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JAEA Reports

Progress report on Nuclear Safety Research Center; JFY 2015 - 2017

Nuclear Safety Research Center, Sector of Nuclear Safety Research and Emergency Preparedness

JAEA-Review 2018-022, 201 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Review-2018-022.pdf:20.61MB

Nuclear Safety Research Center (NSRC), Sector of Nuclear Safety Research and Emergency Preparedness, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is conducting technical support to nuclear safety regulation and safety research based on the Mid-Long Term Target determined by Japanese government. This report summarizes the research structure of NSRC and the cooperative research activities with domestic and international organizations as well as the nuclear safety research activities and results in the period from JFY 2015 to 2017 on the nine research fields in NSRC; (1) severe accident analysis, (2) radiation risk analysis, (3) safety of nuclear fuels in light water reactors (LWRs), (4) thermohydraulic behavior under severe accident in LWRs, (5) materials degradation and structural integrity, (6) safety of nuclear fuel cycle facilities, (7) safety management on criticality, (8) safety of radioactive waste management, and (9) nuclear safeguards.

Journal Articles

Considerations on phenomena scaling for BEPU

Nakamura, Hideo

Proceedings of ANS International Conference on Best Estimate Plus Uncertainties Methods (BEPU 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2018/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Criticality safety evaluation for the direct disposal of used nuclear fuel; preparation of data for burnup credit evaluation (Contract research)

Yamamoto, Kento*; Akie, Hiroshi; Suyama, Kenya; Hosoyamada, Ryuji*

JAEA-Technology 2015-019, 110 Pages, 2015/10

JAEA-Technology-2015-019.pdf:3.67MB

In the direct disposal of used nuclear fuel (UNF), criticality safety evaluation is one of the important issues since UNF contains some amount of fissile material. The recent development of higher-enrichment fuel has enhanced the benefit of the application of Burnup Credit. In the present study, the effects of the several parameters on the reactivity of disposal canister model were evaluated for used PWR fuel. The parameters are relevant to the uncertainties of depletion calculation code, irradiation history, and axial and horizontal burnup distribution, which are known to be important effect in the criticality safety evaluation adopting burnup credit. The latest data or methodology was adopted in this evaluation, based on the various latest studies. The appropriate margin of neutron multiplication factor in the criticality safety evaluation for UNF can be determined by adopting the methodology described in the present study.

Journal Articles

Scaling issues for the experimental characterization of reactor coolant system in integral test facilities and role of system code as extrapolation tool

Mascari, F.*; Nakamura, Hideo; Umminger, K.*; De Rosa, F.*; D'auria, F.*

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.4921 - 4934, 2015/08

Journal Articles

Development of an evaluation methodology for the natural circulation decay heat removal system in a sodium cooled fast reactor

Watanabe, Osamu*; Oyama, Kazuhiro*; Endo, Junji*; Doda, Norihiro; Ono, Ayako; Kamide, Hideki; Murakami, Takahiro*; Eguchi, Yuzuru*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(9), p.1102 - 1121, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:34.97(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A natural circulation (NC) evaluation methodology has been developed to ensure the safety of a sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) of 1500MW adopting the NC decay heat removal system (DHRS). The methodology consists of a 1D safety analysis which can evaluate the core hot spot temperature taking into account the temperature flattening effect in the core, a 3D fluid flow analysis which can evaluate the thermal-hydraulics for local convections and thermal stratifications in the primary system and DHRS, and a statistical safety evaluation method. The safety analysis method and the 3D analysis method have been validated using results of a 1/10 scaled water test simulating the primary system of the SFR and a 1/7 scaled sodium test simulating the primary system and the DHRS, and the applicability of the safety analysis for the SFR has been confirmed by comparing with the 3D analysis. Finally, a statistical safety evaluation has been performed for the SFR using the safety analysis method.

Journal Articles

Pre-test analysis method using a neural network for control-rod withdrawal tests of HTTR

Ono, Tomio*; Subekti, M.*; Kudo, Kazuhiko*; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Nabeshima, Kunihiko

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 4(2), p.115 - 126, 2005/06

Control-rod withdrawal tests simulating reactivity insertion are carried out in the HTTR to verify the inherent safety features of HTGRs. This paper describes pre-test analysis method using artificial neural networks to predict the changes of reactor power and reactivity. The network model applied in this study is based on recurrent neural networks. The inputs of the network are the changes of the central control rods position and other significant core parameters, and the outputs are the changes of reactor power and reactivity. Furthermore, Time Synchronizing Signal(TSS) is added to input to improve the modeling of time series data. The actual tests data, which were previously carried out in the HTTR, were used for learning the model of the plant dynamics. After the learning, the network can predict the changes of reactor power and reactivity in the following tests.

JAEA Reports

Progress of nuclear safety research, 2004

Editorial Committee on Nuclear Safety Research Results

JAERI-Review 2005-009, 151 Pages, 2005/03

JAERI-Review-2005-009.pdf:31.04MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Structural analysis of support structure for ITER vacuum vessel

Takeda, Nobukazu; Omori, Junji*; Nakahira, Masataka

JAERI-Tech 2004-068, 27 Pages, 2004/12

JAERI-Tech-2004-068.pdf:7.68MB

ITER vacuum vessel (VV) is a safety component confining radioactive materials such as tritium and activated dust. An independent VV support structure with multiple flexible plates located at the bottom of VV lower port is proposed. This independent concept has two advantages: (1) thermal load due to the temperature deference between VV and the lower temperature components such as TF coil becomes lower and (2) the other components such as TF coil is categorized as a non-safety component because of its independence from VV. Stress analyses have been performed to assess the integrity of the VV support structure using a precisely modeled VV structure. As a result, (1) the maximum displacement of the VV corresponding to the relative displacement between VV and TF coil is found to be 15 mm, much less than the current design value of 100 mm, and (2) the stresses of the whole VV system including VV support are estimated to be less than the allowable ones defined by ASME. Based on these assessments, the feasibility of the proposed independent VV support has been verified as a VV support.

Journal Articles

Design and structural analysis of support structure for ITER vacuum vessel

Takeda, Nobukazu; Omori, Junji*; Nakahira, Masataka; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(12), p.1280 - 1286, 2004/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:80.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)

ITER vacuum vessel (VV) is a safety component confining radioactive materials. An independent VV support structure located at the bottom of VV lower port is proposed as an alternative concept, which is deferent from the current reference, i.e., the VV support is directly connected to the toroidal coil (TF coil). This independent concept has two advantages comparing to the reference one: (1) thermal load becomes lower and (2) the TF coil is categorized as a non-safety component. Stress Analyses have been performed to assess the integrity of the VV support structure. As a result, (1) the maximum displacement of the VV corresponding to the relative displacement between VV and TF coil is found to be 15 mm, much less than the current design value of 100 mm, and (2) the stresses of the whole VV system including VV support are estimated to be less than the allowable ones defined by ASME, respectively. Based on these assessments, the feasibility of the proposed independent VV support has been verified as an alternative VV support.

Journal Articles

Temperature transient analysis of gas circulator trip test using the HTTR

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Furusawa, Takayuki; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Nakagawa, Shigeaki

Proceedings of 6th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, Operations and Safety (NUTHOS-6) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2004/10

Safety demonstration tests using the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) are in progress to verify the inherent safety features for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs). The coolant flow reduction test by tripping one or two out of three gas circulators is one of the safety demonstration tests. The reactor power safely brings to a stable level without a reactor scram and the temperature transient of the reactor-core is very slow. Through the safety demonstration test, the two dimensional temperature analysis code (TAC-NC code) was improved. This paper describes the validation of the TAC-NC code using the measured value of the test by tripping of one and two out of three gas circulators at 30%(9MW). The TAC-NC code could evaluate accurately the temperature transient within 10% during the test. Also, it was confirmed that the temperature transient by tripping all gas circulators is very slow.

JAEA Reports

Progress of nuclear safety research, 2003

Editorial Committee on Nuclear Safety Research Results

JAERI-Review 2004-010, 155 Pages, 2004/03

JAERI-Review-2004-010.pdf:16.43MB

JAERl is conducting nuclear safety research primarily at the Nuclear Safety Research Center in close cooperation with the related departments in accordance with the Long Term Plan for Development and Utilization of Nuclear Energy and Annual Plan for Safety Research issued by the Japanese government. The fields of conducting safety research at JAERl are the engineering safety of nuclear power plants and nuclear fuel cycle facilities, and radioactive waste management as well as advanced technology for safety improvement or assessment. Also, JAERI has conducted international collaboration to share the information on common global issues of nuclear safety and to supplement own research. This report summarizes the nuclear safety research activities of JAERI from April 2001 through March 2003 and utilized facilities.

Journal Articles

Development of plant dynamics analytical code named Conan-GTHTR for the Gas Turbine High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor, 1; Code validation by Use of the experimental data of HTTR

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Katanishi, Shoji; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 3(1), p.76 - 87, 2004/03

The Gas Turbine High Temperature Reactor 300 (GTHTR300) composed of an inherent safe 600MWt reactor and a closed gas turbine power conversion system is a high efficient and economically competitive HTGR to be deployed in 2010s. To analyze the plant dynamics and the thermal hydraulics of the GTHTR300, a new analytical code (Conan-GTHTR) based on 'RELAP5/MOD3' has been developed and applied to heat transfer calculations of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) for its verification. The results proved that the new code was available for transient simulations in Higt Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor systems.

JAEA Reports

Summary of the 6th Workshop on the Reduced-Moderation Water Reactor; March 6, 2003, JAERI, Tokai

Nabeshima, Kunihiko; Nakatsuka, Toru; Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Uchikawa, Sadao

JAERI-Conf 2003-020, 240 Pages, 2003/11

JAERI-Conf-2003-020.pdf:27.66MB

The research on Reduced-Moderation Water Reactors (RMWRs) has been performed in JAERI for the development of future innovative reactors. The workshop on the RMWRs has been held every year since 1998 aimed at information exchange between JAERI and other organizations such as universities, laboratories, utilities and vendors. The workshop began with five lectures on status of research and development on RMWRs in JAERI entitled "Status and Future Program of Research and Development on Reduced-Moderation Water Reactors", "Design of Small Reduced-Moderation Water Reactors", "Critical Experiments for Reduced-Moderation Water Reactors", "Critical Heat Flux Experiments in Tight Lattice Core" and "Development of High Performance Cladding". Then two lectures followed: "Status of Phase II of Feasibility Studies on Commercialized Fast Breeder Reactor System" by JNC and "Present Status of Study on Super-critical water Cooled Power Reactor" by Toshiba Corporation.

JAEA Reports

Revised version of tokamak transient simulation code SAFALY, 2

Senda, Ikuo*; Fujieda, Hirobumi; Neyatani, Yuzuru; Tada, Eisuke; Shoji, Teruaki

JAERI-Data/Code 2003-012, 73 Pages, 2003/07

JAERI-Data-Code-2003-012.pdf:3.45MB

The tokamak transient simulation code, named SAFALY, was revised recently and the sensitivity analyses on the parameters in the code were carried out. This report is composed of two volumes. The formulation and the parameters in modeling the plasma and in-vessel components are described in the first volume. In this second volume, the results of the sensitivity studies are reported. The sensitivity studies were performed in two steps. In the first step, the responses of plasmas in the occurrence of plasma disturbances were analyzed for various initial conditions. For each disturbance, the initial condition of the plasma, which gave the largest increase of the fusion power, was identified. In the second step, by using initial conditions derived in the first step, the sensitivities of plasma reactions with respect to variation of the parameters in SAFALY code were analyzed. In the analyses, the increase of the fueling, the increase of the plasma confinement improvement factor and the increase of the auxiliary heating power were considered as plasma disturbances.

JAEA Reports

Revised version of tokamak transient simulation code SAFALY, 1

Senda, Ikuo*; Fujieda, Hirobumi; Neyatani, Yuzuru; Tada, Eisuke; Shoji, Teruaki

JAERI-Data/Code 2003-008, 37 Pages, 2003/06

JAERI-Data-Code-2003-008.pdf:1.58MB

Tokamak transient simulation code, named SAFALY, was revised. SAFALY code has been developed to simulate transient events in Tokamaks. Modeling of the plasma and algorithms of the simulation were revised. The code was also modified to deal with the variation of the plasma current. The code was improved to allow flexible modeling of in-vessel components. The data transfer between SAFALY and related codes was arranged to prepare data required in analyses with SAFALY, such as the distributions of heat/neutron loads and the radiation form factor between in-vessel components. The report is composed of two volumes. The formulation and the parameters in modeling plasma and in-vessel components are described in this first volume. Examples of simulation results, using the design of ITER-FDR in 2001, are presented and general properties of plasmas' responses with respect to perturbations are discussed. The results of the sensitivity studies with respect to simulation parameters and initial conditions will be reported in the second volume.

JAEA Reports

Thermal hydraulic analysis of the JMTR improved LEU-core

Tabata, Toshio; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Komukai, Bunsaku; Naka, Michihiro; Takeda, Takashi*; Fujiki, Kazuo

JAERI-Tech 2002-100, 108 Pages, 2003/01

JAERI-Tech-2002-100.pdf:4.44MB

After the investigation of the new core arrangement for the JMTR reactor in order to enhance the fuel burn-up and consequently extend the operation period, the "improved LEU core" that utilized 2 additional fuel elements instead of formerly installed reflector elements, was adopted. This report describes the results of the thermal-hydraulic analysis of the improved LEU core as a part of safety analysis for the licensing. The analysis covers steady state, abnormal operational transients and accidents, which were described in the annexes of the licensing documents as design bases events. Calculation conditions for the computer codes were conservatively determined based on the neutronic analysis results and others. The results of the analysis, that revealed the safety criteria were satisfied on the fuel temperature, DNBR and primary coolant temperature, were used in the licensing. The operation license of the JMTR with the improved LEU core was granted in March 2001, and the reactor operation with new core started in November 2001 as 142nd operation cycle.

JAEA Reports

Progress of nuclear safety research; 2002

Editorial Committee on Nuclear Safety Research Results

JAERI-Review 2002-030, 143 Pages, 2002/11

JAERI-Review-2002-030.pdf:16.51MB

JAERl is conducting nuclear safety research primarily at the Nuclear Safety Research Center in close cooperation with the related departments in accordance with the Long Term Plan for Development and Utilization of Nuclear Energy or the Safety Research Annual Plan issued by the Japanese government. The safety research at JAERl concerns the engineering safety of nuclear power plants and nuclear fuel cycle facilities, and radioactive waste management as well as advanced technology for safety improvement or assessment. Also, JAERI has conducted international collaboration to share the information on common global issues of nuclear safety. This report summarizes the nuclear safety research activities of JAERI from April 2000 through April 2002.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of multiple steam generator tube rupture event

Seul, K. W.*; Yonomoto, Taisuke; Bang, Y. S.*; Anoda, Yoshinari

Proceedings of 6th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis (ESDA2002), 9 Pages, 2002/07

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Measurement of coolant flow in fuel elements at the JRR-4 silicide fuel core

Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Watanabe, Shukichi; Nagatomi, Hideki; Kaminaga, Masanori; Funayama, Yoshiro

JAERI-Tech 2002-034, 40 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Tech-2002-034.pdf:1.97MB

JRR-4, a swimming-pool type research reactor with a thermal power of 3.5MW, attained criticality in July 1998, after replacing its 90% enrichment fuel with a 20% enrichment fuel under the Reduced Enrichment Program. As a part of the program, safety analysis on thermo-hydraulics of the reactor core was conducted on cases including single channel blockage accident. With the conclusion that a certain margin on thermo-hydraulics was necessary, investigation and experiments were carried out with an aim to increase the core flow rate. To increase the core flow, it was carried out to reduce the bypass flow in the core and to increase the primary coolant flow rate from 7m$$^{3}$$/min to 8m$$^{3}$$/min. After flow measurements using a mock-up fuel element, flow velocity of the fuel channel was determined as 1.45m/s as opposed to the designed value of 1.44m/s, and the ratio of core flow to total flow was 0.88, exceeding the value 0.86 used for the safety analysis.This report describes the JRR-4 core flow increase plan as well as the results of the channel flow rate measurement

Journal Articles

Safety analysis of ITER test blanket module for water cooled blanket with pebble bed breeder

Enoeda, Mikio; Kuroda, Toshimasa*; Moriyama, Koichi*; Ohara, Yoshihiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 38(11), p.921 - 929, 2001/11

Test module testing in ITER is one of the most important mile-stone for development of the DEMO blanket. In the design of test modules in ITER, it is very important to show that test modules do not cause additional safety concern to ITER. This work has been performed for the evaluation of the substantial safety of Test Module of Water Cooled Solid Blanket, which is the current candidate blanket for the DEMO blanket in Japan. Major issues of the evaluation were establishment of post accident cooling in TM, hydrogen gas generation by Be-steam reaction, and pressure increase and spilled water amount by Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA) event. The evaluation was performed to derive the upper bound of consequences in significant events, of which scenario can be assumed by the similarity of the safety analysis of Shielding Blanket.

139 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)