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Design and characterization of the fission signature assay instrument for nuclear safeguards

Rossi, F.; 小泉 光生; Rodriguez, D.; 高橋 時音

Proceedings of INMM & ESARDA Joint Annual Meeting 2023 (Internet), 5 Pages, 2023/05

Since 2015, the Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been working on the development of the Delayed Gamma-ray Spectroscopy non-destructive assay technique for the quantification of fissile-nuclide content in mixed nuclear materials. Thanks to the efforts and lessons learned from past experiments, the ISCN has successfully designed and fabricated a final integrated instrument. The instrument is composed of a moderator and dose shield where different neutron sources, like Cf-252 and neutron generators, can be inserted to irradiate the sample. Within the moderator, a series of neutron detectors are installed for perform prompt neutron analysis and continuous monitoring of the neutron source emission. Thanks to an innovative transfer system, the sample is then moved to the gamma-ray detector in less than 1.5s providing a fast and reliable movement while being safe from possible contamination. In this work, we will describe the design details of this new instrument. This work is supported by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) under the subsidy for the "promotion for strengthening nuclear security and the like".


Analysis of gadolinium oxide using microwave-enhanced fiber-coupled micro-laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

池田 裕二*; Soriano, J. K.*; 大場 弘則; 若井田 育夫

Scientific Reports (Internet), 13, p.4828_1 - 4828_9, 2023/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:93.09(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

We report on the analysis of pure Gd oxide and its detection when mixed in surrogate nuclear debris using microwave-enhanced fiber-coupled micro-laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. The target application is remote analysis of nuclear debris containing U inside the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. The surrogate nuclear debris used in this study contained Gd, Ce, Zr and Fe. The sample was ablated by microchip-laser under atmospheric pressure conditions while a helical antenna propagated 2.45 GHz 1.0 kW microwaves for 1.0 ms into the laser ablation plume. The results showed that microwave-induced plasma expansion led to enhanced emission signals of Gd I, Zr I, Fe I, Ce I, and Ce II. Microwave irradiation enhanced the standard deviations of the Gd and Ce emissions and lowered the detection limit of Gd by 60%.


Selective adsorption of Pd(II) over Ag(I) in nitric acid solutions using nitrogen-donor-type adsorbents

鈴木 智也*; 大坪 右京*; 尾形 剛志*; 塩飽 秀啓; 小林 徹; 矢板 毅; 松岡 光昭*; 村山 憲弘*; 成田 弘一*

Separation and Purification Technology, 308, p.122943_1 - 122943_7, 2023/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:18.67(Engineering, Chemical)

主にAgを含む使用済み製品からPd金属をリサイクルするために硝酸抽出が行われており、ほとんどのPd残留物はAg(I)含有溶液から分離される。しかし、このAg(I)溶液中には少量のPd(II)が残存していることが多い。そのため、硝酸溶液中のPd(II)とAg(I)を分離することは、Pdのリサイクルを効率的に進めるために必要不可欠である。本研究では、アミン(R-Amine),イミノ二酢酸(R-IDA),ピリジン(R-Py),ビスピコリルアミン(R-BPA)で機能化した4種類の窒素ドナー型吸着材を用いて硝酸溶液中のPd(II), Ag(I)を分離する研究を実施した。R-Amine,R-IDA,R-Pyは硝酸溶液からAg(I), Cu(II), Ni(II), Fe(III)を選択的に吸着したが、R-AmineはPdの吸着効率が低いことが判明した。一方、R-BPAはPd(II), Ag(I), Cu(II)を全濃度において90%以上吸着することができた。フーリエ変換赤外分光法及び広域X線吸収微細構造法(EXAFS)による吸着金属イオンの構造解析から、窒素ドナー型吸着剤の分離機構を明らかにした。R-IDA, R-Py, R-BPAへのPd(II)吸着は官能基(それぞれイミノ二酢酸,ピリジン,ビスピコリルアミン)へのPd(II)配位を介して起こり、R-Amineへの吸着はNO$$_{3}$$$$^{-}$$と[Pd(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{4}$$]$$^{2-}$$のアニオン交換を介して起こることがわかった。R-IDA,R-Py,R-BPAは、配位性吸着機構により、高いPd(II)吸着挙動を示すことが明らかとなった。塩酸(5.0M)およびチオ尿素(0.1M)溶離液は、それぞれR-IDAから83%およびR-Pyから95%のPd(II)を脱離させた。R-Pyは吸着選択性と脱着効率から最も効果的なPd(II)吸着剤だった。


中赤外レーザー分光によるトリチウム水連続モニタリング手法の開発(委託研究); 令和3年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 自然科学研究機構*

JAEA-Review 2022-059, 34 Pages, 2023/01


日本原子力研究開発機構(JAEA)廃炉環境国際共同研究センター(CLADS)では、令和3年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業(以下、「本事業」という)を実施している。本事業は、東京電力ホールディングス株式会社福島第一原子力発電所の廃炉等を始めとした原子力分野の課題解決に貢献するため、国内外の英知を結集し、様々な分野の知見や経験を、従前の機関や分野の壁を越えて緊密に融合・連携させた基礎的・基盤的研究及び人材育成を推進することを目的としている。平成30年度の新規採択課題から実施主体を文部科学省からJAEAに移行することで、JAEAとアカデミアとの連携を強化し、廃炉に資する中長期的な研究開発・人材育成をより安定的かつ継続的に実施する体制を構築した。本研究は、研究課題のうち、令和3年度に採択された「中赤外レーザー分光によるトリチウム水連続モニタリング手法の開発」の令和3年度の研究成果について取りまとめたものである。本研究は、中赤外レーザーを用いたキャビティリングダウン計測システムによる「濃度60Bq/ccレベル」トリチウム水短時間計測の原理実証を成果目的とする。令和3年度は、上記目標を達成するため、(1)キャビティリングダウン装置に関する研究、及び(2)環境条件下における水素同位体組成評価と標準試料作製(再委託先: 弘前大学)を行った。(1)においては、中赤外キャビティリングダウン試験を行った。実験室に光学ベンチ(3m$$times$$1.2m)を設置し、光学ベンチ上に設計した光キャビティを構築した。次に、キャビティリングダウン計測に必須なレーザー光源を開発した。波長4.34$$mu$$mから4.72$$mu$$mの範囲に可変可能で、最高出力22mW、ビーム品質M$$^{2}$$=1.1のレーザー開発に成功した。(2)においては、標準試料の作製として、複数の試薬会社より市販されている重水標準溶液を利用して水素同位体標準溶液作製を進め、安定同位体である重水試料の準備を行った。また市販の重水試薬を購入し、約100Bq/Lの標準試料作製準備が整った。さらに、屋内外の同位体比計測の測定準備を行った。低バックグラウンド液体シンチレーション計数装置の性能評価を行い、試料量10mLで2,400分計測すると検出下限値は約0.6Bq/Lであることを確認した。これにより一般環境中トリチウム濃度を計測する準備が整った。


A Raman spectroscopy study of bicarbonate effects on UO$$_{2+x}$$

McGrady, J.; 熊谷 友多; 渡邉 雅之; 桐島 陽*; 秋山 大輔*; 紀室 辰伍; 石寺 孝充

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 9 Pages, 2023/00

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Raman spectroscopy was used to investigate the effect of bicarbonate solution on the hyperstoichiometric UO$$_{2+x}$$ surface oxide of UO$$_{2}$$ pellets. The hyperstoichiometry causes distortion of the UO$$_{2}$$ lattice, leading to the formation of defect peaks which arise in the Raman spectrum due to a loss of symmetry. By deconvolution of the defect peaks, the extent of oxygen inclusion and defect formation in the surface oxide as a function of bicarbonate concentration was investigated. Immersion in solution caused a reduction in the amount of interstitial oxygen due to dissolution U(V) and U(VI) in the UO$$_{2+x}$$ oxide surface. The defect concentration increased upon immersion due to the formation of an equilibrium between dissolution and reprecipitation. The bicarbonate concentration affected the defect content which was attributed to different forms of U in solution (hydrolysed UO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$ and UO$$_{2}$$(CO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$$$^{2-}$$) leading to different rates of reduction and precipitation.


ガンマ線画像スペクトル分光法による高放射線場環境の画像化による定量的放射能分布解析法(委託研究); 令和2年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 京都大学*

JAEA-Review 2022-027, 85 Pages, 2022/11




レーザー加工により発生する微粒子の解析と核種同定手法の開発(委託研究); 令和2年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 東京大学*

JAEA-Review 2022-015, 119 Pages, 2022/09




Study on the relation between the crystal structure and thermal stability of FeUO$$_{4}$$ and CrUO$$_{4}$$

秋山 大輔*; 日下 良二; 熊谷 友多; 中田 正美; 渡邉 雅之; 岡本 芳浩; 永井 崇之; 佐藤 修彰*; 桐島 陽*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 568, p.153847_1 - 153847_10, 2022/09

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:63.62(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Identification and quantification of a $$^{60}$$Co radiation source under an intense $$^{137}$$Cs radiation field using an application-specific CeBr$$_3$$ spectrometer suited for use in intense radiation fields

冠城 雅晃; 島添 健次*; 加藤 昌弘*; 黒澤 忠弘*; 高橋 浩之*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(8), p.983 - 992, 2022/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Passive $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy is a useful technique for surveying the radioactive wastes and spent nuclear fuels under nuclear decommissioning. However, this method depends on material properties such as the activity, density, element, scale, and (especially) low-energy $$gamma$$ rays from $$^{235}$$U and $$^{239}$$Pu. The $$gamma$$-decay lines of $$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{60}$$Co, and $$^{154}$$Eu occur at greater energies (than those of $$^{235}$$U and $$^{239}$$Pu), and these nuclides provide significant information on spent nuclear fuel and radioactive wastes. A CeBr$$_{3}$$ spectrometer with a small-volume crystal has been previously developed for use in intense radiation measurements. We exposed the spectrometer to radiation dose rates of 0.025, 0.151, 0.342, 0.700, and 0.954 Sv/h under a standard $$^{137}$$Cs radiation field. A 6.38 MBq $$^{60}$$Co calibration source was placed in front of the detector surface. Identification of the full energy peak at 1173 keV was impossible at dose rates higher than 0.700 Sv/h. However, subtraction of the $$^{137}$$Cs radiation spectra from the $$gamma$$-ray spectra enabled the identification of the full energy peaks at 1173 and 1333 keV at dose rates of up to 0.954 Sv/h; the relative energy resolution at 1173 and 1333 keV was only slightly degraded at this dose rate.


Development of delayed gamma-ray spectroscopy for nuclear safeguards, 2; Forward to a practical DGS instrument

Rossi, F.; 小泉 光生; Rodriguez, D.; 高橋 時音

Proceedings of INMM 63rd Annual Meeting (Internet), 5 Pages, 2022/07

With the initial goal of fissile-nuclide content quantification in small samples containing uranium and plutonium, the Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency is developing the Delayed Gamma-ray Spectroscopy non-destructive assay technique. For this, while in the past years several experiments were conducted to prove the feasibility of the technique, a new instrument was designed considering the previous lessons learned. It includes a modular insertion for different neutron sources, like radioisotopes or neutron generators; a gamma-ray detector with improved data acquisition system allowing for real-time dead-time correction; and a full new mechanism for the sample transfer between irradiation and measurement. Together with this, neutron detectors are integrated to supplement the DGS mass analysis and monitor the source intensity. In this work, we will describe the new instrument and the preliminary results obtained from instrument characterization compared to previous experiments. This work is supported by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) under the subsidy for the "promotion for strengthening nuclear security and the like". This work was done under the agreement between JAEA and EURATOM in the field of nuclear material safeguards research and development.


レーザー蛍光法を用いた燃料デブリ変質相の同定(委託研究); 令和2年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; 東京大学*

JAEA-Review 2022-007, 59 Pages, 2022/06




Multipole polaron in the devil's staircase of CeSb

新井 陽介*; 黒田 健太*; 野本 拓也*; Tin, Z. H.*; 櫻木 俊輔*; Bareille, C.*; 明比 俊太朗*; 黒川 輝風*; 木下 雄斗*; Zhang, W.-L.*; et al.

Nature Materials, 21(4), p.410 - 415, 2022/04

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:81.32(Chemistry, Physical)

Low-energy electronic structures of CeSb which shows multiple phase transitions known as devil's staircase were examined by combination of laser angle-resolved photoemission, Raman and neutron scattering spectroscopies. A new type of electron-boson coupling between the mobile electrons and quadrupole CEF-excitations of the 4f orbitals was found. The coupling is exceedingly strong and exhibits anomalous step-like enhancement during the devil's staircase transition, unveiling a new type of quasiparticle, named multipole polaron.


Electronic structure of ThPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$; Impact of the U $$5f$$ states on the electronic structure of UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$

藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; Posp$'i$$v{s}$il, J.*; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範

Physical Review B, 105(11), p.115128_1 - 115128_6, 2022/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The electronic structure of $$mathrm{ThPd_2Al_3}$$, which is isostructural to the heavy fermion superconductor $$mathrm{UPd_2 Al_3}$$, was investigated by photoelectron spectroscopy. The band structure and Fermi surfaces of $$mathrm{ThPd_2Al_3}$$ were obtained by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES), and the results were well-explained by the band-structure calculation based on the local density approximation. The comparison between the ARPES spectra and the band-structure calculation suggests that the Fermi surface of $$mathrm{ThPd_2Al_3}$$ mainly consists of the $$mathrm{Al}~3p$$ and $$mathrm{Th}~6d$$ states with a minor contribution from the $$mathrm{Pd}~4d$$ states. The comparison of the band structures between $$mathrm{ThPd_2Al_3}$$ and $$mathrm{UPd_2Al_3}$$ argues that the $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ states form Fermi surfaces in $$mathrm{UPd_2Al_3}$$ through hybridization with the $$mathrm{Al}~3p$$ state in the $$mathrm{Al}$$ layer, suggesting that the Fermi surface of $$mathrm{UPd_2Al_3}$$ has a strong three-dimensional nature.


マイクロ波重畳LIBSによるデブリ組成計測の高度化と同位体の直接計測への挑戦(委託研究); 令和2年度英知を結集した原子力科学技術・人材育成推進事業

廃炉環境国際共同研究センター; アイラボ*

JAEA-Review 2021-027, 62 Pages, 2021/11




Development of the multi-cubic $$gamma$$-ray spectrometer and its performance under intense $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{60}$$Co radiation fields

冠城 雅晃; 島添 健次*; 加藤 昌弘*; 黒澤 忠弘*; 鎌田 圭*; Kim, K. J.*; 吉野 将生*; 庄司 育宏*; 吉川 彰*; 高橋 浩之*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1010, p.165544_1 - 165544_9, 2021/09

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

2011年の東京電力ホールディングス福島第一原子力発電所の事故以来、世界各地で廃止措置措置に入る原子力施設が増加している。これらの原子力施設では、放射性物質の適切な管理が要求されている。そこで、ガンマ線スペクトル測定技術は、放射性物質の重要な情報を得ることができるため、有益なツールである。さらに、放射性物質の空間情報も重要であるため、ガンマ線イメージングについて求められている。しかしながら、これらの施設には、強度放射線場が広がるため、ガンマ線スペクトル測定やガンマ線イメージングが困難になる。そのため、寸法が5mm $$times$$ 5mm $$times$$ 5mmの小さなCeBr$$_3$$シンチレーター4個で分割した$$gamma$$線スペクトロメーターを開発した。上記の4個のシンチレーターは、強度放射場に特化したマルチアノード光電子増倍管と組合わせた。私たちは、$$^{137}$$Csと$$^{60}$$Coの放射線場で照射試験を実施した。$$^{137}$$Cs照射場の線量率1375mSv/hにおいて、相対エネルギー分解能が、それぞれのチャンネルで、9.2$$pm$$0.05%, 8.0$$pm$$0.08%, 8.0$$pm$$0.03%, 9.0 $$pm$$0.04%であった。


Evidence for the decay $$Omega_{c}^{0} to pi^+Omega(2012)^- to pi^+ (bar{K}Xi)^{-}$$

Li, Y.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他190名*

Physical Review D, 104(5), p.052005_1 - 052005_9, 2021/09

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:62.22(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Using a data sample of 980~fb$$^{-1}$$ collected with the Belle detector operating at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $$e^+e^-$$ collider, we present evidence for the $$Omega(2012)^-$$ in the resonant substructure of $$Omega_{c}^{0} to pi^+ (bar{K}Xi)^{-}$$ ($$(bar{K}Xi)^{-}$$ = $$K^-Xi^0$$ + $$bar{K}^0 Xi^-$$) decays. The significance of the $$Omega(2012)^-$$ signal is 4.2$$sigma$$ after considering the systematic uncertainties. The ratio of the branching fraction of $$Omega_{c}^{0} to pi^{+} Omega(2012)^- to pi^+ (bar{K}Xi)^{-}$$ relative to that of $$Omega_{c}^{0} to pi^{+} Omega^-$$ is calculated to be 0.220 $$pm$$ 0.059(stat.) $$pm$$ 0.035(syst.). The individual ratios of the branching fractions of the two isospin modes are also determined, and found to be $${cal B}(Omega_{c}^0 to pi^+ Omega(2012)^-) times {cal B}(Omega(2012)^- to K^-Xi^0)/{cal B}(Omega_{c}^0 to pi^+ K^- Xi^0)$$ =(9.6 $$pm$$ 3.2(stat.) $$pm$$ 1.8(syst.))% and $${cal B}(Omega_{c}^0 to pi^+ Omega(2012)^-) times {cal B}(Omega(2012)^- to bar{K}^0 Xi^-)/{cal B}(Omega_{c}^0 to pi^+ bar{K}^0 Xi^-)$$ = (5.5 $$pm$$ 2.8(stat.) $$pm$$ 0.7(syst.))%.


Measurement of the masses and widths of the $$Sigma_c(2455)^+$$ and $$Sigma_c(2520)^+$$ baryons

Yelton, J.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他205名*

Physical Review D, 104(5), p.052003_1 - 052003_8, 2021/09

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:33.83(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Using 980 $${rm fb}^{-1}$$ of data ${collected}$ with the Belle detector operating at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $$e^+e^-$$ collider, we report the measurements of the masses, and the first measurements of the instrinsic widths, of the $$Sigma_c(2455)^+$$ and $$Sigma_c(2520)^+$$ charmed baryons. We find $$M(Sigma_c(2455)^+)-M(Lambda_c^+) = 166.17pm 0.05^{+0.16}_{-0.07} {rm MeV}/c^2$$, $$Gamma(Sigma_c(2455)^+) = 2.3 pm 0.3 pm 0.3 {rm MeV/c^2}$$, $$M(Sigma_c(2520)^+)-M(Lambda_c^+) = 230.9 pm 0.5 ^{+0.5}_{-0.1} {rm MeV}/c^2$$, and $$Gamma(Sigma_c(2520)^+) = 17.2^{+2.3 +3.1}_{-2.1 -0.7} {rm MeV}/c^2$$, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. These measurements can be used to test models of the underlying quark structure of the $$Sigma_c$$ states.


Development of delayed gamma-ray spectroscopy for nuclear safeguards, 2; Designing a compact DGS instrument

Rossi, F.; Abbas, K.*; 小泉 光生; Lee, H.-J.; Rodriguez, D.; 高橋 時音

Proceedings of INMM & ESARDA Joint Virtual Annual Meeting (Internet), 7 Pages, 2021/08

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency is developing the Delayed Gamma-ray Spectroscopy (DGS) non-destructive assay technique to quantify the fissile-nuclide content in small samples of mixed nuclear materials. One of our primary goals is to develop a compact and efficient DGS instrument to be easily installable into analytical laboratories. The instrument should include an external neutron source and a gamma-ray detection system along with other supporting systems like sample transfer and neutron monitoring. One of the challenges is to design a compact and efficient moderator for commercial neutron sources (e.g. neutron generators or sealed radioactive sources) that emit neutrons with high energy. However, to be able to enhance the gamma-ray signal from fissile materials, thermal neutrons are best due to their higher fission cross-sections. The choice of viable neutron source (neutron spectrum and strength) depends on several considerations (e.g. sample type and interrogation pattern), but also affect the gamma-ray measurement and the consequence analysis. In this work, we will first describe the evaluation results of our Delayed Gamma-ray Test Spectrometer using a $$^{252}$$Cf source (DGTS-C) from the first experiment carried out in PERLA in collaboration with the European Commission, Joint Research Centre. In association, we will describe how it provided guidance for our demonstration irradiator. Further, we will present our final moderator design concept for a deuterium-deuterium (D-D) neutron generator and present the latest results of data-model comparisons, including those with our PUNITA results. This work is supported by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) under the subsidy for the "promotion for strengthening nuclear security and the like". This work was done under the agreement between JAEA and EURATOM in the field of nuclear material safeguards research and development.


Search for the $$eta_{c2}(1D)$$ in $$e^+e^-togammaeta_{c2}(1D)$$ at $$sqrt{s}$$ near 10.6 GeV at Belle

Jia, S.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他200名*

Physical Review D, 104(1), p.012012_1 - 012012_9, 2021/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

For the first time we search for the $$eta_{c2}(1D)$$ in $$e^+e^-togammaeta_{c2}(1D)$$ at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 10.52, 10.58, and 10.867 GeV with data samples of 89.5 fb$$^{-1}$$, 711 fb$$^{-1}$$, and 121.4 fb$$^{-1}$$, respectively, accumulated with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric energy electron-positron collider. No significant $$eta_{c2}(1D)$$ signal is observed in the mass range between 3.8 and 3.88 GeV/$$c^2$$. The upper limit at 90% confidence level on the product of the Born cross section for $$e^+e^- to gammaeta_{c2}(1D)$$ and branching fraction for $$eta_{c2}(1D)to gamma h_c(1P)$$ is determined to be $$sigma(e^+e^- to gammaeta_{c2}(1D)){cal B}(eta_{c2}(1D)to gamma h_c(1P))$$ $$<$$ 4.9 fb at $$sqrt{s}$$ near 10.6 GeV.


Measurement of the energy dependence of the $$e^+e^-to Bbar{B}$$, $$Bbar{B}^*$$ and $$B^*bar{B}^*$$ exclusive cross sections

Mizuk, R.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他188名*

Journal of High Energy Physics (Internet), 2021(6), p.137_1 - 137_35, 2021/06

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:23.79(Physics, Particles & Fields)

We report the first measurement of the exclusive cross sections $$e^+e^-to Bbar{B}$$, $$e^+e^-to Bbar{B}^*$$, and $$e^+e^-to B^*bar{B}^*$$ in the energy range from 10.63 GeV to 11.02 GeV. The $$B$$ mesons are fully reconstructed in a large number of hadronic final states and the three channels are identified using a beam-constrained-mass variable. The shapes of the exclusive cross sections show oscillatory behavior with several maxima and minima. The results are obtained using data collected by the Belle experiment at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $$e^+e^-$$ collider.

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