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LES-WALE simulation on two liquid mixing in the horizontal legs and downcomer; The Open-test condition in the TAMU-CFD benchmark (IBE-5)

安部 諭; 岡垣 百合亜; 石垣 将宏; 柴本 泰照

Proceedings of OECD/NEA Workshop on Virtual CFD4NRS-8; Computational Fluid Dynamics for Nuclear Reactor Safety (Internet), 11 Pages, 2020/11

The fifth international benchmark exercise (IBE-5), the cold-leg mixing CFD benchmark, was conducted under the support of OECD/NEA. The experiment for IBE-5 was designed to visualize the mixing phenomena of two liquids with different density in a horizontal leg (as a simulant of the cold-leg) and downcomer. This paper shows our CFD result on the open test condition in IBE-5. We selected the Large-eddy simulation (LES) solving the filtered equation of flow and concentration fields. Regarding the eddy-viscosity to model the turbulence flux of the momentum at sub-grid scale (SGS), Wall-adapting locale eddy-viscosity (WALE) model, a modified version from the Smagorinsky model, was applied. The experimental geometry was resolved with three different numerical mesh systems. The CFD analysis predicted the laminar-like flow behavior in the horizontal leg. Due to the large density difference between the two liquids, the turbulence production was suppressed strongly, and the velocity fluctuation in the horizontal leg became very slow and small. In contrast, the strong turbulence mixing in the downcomer was predicted. The plume from the horizontal leg entrained with the surroundings and spread circumferentially in the downcomer. The comparison with the TAMU experimental data reveals the good performance of the WALE model. In addition, we discuss the appearance characteristics of the high concentration of the heavy liquid in the downcomer in the LES. The Probability Density Function (PDF) and Cumulative Distribution Function (CDF) are derived based on the predicted time-series of the heavy liquid concentration. The PDF around the mean concentration in the case with the low mesh resolution is larger than that predicted by the higher resolution due to the excessive homogenization of the heavy fluid concentration. This study reveals the importance to note the required mesh resolution to predict the appearance event of the high concentration.


Plasticity correction on stress intensity factor evaluation for underclad cracks in reactor pressure vessels

Lu, K.; 勝山 仁哉; Li, Y.

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(5), p.051501_1 - 051501_10, 2020/10

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:20.66(Engineering, Mechanical)

Structural integrity assessment of reactor pressure vessels (RPVs) is essential for the safe operation of nuclear power plants. For RPVs in pressurized water reactors (PWRs), the assessment should be performed by considering neutron irradiation embrittlement and pressurized thermal shock (PTS) events. To assess the structural integrity of an RPV, a traditional method is usually employed by comparing fracture toughness of the RPV material with the stress intensity factor ($$K_{rm I}$$) of a crack postulated near the RPV inner surface. When an underclad crack (i.e., a crack beneath the cladding of an RPV) is postulated, $$K_{rm I}$$ of this crack can be increased owing to the plasticity effect of cladding. This is because the yield stress of cladding is lower than that of base metal and the cladding may yield earlier than base metal. In this paper, detailed three-dimensional (3D) finite element analyses (FEAs) were performed in consideration of the plasticity effect of cladding for underclad cracks postulated in Japanese RPVs. Based on the 3D FEA results, a plasticity correction method was proposed on $$K_{rm I}$$ calculations of underclad cracks. In addition, the effects of RPV geometries and loading conditions were investigated using the proposed plasticity correction method. Moreover, the applicability of the proposed method to the case which considers the hardening effect of materials after neutron irradiation was also investigated. All of these results indicate that the proposed plasticity correction method can be used for $$K_{rm I}$$ calculations of underclad cracks and is applicable to structural integrity assessment of Japanese RPVs containing underclad cracks.


Application of probabilistic fracture mechanics methodology for Japanese reactor pressure vessels using PASCAL4

Lu, K.; 勝山 仁哉; Li, Y.; 吉村 忍*

Proceedings of 2019 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2019) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/07

Probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) methodology, which represents the influence parameters in their inherent probabilistic distributions, is deemed to be promising in the structural integrity assessment of pressure-boundary components in nuclear power plants. To strengthen the applicability of PFM methodology in Japan, Japan Atomic Energy Agency has developed a PFM analysis code called PASCAL4 (PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWRs Version 4) which can be used to evaluate the failure frequency of reactor pressure vessels (RPVs) considering neutron irradiation embrittlement and pressurized thermal shock events. PASCAL4 is expected to make a significant contribution to the probabilistic integrity assessment of Japanese RPVs. In this study, PFM analyses are performed for a Japanese model RPV using PASCAL4, and the effects of non-destructive examination and neutron fluence mitigation on failure frequency of RPV are quantitatively evaluated. From the analysis results, it is concluded that PASCAL4 is useful for the structural integrity assessment of RPVs and can enhance the applicability of PFM methodology.


Development on high-power spallation neutron sources with liquid metals

二川 正敏

Proceedings of 13th International Symposium on Advanced Science and Technology in Experimental Mechanics (13th ISEM'18) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2018/10




知見 康弘; 岩田 景子; 飛田 徹; 大津 拓与; 高見澤 悠; 吉本 賢太郎*; 村上 毅*; 塙 悟史; 西山 裕孝

JAEA-Research 2017-018, 122 Pages, 2018/03


原子炉圧力容器の加圧熱衝撃(Pressurized Thermal Shock: PTS)事象に対する構造健全性評価に与える影響項目の一つである高温予荷重(Warm Pre-stress: WPS)効果は、高温時に予め荷重を受けた場合に、冷却中の荷重減少過程では破壊が生じず、低温での再負荷時の破壊靱性が見かけ上増加する現象である。WPS効果については、主として弾性データによって再負荷時の見かけの破壊靱性を予測するための工学的評価モデルが提案されているが、試験片の寸法効果や表面亀裂に対して必要となる弾塑性評価は考慮されていない。本研究では、実機におけるPTS時の過渡事象を模擬した荷重-温度履歴を与える試験(WPS効果確認試験)を行い、WPS効果に対する試験片寸法や荷重-温度履歴の影響を確認するとともに、工学的評価モデルの検証を行った。再負荷時の見かけの破壊靭性について、予荷重時の塑性の程度が高くなると試験結果は工学的評価モデルによる予測結果を下回る傾向が見られた。比較的高い予荷重条件に対しては、塑性成分等を考慮することにより工学的評価モデルの高精度化が可能となる見通しが得られた。


Benchmark analyses using probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis codes for reactor pressure vessels

荒井 健作*; 勝山 仁哉; Li, Y.

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2017 (ASRAM 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2017/11



Derivation of simple evaluation method for thermal shock damage on accelerator materials caused by out-of-control beam pulses and its application to J-PARC

武井 早憲; 小林 仁*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(12), p.1032 - 1039, 2005/12

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:24.78(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Development of Stress intensity factor coefficients database for a surface crack of an RPV considering the stress discontinuity between cladding and base metal

鬼沢 邦雄; 柴田 勝之*; 鈴木 雅秀

Proceedings of 2005 ASME/JSME Pressure Vessels and Piping Division Conference (PVP 2005), 12 Pages, 2005/07




石倉 修一*; 志賀 章朗*; 二川 正敏; 粉川 広行; 佐藤 博; 羽賀 勝洋; 池田 裕二郎

JAERI-Tech 2005-026, 65 Pages, 2005/03


本報は、大強度陽子加速器計画(J-PARC: Japan Proton Accelerator Complex)の中核施設である物質・生命科学実験施設の核破砕中性子源となる水銀ターゲット容器(3重壁構造)の構造健全性評価を行うための基本データとするために、水銀容器及び保護容器(別名セーフティーハルで2重壁リブ構造)で想定される荷重条件下(水銀容器及び保護容器の内外圧と定常熱応力,水銀容器内の25Hzの熱衝撃に伴う圧力波による応力)で発生する応力値をもとに、実験から求められた照射と壊食による材料強度劣化(疲労寿命の低下)を考慮して、確率論的手法により破損確率の算定を行った。水銀容器と保護容器の破損確率を評価した結果、(1)水銀容器は圧力波による応力サイクルと壊食による疲労強度の低下が大きいために、5000hrを仮定した寿命中の破損確率は12%である。(2)保護容器は圧力波が作用しないために寿命中の破損確率は10$$^{-11}$$と十分低く、破損する可能性はほとんどない。したがって、万が一水銀容器が破損して水銀が漏洩した場合でも、保護容器が漏洩水銀を収納するとともに、同時に水銀漏洩検知器が機能することにより、漏洩水銀は保護容器内部に閉じ込めることが十分可能であることを定量的に示した。


ITER relevant high heat flux testing on plasma facing surfaces

平井 武志*; 江里 幸一郎; Majerus, P.*

Materials Transactions, 46(3), p.412 - 424, 2005/03

 被引用回数:109 パーセンタイル:90.1(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Importance of fracture criterion and crack tip material characterization in probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis of an RPV under a pressurized thermal shock

柴田 勝之; 鬼沢 邦雄; Li, Y.*; 加藤 大輔*

International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 81(9), p.749 - 756, 2004/09

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:34.81(Engineering, Multidisciplinary)



Probabilistic fracture mechanics analyses of reactor pressure vessel under PTS transients

鬼沢 邦雄; 柴田 勝之; 加藤 大輔*; Li, Y.*

JSME International Journal, Series A, 47(3), p.486 - 493, 2004/07



Effect of pre-hydriding on thermal shock resistance of Zircaloy-4 cladding under simulated loss-of-coolant accident conditions

永瀬 文久; 更田 豊志

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(7), p.723 - 730, 2004/07

 被引用回数:44 パーセンタイル:92.75(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Embedded crack treatments and fracture toughness evaluation methods in probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code for the PTS analysis of RPV

鬼沢 邦雄; 柴田 勝之; 鈴木 雅秀; 加藤 大輔*; Li, Y.*

RPV Integrity and Fracture Mechanics (PVP-Vol.481), p.11 - 17, 2004/07



中性子散乱施設用液体金属ターゲットの構造評価,4; ターゲット容器ウィンドウ部の破壊力学的考察

石倉 修一*; 粉川 広行; 二川 正敏; 菊地 賢司; 羽賀 勝洋; 神永 雅紀; 日野 竜太郎

JAERI-Tech 2003-093, 55 Pages, 2004/01




Recent results from LOCA study at JAERI

永瀬 文久; 更田 豊志

NUREG/CP-0185, p.321 - 331, 2004/00



Bubble dynamics in the thermal shock problem of the liquid metal target

石倉 修一*; 粉川 広行; 二川 正敏; 菊地 賢司; 日野 竜太郎; 荒川 忠一

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 318, p.113 - 121, 2003/05

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:62.85(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Probabilistic fracture mechanics analyses of RPV under some PTS transients

鬼沢 邦雄; 柴田 勝之; 加藤 大輔*; Li, Y.*

Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-11) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2003/04




柴田 勝之; 鬼沢 邦雄; Li, Y.*; 関東 康祐*; 吉村 忍*

日本機械学会M&M2003材料力学部門講演会講演論文集,No.03-11, p.939 - 940, 2003/00




石倉 修一*; 粉川 広行; 二川 正敏; 日野 竜太郎; 伊達 秀文*

高温学会誌, 28(6), p.329 - 335, 2002/11


45 件中 1件目~20件目を表示