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Radiation imaging of a highly contaminated filter train inside Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Unit 2 using an integrated Radiation Imaging System based on a Compton camera

佐藤 優樹; 寺阪 祐太

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(8), p.1013 - 1026, 2023/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:82.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS) suffered a meltdown in the aftermath of the large tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred on 11 March 2011. A massive amount of radioactive substance was spread over a wide area both inside and outside the FDNPS site. In this study, we present an approach for visualizing a radioactive hotspot on a standby gas-treatment system filter train, a highly contaminated piece of equipment in the air-conditioning room of the Unit 2 reactor building of FDNPS, using radiation imaging based on a Compton camera. In addition to fixed-point measurements using only the Compton camera, data acquisition while moving using an integrated Radiation Imaging System (iRIS), which combines a Compton camera with a simultaneous localization and mapping device and a survey meter, enabled the three-dimensional visualization of the hotspot location on the filter train. In addition, we visualized the hotspot and quantitatively evaluated its radioactivity. Notably, the visualized hotspot location and estimated radioactivity value are consistent with the accident investigation report of the FDNPS. Finally, the extent to which the radioactivity increased the ambient dose equivalent rate in the surrounding environment was explored.


耐放射線性ダイヤモンド半導体撮像素子の開発(委託研究); 令和3年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 産業技術総合研究所*

JAEA-Review 2023-003, 72 Pages, 2023/06




Data processing and visualization of X-ray computed tomography images of a JOYO MK-III fuel assembly

Tsai, T.-H.; 佐々木 新治; 前田 宏治

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(6), p.715 - 723, 2023/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:40.11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A method for processing and visualizing X-ray computed tomography (CT) images of a fuel assembly is developed and applied to a JOYO MK-III fuel assembly. The method provides vertical-section-like images to observe the spatial distribution of CT values in fuel pins and also supplies images that show the relationship between the linear heat rate (LHR) and radial CT-value distribution. In addition, an attempt to analyze the radial cracks in the CT images is proposed, and the results demonstrate the correlation between LHR and the radial cracks.


放射線耐性の高い薄型SiC中性子検出器の開発(委託研究); 令和2年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 京都大学*

JAEA-Review 2022-068, 90 Pages, 2023/05




SPring-8 JAEA専用ビームラインBL22XUの設計

塩飽 秀啓; 丸下 元治*

JAEA-Research 2022-015, 39 Pages, 2023/05


大型放射光施設SPring-8日本原子力研究所専用ビームライン(現在は、日本原子力研究開発機構(JAEA)専用ビームライン)である硬X線アンジュレータビームラインBL22XUの設計を行った。BL22XUは、主に放射性廃棄物処理に係る分離抽出材の設計及び化学的挙動解明を行うためのXAFS(X-ray Absorption Fine Structure)解析実験、回折計を用いた磁性研究実験、高圧プレスやダイヤモンドアンビルセルを用いた極限環境下実験等を行うためのビームラインである。利用可能なX線エネルギー範囲を3$$sim$$70keVに設定した。ビームラインの光学系を設計するために、ミラーの反射率、分光結晶の回折幅、Be窓材の吸収率等を計算した。また、光線追跡を行い、各光学素子の材料、寸法、設置場所等を最適化した。さらに、放射性物質利用上の安全確保のため音響遅延管ADL(Acoustic Delay Line)の遅延時間についても検討を行った。BL22XU「重元素科学研究I」は、2002年にビームラインの建設を終え、立ち上げ調整期間を経て、既に運用している。軟X線アンジュレータを光源とするもう一つのJAEA専用ビームラインBL23SU「重元素化科学究II」と共に、2つのビームラインを相補的に利用することによって、原子力科学が直面する多くの問題を解決する放射光ビームラインとして発展することが期待されている。2018年から2019年に分光器の高度化を実施したため、ビームライン建設当時の設計、特徴と性能を改めてここに記録することとした。


A Study on convection in molten zone of aluminum alloy during Fe/Al resistance spot welding

伊與田 宗慶*; 松田 朋己*; 佐野 智一*; 茂田 正哉*; 菖蒲 敬久; 湯本 博勝*; Koyama, Takahisa*; Yamazaki, Hiroshi*; 仙波 泰徳*; 大橋 治彦*; et al.

Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 94, p.424 - 434, 2023/05

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:72.41(Engineering, Manufacturing)

Aluminum alloys are increasingly being applied to automobile bodies to reduce the weight of automobiles. In joining steel materials and aluminum alloys using resistance spot welding (RSW), it is important to control the state of intermetallic compounds due to the temperature at the joining interface. In other words, in RSW of Fe/Al dissimilar materials, it is necessary to clarify the heating and cooling phenomena of the interface temperature during joining. Although the convection behavior of the molten aluminum alloy is thought to influence the temperature distribution at the joining interface, there are no studies that have directly observed this phenomenon. In this study, convection in molten zone of aluminum alloy during RSW of steel and aluminum alloy is discussed. Direct observations were attempted in order to clarify the convection behavior of the molten aluminum alloy in RSW of steel and aluminum alloy. The main feature of this experiment is that a real-scale test piece and an RSW apparatus used in actual production were used to observe convection during actual production. The observation experiments were conducted using synchrotron radiation X-ray at SPring-8. During welding, the specimens were irradiated with synchrotron radiation X-ray, and convection was observed from the behavior of tracer particles placed on the specimens. As a results, three types of convection were observed: radial outward convection from the center of the molten zone at the joining interface, convection from the edge of the molten zone toward its center, and weak circulating convection at the edge of the molten zone. And, small convection velocities were generated at the edge of the molten zone. Furthermore, the convection velocity inside the molten zone was calculated to be approximately 1.75 m/s. In addition, it was shown that there is a correlation between convection behavior and the shape of the molten zone.


Design and characterization of the fission signature assay instrument for nuclear safeguards

Rossi, F.; 小泉 光生; Rodriguez, D.; 高橋 時音

Proceedings of INMM & ESARDA Joint Annual Meeting 2023 (Internet), 5 Pages, 2023/05

Since 2015, the Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been working on the development of the Delayed Gamma-ray Spectroscopy non-destructive assay technique for the quantification of fissile-nuclide content in mixed nuclear materials. Thanks to the efforts and lessons learned from past experiments, the ISCN has successfully designed and fabricated a final integrated instrument. The instrument is composed of a moderator and dose shield where different neutron sources, like Cf-252 and neutron generators, can be inserted to irradiate the sample. Within the moderator, a series of neutron detectors are installed for perform prompt neutron analysis and continuous monitoring of the neutron source emission. Thanks to an innovative transfer system, the sample is then moved to the gamma-ray detector in less than 1.5s providing a fast and reliable movement while being safe from possible contamination. In this work, we will describe the design details of this new instrument. This work is supported by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) under the subsidy for the "promotion for strengthening nuclear security and the like".



鈴木 賢治*; 三浦 靖史*; 城 鮎美*; 豊川 秀訓*; 佐治 超爾*; 菖蒲 敬久; 諸岡 聡

材料, 72(4), p.316 - 323, 2023/04

Residual stresses in small-bore butt-welded pipe of austenitic stainless steel have never been measured. It is difficult to obtain a detailed residual stress map of the root welded part, because the gauge volume in neutron diffraction is large. The stress evaluation of the welded part by synchrotron X-rays was also difficult due to the dendritic structure. In this study, a double exposure method (DEM) with high-energy synchrotron X-rays was applied to measuring the details of the residual stress of the welded part, and we succeeded in obtaining the detailed axial and radius stress maps of the root welded part of the plate cut from the welded pipe, though the stress map was under the plane stress condition. The hoop stress map of the butt-welded pipe was obtained using the strain scanning method with neutrons under the triaxial stress state. The axial and radius stress maps under triaxial stress state were made up using the complementary use of the synchrotron X-ray and neutron. As a result, the detailed stress maps of the root welded part of the butt-welded pipe were obtained. The obtained map sufficiently explained the initiation and propagation of SCC.


海外炉を用いた中性子照射試験,1; キャプセル温度制御システムを用いた照射試験の検討(共同研究)

高部 湧吾; 大塚 紀彰; 冬島 拓実; 佐谷戸 夏紀; 井上 修一; 森田 寿; Jaroszewicz, J.*; Migdal, M.*; 小沼 勇一; 飛田 正浩*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2022-040, 45 Pages, 2023/03


中性子照射場として中核を担ってきた材料試験炉(Japan Materials Testing Reactor: JMTR)の廃止に伴い、軽水炉の一層の安全性、信頼性・効率性向上のための技術開発や革新的な原子炉開発に必要な国内照射場が喪失され、照射試験炉の運転技術や照射技術の継承や人材育成も困難な状況となった。こうした課題に対処するため、代替手段として中性子照射場を海外炉に求めた照射試験の実施に係る検討を行った。「ポーランド国立原子力研究センターと日本原子力研究開発機構との間の試験研究炉の研究開発のための共同研究取決め」に基づきポーランド国立原子力研究センター(NCBJ)が所有するMARIA炉(出力30MW)を中性子照射場として、JMTRの有する照射技術の一つである温度制御システムを導入した照射試験の実施可否を検討した。その結果、JMTRの設計・製作基準に則って製作済であったキャプセルに対し改造を施すことで照射試験の実現が可能である見通しが得られた。改造後に浸透探傷検査、絶縁導通試験及びキャプセルの使用温度である室温$$sim$$300$$^{circ}$$Cの範囲における動作試験等を実施し、良好な結果が得られ、MARIA炉への輸送前準備を完了した。


Microstructural evolution in tungsten binary alloys under proton and self-ion irradiations at 800$$^{circ}$$C

宮澤 健; 菊池 裕太*; 安堂 正己*; Yu, J.-H.*; 藪内 聖皓*; 野澤 貴史*; 谷川 博康*; 野上 修平*; 長谷川 晃*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 575, p.154239_1 - 154239_11, 2023/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

This study examined the effects of alloying elements such as Re and Ta on the microstructural evolution of recrystallized W under proton and self-ion irradiations at 800$$^{circ}$$C. Although the number density of voids increased with increasing proton-induced damage level, the void density in W-Re and W-Ta alloys were lower than that of pure W. Herein, the addition of Re and Ta to W suppresses the void formation process. In the proton-irradiated W-3%Re, a lot of dislocation loops were observed at 0.05 dpa which is the stage of nucleation. The evolution process up to 0.2 dpa was characterized by loop growth via the absorption of clusters and point defects. The dislocation loops then coalesce and grow large, and the dislocation lines become tangled at 1 dpa. At 0.05 dpa, the dislocation loops in pure W have already evolved into the tangled dislocations. Solute Re may inhibit the mobility of small dislocation loops and SIA clusters. In W-3%Ta irradiated at 0.05 and 0.2 dpa, the coalescence process of the elongated dislocation loops was observed. Solute Ta may inhibit the mobility of SIA clusters. Although no voids and rafts were observed in self-ion irradiated W-3%Re to 0.2 dpa, not only dislocation loops but also voids and rafts were observed in pure W to 0.2 dpa. The solute Re would suppress the raft formation and then the void formation under self-ion irradiation.



普天間 章; 眞田 幸尚; 佐々木 美雪; 川崎 義晴*; 岩井 毅行*; 平賀 祥吾*; 萩野谷 仁*; 松永 祐樹*; 圷 雄一郎*; 外間 智規; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2022-028, 127 Pages, 2023/02





普天間 章; 眞田 幸尚; 長久保 梓; 川崎 義晴*; 岩井 毅行*; 平賀 祥吾*; 萩野谷 仁*; 松永 祐樹*; 圷 雄一郎*; 卜部 嘉*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2022-027, 148 Pages, 2023/02




低線量・低線量率放射線被ばくによる臓器別酸化ストレス状態の検討(委託研究); 令和3年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 東北大学*

JAEA-Review 2022-063, 86 Pages, 2023/02




In-operando measurement of internal temperature and stress in lithium-ion batteries

平野 辰巳*; 前田 壮宏*; 村田 哲之*; 山木 孝弘*; 松原 英一郎*; 菖蒲 敬久; 城 鮎美*; 安田 良*; 高松 大郊*

SPring-8/SACLA利用研究成果集(インターネット), 11(1), p.49 - 57, 2023/02

The temperature rise due to high current/power operations and stress caused by the expansion or contraction of electrodes by lithium (de)-intercalation is known to be a degradation factor in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Therefore, in this study, a new technique is proposed to simultaneously measure the internal temperature and stress in the 18650-type LIB during its operation. The operando measurement involved retaining a constant gage volume using rotating spiral slits, obtaining X-ray diffraction images using a highly sensitive two-dimensional detector, and employing the sin$$^{2}$$ $$psi$$ method to separate the stress and change in temperature. During the charging process, at the 1C current rate, the anode expansion, owing to the lithium intercalation, induced the radial compressive stress in the Cu anode collector. The radial stress changes of the Cu anode collector were -31 MPa (compression) and 44 MPa (tensile) during the 1C charge and discharge processes, respectively. Moreover, the internal temperature, which was higher than the surface temperature, was calculated by considering the radial stress change during the battery operation. During the 4C cycle, the surface and internal temperatures rose by 26 degree and 42 degree, respectively. The results indicate that the internal temperature and stress in the 18650-LIB were successfully measured during battery operation.


幹細胞動態により放射線発がんを特徴付ける新たな評価系の構築(委託研究); 令和3年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 量子科学技術研究開発機構*

JAEA-Review 2022-051, 78 Pages, 2023/01




Engineering formulation of the irradiation growth behavior of zirconium-based alloys for light water reactors

垣内 一雄; 天谷 政樹; 宇田川 豊

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 573, p.154110_1 - 154110_7, 2023/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The irradiation growth behavior of coupon specimens prepared from improved Zr-based alloys for light-water reactor fuel cladding, which have various additive elements and fabrication conditions, was investigated by conducting an irradiation test at 573 and 593 K under typical PWR coolant conditions up to a fast-neutron fluence of $$approx$$7.8$$times$$10$$^{21}$$ (n/cm $$^{2}$$, E $$>$$1 MeV) in the Halden reactor in Norway. Based on the dimensional change data measured at interim and final inspections, the amounts of irradiation growth of the improved Zr-based alloys were formulated from the viewpoint of engineering. The trends of the parameters which express the effects of additive elements on irradiation growth behavior were in good agreement with those previously reported, and it was found that the amount of irradiation growth can be expressed by using a summation rule of the effect of each additive element on irradiation growth.


Recent results of beam loss mitigation and extremely low beam loss operation of J-PARC RCS

Saha, P. K.; 岡部 晃大; 仲野谷 孝充; 菖蒲田 義博; 原田 寛之; 田村 文彦; 沖田 英史; 吉本 政弘; 發知 英明*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2420, p.012040_1 - 012040_7, 2023/01

To reduce high residual radiation at the RCS injection are caused by the foil scattering uncontrolled beam loss during injection period, a smaller size foil by minimizing the injection beam size has been successfully implemented at 700 kW operation. The new scheme also gives a significant beam loss mitigation at the collimator and 1st arc sections by reducing the beam halos. A beam loss mitigation of 30% has been achieved at the injection and 1st arc sections, while it is more than 50% at the collimator section. The residual radiation at 700 kW operation was thus measured to be significantly reduced, which at the injection and 1st arc sections are especially important due frequent access to these areas for regular maintenance works. The new scheme has also been successfully in service for 800 KW operation at present. It gives a very stable operation of the RCS and will also be tested for 1 MW operation in June 2022.


Quantitative visualization of a radioactive plume with harmonizing gamma-ray imaging spectrometry and real-time atmospheric dispersion simulation based on 3D wind observation

永井 晴康; 古田 禄大*; 中山 浩成; 佐藤 大樹

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 16 Pages, 2023/00

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)



一次元光ファイバ放射線センサを用いた原子炉建屋内放射線源分布計測(委託研究); 令和3年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 名古屋大学*

JAEA-Review 2022-033, 80 Pages, 2022/12




燃料デブリ取り出し時における炉内状況把握のための遠隔技術に関する研究人材育成(委託研究); 令和3年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 東京大学*

JAEA-Review 2022-032, 102 Pages, 2022/12



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