in analytical model has been also clarified in this study.

Journal Articles

A Theoretical investigation on the intermolecular potential curve between ruthenium tetroxide and NO$$_{rm X}$$ (X = 1, 2)

Kido, Kentaro

International Journal of Quantum Chemistry, 121(21), p.e26781_1 - e26781_15, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.04(Chemistry, Physical)

JAEA Reports

Analysis of behavior of Ru with nitrogen oxide chemical behavior in accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of reprocessed high level liquid waste

Yoshida, Kazuo; Tamaki, Hitoshi; Hiyama, Mina*

JAEA-Research 2021-005, 25 Pages, 2021/08

JAEA-Research-2021-005.pdf:2.91MB

An accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of high level liquid waste (HLLW) is postulated as one of the severe accidents caused by the loss of cooling function at a fuel reprocessing plant. In this case, volatile radioactive materials, such as ruthenium (Ru) are released from the tanks with water and nitric-acid mixed vapor into atmosphere. Accurate quantitative estimation of released Ru is one of the important issues for risk assessment of those facilities. To resolve this issue, an empirical correlation equation of Ru mass transfer coefficient across the vapor-liquid surface, which can be useful for quantitative simulation of Ru mitigating behavior, has been obtained from data analyses of small-scale experiments conducted to clarify gaseous Ru migrating behavior under steam-condensing condition. A simulation study has been also carried out with a hypothetical typical facility building successfully to demonstrate the feasibility of quantitative estimation of amount of Ru migrating in the facility using the obtained correlation equation implemented in SCHERN computer code which simulates chemical behaviors of nitrogen oxide based on the condition also simulated thermal-hydraulic computer code.

JAEA Reports

SCHERN-V2: Technical guide of computer program for chemical behavior in accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of reprocessed high level liquid waste in Fuel Reprocessing Facilities

Yoshida, Kazuo; Tamaki, Hitoshi; Hiyama, Mina*

JAEA-Data/Code 2021-008, 35 Pages, 2021/08

JAEA-Data-Code-2021-008.pdf:3.68MB

An accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of high level liquid waste (HLLW) is postulated as one of the severe accidents caused by the loss of cooling function at a fuel reprocessing plant. In this case, volatile radioactive materials, such as ruthenium (Ru) are released from the tanks with water and nitric-acid mixed vapor into atmosphere. In addition to this, nitrogen oxides (NO$$_{rm x}$$) are also released formed by the thermal decomposition of metal nitrates of fission products (FP) in HLLW. It has been observed experimentally that NOx affects to the migration behavior of Ru at the anticipated atmosphere condition in cells and/or compartments of the facility building. Chemical reactions of NO$$_{rm x}$$ with water and nitric acid are also recognized as the complex phenomena to undergo simultaneously in the vapor and liquid phases. The analysis program, SCHERN has been under developed to simulate chemical behavior including Ru coupled with the thermo-hydraulic condition in the flow paths in the facility building. This technical guide for SCHERN-V2 presents the overview of covered accident, analytical models including newly developed models, differential equations for numerical solution, and user instructions.

Journal Articles

Analysis of chemical behavior of nitrogen oxide formed by thermal decomposition of FP nitrates in accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of reprocessed high-level liquid waste

Yoshida, Kazuo; Tamaki, Hitoshi; Yoshida, Naoki; Yoshida, Ryoichiro; Amano, Yuki; Abe, Hitoshi

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 18(2), p.69 - 80, 2019/06

An accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of high level liquid waste (HLLW) is postulated as one of the severe accidents at a fuel reprocessing plant. In this case, volatile radioactive materials, such as ruthenium (Ru) are released from the tanks with water and nitric-acid mixed vapor into atmosphere. In addition to this, nitrogen oxides are also released formed by the thermal decomposition of metal nitrates of fission products (FP) in HLLW. It has been observed experimentally that nitrogen oxide affects strongly to the transport behavior of Ru. Chemical reactions of nitrogen oxide with water and nitric acid are also recognized as the complex phenomena to undergo simultaneously in the vapor and liquid phases. An analysis method has been developed with coupling two types of computer codes to simulate not only thermo-hydraulic behavior but also chemical reactions in the flow paths of carrier gases. A simulation study has been also carried out with a typical facility building.

Journal Articles

ROSA/LSTF test on nitrogen gas behavior during reflux condensation in PWR and RELAP5 code analyses

Takeda, Takeshi; Otsu, Iwao

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(4), p.18-00077_1 - 18-00077_14, 2018/08

Journal Articles

Effect of nitrogen concentration on nano-structure and high-temperature strength of 9Cr-ODS steel

Oka, Hiroshi; Tanno, Takashi; Otsuka, Satoshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Kaito, Takeji

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 16, p.230 - 237, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:33.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

ROSA/LSTF test on nitrogen gas behavior during reflux cooling in PWR and RELAP5 post-test analysis

Takeda, Takeshi; Otsu, Iwao

Proceedings of 25th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-25) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2017/07

JAEA Reports

Verification of alternative dew point hygrometer for CV-LRT in MONJU; Short- and long-term verification for capacitance-type dew point hygrometer (Translated document)

Ichikawa, Shoichi; Chiba, Yusuke; Ono, Fumiyasu; Hatori, Masakazu; Kobayashi, Takanori; Uekura, Ryoichi; Hashiri, Nobuo*; Inuzuka, Taisuke*; Kitano, Hiroshi*; Abe, Hisashi*

JAEA-Research 2017-001, 40 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Research-2017-001.pdf:5.19MB

In order to reduce the influence on a plant schedule of the MONJU by the maintenance of dew point hygrometers, The JAEA examined a capacitance type dew point hygrometer as an alternative dew point hygrometer for a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer which had been used at the CV-LRT in the MONJU. As a result of comparing a capacitance type dew point hygrometer with a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer at the CV-LRT (Atmosphere: nitrogen, Testing time: 24 hours), there weren't significant difference between a capacitance type dew point hygrometer and a lithium-chloride type dew point hygrometer. As a result of comparing a capacitance dew point hygrometer with a high-mirror-surface type dew point hygrometer for long term verification (Atmosphere: air, Testing time: 24 months), the JAEA confirmed that a capacitance type dew point hygrometer satisfied the instrument specification ($$pm$$2.04$$^{circ}$$C) required by the JEAC4203-2008.

Journal Articles

ROSA/LSTF tests and RELAP5 posttest analyses for PWR safety system using steam generator secondary-side depressurization against effects of release of nitrogen gas dissolved in accumulator water

Takeda, Takeshi; Onuki, Akira*; Kanamori, Daisuke*; Otsu, Iwao

Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations, 2016, p.7481793_1 - 7481793_15, 2016/00

AA2016-0048.pdf:5.15MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Atom-photon coupling from nitrogen-vacancy centres embedded in tellurite microspheres

Ruan, Y.*; Gibson, B. C.*; Lau, D. W. M.*; Greentree, A. D.*; Ji, H.*; Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.*; Johnson, B. C.*; Oshima, Takeshi; Monro, T. M.*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 5, p.11486_1 - 11486_7, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:29.28(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Dose responses of irradiated fresh papaya recorded on ESR at different temperature

Kikuchi, Masahiro; Ukai, Mitsuko*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 89, 2015/03

Journal Articles

Nanodiamond in tellurite glass, 2; Practical nanodiamond-doped fibers

Ruan, Y.*; Ji, H.*; Johnson, B. C.*; Oshima, Takeshi; Greentree, A. D.*; Gibson, B. C.*; Monro, T. M.*; Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.*

Optical Materials Express (Internet), 5(1), p.73 - 87, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:72.75(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Interplay between oxidized monovacancy and nitrogen doping in graphene

Hou, Z.*; Shu, D.-J.*; Chai, G.-L.*; Ikeda, Takashi; Terakura, Kiyoyuki*

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 118(34), p.19795 - 19805, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:38.87(Chemistry, Physical)

In most of the N-doped graphene which attracts strong attention in the context of precious-metal free catalysts and nanoelectronics, the oxygen content is generally higher than or at least comparable to the nitrogen content. We perform density functional theory calculations to study the interplay of oxidized monovacancies and the nitrogen doping, motivated by the fact that MV is more frequently observed and more chemically active than divacancy and Stone-Wales defect. We determine the phase diagrams of un-doped and nitrogen-doped oxidized MVs as a function of temperature and partial pressure of O$$_{2}$$ and H$$_{2}$$ gases. The modification of the electronic structure of MV by oxidation and N doping is studied. Our results show that the ether group is a common component in stable configurations of oxidized MVs. Most of the stable configurations of oxidized MVs do not induce any carriers.

Journal Articles

Extraction separation of Am(III) and Eu(III) with TPEN isomers and decanoic acid

Matsumura, Tatsuro; Takeshita, Kenji*

ACS Symposium Series, 933, p.261 - 273, 2006/07

Three TPEN isomers with different positon of nitrogen donor in pyridyl groups, t2pen, t3pen and t4pen, were synthesized and the extraction separation of Am(III) and Eu(III) with these ligands and a fatty acid, decanoic acid, was investigated. All isomers were similar in the complexation in the aqueous phase, such as the protonation and the formation of metal complex, however, they showed different extraction behavior of Am and Eu. The synergistic extraction effect for Am was observed for t2pen and the high separation factor about 100 was measured, when 1:2. The value is comparable to that for the extraction system with a famous nitrogen-donor extractant, BTP. On the other hand, the extractability of other isomers was very low and no separation of Am and Eu was observed. Only t2pen, in which nitrogen donor in pyridyl groups is positioned in the vicinity of the skeletal structure (N-C-C-N structure) of ligand, is available for the extraction separation of Am.

Journal Articles

Analytic cross sections for electron impact collisions with nitrogen molecules

Tabata, Tatsuo*; Shirai, Toshizo*; Sataka, Masao; Kubo, Hirotaka

Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, 92(3), p.375 - 406, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:63 Percentile:94.56(Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evolved gases from organic materials used in the superconducting magnets irradiated by gamma rays at liquid nitrogen temperature

Idesaki, Akira; Morishita, Norio; Ito, Hisayoshi; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Kimura, Nobuhiro*; Makida, Yasuhiro*; Ogitsu, Toru*; Ohata, Hirokatsu*; Yamamoto, Akira*

AIP Conference Proceedings 824, p.330 - 334, 2006/03

Polyimide films and glass fiber reinforced plastics (GFRPs) are used as insulating or structural materials for superconducting magnets in a neutrino beam line of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). It is indispensable to evaluate radiation resistance of these materials, because they are required to keep their electrical and mechanical properties in a high radiation field of 30 kGy/year at low temperature of 4 K. In this work, the gas evolution resulting from chemical reactions induced in the polyimide films and GFRPs by $$gamma$$ ray irradiation at 77 K was investigated. It was found that the main component of the evolved gas is hydrogen. The amount of hydrogen evolved from the superconducting magnet system used in the neutrino beam line was estimated to be 0.37 mol/year (0.01 L/year as the volume of liquid hydrogen). It indicates that the hydrogen evolved from the organic materials does not influence on the operation of the helium purifying system.

Journal Articles

Desorption of cluster ions from frozen gases following high-density electronic excitation

Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao

Surface Science, 593(1-3), p.324 - 330, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:31.29(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Separation of $$^{14}$$C from irradiated graphite materials, 1; Oxidation behaviors and the changes in pore structure of Q1 and IG-110 graphite due to the air reaction (Joint research)

Fujii, Kimio

JAERI-Tech 2005-048, 108 Pages, 2005/09

JAERI-Tech-2005-048.pdf:25.05MB

The graphite-moderated power reactor was shut down in 1998 and its decommissioning program is being planned. Various graphites are used in the core of magnox-type reactors and HTTR as core-support structural materials and moderating materials of fast neutrons. For the nuclear graphite disposal, it is necessary to determine especially the treatment of long-lived nuclides, such as $$^{14}$$C which are generated in the graphite components during reactor operation. As a research, which solves the problem of the $$^{14}$$C concentration, the cooperative research is concluded between JAERI and Japan Nuclear Power Corp. in 1999, and the research for the basic data acquisition has been advanced up to the present. To find the optimum conditions for $$^{14}$$C reduction, basic data on oxidation reaction and the structure of graphite materials are indispensable. In the present experiment, we measure the air oxidation characteristics in the temperature range 450$$sim$$800$$^{circ}$$C in Quality1 graphite and IG-110 graphite. Changes in pore diameter and pore size distribution due to air oxidation are discussed.

Journal Articles

Synchrotron radiation photoemission spectroscopy for chemical bonding of N atoms in oxynitride films formed at SiO$$_{2}$$/Si(001) by N$$^{+}$$ beam irradiation

Hachiue, Shunsuke; Teraoka, Yuden

Shinku, 48(5), p.343 - 345, 2005/05

Silicon oxynitride layers were formed by irradiation of nitrogen ion beams at silicon substrates with ultrathin oxide layers. The nitrogen beam was mass-selected N$$^{+}$$ ion beam. The translational kinetic energy was about 3 keV. The dose was 6.3$$times$$10$$^{14}$$ ions/cm$$^{2}$$. This value is almost equal to the atom density at the Si(001) surface. Chemical bonding states of irradiated nitrogen atoms were analyzed by photoemission spectroscopy with synchrotron radiation. Although the nitrogen dose was a low density, N-1s photoemission spectra could be deconvoluted into four peaks. The chemical bonding state of each peak was assigned with a reference of a oxide layer thickness dependence of the N-1s photoemission peak profile.

52 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)